• gastrointestinal
  • It is enhanced when gastrointestinal motility is increased, e.g. in obstructive conditions and in irritable bowel syndrome , and when excessive flatus is present. (healthncare.info)
  • As opposed to traditional imaging modalities like upper gastrointestinal and mesenteric arteriography, which depict either the bowel or vasculature respectively, CT enables direct visualization of obstructed bowel owing to duodenal compression by the SMA. (ctisus.com)
  • SMA syndrome is thus considered only after patients have undergone an extensive evaluation of their gastrointestinal tract including upper endoscopy, and evaluation for various malabsorptive, ulcerative and inflammatory instestinal conditions with a higher diagnostic frequency. (wikipedia.org)
  • The inflammatory response leads to the secondary manifestations of pancreatitis: hypovolemia from capillary permeability, acute respiratory distress syndrome, disseminated intravascular coagulations, renal failure, cardiovascular failure, and gastrointestinal hemorrhage. (wikipedia.org)
  • acute
  • If the patient's symptoms have an acute onset, then drugs, toxins, and infections are likely. (wikipedia.org)
  • acute pandysautonomia is one form of an autonomic neuropathy, which is a collection of various syndromes and diseases which affect the autonomic neurons of the autonomic nervous system (ANS). (wikipedia.org)
  • epigastric pain
  • The timing of the symptoms in relation to the meal may differentiate between gastric and duodenal ulcers: A gastric ulcer would give epigastric pain during the meal, as gastric acid production is increased as food enters the stomach. (wikipedia.org)
  • stomach
  • Other conditions that produce similar symptoms include stomach cancer, coronary heart disease, and inflammation of the stomach lining or gallbladder inflammation. (wikipedia.org)
  • Abdominal pain, also known as a stomach ache, is a symptom associated with both non-serious and serious medical issues. (wikipedia.org)
  • clinical
  • Recognition of SMA syndrome as a distinct clinical entity is controversial, due in part to its possible confusion with a number of other conditions, though it is now widely acknowledged. (wikipedia.org)
  • Pelvic Congestion Syndrome, vaginal and vulval varices, lower limb varices are clinical sequelae. (wikipedia.org)
  • coronary
  • This most frequently results from atherosclerosis, which is the long-term accumulation of cholesterol-rich plaques in the coronary arteries. (wikipedia.org)
  • consistent
  • As a wide range of pelvic and abdominal pathology can cause symptoms consistent with those symptoms due to left ovarian vein reflux, prior to embolisation of the left ovarian vein, a careful search for such diagnoses is essential. (wikipedia.org)
  • Rokitansky
  • SMA syndrome was first described in 1861 by Carl Freiherr von Rokitansky in victims at autopsy, but remained pathologically undefined until 1927 when Wilkie published the first comprehensive series of 75 patients. (healthncare.info)
  • illness
  • However, the presence of other symptoms that accompany the sounds may indicate an underlying illness. (healthncare.info)
  • Other less common causes include tobacco smoking, stress due to serious illness, Behcet disease, Zollinger-Ellison syndrome, Crohn disease and liver cirrhosis, among others. (wikipedia.org)
  • Peptic
  • In people over the age of 45 with more than two weeks of the above symptoms, the odds for peptic ulceration are high enough to warrant rapid investigation by esophagogastroduodenoscopy. (wikipedia.org)
  • Also, the symptoms of peptic ulcers may vary with the location of the ulcer and the person's age. (wikipedia.org)
  • case
  • To the best of our knowledge, this is the first reported case of superior mesenteric artery syndrome, which occurred following the correction of a kyphotic deformity that had developed secondary to an advanced hemangioma in pregnancy. (hindawi.com)