• inpatient
  • 1957, Stanton and Schwartz 1954) and the sociopolitical influences that permeated the psychiatric world towards the end of and following the Second World War, the concept of the therapeutic community and its attenuated form - the therapeutic milieu - caught on and dominated the field of inpatient psychiatry throughout the 1960s. (wikipedia.org)
  • However, development of 'mini' therapeutic communities, meeting for three or fewer days each week and supported out of hours by various forms of 'service user led informal networks of care' (for example telephone, texting and physical support), now offers a more resource and cost effective alternative to traditional inpatient therapeutic communities. (wikipedia.org)
  • Maxwell Jones
  • The term was coined by Thomas Main in his 1946 paper, "The hospital as a therapeutic institution", and subsequently developed by others including Maxwell Jones, R. D. Laing at the Philadelphia Association, David Cooper at Villa 21, and Joshua Bierer. (wikipedia.org)
  • 2000
  • A review report into the community in 2000 identified these and other issues such as the land being zoned General Rural, effectively prohibiting residential development, and the illegal dumping of concrete demolition rubble and other refuse near the community. (wikipedia.org)
  • care
  • Researchers at the University of Oxford and King's College London studied a national democratic therapeutic community service over four years and found external policy 'steering' by officials eroded the community's democratic model of care, which in turn destabilised its well established approach to clinical risk management (this had been jointly developed by clients and staff). (wikipedia.org)
  • mutual-help
  • TC activities-including group discussions with peers, individual counseling, community-based learning through meetings and seminars, confrontation, games, and role-playing-are a central part of the mutual-help process. (drugabuse.gov)
  • activities
  • In group activities, participants focus on behaving in ways that are acceptable in the TC community rather than how they behaved in the past. (drugabuse.gov)
  • help
  • An important therapeutic goal is to help people identify, express, and manage their feelings in appropriate and positive ways. (drugabuse.gov)
  • content
  • Unlike the human genome, the microbiome is a "flow reactor" of genes: Its composition is dynamic, and we can (in principle) exert control over the content and architecture of our microbial communities. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • years
  • The last comment was in the coffee room, a few years ago, from Tim Kendal, in the old offices of Community of Communities when we were over in Mansell Street. (blogspot.co.uk)
  • Nine derelict homes in the community were being refurbished under a training scheme to assist young community members to gain skills, although the community claimed that funding was only available for 12-month periods, making apprenticeships (which run for several years) impossible to offer. (wikipedia.org)
  • upon
  • citation needed] In the late 1960s within the US correctional system, the Asklepion Foundation initiated therapeutic communities in the Marion Federal Penitentiary and other institutions that included clinical intervention based upon Transactional Analysis, the Synanon Game, internal twelve-step programs and other therapeutic modalities. (wikipedia.org)
  • CRUs were described as "transitional communities" and built upon the therapeutic community ideas of Tavistock colleagues such as Wilfred Bion. (wikipedia.org)
  • different
  • The community at Cullacabardee consisting of 30 units set in 40 hectares of bushland has existed since about 1980, and was designed for four different groups who the Western Australian Government perceived to be "having difficulty surviving in suburbia" and who would otherwise be homeless. (wikipedia.org)
  • she was rarely "far away from the idea of therapeutic communities" despite the many different aspects of her work. (wikipedia.org)
  • example
  • For example, they offer "pull-ups"-very specific feedback on a behavior that a community member needs to change because it is not considered proper conduct. (drugabuse.gov)
  • The work conducted at Northfield Military Hospital during World War II is considered by many psychiatrists to have been the first example of an intentional therapeutic community. (wikipedia.org)
  • people
  • and (iv) monozygotic twins or members of the same household (related or unrelated) have more closely related gut communities than people who are not related by genetic or environmental factors ( 2 , 7 ). (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • local
  • Prajwala also forms partnerships with local communities, civil society, corporate agencies and government bodies on various aspects of prevention, protection and prosecution throughout India and the world. (wikipedia.org)
  • Type
  • Several human ailments have been closely linked to (such as the inflammatory bowel diseases and obesity) or are thought to be influenced by (such as asthma and type I diabetes) the composition of the gut microbial community ( 1 - 6 ). (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • small
  • The enormity of the situation and the vastness of the task did not stop Prajwala from making a small change in this community. (wikipedia.org)
  • members
  • The organisation also builds the capacities of individuals and groups through active linkage with community members, police and district administration to create a zero tolerance for commercial sexual exploitation. (wikipedia.org)