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  • canal
  • There are classically 5 different types of mastoidectomy: Radical Mastoidectomy - Removal of posterior and superior canal wall, meatoplasty and exteriorisation of middle ear. (wikipedia.org)
  • Diseased areas as well as portions of the adjacent superior and posterior canal are simply exteriorised without affecting the uninvolved middle ear.The structures are preserved to reconstruct hearing mechanism at the time of surgery or in second-stage operation. (wikipedia.org)
  • Atticotomy, Attic Reconstruction, Tympanoplasty with or Without Ossiculoplasty, Canal Plasty and Cortical Mastoidectomy as Part of Intact Canal Wall Technique for Attic Cholesteatoma. (wikipedia.org)
  • On initial inspection, an ear canal full of discharge may be all that is visible. (wikipedia.org)
  • Acquired stenosis (narrowing) of the external auditory canal following surgery or radiotherapy Fluid accumulation is the most common cause of conductive hearing loss in the middle ear, especially in children. (wikipedia.org)
  • Earwax is a very common cause of a conductive hearing loss which may present suddenly when water gets behind the wax and this blocks the ear canal. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Rinne test, in which a patient is asked to say whether a vibrating tuning fork is heard more loudly adjacent to the ear canal (air conduction) or touching the bine behind the ear (bone conduction), is negative indicating that bone conduction is more effective that air conduction. (wikipedia.org)
  • As a rule, the eardrum separates the middle ear from the outer auditory canal. (hear.com)
  • The typical findings here are a defect of the tympanic membrane, white epithelium scales, and eventually bone erosion (a progressive destruction) of the ear canal wall, close to the eardrum. (hear.com)
  • A substance secreted by glands at the outer third of the ear canal. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • and C) diffuse ear canal edema with or without erythema, sometimes accompanied by ear discharge. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Patients with more than 80% of the ear canal occluded. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Recurrent
  • A genetic predisposition to severe and recurrent AOM has been identified in children born into families with siblings and parents who have a history of middle ear disease. (neurologyadvisor.com)
  • destruction
  • Although cholesteatomas are not classified as either tumors or cancers, they can still cause significant problems because of their erosive and expansile properties resulting in the destruction of the bones of the middle ear (ossicles), as well as their possible spread through the base of the skull into the brain. (wikipedia.org)
  • infections
  • Clinic attendance rates for skin, middle-ear and respiratory tract infections and trauma, and prescription rates for antibiotics were analysed by using a community-based selection method in Jigalong, and a clinic-based selection method in both communities for comparison of the two communities and the two methods. (mja.com.au)
  • In Jigalong (where the pre-pool prevalence of infections was higher than in Mugarinya), rates of antibiotic prescription declined by 45%, as did clinic attendance for middle-ear infections (61% reduction) and respiratory tract infections (52% reduction). (mja.com.au)
  • Where disease prevalence is high, pools are also associated with reduced rates of antibiotic prescriptions and middle-ear and respiratory tract infections. (mja.com.au)
  • As for me and my story, I had an initial round of ventilation tubes places in my ear drums when I was 6 years old, along with an adenoidectomy which was thought to help diminish my ear infections. (aetiologyblog.com)
  • sensorineural
  • More severe barotrauma can lead to middle ear fluid or even permanent sensorineural hearing loss. (wikipedia.org)
  • The following table compares sensorineural hearing loss to conductive: Tympanometry, or acoustic immitance testing, is a simple objective test of the ability of the middle ear to transmit sound waves across it. (wikipedia.org)
  • antibiotic
  • If appropriately treated with an antibiotic, sterile middle ear fluid may persist for weeks to months after each episode of AOM and is part of the initial disease and not a new episode of AOM. (neurologyadvisor.com)
  • As demonstrated by the research of Dr. Lusk of the University of Iowa, this immune-mediated damage can persist even after surgical intervention if bacteria persist in the middle ear, making medical management of the bacteria through antibiotic therapy even more essential. (aetiologyblog.com)
  • inner ear
  • CONCLUSIONS: That the endolymphatic sac (ES) reacts to changes in inner ear blood flow may be important for homeostasis of the inner ear fluid volume and pressure. (diva-portal.org)
  • OBJECTIVES: To elucidate the effect of changes in inner ear blood flow on the ES and to learn more about the volume and pressure regulatory function of the ES. (diva-portal.org)
  • Most causes of conductive hearing loss can be identified by examination but if it is important to image the bones of the middle ear or inner ear then a CT scan is required. (wikipedia.org)
  • cavity
  • MATERIALS AND METHODS: Distilled water was injected into the middle ear cavity of adult CBA/J mice. (diva-portal.org)
  • The researcher at Beckman Laser Institute, University of California, Irvine, develops new medical tool device call biocompatible Pressure Equalizing tube which can stop air passage and pressure equalization instantly, and can prevents water into the middle ear cavity. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • evaluate and compare the efficacy of a biocompatible Pressure Equalizing tube that enables air passage and pressure equalization almost instantly, while prevents the entrance of fluids, specially water, into the middle ear cavity. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Cholesteatoma of the ear is a tumor-like neoplasm in the middle ear cavity, which consists of the depleted epithelium and the cholesterol crystals. (brulanta.com)
  • sterile
  • By reflux or aspiration of unwanted secretions from the nasopharynx into the normally sterile middle-ear space, the fluid may then become infected - usually with bacteria. (wikipedia.org)
  • fluid
  • It is defined as the presence of non-infectious fluid in the middle ear for more than three months. (wikipedia.org)
  • The organisms contribute to the buildup of fluid and pus behind the ear drum that is characteristic of this disease. (aetiologyblog.com)
  • If these antibiotics do not offer relief, clindamycin and tympanocentesis (removal of fluid from behind the ear drum with a needle) are then warranted. (aetiologyblog.com)
  • More permanent tubes were placed in my ears at age 8 and these became lodged in my ear drums until college, all the while I suffered from chronic fluid and pain in my ears. (aetiologyblog.com)
  • ossicles
  • If untreated, a cholesteatoma can eat into the three small bones located in the middle ear (the malleus, incus and stapes, collectively called ossicles), which can result in nerve deterioration, deafness, imbalance and vertigo. (wikipedia.org)
  • Conductive hearing loss occurs when there is a problem conducting sound waves anywhere along the route through the outer ear, tympanic membrane (eardrum), or middle ear (ossicles). (wikipedia.org)
  • postoperative
  • Postoperative graft success rate and audiological test results were recorded and the effect of cholesteatoma on graft success rate was investigated. (ac.ir)
  • In the study group (COM with cholesteatoma),the postoperative GSR, mean speech reception threshold improvement, and mean air-bone gap gain were 95.3%, 2.1 dB, and 3.2 dB, respectively. (ac.ir)
  • patients
  • Middle ear pura were collected from 151 patients (164 ears) with chronic suppurative otitis media and cultured for aerobic bacteria and fungus, and antimicrobial susceptibility test was also done, gained the distribution route and kinds of related microorganisinms. (egms.de)
  • The study group consisted of patients with cholesteatomatous COM, while the control group included patients with non-cholesteatomatous COM, who had undergone ear surgery. (ac.ir)
  • tympanoplasty
  • Smoking and tympanoplasty: implications for prognosis and the Middle Ear Risk Index (MERI). (ac.ir)
  • When I had the tubes removed at age 19, my ear drums were permanently scarred and I had to undergo a bilateral tympanoplasty in which a surgeon tried to patch the holes in my ear drums, to no avail. (aetiologyblog.com)
  • retrospective
  • The present retrospective, study-controlled study investigated 422 ears undergoing COM surgery. (ac.ir)