• chronic
  • The exact cause of substance abuse is not clear, with the two predominant theories being: either a genetic disposition which is learned from others, or a habit which if addiction develops, manifests itself as a chronic debilitating disease. (wikipedia.org)
  • Health effects associated with alcohol intake in large amounts include an increased risk of alcoholism, malnutrition, chronic pancreatitis, alcoholic liver disease and cancer. (wikipedia.org)
  • In addition, damage to the central nervous system and peripheral nervous system can occur from chronic alcohol abuse. (wikipedia.org)
  • Alcohol liver disease (ALD) accounted for four fifths of all chronic diseases in Ireland in 2013. (wikipedia.org)
  • cannabis
  • Similarly, adopting the view that any (recreational) use of cannabis or substituted amphetamines constitutes drug abuse implies a decision made that the substance is harmful, even in minute quantities. (wikipedia.org)
  • sedatives
  • A variety of abnormal thinking and behavior changes have been reported to occur in association with the use of most anxiolytics, sedatives and hypnotics. (drugs.com)
  • Serious complications can occur in conjunction with the use of sedatives creating the opposite effect as to that intended. (wikipedia.org)
  • opioids
  • Tramadol withdrawal typically lasts longer than that of other opioids. (wikipedia.org)
  • The pleasurable effects of alcohol ingestion are the result of increased levels of dopamine and endogenous opioids in the reward pathways of the brain. (wikipedia.org)
  • dizziness
  • Common symptoms of an attack include rapid heartbeat, perspiration, dizziness, dyspnea, trembling, uncontrollable fear such as: the fear of losing control and going crazy, the fear of dying and hyperventilation. (wikipedia.org)
  • impairments
  • This progressively lowers the threshold needed to cause alcohol-related brain damage and cognitive impairments, leading to altered neurological function. (wikipedia.org)
  • typically
  • To be diagnosed symptoms typically need to be present for at least six months, be more than would be expected for the situation, and decrease functioning. (wikipedia.org)
  • sensory
  • Alcohol causes generalized central nervous system depression and associated cognitive, memory, motor, and sensory impairment. (wikipedia.org)
  • serotonin
  • Zoloft works by elevating brain levels of serotonin, which is a natural substance that assists in maintaining mental balance. (sertraline1.men)
  • The substance also directly affects a number of other neurotransmitter systems including those of glutamate, glycine, acetylcholine, and serotonin. (wikipedia.org)
  • drug
  • The treatment of Post Acute Withdrawal Syndrome (PAWS) is a key component to permanent recovery from drug addiction or alcoholism. (recoveryfirst.org)
  • The drug rehab process must put significant emphasis on recognizing and addressing these symptoms through quality education and individualized support. (recoveryfirst.org)
  • However, some symptoms are easily recognized as conditioned responses, such as seeing a person, place or thing that the addict associates with drug or alcohol use and feeling a compulsion to use. (recoveryfirst.org)
  • When utilizing the services of a drug and alcohol addiction treatment facility, PAWS treatment begins immediately under the guidance of trained professionals. (recoveryfirst.org)
  • In some cases criminal or anti-social behavior occurs when the person is under the influence of a drug, and long term personality changes in individuals may occur as well. (wikipedia.org)
  • For instance, GHB, a naturally occurring substance in the central nervous system is considered a drug, and is illegal in many countries, while nicotine is not officially considered a drug in most countries. (wikipedia.org)
  • The State Council on Alcohol and Other Drug Abuse was created to provide leadership and coordination regarding alcohol and other drug abuse issues confronting the state. (wisconsin.gov)
  • The metabolism and elimination of the drug from the mother's system, and the length of time that the drug was taken will also impact the development of withdrawal symptoms in the newborn. (wikipedia.org)
  • Many physicians do not promote alcohol consumption, however, given the many health concerns associated with it, some suggest that alcohol should be regarded as a recreational drug, and promote exercise and good nutrition to combat cardiovascular disease. (wikipedia.org)
  • Substance abuse is sometimes used as a synonym for drug abuse, drug addiction, and chemical dependency, but actually refers to the use of substances in a manner outside sociocultural conventions. (wikipedia.org)
  • cause
  • For example, hypothyroidism (the thyroid gland emits reduced levels of thyroid hormones) brings about a change in emotional responsiveness, which can appear similar to depressive symptoms and cause a state of delirium. (encyclopedia.com)
  • These feelings may cause physical symptoms, such as a fast heart rate and shakiness. (wikipedia.org)
  • Tramadol's use in pregnancy is generally avoided as it may cause some reversible withdrawal effects in the newborn. (wikipedia.org)
  • In high doses or overdose, alcohol may cause loss of consciousness or, in severe cases, death. (wikipedia.org)
  • Alcohol abuse can create a deficiency of thiamine, magnesium, zinc, folate and phosphate as well as cause low blood sugar. (wikipedia.org)
  • The outward symptoms of a panic attack often cause negative social experiences (e.g., embarrassment, social stigma, social isolation, etc. (wikipedia.org)
  • effects
  • Sufferers and onlookers alike can't always recognize them as residual effects of the withdrawal process. (recoveryfirst.org)
  • When stopping this medicine you may experience withdrawal effects (rebound insomnia) (see section 3, If you stop taking Zopiclone). (drugs.com)
  • A great deal of time is spent in activities necessary to obtain the substance, use the substance, or recover from its effects. (wisconsin.gov)
  • The developing adolescent brain is particularly vulnerable to the toxic effects of alcohol. (wikipedia.org)
  • Alcohol at moderate levels has some positive and negative effects on health. (wikipedia.org)
  • Conversely moderate intake of alcohol may have some beneficial effects on gastritis and cholelithiasis. (wikipedia.org)
  • Alcohol has a variety of short-term and long-term adverse effects. (wikipedia.org)
  • The adverse effects of alcohol on health are most important when it is used in excessive quantities or with heavy frequency. (wikipedia.org)
  • Alcohol works in the brain primarily by increasing the effects of a neurotransmitter called γ-aminobutyric acid, or GABA. (wikipedia.org)
  • Alcohol has been produced and consumed by humans for its psychoactive effects for almost 10,000 years. (wikipedia.org)
  • addiction
  • Definitions of substance use can vary from substance use once in past month or year, life time use or use characterised by the fully developed syndrome of addiction. (wikibooks.org)
  • The DSM definition of addiction can be boiled down to compulsive use of a substance (or engagement in an activity) despite ongoing negative consequences. (wikipedia.org)
  • risk
  • Alternatively, incidence rates or density can also be expressed as the number of new cases occurring in the at risk population, over the total number of person years of observation. (wikibooks.org)
  • If a child is premature they have a lower risk of severe symptoms. (wikipedia.org)
  • Other studies have found age-dependent mortality risks of low-to-moderate alcohol use: an increased risk for individuals aged 16-34 (due to increased risk of cancers, accidents, liver disease, and other factors), but a decreased risk for individuals ages 55+ (due to lower incidence of ischemic heart disease). (wikipedia.org)
  • However, some of them, such as increased risk of certain cancers, may occur even with light or moderate alcohol consumption. (wikipedia.org)
  • better source needed] Alcohol is known to make blood less likely to clot, reducing risk of heart attack and stroke. (wikipedia.org)
  • This can result in mental illness, Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome, an irregular heartbeat, cirrhosis of the liver, and an increase in the risk of cancer, among other diseases. (wikipedia.org)
  • tend
  • people experiencing these symptoms tend to become talkative and less inhibited, and may exhibit poor judgment. (wikipedia.org)
  • relapse
  • Because the medical risks associated with relapse are so severe, a comprehensive treatment plan involves the anticipation of PAWS symptoms and analyzes each person's propensity for them. (recoveryfirst.org)
  • moderate alcohol consumption
  • Others have argued that the benefits of moderate alcohol consumption may be outweighed by other increased risks, including those of injuries, violence, fetal damage, liver disease, and certain forms of cancer. (wikipedia.org)
  • Recent studies have focused on understanding the mechanisms by which moderate alcohol consumption confers cardiovascular benefit. (wikipedia.org)
  • Extensive research of Western cultures has consistently shown increased survival associated with light to moderate alcohol consumption. (wikipedia.org)