• Glycine
  • Dry and snap beans also differ from soybeans (Glycine max), in which the seeds are consumed in a variety of processed forms such as tofu, soybean meal, oil, and fermented forms such as miso. (wikipedia.org)
  • Besides peanuts, this virus is known to infect soybeans (Glycine max), French beans (Phaseolus vulgaris), peas (Pisum sativum), and various weed species of Cassia. (wikipedia.org)
  • In addition to beans, peanuts, and clover (7 different species of Trifolium ), PSV has been reported to naturally infect peas (Pisum sativum), soybeans (Glycine max), alfalfa (Medicago sativa) and lupine (Lupinus luteus). (wikipedia.org)
  • crop
  • Once the seeds are filling the pod cavity full yield potential has occurred, and soybean aphids are no longer an economic threat to the crop. (gov.mb.ca)
  • Among different crop legumes such as pigeon pea, chickpea, cowpea, soybean and common bean, hyacinth bean also serves as a significant source of nutrition for both tropical and temperate regions and execute an imperative function in fixing biological nitrogen in agriculture. (springer.com)
  • It has been found experimentally that interplanting a crop susceptible to aphid attack with a flowering plant such as the dandelion, Taraxacum officinale, encouraged predation on aphids because the spotted lady beetles were attracted to their pollen-rich flowers. (wikipedia.org)
  • Now that many soybean crops are getting to where the crop has fully emerged (usually about three to four weeks after planting) it really is time for those crops to get their spring checkup. (cropchatter.com)
  • The virus can be introduced into a susceptible field crop by aphids from a nearby reservoir (infected perennial hosts like clover, alfalfa or perennial peanuts) and then is spread further into the field by aphids. (wikipedia.org)
  • canola
  • The aphid that is usually most noticeable in canola is turnip aphid ( Lipaphis erysimi ). (gov.mb.ca)
  • Dimethoate (Cygon, Lagon) is the only insecticide registered for turnip aphids on canola in Canada and has a preharvest interval of 21 days. (gov.mb.ca)
  • In 1995 canola with modified oil composition (Calgene), Bt maize (Ciba-Geigy), bromoxynil-resistant cotton (Calgene), Bt cotton (Monsanto), glyphosate-resistant soybeans (Monsanto), virus-resistant squash (Asgrow), and additional delayed ripening tomatoes (DNAP, Zeneca/Peto, and Monsanto) were approved. (wikipedia.org)
  • As of 2013[update] neonicotinoids have been used In the U.S. on about 95 percent of corn and canola crops, the majority of cotton, sorghum, and sugar beets and about half of all soybeans. (wikipedia.org)
  • hosts
  • It has one of the broadest host ranges of any aphid in the world, where they both hosts on dicots and monocots. (wikipedia.org)
  • The soybean aphid possesses a heteroecious holocyclic life cycle, which means the insect alternates hosts and undergoes sexual reproduction for at least part of its life cycle. (wikipedia.org)
  • Thus, the recommended approach to control this virus in peanuts and other susceptible hosts such as soybean is the planting of PeMoV-free seed. (wikipedia.org)
  • Sometimes, the virus can be recognized by the intensity of symptoms caused in susceptible hosts. (wikipedia.org)
  • Aphids pick up the plant virus during probing and transmit it non-persistently to other hosts for a period of time up to a few hours after contact. (wikipedia.org)
  • After the virus is found in fields, aphids could potentially spread it to new hosts before the pesticides eliminate the aphids. (wikipedia.org)
  • threshold
  • As a nominal threshold, it has been suggested that control may be justified when at least 10-20% of the stems are infested with a cluster of aphids in flowering to early pod stages. (gov.mb.ca)
  • typically
  • Typically wooly aphids in sub temperate climates precede and are an indicator of various infections, including Powdery mildew. (wikipedia.org)
  • For soybeans, neonicotinoid seed treatments typically are not effective against the soybean aphid, because the compounds break down 35-42 days after planting, and soybean aphids typically are not present or at damaging population levels before this time. (wikipedia.org)
  • peas
  • The peas contain up to 30 percent protein and their amino acids complement cereal grains-as do soybeans-to provide a balanced diet. (cfact.org)
  • plant
  • Soybean plant introduction (PI) 200538 has strong resistance to the aphid. (environmental-expert.com)
  • As the infested plant ages, soybean aphids remain on leaves near the top of the plant. (wikipedia.org)
  • Damage to a soybean plant during this initial stage is a result of stylet-feeding and can include curling and stunting of leaves and twigs, physiological delays, and underdevelopment of root tissue. (wikipedia.org)
  • As colonies expand and temperatures increase, soybean aphids move toward lower portions of the soybean plant. (wikipedia.org)
  • 1. A plant of soybean variety XB15R14R2, wherein a sample of seed of said variety has been deposited under ATCC Accession No. (patentsencyclopedia.com)
  • 5. A method of producing soybean seed, wherein the method comprises crossing the plant of claim 1 with itself or a second soybean plant. (patentsencyclopedia.com)
  • 6. The method of claim 5, wherein the method is further defined as comprising crossing the plant of soybean variety XB15R14R2 with a second, distinct soybean plant to produce an F 1 hybrid soybean seed. (patentsencyclopedia.com)
  • 11. A plant produced by introducing a single locus conversion into soybean variety XB15R14R2, or a selfed progeny thereof comprising the single locus conversion, wherein the single locus conversion was introduced into soybean variety XB15R14R2 by backcrossing or genetic transformation and wherein a sample of seed of soybean variety XB15R14R2 has been deposited under ATCC Accession No. (patentsencyclopedia.com)
  • The plant breeder came to Texas A&M from Africa's International Center for Tropical Agriculture, bringing along 35 high-yielding lines of cowpeas with drought and aphid tolerance, as well as resistance to several diseases. (cfact.org)
  • If this virus spreads in perennial peanuts in the Southern USA, this plant could become a reservoir of the virus and increase its spread to field peanut and soybean via aphid transmission. (wikipedia.org)
  • http://www.freshfromflorida.com/Divisions-Offices/Plant-Industry/Science/Florida-Plant-Viruses-And-Their-Inclusions/Florida-Plant-Viruses-And-Their-Inclusions/Peanut-Mot http://www.freshfromflorida.com/Divisions-Offices/Plant-Industry/Science/Florida-Plant-Viruses-And-Their-Inclusions/Florida-Plant-Viruses-And-Their-Inclusions Demski, J.W. (1975) Source and Spread of Peanut Mottle Virus in Soybean and Peanut. (wikipedia.org)
  • Aphids penetrate plant surfaces where they often reside and provide a host of potential inoculants through physical, digestive or fecal secretions. (wikipedia.org)
  • Aphids are often an indicator of other potential plant problems. (wikipedia.org)
  • temperatures
  • In the first experiment, I grew soybean seedlings to the V-0 stage at 25°C and then conditioned them for 0, 3 or 5 days at 20° or 30°C before infesting with a single first instar SBA at each of the two experimental temperatures. (k-state.edu)
  • I predicted that SBA fitness would be lower at all temperatures on resistant soybeans, but the magnitude of differences between cultivars would not be uniform across temperatures. (k-state.edu)
  • Transmission
  • Watermelon mosaic virus can be transmitted in multiple ways including vector transmission or physical interactions of a person or tool, but the primary means of transmission is through Aphids. (wikipedia.org)
  • citation needed
  • http://aphid.aphidnet.org/Aulacorthum_solani.php[full citation needed] http://influentialpoints.com/Gallery/Aulacorthum_solani_Glasshouse-potato_aphid_Foxglove_aphid.htm Jandricic, S. E. (wikipedia.org)
  • eggs
  • In two studies, the quantity of overwintering eggs had a strong positive correlation with the severity of soybean aphid outbreaks in the following spring. (wikipedia.org)
  • fields
  • Management decisions are further complicated in some fields as the soybean move towards the R6 growth stage. (gov.mb.ca)
  • Pea aphid levels are still a concern in some pea fields, although many fields will be getting to the stage where management would no longer be economical. (cropchatter.com)
  • leaf
  • The spring checkup lets you ensure that nodulation is proceeding or interveinal leaf yellowing may mean that your soybeans are starting to experience Iron Deficiency Chlorosis (IDC). (cropchatter.com)
  • beans
  • There are three major types of organic beans: dry beans, snap beans (also known as green beans), and soybeans. (wikipedia.org)
  • Soybeans are usually divided into two groups, feed-grade and food-grade, with the food-grade including soybeans for processing, "tofu-beans", and edamame, the latter of which is eaten as immature beans. (wikipedia.org)
  • Organic soybeans have perhaps the most market potential of the three beans as they can be used as feed for organic animal production and processed into many different products. (wikipedia.org)