• Thoracic
  • Motor evoked potentials have also been used in surgery for Thoracic aortic aneurysm. (wikipedia.org)
  • For example, during any surgery on the thoracic or cervical spinal column, there is some risk to the spinal cord. (wikipedia.org)
  • Some of the cardiac surgeries they train for include the following: coronary artery bypass surgery (CABG) both on cardiopulmonary bypass as well as on a beating heart, heart valve surgery, aortic reconstruction requiring deep hypothermic arrest, mechanical ventricular assist device (VAD) placement, thoracic aortic aneurysm repair, aortic dissection repair, heart transplants, lung transplants, heart/lung transplants, and adult congenital heart surgery. (wikipedia.org)
  • In addition to the focused cardiac training, additional clinical experience within the full one-year fellowship includes anesthetic management of adult patients undergoing thoracic and vascular surgery. (wikipedia.org)
  • Fellows are trained to manage all type of thoracic surgeries which include video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS), open thoracotomy, and advanced airway procedures involving the trachea. (wikipedia.org)
  • auditory
  • The test is performed by an otologist or audiologist with specialized training, and is used for detection of elevated inner ear pressure (endolymphatic hydrops) or for the testing and monitoring of inner ear and auditory nerve function during surgery. (wikipedia.org)
  • The most common clinical applications of electrocochleography include: Objective identification and monitoring of Ménière's disease and endolymphatic hydrops (EH) Intraoperative monitoring of auditory system function during surgery on the brainstem or cerebellum Enhancement of Wave I of the auditory brainstem response, particularly in patients who are hard of hearing Diagnosis of auditory neuropathy The basilar membrane and the hair cells of the cochlea function as a sharply tuned frequency analyzer. (wikipedia.org)
  • Sensory evoked potentials (SEP) are recorded from the central nervous system following stimulation of sense organs, for example, visual evoked potentials elicited by a flashing light or changing pattern on a monitor, auditory evoked potentials by a click or tone stimulus presented through earphones), or tactile or somatosensory evoked potential (SSEP) elicited by tactile or electrical stimulation of a sensory or mixed nerve in the periphery. (wikipedia.org)
  • continuous
  • its clinical applications by non-invasive continuous hemodynamic monitoring are especially useful for some medical specialties like anaesthesiology, emergency care and cardiology, for example to prevent hypoperfusion and to guide fluid administration. (wikipedia.org)
  • Most of the monitors able to provide a continuous measure of the CO, are based on the analysis of the arterial blood pressure(BP) curve, called pulse contour methods. (wikipedia.org)
  • Imaging
  • STUDY DESIGN/MATERIALS AND METHODS: We employed Laser Speckle Imaging (LSI) to measure intraoperative blood-flow dynamics. (uci.edu)
  • Every intervertebral surgery requires a prior detailed discussion with the patient and imaging diagnostics such as MRI, CT scans and/or X-ray. (wikipedia.org)
  • Part of the wider field of computer-assisted surgery, image-guided surgery can take place in hybrid operating rooms using intraoperative imaging. (wikipedia.org)
  • Intraoperative magnetic resonance imaging (iMRI) refers to an operating room configuration that enables surgeons to image the patient via an MRI scanner while the patient is undergoing surgery, particularly brain surgery. (wikipedia.org)
  • 2011. Implementation and preliminary clinical experience with the use of ceiling mounted mobile high field intraoperative magnetic resonance imaging between two operating rooms. (wikipedia.org)
  • 2006. Intraoperative Magnetic Resonance Imaging for Brain Tumor Resection. (wikipedia.org)
  • localize
  • SEPs are routinely used in neurology today to confirm and localize sensory abnormalities, to identify silent lesions and to monitor changes during surgical procedures. (wikipedia.org)
  • resection
  • iMRI reduces the risk of damaging critical parts of the brain and helps confirm that the surgery was successful or if additional resection is needed before the patient's head is closed and the surgery completed. (wikipedia.org)
  • Methods
  • Different CO monitor methods can be characterized by their invasiveness or their ability to measure continuously. (wikipedia.org)
  • nerve
  • Recurrent laryngeal nerve palsy rates (RLNPR) varied widely after thyroid surgery, ranging from 0%-7.1% for transient RLN palsy to 0%-11% for permanent RLN palsy. (springer.com)
  • Dralle H, Sekulla C, Haerting J et al (2004) Risk factors of paralysis and functional outcome after recurrent laryngeal nerve monitoring in thyroid surgery. (springer.com)
  • Hermann M, Alk G, Roka R et al (2002) Laryngeal recurrent nerve injury in surgery for benign thyroid diseases. (springer.com)
  • EMG can be used to help your physician assess proper pedicle screw placement in fusion surgeries to help reduce the chance of nerve impingement, or to aid in assessing nerve proximity and location during surgical approaches. (nuvasive.com)
  • This web page is designed to inform you about the use of NVM5 nerve monitoring in the course of your surgery. (nuvasive.com)
  • and nerve surgery. (wikipedia.org)
  • procedure
  • Performing a discogram during the surgery procedure provides additional confirmation of the patient's anatomy and the position of the disc prolapse but might increase the degenerative changes in the disc. (wikipedia.org)
  • This period is used to prepare the patient both physically and psychologically for the surgical procedure and after surgery. (wikipedia.org)
  • patient's
  • Image guided surgery systems use cameras or electromagnetic fields to capture and relay the patient's anatomy and the surgeon's precise movements in relation to the patient, to computer monitors in the operating room. (wikipedia.org)
  • clinical
  • A Cochrane review in 2014 found that "Four studies (7761 patients) that used clinical signs as a guide to anaesthetic administration in standard practice, as the control group, demonstrated a significant reduction in the risk of awareness with BIS monitoring. (wikipedia.org)
  • objective
  • The study objective was to determine how intraoperative measurements of blood flow correlate with treatment response assessed several weeks post treatment. (uci.edu)
  • surgeon uses
  • The camera emits pictures and/or video of the operating field to a monitor, while the surgeon uses special surgical instruments to remove the herniated disc material safely, with precision. (wikipedia.org)
  • adult
  • The developers of the BIS monitor collected many (around 1000) EEG records from healthy adult volunteers at specific clinically important end points and hypnotic drug concentrations. (wikipedia.org)
  • nerves
  • The access to the prolapse is achieved using a three-step guide wire technique: The surgeon gradually dilates through the soft tissue with the aid of C-Arm radiographic monitoring and stretches the foramen step-by-step, with little or no disturbance to the surrounding muscles and nerves. (wikipedia.org)
  • surgeons
  • Some surgeons perform both the technical and interpretive aspects of monitoring themselves while others enjoin coworkers (surgical residents, nurses, anesthetists, or a separate monitoring service) to perform the technical portion. (mysciencework.com)
  • Use of an iMRI suite makes it more likely that surgeons will remove the entire tumor than if surgery is performed in a conventional operating room where iMRI is not used. (wikipedia.org)
  • anesthetic
  • The Sociedad de Anestesiología Reanimación y Terapéutica del Dolor de Madrid recommends monitoring of anesthetic depth in accordance with literature-based evidence. (wikipedia.org)
  • cardiac
  • Fellows are trained to achieve expertise in the advanced monitoring techniques including invasive blood pressure, arterial blood gas analysis, cardiac output monitoring, jugular venous oxygen saturation, cerebral oximetry, Bispectral Index (BIS), Transcranial doppler (TCD), and Near infrared spectroscopy (NIRS). (wikipedia.org)
  • patient
  • In a surgery patient, the stress reaction is considered detrimental for wound healing. (wikipedia.org)
  • One of the reasons for the name of Medical Systems was due to the increase in the electro-medical business, which began in 1961 with the introduction of patient monitoring equipment. (wikipedia.org)
  • The latter approach has the advantage of not moving the patient from the operating theater during the surgery and enhances workflow and safety in terms of airway control, monitoring and head fixation. (wikipedia.org)
  • uses
  • citation needed] As with other types of EEG analysis, the calculation algorithm that the BIS monitor uses is proprietary. (wikipedia.org)
  • therefore
  • Therefore, concomitant EEG monitoring of the effects of tDCS can provide valuable information on the mechanisms of tDCS. (jove.com)
  • However, duration of surgery may affect the stress response which therefore may make comparisons of procedures that differ in time difficult. (wikipedia.org)
  • BIS is used as an adjunct to monitoring under anaesthesia - its use has been shown to reduce overall dose of anaesthetic agent used and therefore may improve recovery time from anaesthesia. (wikipedia.org)
  • Therefore, although the principles of BIS and other monitors are well known, the exact method used in each case is not. (wikipedia.org)
  • patients
  • The reason for the patients' catabolic response was not understood at the time, but later attention was turned to the stress reaction caused by the surgery. (wikipedia.org)
  • Since its discovery, the use of CO monitoring has been restricted to certain kind of patients because of the risk of the classical procedures. (wikipedia.org)