• cannabis
  • Similarly, adopting the view that any (recreational) use of cannabis or substituted amphetamines constitutes drug abuse implies a decision made that the substance is harmful, even in minute quantities. (wikipedia.org)
  • fetal
  • Babies may suffer a group of birth defects, collectively referred to as fetal alcohol syndrome . (medindia.net)
  • Others have argued that the benefits of moderate alcohol consumption may be outweighed by other increased risks, including those of injuries, violence, fetal damage, liver disease, and certain forms of cancer. (wikipedia.org)
  • intoxication
  • Approximately 3 percent of people who are alcohol dependent experience psychosis during acute intoxication or withdrawal. (wikipedia.org)
  • Repeated acute intoxication followed by acute withdrawal is associated with profound behavioural changes and neurobiological alterations in several brain regions. (wikipedia.org)
  • A need for markedly increased amounts of the substance to achieve intoxication or desired effect. (wisconsin.gov)
  • irritable
  • They also frequently have or develop such stress-related physical illnesses and conditions as tension headaches, irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), temporomandibular joint dysfunction (TMJ), bruxism (grinding of the teeth during sleep), and hypertension. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Symptoms were completely relieved by recommending chlordiazepoxide for irritable bowel syndrome 14 months later. (wikipedia.org)
  • Delirium
  • This is a prospective, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel-group study of dexmedetomidine versus placebo, with lorazepam rescue, for the management of severe alcohol withdrawal syndrome (AWS) and alcohol withdrawal delirium (AWD) in critically ill adults. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • While the symptoms of delirium are numerous and varied, the causes of delirium fall into four basic categories: metabolic, toxic, structural, and infectious. (encyclopedia.com)
  • For example, hypothyroidism (the thyroid gland emits reduced levels of thyroid hormones) brings about a change in emotional responsiveness, which can appear similar to depressive symptoms and cause a state of delirium. (encyclopedia.com)
  • insomnia
  • Worsening of symptoms such as fatigue, insomnia, pain, dyspnea and constipation was found when compared against those who did not take tranquillisers or sleeping tablets. (wikipedia.org)
  • causes
  • Withdrawal from GABAergic-acting sedative-hypnotic drugs causes acute GABA underactivity as well as glutamate overactivity, which can lead to sensitization and hyper-excitability of the central nervous system, excito-neurotoxicity, and increasingly profound neuroadaptions. (wikipedia.org)
  • Over-consumption of alcohol causes many deaths worldwide. (wikipedia.org)
  • incidence
  • While the severity and incidence of withdrawal phenomena appear to be cyp3a inhibitors and the coadministration of fluoxetine with alprazolam has been observed in both alcoholic liver disease or in patients taking xanax, the mean dosage employed was approximately 5 to 6 months) had no effect on increasing alprazolam! (seattle-moms.com)
  • Other studies have found age-dependent mortality risks of low-to-moderate alcohol use: an increased risk for individuals aged 16-34 (due to increased risk of cancers, accidents, liver disease, and other factors), but a decreased risk for individuals ages 55+ (due to lower incidence of ischemic heart disease). (wikipedia.org)
  • effects
  • Sufferers and onlookers alike can't always recognize them as residual effects of the withdrawal process. (recoveryfirst.org)
  • Many of these adverse effects of long-term use of benzodiazepines begin to show improvements three to six months after withdrawal. (wikipedia.org)
  • Though the use of alcohol by the mother before birth can cause serious long-term effects in her newborn, the infant may also be born with a dependence on alcohol. (wikipedia.org)
  • In some patients, however, and/or early in therapy, carisoprodol can have the full spectrum of sedative side effects and can impair the patient's ability to operate a firearm, motor vehicles, and other machinery of various types, especially when taken with medications containing alcohol, in which case an alternative medication would be considered. (wikipedia.org)
  • The long-term effects of alcohol (also known formally as ethanol) consumption range from cardioprotective health benefits for low to moderate alcohol consumption in industrialized societies with higher rates of cardiovascular disease to severe detrimental effects in cases of chronic alcohol abuse. (wikipedia.org)
  • The developing adolescent brain is particularly vulnerable to the toxic effects of alcohol. (wikipedia.org)
  • Withdrawal effects and dependence are also almost identical. (wikipedia.org)
  • Alcohol at moderate levels has some positive and negative effects on health. (wikipedia.org)
  • Conversely moderate intake of alcohol may have some beneficial effects on gastritis and cholelithiasis. (wikipedia.org)
  • Women are generally more sensitive than men to the harmful physical and mental effects of alcohol. (wikipedia.org)
  • In humans it acts as a prodrug for γ-hydroxybutyric acid (GHB), and it is used as a recreational intoxicant with effects similar to alcohol. (wikipedia.org)
  • mothers
  • Addiction to drugs and alcohol in expecting mothers does not only cause NAS but also an array of other issues which can continually affect the infant throughout his/her lifetime. (wikipedia.org)
  • impairments
  • This progressively lowers the threshold needed to cause alcohol-related brain damage and cognitive impairments, leading to altered neurological function. (wikipedia.org)