• Diabetic
  • Forty-one patients with ESKD were recruited and divided into two groups: those with ESKD due to diabetic nephropathy (DM group, 37 eyes of 20 patients) and those with nondiabetic ESKD (NDM group, 40 eyes of 21 patients). (arvojournals.org)
  • The current results may reflect that systemic fluid accumulation has a greater effect on the diabetic choroid, probably due to damage to the choroidal vasculature, in patients with ESKD. (arvojournals.org)
  • treatment
  • Anecdotal evidence suggests that patients drop out of ERP because of the aversive nature of the treatment. (edu.au)
  • We compared treatment acceptability, in terms of treatment dropout/participation and therapeutic alliance, of therapist-delivered versus CAC psychological treatment. (jmir.org)
  • Participants in a trial of CAC versus therapist-delivered treatment were equally able to engage, bond, and commit to treatment, despite comorbidity typically being associated with increased treatment dropout, problematic engagement, and complexities in treatment planning. (jmir.org)
  • The patients were managed with supportive treatment. (hkmj.org)
  • Patients were assessed at the eighth session, post-treatment, and at 31-month follow-up. (scielo.br)
  • Some dropout patients improved with a small dose of therapy (17% achieved a clinically significant change before abandoning treatment), while others only achieved clinically significant change after a longer period (62% at 31-month follow-up). (scielo.br)
  • Selwyn and colleagues describe graded aerobic exercise as a simple, cheap, effective, and available treatment for fibromyalgia.1 It has been suggested that because dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) levels have been found to be low in the condition and raised by exercise, DHEA supplements can be used. (bmj.com)
  • Although patient attrition might be a serious threat to the validity of treatment-outcome studies on temporomandibular disorders (TMD), studies on TMD patient attrition are scarce. (quintpub.com)
  • A group of patients who were judged by the examiner not to need treatment were included as a control group. (quintpub.com)
  • Only 38 percent of the placebo patients and 50 percent of ginkgo patients completed the full year of treatment. (chiro.org)
  • ORLANDO, March 30 -- Treatment with rosuvastatin (Crestor) did not prevent cardiovascular events or death in patients with end-stage renal disease who are undergoing hemodialysis, a multicenter, randomized trial showed. (medpagetoday.com)
  • The editorialists, Drs. Strippoli and Craig, suggested that treatment with rosuvastatin might not have been beneficial because the study may have been underpowered, there was a high dropout rate (about 50%), and those patients most likely to benefit -- those already on statins -- were excluded. (medpagetoday.com)
  • Utilising motivational techniques and providing psycho-education have been suggested as ways to reduce treatment disengagement. (lboro.ac.uk)
  • They say this suggests that a failure to properly adhere to the treatment could be a major factor limiting the effectiveness of anti-obesity drug therapy. (psychcentral.com)
  • A nocebo effect is said to occur when negative expectations of the patient regarding a treatment cause the treatment to have a more negative effect than it otherwise would have. (wikipedia.org)
  • DBT strives to have the patient view the therapist as an ally rather than an adversary in the treatment of psychological issues. (wikipedia.org)
  • All DBT can be said to involve 4 components: Individual - The therapist and patient discuss issues that come up during the week (recorded on diary cards) and follow a treatment target hierarchy. (wikipedia.org)
  • In June 2008, the American Medical Association (AMA) House of Delegates stated that the denial to patients with gender dysphoria or otherwise covered benefits represents discrimination, and that the AMA supports "public and private health insurance coverage for treatment for gender dysphoria as recommended by the patient's physician. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the United States, the prevalence of patient dropout is estimated to be between 40-60% over the course of treatment however the overwhelming majority of patients will drop after two sessions. (wikipedia.org)
  • Intuitively, these patients lose out on the benefits they may have received if they continued treatment. (wikipedia.org)
  • Further, patients who discontinue treatment are more likely to be characterized as chronic patients, resulting in over-utilization of services, up to twice as much as "appropriate" terminators. (wikipedia.org)
  • Predicting patients at risk of dropping treatment is a difficult task that is still being researched. (wikipedia.org)
  • Social stigma of mental health treatment may also result in increased patient discontinuation. (wikipedia.org)
  • Perceptions of mental health may also alter patient beliefs about the effectiveness of mental health treatment. (wikipedia.org)
  • Schema therapy was developed by Jeffrey E. Young for use in treatment of personality disorders and chronic DSM Axis I disorders, such as when patients fail to respond or relapse after having been through other therapies (for example, traditional cognitive behavioral therapy). (wikipedia.org)
  • Compliance can be confused with concordance, which is the process by which a patient and clinician make decisions together about treatment. (wikipedia.org)
  • 2003 estimates from the World Health Organization indicated that only about 50% of patients with chronic diseases living in developed countries follow treatment recommendations with particularly low rates of adherence to therapies for asthma, diabetes, and hypertension. (wikipedia.org)
  • Major barriers to compliance are thought to include the complexity of modern medication regimens, poor "health literacy" and not understanding treatment benefits, occurrence of undiscussed side effects, poor treatment satisfaction, cost of prescription medicine, and poor communication or lack of trust between a patient and his or her health-care provider. (wikipedia.org)
  • Both patient and health-care provider affect compliance, and a positive physician-patient relationship is the most important factor in improving compliance, As of 2003, US health care professionals more commonly used the term "adherence" to a regimen rather than "compliance", because it has been thought to reflect better the diverse reasons for patients not following treatment directions in part or in full. (wikipedia.org)
  • The term concordance has been used in the United Kingdom to involve a patient in the treatment process to improve compliance, and refers to a 2003 NHS initiative. (wikipedia.org)
  • In this context, the patient is informed about their condition and treatment options,involved in the decision as to which course of action to take, and partially responsible for monitoring and reporting back to the team. (wikipedia.org)
  • As of 2007, concordance has been used to refer specifically to patient adherence to a treatment regimen which the physician sets up collaboratively with the patient, to differentiate it from adherence to a physician-only prescribed treatment regimen. (wikipedia.org)
  • A WHO study estimates that only 50% of patients suffering from chronic diseases in developed countries follow treatment recommendations. (wikipedia.org)
  • For example, a 2004 UK study reported a 97% compliance rate at the beginning of treatment with statins, but only about 50% of patients were still compliant after six months. (wikipedia.org)
  • placebo
  • Three times a day patients received either a placebo or 40 mg of EGb 761, a standardized ginkgo extract that is available in Europe and the United States. (chiro.org)
  • Of patients on ginkgo, 50 percent improved by two points or more, while only 29 percent improved on placebo. (chiro.org)
  • Thus, both tests of cognitive and social function showed improvement for patients on ginkgo compared to placebo. (chiro.org)
  • Although there were expected improvements in the lipid profiles of statin-treated patients, there was no difference compared with patients taking placebo in the primary endpoint of cardiovascular death, myocardial infarction, or stroke ( P =0.59), according to Bengt Fellstrom, M.D., Ph.D., of University Hospital in Uppsala, Sweden. (medpagetoday.com)
  • The patients were randomized to 10 mg of rosuvastatin a day or placebo. (medpagetoday.com)
  • As is typical of patients with end-stage renal disease, there were high rates of adverse events, but they did not differ between the two groups (96.3% with rosuvastatin versus 96.7% with placebo). (medpagetoday.com)
  • They also found that patients taking the weight loss pills were significantly more likely to achieve 5 - 10 percent weight loss, compared to those who took the placebo. (psychcentral.com)
  • assessment
  • So Dr. Fellstrom and his colleagues enrolled 2,776 patients with end-stage renal disease into AURORA (A Study to Evaluate the Use of Rosuvastatin in Subjects on Regular Hemodialysis: An Assessment of Survival and Cardiovascular Events), which was conducted at 280 centers in 25 countries. (medpagetoday.com)
  • chronic
  • Introduction Pulmonary rehabilitation with core components of exercise training and multiprofessional education is an integral part of the management of patients with chronic lung disease. (bmj.com)
  • citation needed] This may affect patient health, and affect the wider society when it causes complications from chronic diseases, formation of resistant infections, or untreated psychiatric illness. (wikipedia.org)
  • Thus
  • Younger patients have a higher cardiovascular risk, and thus might be affected differently by statin therapy, they said. (medpagetoday.com)
  • This can lead to lower self-esteem, confidence, and thus their effectiveness which will negatively impact their delivery of treatments to other patients. (wikipedia.org)
  • studies
  • 3. Although two studies showed increased drop-outs due to adverse effects among haloperidol patients, there was no significant difference in drop-out rates, comparing all haloperidol treated patients with controls. (cochrane.org)
  • The intervention will be tailored using information from qualitative studies regarding the views around exercise and exercise programmes of both patients with severe asthma and healthcare professionals involved in their care. (bmj.com)
  • Molecular genetic studies revealed a homozygous mutation in the C19ORF12 gene which has been previously reported in patients with a subtype of NBIA (neurodegeneration with brain iron accumulation), mitochondrial membrane protein-associated neurodegeneration (MPAN). (wikipedia.org)
  • emotional
  • Her second insight involved the need for a commensurate commitment from patients, who needed to be willing to accept their dire level of emotional dysfunction. (wikipedia.org)
  • often
  • Agitation is common in demented patients, and often takes the form of wandering, crying out, and aggression. (cochrane.org)
  • The main objective of this randomised controlled trail is to determine whether treadmill walking with partial weight support via an overhead harness is effective at establishing independent walking (i) more often, (ii) earlier and (iii) with a better quality of walking, than current physiotherapy intervention for non-ambulatory stroke patients. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • disorder
  • For example, it may be used help the patient cope with their disability by better management of rest and activity within the boundaries of the energy constraints of the disorder, and does not actively attempt to improve the patient's physical or psychological capacity. (wikipedia.org)
  • Diffuse, symmetric white matter abnormalities were demonstrated by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) suggesting that Behr syndrome may represent a disorder of white matter associated with an unknown biochemical abnormality. (wikipedia.org)
  • therapy
  • Current UK guidelines recommend using drug therapy in addition to making lifestyle changes if a patient has a body mass index of greater than 30. (psychcentral.com)
  • effectiveness
  • Recent work also suggests its effectiveness with sexual abuse survivors and chemical dependency. (wikipedia.org)
  • Having been the head of only 7 doctors controlling the 7,000 patients in Manteno State Hospital, he had direct experience diagnosing a large number of unusual neurological conditions along with their treatments, useful drugs, and their effectiveness. (wikipedia.org)
  • Results
  • One of the barriers to completion of more walking practice in non-ambulatory stroke patients is marked muscle weakness and poor coordination, which results in an inability to practice the whole task. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • The ACE study's results suggest that maltreatment and household dysfunction in childhood contribute to health problems decades later. (wikipedia.org)
  • further
  • Upon further enquiry, the patient recalled that he experienced dizziness, drunk feeling, and unsteady gait after exposure to a refrigerant during maintenance of an air-conditioning system in a computer server room with an area of around 200 m 2 . (hkmj.org)
  • Cyclically, long waiting lists have shown some increased dropout effects, further exacerbating the problem. (wikipedia.org)
  • baseline
  • 112 patients with OAG (21 with DM, 91 without DM) were assessed for retinal capillary blood flow as measured by Heidelberg retinal flowmetry (HRF) at baseline. (arvojournals.org)
  • Note that included patients had a relatively low baseline LDL cholesterol level (about 100 mg/dL). (medpagetoday.com)
  • shown
  • It has been shown that, due to the nocebo effect, warning patients about side effects of drugs can contribute to the causation of such effects, whether the drug is real or not. (wikipedia.org)
  • Although
  • Although in the general population cardiac disease is mostly caused by atherosclerotic plaques, they said, about 75% of patients on dialysis have left ventricular hypertrophy and aortic calcification. (medpagetoday.com)
  • social
  • In 2003, Premier Wen Jiabao visits AIDS patients in a Beijing hospital and becomes the first premier of China to publicly shake hands with AIDS patients in a bid to eliminate social discrimination. (wikipedia.org)
  • visits
  • The repetition of these points in the follow-up visits helps the patient to perceive the signal as a non-danger. (wikipedia.org)
  • statins
  • The researchers noted that patients who were already taking statins and those younger than 50 were excluded, which may have introduced selection bias. (medpagetoday.com)
  • among
  • 1. There was no significant improvement in agitation among haloperidol treated patients, compared with controls. (cochrane.org)
  • time
  • Clinicians experience losses in the form of time spent on patient intakes, missed appointments prior to termination, and other diagnostic work performed. (wikipedia.org)
  • not in citation given] perhaps because people do not feel immediately threatened or, in the case of symptomless conditions such as raised cholesterol levels (hypercholesterolaemia) and raised blood pressure (systemic hypertension), feel no obvious benefits at the time of taking the medicines As patients are asymptomatic, they may not see a need to take medication. (wikipedia.org)
  • These categories are numbered 0 to 4, and based on whether or not the patient has tinnitus with hearing loss, tinnitus with no hearing loss, tinnitus with hearing loss and hyperacusis, and tinnitus with hearing loss and hyperacusis for an extended amount of time. (wikipedia.org)
  • However
  • However, they said, "the most likely explanation is that, as compared with other populations, differences may exist in the causal pathway for early cardiovascular events and death in patients undergoing dialysis. (medpagetoday.com)
  • However, there are different factors associated with patient dropout that are worth identifying. (wikipedia.org)
  • severe
  • Stage 2: eight focus groups of at least six healthcare professionals involved in the care of patients with severe asthma will be conducted to understand their attitudes towards exercise for this population. (bmj.com)
  • disease
  • The majority of patients had Alzheimer's disease. (chiro.org)
  • House concludes Ian has ataxia and begins to assume Ian has the same disease as a former patient from 12 years ago, 73-year old Esther Doyle, who died under House's care and was never correctly diagnosed. (wikipedia.org)
  • Wilson suggests Kawasaki disease, but before the team begins tests, they discover a mass in his heart. (wikipedia.org)
  • House then orders his team to perform the final test on the first disease suggested: Erdheim-Chester disease. (wikipedia.org)
  • NA suggests that the disease of addiction can be arrested, and recovery is possible through the NA twelve-step program. (wikipedia.org)
  • Felitti and Robert Anda from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) went on to survey childhood trauma experiences of over 17,000 Kaiser Permanente patient volunteers. (wikipedia.org)
  • pattern
  • Autopsy on one of the sister with Behr Syndrome revealed central atrophy of the optic nerves and total disarray of the normal laminar pattern of the lateral geniculate nucleus, dropout of neurons, and gliosis. (wikipedia.org)
  • commonly
  • This was commonly understood to suggest that taking psychedelic drugs (in particular LSD) was valuable to average people. (wikipedia.org)
  • medication
  • For example, when a patient anticipates a side effect of a medication, he/she can suffer that effect even if the "medication" is actually an inert substance. (wikipedia.org)
  • Both patient and health-care provider affect compliance, and a positive physician-patient relationship is the most important factor in improving compliance, The cost of prescription medication also plays a major role. (wikipedia.org)
  • Efforts to improve compliance have been aimed at simplifying medication packaging, providing effective medication reminders, improving patient education, and limiting the number of medications prescribed simultaneously. (wikipedia.org)
  • worth
  • DBT focuses on the client acquiring new skills and changing their behaviors, with the ultimate goal of achieving a "life worth living," as defined by the patient. (wikipedia.org)
  • possible
  • For non-ambulatory stroke patients, treadmill walking with partial weight support provides the opportunity to complete more walking practice than would be possible using assisted overground walking. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)