• vasodilator
  • Kidney disease Hypervolemia Adrenal Crisis-especially after fluid replacement Anemia Anxiety Aortic Regurgitation AV fistulae Beriberi Dysautonomia Erythroderma Exercise Liver failure Hydrocephalus Hypercapnia Paget's disease Portal hypertension Pregnancy Pyrexia Thyrotoxicosis Vasodilator drugs Mosby's Medical Dictionary, 8th edition. (wikipedia.org)
  • oxygen
  • Systemic oxygen saturation, heart rate, and respiration did not vary consistently during or after remote ischemia. (arvojournals.org)
  • When alveoli are rendered nonfunctional (eg, in COPD) or do not receive adequate perfusion to participate in gas exchange, they contribute to the physiologic V D . The rate of alveolar ventilation has a major impact on systemic CO 2 and oxygen levels. (rcjournal.com)
  • lung
  • Its rationale is the assumption that transitory effects of hypercapnia are less deleterious than the lung damage produced by conventional attempts to keep a target PaCO 2 around 40 mmHg [13- (springer.com)
  • However, accumulating evidence from experimental and clinical studies demonstrates the potential for mechanical ventilation to directly injure the lungs - a phenomenon termed 'ventilator-induced lung injury (VILI)' - and has mandated a rethink of our approaches to hypercapnia. (springer.com)
  • rats
  • We sought to determine whether repeated administration of a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor in this region would increase the ventilatory response to hypercapnia in unanesthetized rats. (jove.com)
  • To compare focal and systemic treatment, two additional groups of rats received 10 mg x kg(-1) x day(-1) fluoxetine or vehicle systemically. (jove.com)
  • patients
  • At the first visit, measurements were taken at baseline (B1: breathing room air) and during isoxic hypercapnia (end tidal PCO 2 increased 15% above baseline) in 16 normal subjects and 12 patients with glaucoma. (bmj.com)
  • Hypercapnia resulted in increased PSV in the CRA of normal subjects (p = 0.035) and increased PSV and EDV in the SPCAs of glaucoma patients (p = 0.041 and p = 0.030 respectively). (bmj.com)
  • These findings suggest the presence of relative vasoconstriction in glaucoma patients, which is at least partially reversed by hypercapnia. (bmj.com)
  • CD gas is rapidly absorbed in blood and peritoneum, colorless, does not support combustion, and generally has few systemic side effects in healthy patients. (blogs.com)
  • brain
  • Using epi-illumination microscopy in vivo to observe CBF velocity on the brain surface (cerebral cortex), we show that turtles (Trachemys scripta) exposed to hypercapnia (inspired PCO2 = 4.9 kPa) displayed a 62% increase in CBF velocity, while systemic blood pressure remains constant. (biologists.org)