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  • Prevalence
  • Prevalence rates from community studies vary but approximately one in 100 people have OCD, which means a GP with a list of 1,800 patients will have 18 sufferers on it. (pulsetoday.co.uk)
  • In the United States, the prevalence of patient dropout is estimated to be between 40-60% over the course of treatment however the overwhelming majority of patients will drop after two sessions. (wikipedia.org)
  • Prevalence rates have been estimated at 2% to 5% in adults, though the condition typically manifests in childhood with symptoms worsening in advanced age, at which point collected items have grown excessive and family members who would otherwise help to maintain and control the levels of clutter have either died or moved away. (wikipedia.org)
  • clinical trials
  • 1182 patients from 3 clinical trials were included in the current analysis. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Many older adults are not offered or are not eligible for clinical trials, and most studies are focused on a younger population of patients, rather than elderly patients who are frail. (biomedcentral.com)
  • A post-hoc, pooled analysis was made of 4 randomized, double-blind clinical trials, 24-28 weeks in duration, involving 1627 patients with schizophrenia or a related disorder. (biomedcentral.com)
  • According to a post-hoc analysis of two 3-week clinical trials it may possess some antidepressant effects in patients with acute mania or mixed episodes. (wikipedia.org)
  • While generally useful for reducing symptoms, the clinical trials performed to date provide little evidence that early use of antipsychotics, alone or in combination with cognitive-behavioral therapy, provides improved long term outcomes in those with prodromal symptoms. (wikipedia.org)
  • Based on evidence from multiple randomized clinical trials (RCTs), a systematic review published in the Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine (October 2006) stated that CBT and GET interventions showed promising results, appearing to reduce symptoms and improve function. (wikipedia.org)
  • patient's
  • According to the cognitive-behavioural model of CFS, it is the patient's interpretation of symptoms that primarily shapes their behaviour and perpetuates the illness, and that changing these can lead to complete recovery. (wikipedia.org)
  • For example, it may be used help the patient cope with their disability by better management of rest and activity within the boundaries of the energy constraints of the disorder, and does not actively attempt to improve the patient's physical or psychological capacity. (wikipedia.org)
  • Thus
  • These symptoms did not conform to known patterns of neurological disease, and neurologists were thus unable to account for symptoms in purely anatomical or physiological terms. (wikipedia.org)
  • This can lead to lower self-esteem, confidence, and thus their effectiveness which will negatively impact their delivery of treatments to other patients. (wikipedia.org)
  • efficacy
  • A 2015 systematic review examined the effects of asenapine for people with schizophrenia: As for its efficacy in the treatment of acute mania, a recent meta-analysis showed that it produces comparatively small improvements in manic symptoms in patients with acute mania and mixed episodes than most other antipsychotic drugs (with the exception of ziprasidone) such as risperidone and olanzapine. (wikipedia.org)
  • disturbances
  • In 1895, Josef Breuer and Sigmund Freud published their Studies on Hysteria, which looked at a series of case studies where patients presented with dramatic neurological symptoms, such as "Anna O" who suffered headaches, partial paralysis, loss of sensation, and visual disturbances. (wikipedia.org)
  • intervention
  • The results of the RCT will add to the growing body of literature investigating the potential role of exercise as a supportive therapeutic intervention for a patient with cancer. (bmj.com)
  • This type of intervention does not necessarily assume the symptoms originate from maladaptive illness beliefs. (wikipedia.org)
  • typically
  • Although the important aspects of what discontinuation consist of (client's decision, symptoms not adequately reduced) typically remain constant, there can still be differences of how these are measured. (wikipedia.org)
  • The DSM-5 indicates that persons with NPD usually display some or all of the following symptoms, typically without the commensurate qualities or accomplishments: Grandiosity with expectations of superior treatment from other people Fixated on fantasies of power, success, intelligence, attractiveness, etc. (wikipedia.org)
  • neurological
  • Patients often have neurological deficits such as sensory and motor, cognitive, functional deficits (hemiparesis, dysphasia, ataxia) and psychosocial (personality changes, loss of insight or empathy) factors due to tumour localisation or remote effects. (bmj.com)
  • Pharmalogical neuroenhancement agents include the well-validated nootropics, such as racetam, vinpocetine, and phosphatidylserine, as well as other drugs used for treating patients suffering from neurological disorders. (wikipedia.org)
  • schizophrenia
  • Treatment of schizophrenia is a long-term effort, not only aiming to control symptoms but also to maintain or improve functioning, allowing patients to participate in paid employment and other societal activities. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The present pooled analysis assesses the overall development of the symptomatic and functional status of patients with schizophrenia observed during 3 clinical studies with the olanzapine long-acting injection (OLAI) formulation. (biomedcentral.com)
  • In all studies, maintenance treatment outcomes of schizophrenia symptoms were measured by the positive and negative Syndrome scale (PANSS), and functioning by the Heinrich Carpenter's quality of life scale (QLS). (biomedcentral.com)
  • There is mixed evidence to support a significant impact of antipsychotic use on negative symptoms (such as apathy, lack of emotional affect, and lack of interest in social interactions) or on the cognitive symptoms (disordered thinking, reduced ability to plan and execute tasks) of schizophrenia. (wikipedia.org)
  • Applications of antipsychotic drugs in the treatment of schizophrenia include prophylaxis in those showing symptoms that suggest that they are at high risk of developing psychosis, treatment of first episode psychosis, maintenance therapy, and treatment of recurrent episodes of acute psychosis. (wikipedia.org)
  • elderly patients
  • The pharmacokinetics are similar between younger adults and elderly, although elderly patients showed a trend toward higher plasma concentrations immediately after transdermal system removal. (drugs.com)
  • Concurrent medical problems and lower functional expectations of elderly patients often obscure the degree of impairment. (wikipedia.org)
  • therapy
  • Improvement in detection and response to common health problems related to opioid substitution therapy can improve the effectiveness of agonist treatment of patients [ 6 ]. (omicsonline.org)
  • Headache is one of the most common complaints during agonist therapy [ 7 - 10 ] that causes multiple emergency visits among these patients [ 11 ]. (omicsonline.org)
  • Some dropout patients improved with a small dose of therapy (17% achieved a clinically significant change before abandoning treatment), while others only achieved clinically significant change after a longer period (62% at 31-month follow-up). (scielo.br)
  • Such strategies may improve patients' willingness to undertake long-term therapy and increase the likelihood of a better prognosis. (biomedcentral.com)
  • With long NHS waiting lists for psychological therapies, most patients are initially prepared to try medi- cation, unless psychological therapy is quickly available. (pulsetoday.co.uk)
  • Patients come to therapy because of either symptoms or interpersonal difficulties. (wikipedia.org)
  • One of the first discoveries was that the patients who appeared to benefit most from therapy were those who could rapidly engage, could describe a specific therapeutic focus, and could quickly move to experience their previously warded-off feelings. (wikipedia.org)
  • These also happened to represent those patients who were the healthiest to begin with and therefore had the least need for the therapy being offered. (wikipedia.org)
  • During the individual therapy, the therapist and patient work towards improving skill use. (wikipedia.org)
  • therapeutic
  • The investigators will include 20 patients including both female and male adults non respondent to antihistamines at supra therapeutic dose. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Discontinuing treatment may lead to exacerbation of symptoms, undermining therapeutic progress. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Her first core insight was to recognize that the chronically suicidal patients she studied had been raised in profoundly invalidating environments, and, therefore, required a climate of loving-kindness and somewhat unconditional acceptance (not Rogers' positive humanist approach, but Hanh's metaphysically neutral one), in which to develop a successful therapeutic alliance. (wikipedia.org)
  • placebo
  • Wise placebo use benefits patients and strengthens the medical profession. (onlinejacc.org)
  • A successful doctor-patient relationship can foster a strong placebo response while mitigating any nocebo response. (onlinejacc.org)
  • An effective placebo response will lead to happy and healthy patients. (onlinejacc.org)
  • Wise placebo use can benefit patients and strengthen the medical profession. (onlinejacc.org)
  • Kienle and Kienle ( 6 ) argued that placebo effects can be explained by the natural history of a disease, regression to the mean, concomitant treatments, experimental subordination, methodologic defects, observer bias (scaling bias), patient bias (conditioned answers, answers of politeness). (onlinejacc.org)
  • According to current pharmacological knowledge and the current understanding of cause and effect, a placebo contains no chemical (or any other agent) that could possibly cause any of the observed worsening in the subject's symptoms. (wikipedia.org)
  • The worsening of the subject's symptoms or reduction of beneficial effects is a direct consequence of their exposure to the placebo, but those symptoms have not been chemically generated by the placebo. (wikipedia.org)
  • rate
  • In fact, the latter group improved so much that there was a high dropout rate since many became well enough to leave the institution. (wikipedia.org)
  • often
  • These patients often have a lot of other things going on. (bio-medicine.org)
  • These co-morbidities often have symptoms similar to that of cancer, leading to potential delays in diagnosis. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Patients often seek medical care because of perceived complications from existing diseases. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Agitation is common in demented patients, and often takes the form of wandering, crying out, and aggression. (cochrane.org)
  • This is independent of OCD symptoms, as people with OCD are often very aware of their disorder, which suggests a possible association with OCPD where the behavior are ego-syntonic. (wikipedia.org)
  • commensurate
  • Her second insight involved the need for a commensurate commitment from patients, who needed to be willing to accept their dire level of emotional dysfunction. (wikipedia.org)
  • chronic
  • In a recent national survey on patients attending Allergy Department, chronic urticaria was the disease with greater impact on mental quality of life out of all allergic diseases. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Further, patients who discontinue treatment are more likely to be characterized as chronic patients, resulting in over-utilization of services, up to twice as much as "appropriate" terminators. (wikipedia.org)
  • burden
  • It is presumed to reflect subjective distress and is associated both with risks to the patient and an increase in caregiver burden. (cochrane.org)
  • high
  • Their primary remit is to maximize the operational effectiveness of the military units they serve through the provision of high quality and timely mental health care, which aims to return patients to full operational fitness wherever possible. (docplayer.net)
  • also provided the categorization rules, based on a PANSS 5-factor model [ 4 ] and QLS scores, allowing a categorical classification of patients with high specificity and sensitivity. (biomedcentral.com)
  • A comparison between the sales of modafinil to the number of patients revealed a disproportionate ratio, indicating high abuse. (wikipedia.org)
  • gastroenteritis
  • She dismisses it as dehydration and gastroenteritis, but House, recognizing the symptoms and thinking this could be more than what she suggested, decides to drop out of the game (folding a pair of Aces to Cuddy's bluff) and take the case behind her back. (wikipedia.org)
  • A hospital neurologist diagnosed Heidnik with gastroenteritis, and noted that Heidnik also displayed symptoms of mental illness, for which he was prescribed trifluoperazine (Stelazine). (wikipedia.org)
  • fatigue
  • A 2008 Cochrane review of CBT concluded, "CBT is more effective than usual care for reducing fatigue symptoms in adults with CFS, with 40% of participants assigned to CBT showing clinical response at post-treatment, in comparison with 26% assigned to usual care control. (wikipedia.org)
  • Another systematic review on CBT finds that "CBT was associated with a significant positive effect on fatigue, symptoms, physical functioning and school attendance. (wikipedia.org)
  • study
  • Stellate Ganglion Block is not being proposed as a cure for PTSD, only as a way to alleviate symptoms, said Kristine Rae Olmsted, behavioral epidemiologist at RTI and co-investigator on the study. (stripes.com)
  • The three-year study will enroll 250 active-duty military patients from the Army hospitals who are diagnosed with PTSD. (stripes.com)
  • Rae Olmsted said the only evidence that it relieves PTSD symptoms in academic literature is anecdotal, so an important goal of the study is to establish its effectiveness. (stripes.com)
  • The study aimed to include 20 patients in each group, but was stopped at the half time control because of poor results achieved in the concentric group. (bmj.com)
  • The key strength of this study is its randomised design and it is the first study to investigate a standardised outpatient interdisciplinary rehabilitation programme among patients with glioma. (bmj.com)
  • disorder
  • A secondary objective is to characterize the safety and tolerability of utilizing quetiapine in patients with Borderline Personality Disorder. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) is common, and every GP is likely to have patients who suffer from it. (pulsetoday.co.uk)
  • Modafinil is currently licensed for treating patients with disorders such as narcolepsy, sleep apnea, and shift work sleep disorder. (wikipedia.org)
  • It was not clear whether compulsive hoarding is a separate, isolated disorder, or rather a symptom of another condition, such as OCD, but the current DSM lists hoarding disorder as both a mental disability and a possible symptom for OCD. (wikipedia.org)
  • generally
  • OCD can start at any age from pre-school through to adulthood, but generally the symptoms begin by the age of 40. (pulsetoday.co.uk)
  • Freud tried various techniques to deal with the fact that patients generally seemed resistant to experiencing painful feelings. (wikipedia.org)
  • Generally, the symptoms of NPD also impair the person's psychological abilities to function, either at work, or school, or important social settings. (wikipedia.org)
  • emotional
  • Other PTSD symptoms include avoiding situations that might remind a person of the traumatic event and increased emotional arousal. (stripes.com)
  • The patient and family are the unit to be treated: emotional support and communication with the patient, family and treatment team must be through a frank and honest. (wikipedia.org)
  • Promoting autonomy and dignity of the patient with the sense of preserving and restoring all abilities, both practical and emotional and relational patients. (wikipedia.org)
  • studies
  • Although inpatient rehabilitation among glioma patients' results in improved functional measures, rehabilitation efforts are still not emphasised in this patient group and the literature lacks studies investigating the impact of outpatient rehabilitation. (bmj.com)
  • psychological
  • however, the Increasing Access to Psychological Therapies (IAPT) initiative has recently published data showing an average of 5% of patients return-to-work (RtW) after treatment (Clark, 2011). (docplayer.net)
  • DBT strives to have the patient view the therapist as an ally rather than an adversary in the treatment of psychological issues. (wikipedia.org)
  • effective
  • Our findings suggest that adherence may be enhanced by effective symptom control, as objectively measured and as subjectively perceived. (biomedcentral.com)
  • He video recorded patient sessions and watched the recordings in minute detail to determine as precisely as possible what sorts of interventions were most effective in overcoming resistance, which he believed was acting to keep painful or frightening feelings out of awareness and prevent interpersonal closeness. (wikipedia.org)
  • Clozapine is an effective treatment for those who respond poorly to other drugs, but it has the potentially serious side effect of agranulocytosis (lowered white blood cell count) in 1-4% of patients. (wikipedia.org)
  • mood
  • Research indicates that DBT might have some effect on patients who present varied symptoms and behaviors associated with spectrum mood disorders, including self-injury. (wikipedia.org)