• tibial nerve
  • It is made up of collateral branches of the tibial nerve and common fibular nerve. (wikipedia.org)
  • The tibial nerve and the common fibular nerve arise as the sciatic nerve divides into two branches in the popliteal fossa. (wikipedia.org)
  • Tibial nerve (innervating the plantar surface of the foot)3. (wikipedia.org)
  • Percutaneous tibial nerve stimulation (PTNS), also referred to as posterior tibial nerve stimulation, is the least invasive form of neuromodulation used to treat overactive bladder (OAB) and the associated symptoms of urinary urgency, urinary frequency and urge incontinence. (wikipedia.org)
  • As the goal is to send stimulation through the tibial nerve, it is important to have the needle electrode near (but not on) the tibial nerve. (wikipedia.org)
  • The needle electrode is then connected to an external pulse generator which delivers an adjustable electrical pulse that travels to the sacral plexus via the tibial nerve. (wikipedia.org)
  • In October 2010, the National Institute for Clinical Excellence (NICE) issued NICE Interventional Procedure Guidance 362 supporting the use of Percutaneous Tibial Nerve Stimulation (PTNS) as a routine treatment for Overactive Bladder syndrome. (wikipedia.org)
  • diabetic neuropathy
  • RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS Sural nerve myelinated fiber density (MFD), nerve conduction velocities (NCVs), vibration perception thresholds, clinical symptom scores, and a visual analog scale for pain were analyzed in participants with diabetic neuropathy. (diabetesjournals.org)
  • A loss of ≥500 fibers/mm 2 in sural nerve MFD over 52 weeks was defined as progressing diabetic neuropathy, and a MFD loss of ≤100 fibers/mm 2 during the same time interval as nonprogressing diabetic neuropathy. (diabetesjournals.org)
  • Based on this material, we assessed predictors of diabetic neuropathy by correlating the change in sural nerve MFD, assessed at study onset and again at study completion 1 year later, with baseline participant characteristics. (diabetesjournals.org)
  • unilateral
  • The authors' data also support a role for sural nerve grafting in unilateral neurovascular bundle excision. (mysciencework.com)
  • In 1971 a new technique for facial nerve reconstruction was introduced, as Scaramella and Smith reported on the technique of cross facial nerve grafting (CFNG) for reconstruction of a coordinated smile in unilateral facial paralysis cases. (wikipedia.org)
  • common fibul
  • When the common fibular nerve is divided from the sciatic nerve, it travels parallel to the distal portion of the biceps femoris muscle and towards the fibular head. (wikipedia.org)
  • morphologic
  • Symptoms in DSP are associated with substance use disorders, but no difference in morphologic structure is seen in nerves of patients with HIV infection with and without substance use histories. (biomedsearch.com)
  • neuropathy
  • Traumatic neuropathy is usually treated non-surgically.Sural nerve damage is, in fact, a subclass of peripheral neuropathy. (wikipedia.org)
  • This study was designed to assess whether the presence of autophagy-related structures was associated with sural nerve fiber pathology, and to investigate if endoneurial capillary pathology could predict the development of T2DM and neuropathy. (lu.se)
  • reported a group of patients with a chronic asymmetrical sensorimotor neuropathy mostly affecting the arms with multifocal involvement of peripheral nerves. (wikipedia.org)
  • 2 Neurofibromatous neuropathy has been reported as a rare manifestation and is characterised by a distal sensorimotor neuropathy associated with diffuse neurofibromatous change in thickened peripheral nerves. (bmj.com)
  • It should not be confused with neuropathy, which refers to disorders of the nerves themselves (usually in the peripheral nervous system). (wikipedia.org)
  • latency
  • In addition to modulation, the cutaneous reflex has been shown to evoke both a MLR (medium latency response) and LLR (long latency response) EMG response, indicating that it is a polysynaptic reflex, involving spinal interneurons or supraspinal pathways Cutaneous nerves The cutaneous reflex has been attributed to functional responses to disturbances encountered during locomotion and is, therefore, dependent on which cutaneous nerve is stimulated. (wikipedia.org)
  • interposition nerve
  • Wide excision of the neurovascular bundle and interposition nerve grafting of the cavernous nerves when there is suspected extracapsular extension at the posterolateral prostatic margin are logical applications of improved understanding of pelvic neuroanatomy. (mysciencework.com)
  • The success of the authors' interposition nerve-grafting project has resulted, in part, from the use of a multidisciplinary team approach that includes experienced oncologic surgeons and a plastic surgeon with extensive microsurgical and nerve-grafting experience. (mysciencework.com)
  • If a tension-free reconnection is not possible, interposition nerve grafts are an option. (wikipedia.org)
  • Patients
  • Patients and Methods: Sural nerve physiology and ultrastructural morphology were studied at baseline and 11 years later in subjects with normal glucose tolerance (NGT), IGT, and T2DM. (lu.se)
  • Although the side effects of sural nerve harvest are minor, the ability to predict preoperatively which patients will benefit from such grafts would reduce the number of failures. (mysciencework.com)
  • The technique for sural nerve grafting described herein gives urologists an additional tool to improve patients' quality of life without compromising the chances of success in treating prostate cancer. (mysciencework.com)
  • Pupil involvement in patients with diabetes-associated oculomotor nerve palsy. (springer.com)
  • Two patients developed a high grade malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumour. (bmj.com)
  • Peripheral nerve is assessed to help work up patients with suspected peripheral neuropathies secondary to such conditions as vasculitis and amyloidosis. (wikipedia.org)
  • stimuli
  • of ipsilateral cutaneous reflexes were studied with short trains of stimuli presented pseudorandomly to the sural nerve during human walking. (labome.org)
  • Many times, Needle EMG is also performed on subjects at the same time as other NCS procedures because they aid in detecting whether muscles are functioning properly in response to stimuli sent via their connecting nerves. (wikipedia.org)
  • cranial
  • Causes and prognosis in 4,278 cases of paralysis of the oculomotor, trochlear, and abducens cranial nerves. (springer.com)
  • Mental state and cranial nerve examination were normal. (bmj.com)
  • abducens nerve
  • 1 Other known neurological manifestations, often in combination with encephalopathy, are neuroretinitis, oculoglandular disease of Parinaud, myelopathy, radiculopathy or abducens nerve, and facial nerve paresis. (bmj.com)
  • In Moebius-like syndrome, only one side of the face is affected, but with additional nerve palsies of the affected facial and abducens nerve. (wikipedia.org)
  • posterior
  • The nerve then continues down the leg on the posterior-lateral side, then posterior to the lateral malleolus where it runs deep to the fibularis tendon sheath and reaches the lateral tuberosity of the fifth toe, where it ramifies. (wikipedia.org)
  • fiber density
  • Changes in these parameters correlate with anatomical evidence of decreased large and small myelinated fiber densities (MFDs) in the sural nerve ( 4 , 5 ) and the epidermis (intraepidermal nerve fiber density) ( 6 ). (diabetesjournals.org)
  • facial nerve
  • Smile surgery or smile reconstruction is a surgical procedure that restores the smile for people with facial nerve paralysis. (wikipedia.org)
  • Facial nerve paralysis is a relatively common condition with a yearly incidence of 0.25% leading to function loss of the mimic muscles. (wikipedia.org)
  • The facial nerve gives off several branches in the face. (wikipedia.org)
  • If one or more facial nerve branches are paralysed, the corresponding mimetic muscles lose their ability to contract. (wikipedia.org)
  • Dynamic smile reconstruction procedures restore the facial nerve activity. (wikipedia.org)
  • Eight years later, Terzis introduced the "babysitter" procedure, which consists of a combination of CFNGs and a simultaneous partial hypoglossal to facial nerve transfer. (wikipedia.org)
  • Some head and neck tumours invade or compress the facial nerve leading to facial paresis or paralysis. (wikipedia.org)
  • Sometimes, the facial nerve cannot be preserved during resection of these tumours. (wikipedia.org)
  • Algorithm 1) Neurorrhaphy is a primary end-to-end reconnection of the facial nerve stumps. (wikipedia.org)
  • However, tension-free reconnection is needed, otherwise scar formation can occur and axons will regenerate outside the facial nerve. (wikipedia.org)
  • Algorithm 1) Secondary facial paralysis with a denervation time of less than 6 months can be treated with one or more cross facial nerve grafts (CFNGs). (wikipedia.org)
  • axonal
  • Effects of nerve compression on fast axonal transport in streptozotocin-induced diabetes mellitus. (springer.com)
  • bladder
  • Damage to the nerves that control bladder function, a condition called neurogenic bladder, causes affected individuals to have progressive difficulty controlling the flow of urine. (wikipedia.org)
  • Among other functions, the sacral nerve plexus regulates bladder and pelvic floor function. (wikipedia.org)
  • damage
  • Sural nerve block is not advised if a patient is allergic to the anesthetic solution, has infected tissue at the injection site, has severe bleeding disorder, or has preexisting neurological damage. (wikipedia.org)
  • The purpose of these studies is to determine whether nerve damage is present and how severe that damage may be. (wikipedia.org)