• genus
  • Southern hybridization has shown that all three families are specific for genomes of the section Procumbentes of the genus Beta . (springer.com)
  • By comparative multicolor FISH, we have physically mapped small chromosome fragments in the sugar beet addition lines PRO1 and PAT2 and analyzed the distribution of repetitive DNA families in species of the section Procumbentes of the genus Beta . (hindawi.com)
  • These plants were first grouped together in 1927 by Vladimir Andreevich Tranzschel as an informal unranked taxon Patellares in the genus Beta. (wikipedia.org)
  • 2016) revealed a deep genetic differentiation between Beta and Patellifolia and confirmed the status as own genus. (wikipedia.org)
  • the divergence from its sister genus Beta probably occurred early in the Late Oligocene. (wikipedia.org)
  • He subdivided the taxon into two tribes, Hablitzieae and Beteae, the latter with only one genus, Beta. (wikipedia.org)
  • Beta is a genus in the flowering plant family Amaranthaceae. (wikipedia.org)
  • 2006), the genus is classified into 2 sections with 7-8 species: Beta sect. (wikipedia.org)
  • fleshy
  • The sugar beet has a conical, white, fleshy root (a taproot) with a flat crown. (wikipedia.org)
  • The simple leaf blade is oblanceolate to heart-shaped, dark green to dark red, slightly fleshy, usually with a prominent midrib, with entire or undulate margin, 5-20 cm long on wild plants (often much larger in cultivated plants). (wikipedia.org)
  • crops
  • vulgaris ) is one of the most important European crops for both food and sugar production. (frontiersin.org)
  • vulgaris , cultivar group Sugar Beet) is one of the most important crops, being within the 2013 top 10 world commodities, with Europe contributing with 68% production ( Food Agricultural Organization of the United Nations, 2016 ). (frontiersin.org)
  • Effectuated by breeding efforts, modern crops diverge genetically and phenotypically from their wild relatives but little is known about consequences for the associated microbiota. (frontiersin.org)
  • In contrast to many other crops, the ancestor of domesticated sugar beets ( Beta vulgaris ssp. (frontiersin.org)
  • BRIGITTE UWIMANA , LUIGI D'ANDREA , FRANÇOIS FELBER , DANNY A. P. HOOFTMAN , HANS C. M. Den NIJS , MARINUS J. M. SMULDERS , RICHARD G. F. VISSER , CLEMENS C. M. Van De WIEL , A Bayesian analysis of gene flow from crops to their wild relatives: cultivated (Lactuca sativaL. (wiley.com)
  • sucrose
  • The beet became highly commercially important in 19th century Europe following the development of the sugar beet in Germany and the discovery that sucrose could be extracted from them, providing an alternative to tropical sugar cane. (wordpress.com)
  • Sucrose is common table sugar. (wikipedia.org)
  • For human consumption, sucrose is extracted, and refined, from either sugar cane or sugar beet. (wikipedia.org)
  • Some sugar mills also process the raw sugar into pure sucrose. (wikipedia.org)
  • The by now clear sugar syrup is then concentrated by boiling under vacuum and crystallised as the final purification process to produce crystals of pure sucrose. (wikipedia.org)
  • The word "sucrose" was coined in 1857 by the English chemist William Miller from the French sucre ("sugar") and the generic chemical suffix for sugars -ose. (wikipedia.org)
  • Saccharose is an obsolete name for sugars in general, especially sucrose. (wikipedia.org)
  • The purity of sucrose is measured by polarimetry, through the rotation of plane-polarized light by a solution of sugar. (wikipedia.org)
  • Oligofructose has 35% of the sweetness of sucrose, and its sweetening profile is similar to sugar. (wikipedia.org)
  • Its flavor ranges from bland to subtly sweet (about 10% of the sweetness of sugar/sucrose). (wikipedia.org)
  • Patellifolia
  • The introgression of traits from Crop Wild Relatives (CWR) has been done essentially for lessening biotic stresses constraints, namely using Beta and Patellifolia species which exhibit disease resistance characteristics. (frontiersin.org)
  • Therefore, Patellifolia is of great interest as Crop wild relative and potential gene donor. (wikipedia.org)
  • The differentiation between Beta and Patellifolia probably occurred early in the Late Oligocene. (wikipedia.org)
  • repetitive
  • Comparative analysis of the repetitive DNA distribution and organization in the wild beet and in the addition lines allowed the development of a physical model of the chromosomal fragments. (hindawi.com)
  • maize
  • Hehl, Reinhard 2010-05-29 00:00:00 The maize Activator/Dissociation (Ac/Ds) transposable element system was introduced into sugar beet. (deepdyve.com)
  • citation needed] Mexican or maize sugar can be made by boiling down the juice of green maize stalks. (wikipedia.org)
  • gene
  • Several studies have addressed crop-to-wild gene flow, yet, for breeding programs genetic variability associated with agronomically important traits remains unexplored regarding abiotic factors. (frontiersin.org)
  • The principal coordinates analysis (PCoA) showed that the polymorphisms inside the gene Bv8_184910_pkon (including the CCCTCC sequence) can effectively differentiate wild from cultivated beets, pointing at a possible mutation associated to rhizomania resistance that originated directly from cultivated beets. (mdpi.com)
  • Low level of gene flow from cultivated beets (Beta vulgaris L. ssp. (wiley.com)
  • Some seed propagation also takes place in Denmark, but here the crop-wild gene flow has not been investigated. (wiley.com)
  • Hence, we studied gene flow to sea beet populations from sugar beet lines used in Danish seed propagation areas. (wiley.com)
  • Integration of Ac leads to an eight bp duplication, while integration of Ds in a homologue of a sugar beet flowering locus gene did not induce a duplication. (deepdyve.com)
  • syrup
  • The beet-root, when being boiled, yields a juice similar to syrup of sugar, which is beautiful to look at on account of its vermilion color. (wikipedia.org)
  • This was written by 16th-century scientist, Olivier de Serres, who discovered a process for preparing sugar syrup from the common red beet. (wikipedia.org)
  • Maple syrup, taffy and sugar are made from the sap of tapped maple trees (Acer spp. (wikipedia.org)
  • Sugar beet syrup (Zuckerrübensirup in German) is made from the tuberous roots of the sugar beet (Beta vulgaris). (wikipedia.org)
  • Dates, date paste, spread, syrup ("dibs"), or powder (date sugar) are made from the fruit of the date palm (Phoenix dactylifera). (wikipedia.org)
  • The sugar refining process involves washing the raw sugar crystals before dissolving them into a sugar syrup which is filtered and then passed over carbon to remove any residual colour. (wikipedia.org)
  • Mediterranean
  • vulgaris L.) is known and still distributed throughout Europe, especially in the Mediterranean region along coastal drift lines. (frontiersin.org)
  • The wild plant, growing mainly on the shore of the Mediterranean Sea, remains very important as source of useful traits for beet breeding. (wikipedia.org)
  • The wild forms of Beta vulgaris are distributed in southwestern, northern and Southeast Europe along the Atlantic coasts and the Mediterranean Sea, in North Africa, Macaronesia, to Western Asia. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Mediterranean ancestors of Beta began to differentiate around seven million years ago (Messinian Age of the Late Miocene). (wikipedia.org)
  • plant
  • Although the rhizospheres of both plant genotypes were dominated by Proteobacteria and Planctomycetes , 37.5% of dominant OTUs were additionally detected in the wild beet rhizosphere. (frontiersin.org)
  • The Silesian sugar beet was soon introduced to France where Napoleon opened schools specifically for studying the plant. (wikipedia.org)
  • Because of rhizomania, the sugar beet is subject to severe infection where the entire plant is stunted, leaves are wilted, and death can occur. (wikipedia.org)
  • genomic
  • In this perspective, a viable streamline for sugar beet improvement is proposed through the use of different genomic tools by recurring to sugar beet CWRs and focusing on agronomic traits associated with abiotic stress tolerance. (frontiersin.org)
  • Overall, identification of genomic and epigenomic landscapes associated to adaptive ecotypes, along with the cytogenetic and habitat characterization of sugar beet CWR, will enable to identify potential hotspots for agrobiodiversity of sugar beet crop improvement toward abiotic stress tolerance. (frontiersin.org)
  • Two complete integration events into genomic sugar beet DNA were obtained by IPCR. (deepdyve.com)
  • differentiate
  • In conclusion, this first report of using Ion Torrent sequencing technology in beet germplasm suggests that the identified sequence CCCTCC can be used in marker-assisted programs to differentiate wild from domestic beets and to identify other unknown disease resistance genes in beet. (mdpi.com)
  • rhizomania
  • They seem to be resistant to some of the most serious diseases of sugar beets, to leaf spot disease caused by Cercospora beticola, curly top virus, rhizomania, and powdery mildew (Erysiphe polygoni). (wikipedia.org)
  • sugarcane
  • He also demonstrated that sugar could be extracted from beets that was identical with sugar produced from sugarcane. (wikipedia.org)
  • The use of sugar beets for the extraction of crystallized sugar dates to 1747, when Andreas Sigismund Marggraf, professor of physics in the Academy of Science of Berlin, discovered the existence of a sugar in vegetables similar in its properties to that obtained from sugarcane. (wikipedia.org)