• attrition
  • Multiple linear and logistical regression analyses were conducted to predict early dropout, overall attrition, online treatment progress, number of registered relaxation exercises, posttreatment symptom levels, and reliable improvement. (diva-portal.org)
  • partial
  • The main objective of this randomised controlled trail is to determine whether treadmill walking with partial weight support via an overhead harness is effective at establishing independent walking (i) more often, (ii) earlier and (iii) with a better quality of walking, than current physiotherapy intervention for non-ambulatory stroke patients. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • For non-ambulatory stroke patients, treadmill walking with partial weight support provides the opportunity to complete more walking practice than would be possible using assisted overground walking. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • Treadmill walking with partial weight support via an overhead harness provides the opportunity to complete larger amounts of walking practice, eg, even if patients only walk for 5 min at a slow speed of 0.2 m/s supported on a treadmill, they will 'walk' 60 m. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • 2 7 8 Untreated, o-MGD will lead to atrophy of MGs characterised by infrared meibography (IR-M) changes, such as segments of discontinuous gland tissue, shortening of glands, and whole or partial gland dropout, leaving fading and poorly defined glands with an ultimate loss of all gland tissues. (bmj.com)
  • Study
  • Point out that the study excluded patients younger than 50 and those who were already taking statins. (medpagetoday.com)
  • So Dr. Fellstrom and his colleagues enrolled 2,776 patients with end-stage renal disease into AURORA (A Study to Evaluate the Use of Rosuvastatin in Subjects on Regular Hemodialysis: An Assessment of Survival and Cardiovascular Events), which was conducted at 280 centers in 25 countries. (medpagetoday.com)
  • Posted May 10, 2015 FRIDAY, May 8, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- For obese Americans who are low on vitamin D, taking a supplement of the nutrient might help them lose weight, a new study suggests. (shopnaturesoasis.com)
  • When looking at patient dropout rates, these inconsistencies can make the data difficult to understand, as patients in one study would be considered completers, but the same patients might be considered non-completers in another study. (wikipedia.org)
  • A WHO study estimates that only 50% of patients suffering from chronic diseases in developed countries follow treatment recommendations. (wikipedia.org)
  • treatment
  • Participants in a trial of CAC versus therapist-delivered treatment were equally able to engage, bond, and commit to treatment, despite comorbidity typically being associated with increased treatment dropout, problematic engagement, and complexities in treatment planning. (jmir.org)
  • Selwyn and colleagues describe graded aerobic exercise as a simple, cheap, effective, and available treatment for fibromyalgia.1 It has been suggested that because dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) levels have been found to be low in the condition and raised by exercise, DHEA supplements can be used. (bmj.com)
  • A group of patients who were judged by the examiner not to need treatment were included as a control group. (quintpub.com)
  • Only 38 percent of the placebo patients and 50 percent of ginkgo patients completed the full year of treatment. (chiro.org)
  • ORLANDO, March 30 -- Treatment with rosuvastatin (Crestor) did not prevent cardiovascular events or death in patients with end-stage renal disease who are undergoing hemodialysis, a multicenter, randomized trial showed. (medpagetoday.com)
  • Lastly, the results suggest that finding the treatment interesting and engaging may help patients carry through with the intervention and complete prescribed assignments, a result that may help guide the design of future interventions. (diva-portal.org)
  • It is important for the patient to be confident that he/she receives the best treatment, and it is important for the health care providers and funding authorities to have clear evidence when choosing between two different treatment techniques, in order for the patient to benefit. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • The frequent occurrence of treated chronic pain and mental health conditions among overdose decedents underscores the importance of offering substance use treatment services in clinics that treat patients with chronic pain and mental health problems," said lead investigator Dr. Mark Olfson, a professor of psychiatry at Columbia University Medical Center. (drugs.com)
  • This "suggests that dropout from drug treatment is common before fatal opioid overdose," Olfson said. (drugs.com)
  • Improving treatment retention, with contingency management or other effective behavioral interventions, might help lower the risk of fatal overdose in these patients," he said. (drugs.com)
  • The researchers randomly assigned forty patients to either MBCT or a treatment-as-usual control, assessing participants at baseline, 8 weeks, and 20 weeks. (goamra.org)
  • A nocebo effect is said to occur when negative expectations of the patient regarding a treatment cause the treatment to have a more negative effect than it otherwise would have. (wikipedia.org)
  • DBT strives to have the patient view the therapist as an ally rather than an adversary in the treatment of psychological issues. (wikipedia.org)
  • In June 2008, the American Medical Association (AMA) House of Delegates stated that the denial to patients with gender dysphoria or otherwise covered benefits represents discrimination, and that the AMA supports "public and private health insurance coverage for treatment for gender dysphoria as recommended by the patient's physician. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the United States, the prevalence of patient dropout is estimated to be between 40-60% over the course of treatment however the overwhelming majority of patients will drop after two sessions. (wikipedia.org)
  • Intuitively, these patients lose out on the benefits they may have received if they continued treatment. (wikipedia.org)
  • Further, patients who discontinue treatment are more likely to be characterized as chronic patients, resulting in over-utilization of services, up to twice as much as "appropriate" terminators. (wikipedia.org)
  • Predicting patients at risk of dropping treatment is a difficult task that is still being researched. (wikipedia.org)
  • Social stigma of mental health treatment may also result in increased patient discontinuation. (wikipedia.org)
  • Perceptions of mental health may also alter patient beliefs about the effectiveness of mental health treatment. (wikipedia.org)
  • Schema therapy was developed by Jeffrey E. Young for use in treatment of personality disorders and chronic DSM Axis I disorders, such as when patients fail to respond or relapse after having been through other therapies (for example, traditional cognitive behavioral therapy). (wikipedia.org)
  • Compliance can be confused with concordance, which is the process by which a patient and clinician make decisions together about treatment. (wikipedia.org)
  • 2003 estimates from the World Health Organization indicated that only about 50% of patients with chronic diseases living in developed countries follow treatment recommendations with particularly low rates of adherence to therapies for asthma, diabetes, and hypertension. (wikipedia.org)
  • Major barriers to compliance are thought to include the complexity of modern medication regimens, poor "health literacy" and not understanding treatment benefits, occurrence of undiscussed side effects, poor treatment satisfaction, cost of prescription medicine, and poor communication or lack of trust between a patient and his or her health-care provider. (wikipedia.org)
  • Both patient and health-care provider affect compliance, and a positive physician-patient relationship is the most important factor in improving compliance, As of 2003, US health care professionals more commonly used the term "adherence" to a regimen rather than "compliance", because it has been thought to reflect better the diverse reasons for patients not following treatment directions in part or in full. (wikipedia.org)
  • The term concordance has been used in the United Kingdom to involve a patient in the treatment process to improve compliance, and refers to a 2003 NHS initiative. (wikipedia.org)
  • In this context, the patient is informed about their condition and treatment options,involved in the decision as to which course of action to take, and partially responsible for monitoring and reporting back to the team. (wikipedia.org)
  • As of 2007, concordance has been used to refer specifically to patient adherence to a treatment regimen which the physician sets up collaboratively with the patient, to differentiate it from adherence to a physician-only prescribed treatment regimen. (wikipedia.org)
  • placebo
  • Three times a day patients received either a placebo or 40 mg of EGb 761, a standardized ginkgo extract that is available in Europe and the United States. (chiro.org)
  • Of patients on ginkgo, 50 percent improved by two points or more, while only 29 percent improved on placebo. (chiro.org)
  • Thus, both tests of cognitive and social function showed improvement for patients on ginkgo compared to placebo. (chiro.org)
  • Although there were expected improvements in the lipid profiles of statin-treated patients, there was no difference compared with patients taking placebo in the primary endpoint of cardiovascular death, myocardial infarction, or stroke ( P =0.59), according to Bengt Fellstrom, M.D., Ph.D., of University Hospital in Uppsala, Sweden. (medpagetoday.com)
  • The patients were randomized to 10 mg of rosuvastatin a day or placebo. (medpagetoday.com)
  • As is typical of patients with end-stage renal disease, there were high rates of adverse events, but they did not differ between the two groups (96.3% with rosuvastatin versus 96.7% with placebo). (medpagetoday.com)
  • A 2013 review found that nearly 1 out of 20 patients receiving a placebo in clinical trials for depression dropped out due to adverse events, which were believed to have been caused by the nocebo effect. (wikipedia.org)
  • intervention
  • The intervention will be tailored using information from qualitative studies regarding the views around exercise and exercise programmes of both patients with severe asthma and healthcare professionals involved in their care. (bmj.com)
  • disorder
  • For example, it may be used help the patient cope with their disability by better management of rest and activity within the boundaries of the energy constraints of the disorder, and does not actively attempt to improve the patient's physical or psychological capacity. (wikipedia.org)
  • Diffuse, symmetric white matter abnormalities were demonstrated by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) suggesting that Behr syndrome may represent a disorder of white matter associated with an unknown biochemical abnormality. (wikipedia.org)
  • effectiveness
  • Recent work also suggests its effectiveness with sexual abuse survivors and chemical dependency. (wikipedia.org)
  • Having been the head of only 7 doctors controlling the 7,000 patients in Manteno State Hospital, he had direct experience diagnosing a large number of unusual neurological conditions along with their treatments, useful drugs, and their effectiveness. (wikipedia.org)
  • This can lead to lower self-esteem, confidence, and thus their effectiveness which will negatively impact their delivery of treatments to other patients. (wikipedia.org)
  • often
  • Although the cardiovascular benefits of statins have been well established in high-risk patients, whether the drugs also helped patients on hemodialysis, who often have low or normal LDL cholesterol levels, had been unclear. (medpagetoday.com)
  • There is no current research as to how often this occurs in patient dropout cases. (wikipedia.org)
  • AIDS
  • AIDS and Behavior ] studied the psychological and immunological effects of the Mindfulness Based Cognitive Therapy (MBCT) program on long-term HIV+ patients to discover whether MBCT could lessen their burden of illness. (goamra.org)
  • Limited evidence suggests cannabis can: reduce nausea and vomiting during chemotherapy, improve appetite in people with HIV/AIDS, and reduce chronic pain and muscle spasms. (wikipedia.org)
  • Low quality evidence suggests its use for reducing nausea during chemotherapy, improving appetite in HIV/AIDS, improving sleep, and improving tics in Tourette syndrome. (wikipedia.org)
  • In June 1985, China records its first death of an AIDS patient, a foreigner. (wikipedia.org)
  • In 1992, the government confirms that it has recorded 11 AIDS patients and announces a medium-term plan on the prevention and control of HIV/AIDS. (wikipedia.org)
  • In 2003, Premier Wen Jiabao visits AIDS patients in a Beijing hospital and becomes the first premier of China to publicly shake hands with AIDS patients in a bid to eliminate social discrimination. (wikipedia.org)
  • early
  • 130 stroke patients who are unable to walk independently early after stroke will be recruited and randomly allocated to a control group or an experimental group. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • However, they said, "the most likely explanation is that, as compared with other populations, differences may exist in the causal pathway for early cardiovascular events and death in patients undergoing dialysis. (medpagetoday.com)
  • adherence
  • In medicine, compliance (also adherence, capacitance) describes the degree to which a patient correctly follows medical advice. (wikipedia.org)
  • Additionally, the term adherence includes the ability of the patient to take medications as prescribed by their physician with regards to the correct drug, dose, route, timing, and frequency. (wikipedia.org)
  • baseline
  • 112 patients with OAG (21 with DM, 91 without DM) were assessed for retinal capillary blood flow as measured by Heidelberg retinal flowmetry (HRF) at baseline. (arvojournals.org)
  • Note that included patients had a relatively low baseline LDL cholesterol level (about 100 mg/dL). (medpagetoday.com)
  • disease
  • This data suggests that OAG patients with DM may have more retinal capillary dropout associated with their disease compared to OAG patients without DM. (arvojournals.org)
  • The majority of patients had Alzheimer's disease. (chiro.org)
  • suggests that cardiovascular disease in patients undergoing hemodialysis differs from that in other patients," Dr. Fellstrom and colleagues wrote. (medpagetoday.com)
  • Although in the general population cardiac disease is mostly caused by atherosclerotic plaques, they said, about 75% of patients on dialysis have left ventricular hypertrophy and aortic calcification. (medpagetoday.com)
  • Introduction Pulmonary rehabilitation with core components of exercise training and multiprofessional education is an integral part of the management of patients with chronic lung disease. (bmj.com)
  • House concludes Ian has ataxia and begins to assume Ian has the same disease as a former patient from 12 years ago, 73-year old Esther Doyle, who died under House's care and was never correctly diagnosed. (wikipedia.org)
  • Wilson suggests Kawasaki disease, but before the team begins tests, they discover a mass in his heart. (wikipedia.org)
  • House then orders his team to perform the final test on the first disease suggested: Erdheim-Chester disease. (wikipedia.org)
  • NA suggests that the disease of addiction can be arrested, and recovery is possible through the NA twelve-step program. (wikipedia.org)
  • Felitti and Robert Anda from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) went on to survey childhood trauma experiences of over 17,000 Kaiser Permanente patient volunteers. (wikipedia.org)
  • Results
  • One of the barriers to completion of more walking practice in non-ambulatory stroke patients is marked muscle weakness and poor coordination, which results in an inability to practice the whole task. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • Results Post-MGP meibography of 34 lids (19 patients, ≥4.5 to ≤12 months' follow-up) showed 41.2% with MG growth. (bmj.com)
  • statins
  • In an accompanying editorial Giovanni Strippoli, Ph.D., and Jonathan Craig, Ph.D., of the University of Sydney, wrote, "It appears that statins have now joined this group of 'promising but ineffective' interventions" for patients undergoing hemodialysis. (medpagetoday.com)
  • The researchers noted that patients who were already taking statins and those younger than 50 were excluded, which may have introduced selection bias. (medpagetoday.com)
  • time
  • Clinicians experience losses in the form of time spent on patient intakes, missed appointments prior to termination, and other diagnostic work performed. (wikipedia.org)
  • not in citation given] perhaps because people do not feel immediately threatened or, in the case of symptomless conditions such as raised cholesterol levels (hypercholesterolaemia) and raised blood pressure (systemic hypertension), feel no obvious benefits at the time of taking the medicines As patients are asymptomatic, they may not see a need to take medication. (wikipedia.org)
  • Behavior
  • Homework assignments that patient work with between sessions is a key component in both face-to-face and Internet-based Cognitive Behavior Therapy (CBT). (diva-portal.org)
  • shown
  • It has been shown that, due to the nocebo effect, warning patients about side effects of drugs can contribute to the causation of such effects, whether the drug is real or not. (wikipedia.org)
  • Cyclically, long waiting lists have shown some increased dropout effects, further exacerbating the problem. (wikipedia.org)
  • stroke
  • It has been reported that only half of the non-ambulatory stroke patients admitted to inpatient rehabilitation in Australia learn to walk again [ 1 ]. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • life
  • While human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection has become a manageable chronic illness, long-term patients, especially those who contracted the virus before the advent of the newer treatments, still experience shortened life spans and remain subject to a variety of complications, iatrogenic side-effects, and an overall poorer quality of life. (goamra.org)
  • DBT focuses on the client acquiring new skills and changing their behaviors, with the ultimate goal of achieving a "life worth living," as defined by the patient. (wikipedia.org)
  • commonly
  • This was commonly understood to suggest that taking psychedelic drugs (in particular LSD) was valuable to average people. (wikipedia.org)
  • citation
  • citation needed] This may affect patient health, and affect the wider society when it causes complications from chronic diseases, formation of resistant infections, or untreated psychiatric illness. (wikipedia.org)
  • medication
  • For example, when a patient anticipates a side effect of a medication, he/she can suffer that effect even if the "medication" is actually an inert substance. (wikipedia.org)
  • Both patient and health-care provider affect compliance, and a positive physician-patient relationship is the most important factor in improving compliance, The cost of prescription medication also plays a major role. (wikipedia.org)
  • Efforts to improve compliance have been aimed at simplifying medication packaging, providing effective medication reminders, improving patient education, and limiting the number of medications prescribed simultaneously. (wikipedia.org)
  • studies
  • Molecular genetic studies revealed a homozygous mutation in the C19ORF12 gene which has been previously reported in patients with a subtype of NBIA (neurodegeneration with brain iron accumulation), mitochondrial membrane protein-associated neurodegeneration (MPAN). (wikipedia.org)
  • groups
  • Stage 2: eight focus groups of at least six healthcare professionals involved in the care of patients with severe asthma will be conducted to understand their attitudes towards exercise for this population. (bmj.com)