• characterisation
  • Another point of special interest of this collaboration has focused on detecting convergences when employing the characterisation techniques common in metals, wood, textiles, ceramics or polymers that determine the properties improvement in surface (tribological, sensorial, microbial, different functions). (eppm.com)
  • Therefore, one of the main advantages of the collaboration between technology centres is to detect and apply the existing convergences between treatments by means of nanotechnology on different surfaces and their characterisation techniques as a prospection for the development of these new hybrid materials. (eppm.com)
  • Polymers
  • Z.Q. Hua, R. Sitaru, F. Denes, and R.A. Young, Mechanism of Oxygen-and Argon-RF-Plasma Induced Surface Chemistry of Cellulose, Plasmas and Polymers (submitted for publication in August-1996). (springer.com)
  • As a consequence, it is important to detect the feasibility of surface activation methodologies that can be compatible between metals, woods, textiles, ceramic materials and polymers. (eppm.com)
  • The properties of the polymers vary with molecular weight and degree of polymerization. (wikipedia.org)
  • measurements
  • Nanowerk News ) Researchers from the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) and the University of North Carolina have demonstrated a new design for an instrument, a "instrumented nanoscale indenter," that makes sensitive measurements of the mechanical properties of thin films ranging from auto body coatings to microelectronic devices and biomaterials. (nanowerk.com)
  • The instrument is well suited for high-precision measurements of hardness, elasticity and creep and similar properties for a wide range of materials, including often difficult to measure soft materials such as polymer films, says Smith, but one of its primary uses will be in the development of reference materials that can be used to calibrate other instrumented indenters. (nanowerk.com)
  • Optical surface profile measurements of fixed-fixed beams, and capacitance-voltage measurements of a center- tethered structure that eliminates zipping are shown. (nsti.org)
  • Both the morphology changes and surface energy measurements are validated using molecular modelling. (bl.uk)
  • This might be a result of the relatively high temperature of Ceres's surface, the maximum temperature with the Sun overhead was estimated from measurements to be 235 K (approximately −38 °C, −36 °F) on 5 May 1991. (wikipedia.org)
  • Modification
  • F. Denes and R.A. Young, Surface Modification of Polysaccharides under Cold Plasma Conditions, in: Structural Diversity and Functional Versatility of Polysaccharides, Editor: S. Dumitriu, Marcel Dekker (in press-1997). (springer.com)
  • Formation of TiO 2 nanotubes (TiO 2 NTs) on titanium is an interesting surface modification to achieve controlled drug delivery and to promote cell growth. (hindawi.com)
  • The results of the study reveal that CNTs coating on TiO 2 nanotubes help improve the biological activity and this type of surface modification is highly suitable for biomedical applications. (hindawi.com)
  • The research has revealed that nanotechnology applied to the modification of different surfaces is a valuable process. (eppm.com)
  • Molecular
  • In 1982, T. F. Heinz and Y. R. Shen explicitly demonstrated for the first time that SHG could be used as a spectroscopic technique to probe molecular monolayers adsorbed to surfaces. (wikipedia.org)
  • carbon
  • The specimens used in this study were fabricated by forming TiO 2 NTs on the surface of the titanium alloy, which is the most widely used material for bone replacement, and coating the surface with carboxylated multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs-COOH) by electrodeposition. (hindawi.com)
  • Graphene is a crystalline allotrope of carbon with 2-dimensional properties. (wikipedia.org)
  • temperature
  • The charge on a polyelectrolyte depends on the different properties of the solution, such as the degree of dissociation of the monomer units, the solvent properties, salt concentration, pH, and temperature. (wikipedia.org)
  • During the rainy day, with minimum solar loading, any entrapped leak plumes would become evident because of their cooler temperature as compared to the dry roof areas An infrared thermographic scanning system measures surface temperatures only. (wikipedia.org)
  • The first route was Liverpool to Douglas (Isle of Man), with the ferry travelling between Birkenhead (Liverpool) and Dublin (Ireland) Drifters, measuring surface currents and properties such as temperature and salinity. (wikipedia.org)
  • Satellite data - infra-red (for sea surface temperature) and visible (for chlorophyll and suspended sediment) spectra. (wikipedia.org)
  • detector
  • The NIST solution is a touchless surface detector that uses a pair of tiny quartz tuning forks the sort used to keep time in most wrist watches. (nanowerk.com)
  • The two input beams have to be able to access the surface, and the output beam needs to be able to leave the surface to be picked up by a detector. (wikipedia.org)
  • generate
  • When a crystal of a binary oxide is cleaved to generate two new surfaces, each solid's charge remains neutral. (wikipedia.org)
  • In a typical SFG setup, two laser beams mix at a surface and generate an output beam with a frequency equal to the sum of the two input frequencies. (wikipedia.org)
  • Material
  • The material surface of a dental implant that is used as an artificial replacement tooth should have optimal biocompatibility, because it is constantly in direct contact with vital tissues. (hindawi.com)
  • IR-visible sum frequency generation spectroscopy uses two laser beams that spatially and temporally overlap at a surface of a material or the interface between two media. (wikipedia.org)
  • moons
  • Jupiter System - Galilean satellites Saturn System - Rings and Titan from Arecibo Observatory, mapping of Titan's surface and observations of other moons from the Cassini spacecraft. (wikipedia.org)
  • With an albedo of 0.09, Ceres's surface is quite dark compared to the moons in the outer Solar System. (wikipedia.org)
  • interaction
  • The only significant interaction we want is between the indenter and the specimen," says Smith, "or at least, to be constant and not deforming the surface. (nanowerk.com)
  • novel
  • This approach will require novel surface-compatibization technologies, in the absence of which, high performance composite networks can not be prepared. (springer.com)
  • metal
  • High-volume, high-speed production of blown and bi-axially oriented PE and PP film can be affected by the adhesion of the film layers to each other (blocking) and to the metal surfaces of your production equipment. (dowcorning.com)
  • Instead of dents in metal, says NIST's Douglas Smith, "We are trying to get the most accurate measurement possible of how far the indenter tip penetrates into the surface of the specimen, and how much force it took to push it in that far. (nanowerk.com)
  • It was originally observed in electron microscopes in 1962, but it was studied only while supported on metal surfaces. (wikipedia.org)
  • Their excessive build up can adversely affect the plating quality and physical properties of deposited metal. (wikipedia.org)
  • Early experiments in the field demonstrated second harmonic generation from metal surfaces. (wikipedia.org)
  • bulk
  • The surfaces will be generated by cleavages along the planes of the bulk crystal structure. (wikipedia.org)
  • However, when a crystal is cleaved along a particular plane, the position of surface ions will differ from the bulk structure. (wikipedia.org)
  • In fact, second harmonic generation and sum frequency generation discriminate against signals from the bulk, implicitly labeling them as surface specific techniques. (wikipedia.org)
  • density
  • Surface types define the physical properties of an object including friction and density, collision/footstep sounds, the effect of bullet impacts and, if the object is destructible, health and gib type. (valvesoftware.com)
  • approach
  • F. Denes and R.A. Young, Cold Plasma State-A New Approach to improve Surface Adhesion of Lignocellulosic Substrates, in Proceedings of Wood Adhesives-1995, Sponsored by: USDA Forest Service, forest Products Laboratory, and The Forest Products Society, Eds. (springer.com)
  • F. Denes, L.D. Nielsen and R.A. Young, Cold Plasma State-A New Approach to Improve Surface Adhesion in Lignocellulosic-Plastic Composites, Proceedings of the First International Symposium on Composites Based on Lignocellulosics and Plastics, March 13-15, 1996, Sao Paulo-Brazil, Eds. (springer.com)
  • beams
  • The surface properties of single and agglomerated micro-crystals are characterised using the micro-focus X-ray beams available at a third generation synchrotron light source together with other laboratory facilities. (bl.uk)
  • HYDROGEN
  • Terrestrial planets are substantially different from the giant planets, which might not have solid surfaces and are composed mostly of some combination of hydrogen, helium, and water existing in various physical states. (wikipedia.org)
  • energy
  • The stability of the results is investigated with respect to model approximations, such as the finite number of atomic layers used to describe semi-infinite surfaces, and choice of exchange-correlation energy functional. (chalmers.se)
  • Dispersive surface energy analysis using inverse gas chromatography (IGC) shows that unmodified urea has lower dispersive surface energy than urea modified by biuret. (bl.uk)
  • The various types of problems associated with soil erosion and poor backfill surrounding buried pipelines increase the insulating ability of the soil, by reducing the energy conduction properties, without substantially increasing the convection effects. (wikipedia.org)
  • The ground surface reacts, storing or transmitting the energy received. (wikipedia.org)
  • different
  • The surface potential of both bionanoprobes was nevertheless similar, although largely different from either proteins or AuNPs alone. (nsti.org)
  • This is to find and define common points, synergies and convergences between the different coating technologies and surface treatments. (eppm.com)
  • materials
  • Both materials and models define their surfaces with the $surfaceprop command. (valvesoftware.com)
  • Terrestrial planets have numerous similarities to plutoids (objects like Pluto), which also have a solid surface, but are primarily composed of icy materials. (wikipedia.org)
  • reflection
  • Tyndall also wrote about the property of total internal reflection in an introductory book about the nature of light in 1870: When the light passes from air into water, the refracted ray is bent towards the perpendicular. (wikipedia.org)
  • SH light with characteristic spectra of the adsorbed molecule and its electronic transitions were measured as reflection from the surface and demonstrated a quadratic power dependence on the pump laser power. (wikipedia.org)
  • impact
  • Also, defect sites can have a huge impact on the surface stability. (wikipedia.org)
  • However, fatty acid amines used for slip can cause die build-up, while mineral additives such as talc, which prevent blocking, do not significantly decrease the COF of the surface of your film, and impact transparency and/or gloss. (dowcorning.com)
  • varies
  • The effective electrical gap between two conducting surfaces sandwiching a thin dielectric layer varies with applied voltage and pressure. (nsti.org)
  • area
  • Surface area A derived from the radius using A = 4 π r 2 {\displaystyle {\begin{smallmatrix}A=4\pi r^{2}\end{smallmatrix}}} , assuming sphericity. (wikipedia.org)
  • layer
  • Atomic force microscopy and dynamic light scattering and determination of -potencial, provided insights on the layer structure and surface coverage and potential. (nsti.org)
  • Among the methods developed to date, the formation of a titanium oxide (TiO 2 ) nanotube (NT) layer on the titanium surface by anodic oxidation has been gaining attention. (hindawi.com)
  • electronic
  • This difference is carefully examined and discussed in terms of differences in electronic properties, as well as nearest and next-nearest neighbor interactions. (chalmers.se)
  • These bands are responsible for most of graphene's notable electronic properties, via the half-filled band that permits free-moving electrons. (wikipedia.org)
  • The theory of graphene was first explored by P. R. Wallace in 1947 as a starting point for understanding the electronic properties of 3D graphite. (wikipedia.org)
  • Mechanism
  • The nanoindenter uses that frequency shift to "lock" the position of the indenter mechanism at a fixed distance from the test surface, but without exerting any detectable force on the surface itself. (nanowerk.com)
  • thin
  • However, their rough surface properties are not favorable for the fabrication of optoelectronic devices, such as displays and thin-film solar cells. (osti.gov)
  • water
  • The properties of SQ/hMGS pseudo-binary films at the air/water interface were studied with Langmuir surface balance, stress-relaxation dilatational rheology and Brewster angle microscopy. (mdpi.com)
  • If the angle which the ray in water encloses with the perpendicular to the surface be greater than 48 degrees, the ray will not quit the water at all: it will be totally reflected at the surface. (wikipedia.org)
  • This monolayer also forms in oil-water, plastic-water, and air-water surfaces. (wikipedia.org)
  • The surface is probably a mixture of water ice and various hydrated minerals such as carbonates and clay. (wikipedia.org)
  • influence
  • When the tuning forks get close to the test surface, the influence of the nearby mass changes their frequency not much, but enough. (nanowerk.com)
  • The aims of this study were to determine (i) if SQ is in tear lipids and (ii) its influence on the surface properties of hMGS films. (mdpi.com)
  • frequency
  • In SHG spectroscopy, one focuses on measuring twice the incident frequency 2ω given an incoming electric field E ( ω ) {\displaystyle E(\omega )} in order to reveal information about a surface. (wikipedia.org)
  • ability
  • Characteristic, biocompatibility, and apatite forming ability of the surface modified samples were evaluated. (hindawi.com)
  • In this study, electrodeposition was used because of its advantages of being cost-effective, ability to form a film of uniform thickness, and homogeneous properties irrespective of the surface shape of the implant [ 15 , 16 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • present
  • In the present investigation, AgNWs/polyaniline composite transparent electrodes with better surface properties were successfully prepared. (osti.gov)
  • The present study aims to modify the surface of titanium by anodizing to form TiO 2 NTs and subsequently deposit CNTs over it by electrophoretic deposition (EPD). (hindawi.com)
  • Mercury's oldest surface is its intercrater plains, which are present (but much less extensive) on the Moon. (wikipedia.org)