• neck
  • Burnett A, Green J, Netto K, Rodrigues J. Examination of EMG normalisation methods for the study of the posterior and posterolateral neck muscles in healthy controls. (edu.pl)
  • Positive correlations were found between muscle blood flow at Deep and pressure pain threshold in the trapezius muscle, neck movement and pain experienced at the stimulation, and negative correlations were found with spontaneous pain-related variables, symptom duration and age, pointing to less favorable results with worsening of symptoms, and to the importance of nociceptor activation in blood flow increase. (lu.se)
  • Stretching muscles that cause neck protrusion: Lower cervical flexors: sternocleidomastoid, anterior and middle scalene muscles. (wikipedia.org)
  • Upper cervical (capital) extensors: semispinalis capitis, longissimus capitis, splenius capitis, suboccipital muscles Strengthening muscles that cause neck retraction: Lower cervical extensors: splenius cervicis, semispinalis cervicis, longissimus cervicis Upper cervical (capital) flexors: longus capitis, Rectus capitis anterior, Suprahyoid muscles FHP commonly appears as a part of the Upper Crossed Syndrome and Thoracic outlet syndrome. (wikipedia.org)
  • The weakness most often involves the legs but may less commonly involve the muscles of the head, neck and diaphragm. (wikipedia.org)
  • In human anatomy, the levator claviculae is a very rare accessory and vestigial skeletal muscle in the posterior triangle of the neck. (wikipedia.org)
  • It has been proposed to originate from several neighbouring muscles, including the sternocleidomastoid, the trapezius, the scalenus anterior, and the longus colli, but is possibly derived from an additional segmentation of the ventrolateral muscle primordia of the neck. (wikipedia.org)
  • On a group of varieties of the muscles of the human, neck, shoulder, and chest with their transitional forms and homologies in the mammalia" (PDF). (wikipedia.org)
  • isometric
  • Dankaerts W, O'Sullivan PB, Burnett AF, Straker LM, Danneels LA. Reliability of EMG measurements for trunk muscles during maximal and sub-maximal voluntary isometric contractions in healthy controls and CLBP patients. (edu.pl)
  • commonly
  • Electromyographic activity of selected shoulder muscles in commonly used therapeutic exercises. (edu.pl)
  • Because muscle reading relies so heavily on the subject's subconscious reactions to their environment and situation, this technique is used commonly when performing stunts dealing with locating objects in an auditorium or on stage, and as such, it can be done 'clean' by the magician skilled in reading body language. (wikipedia.org)
  • subject's
  • To explore this question, we developed a subject-specific neuromusculoskeletal model of a single high-functioning hemiparetic subject using instrumented treadmill walking data collected at the subject's self-selected speed of 0.5 m/s. (frontiersin.org)
  • Using direct collocation optimal control and the subject-specific model, we evaluated the ability of the three control approaches to predict the subject's walking kinematics and kinetics at two speeds (0.5 and 0.8 m/s) for which experimental data were available from the subject. (frontiersin.org)
  • In all the cases where the mind-reader is supposed to lead a person to a hidden object, the spectator is guided entirely by an involuntary movement of the subject's muscles. (wikipedia.org)
  • In fact, the contact allows the performer to read more subtle reactions in the subject's motor functions that may not be apparent without contact, such as muscle control and heart rate. (wikipedia.org)
  • The normal serum creatinine (sCr) varies with the subject's body muscle mass and with the technique used to measure it. (wikipedia.org)
  • basal
  • Myotubes established from diabetic subjects expressed a primary reduced palmitic acid oxidation to carbon dioxide with a concomitantly increased esterification of palmitic acid into phospholipids compared with control myotubes under basal conditions. (diabetesjournals.org)
  • it also appears that TAG metabolism is not primarily affected in diabetic muscles under basal physiological conditions. (diabetesjournals.org)
  • In cells cultured from NIDDM subjects, both basal (6.9 ± 1.0 vs. 13.0 ± 1.7 pmol · mg protein −1 · min −1 ) and acute insulin-stimulated transport (13.5 ± 2.0 vs. 22.4 ± 1.3 pmol · mg protein −1 · min -1 ) were significantly reduced compared with nondiabetic control subjects (both P ≤ 0.005). (diabetesjournals.org)
  • fibers
  • Type 2 diabetes is characterized by hyperglycemia, hyperinsulinemia, reduced ability to oxidize fat, and accumulation of triacylglycerol (TAG) within skeletal muscle fibers. (diabetesjournals.org)
  • Muscle spindle discharges are sent to the spinal cord through afferent nerve fibers, where they activate monosynaptic and polysynaptic reflex arcs, causing the muscle to contract. (wikipedia.org)
  • tendons
  • 30-100 Hz vibration activates receptors of the skin, tendons and, most importantly, muscle spindles. (wikipedia.org)
  • This is opposed to other components or tissues in muscle such as tendons or perimysium. (wikipedia.org)
  • myotubes
  • In rat muscle ( 22 ), L6 myotubes ( 23 ), isolated human adipocytes ( 24 ), and cultured human muscle cells ( 10 ), PPARγ agonists have been shown to increase IRS-1 phosphorylation ( 22 , 23 ), PI3K activity ( 10 ), and/or PKB phosphorylation ( 10 , 22 , 24 ). (diabetesjournals.org)
  • Acute insulin treatment significantly increased palmitate uptake and incorporation of palmitic acid into DAG and TAG in myotubes established from both study groups, but no difference was found in myotubes established from control and diabetic subjects. (diabetesjournals.org)
  • Myoblasts from human skeletal muscle were isolated from needle biopsy samples of vastus lateralis and fused to differentiated multinucleated myotubes. (diabetesjournals.org)
  • unconscious
  • Though postural control is generally maintained as an unconscious reflex-see proprioception-the muscles responsible also react to conscious control like non-postural muscles. (wikipedia.org)
  • peripheral
  • including the brain and spinal cord) which affects exercise performance and muscle function and cannot be explained by peripheral factors that affect muscle function. (wikipedia.org)
  • these higher levels can increase perceptions of effort and peripheral muscle fatigue. (wikipedia.org)
  • These muscle types may be activated both through interaction of the central nervous system as well as by receiving innervation from peripheral plexus or endocrine (hormonal) activation. (wikipedia.org)
  • amino acids
  • This investigation was designed to evaluate changes in plasma and muscle levels of free amino acids during an ultra-endurance exercise and following recovery. (wordpress.com)
  • Following 28-h of recovery, plasma and muscle levels of amino acids had either returned to their initial levels or were elevated. (wordpress.com)
  • Randall Brown
  • Performers such as J. Randall Brown, Erik Jan Hanussen, Franz Polgar, and Kreskin have also used muscle reading successfully in their acts. (wikipedia.org)
  • He started his career as an assistant under the muscle reader J. Randall Brown, but was most well known for his performance of the blindfold drive. (wikipedia.org)
  • human
  • We conclude that increased PKB phosphorylation may contribute to the insulin-sensitizing effects of thiazolidinediones in human skeletal muscle. (diabetesjournals.org)
  • His 1793 book, The Morbid Anatomy of Some of the Most Important Parts of the Human Body, is considered the first systematic study of pathology, and the first publication in English on pathology as a separate subject. (wikipedia.org)
  • Though a supernumerary muscle present in only 2-3% of all people, it is not an abnormality but a variant of normal human anatomy with an atavistic character. (wikipedia.org)
  • involves
  • Performers often instruct the subject to imagine voicing instructions, which presumably amplifies the reactions of the subject, thus promoting the idea that the trick involves genuine thought tranference or mind-reading. (wikipedia.org)
  • Treatment involves correcting the muscle imbalance. (wikipedia.org)
  • Treatment involves stretching muscles in the front of the torso such as the pectoralis major and pectoralis minor while also strengthening muscles in the back of the torso such as the rhomboids. (wikipedia.org)
  • humans
  • This is the fastest muscle type in humans. (wikipedia.org)
  • N.B. in some books and articles this muscle in humans was, confusingly, called type IIB. (wikipedia.org)
  • The levator claviculae is an infrequently recognized anatomical variant in humans, distinguished from, for example, cervical adenopathy or a thrombosed vein, but a normal muscle in lower mammals and anthropoids. (wikipedia.org)
  • Darwin briefly described the muscle as an example of many muscles "found in all kinds of apes" but rare in humans. (wikipedia.org)
  • Hellstromism
  • Muscle reading, also known as "Hellstromism", "Cumberlandism" or "contact mind reading", is a technique used by mentalists to determine the thoughts or knowledge of a subject, the effect of which tends to be perceived as a form of mind reading. (wikipedia.org)
  • This book, "Hellstromism," has remained an important reference on the subject of muscle reading well into the 21st century. (wikipedia.org)
  • whereas
  • In HS, Deep was superior to SC in increasing skin and muscle blood flow, whereas in FM, SC was as effective as, or even more effective, than Deep. (lu.se)
  • endurance
  • It is used by athletes in non-endurance sports to promote strength, speed and power and by body builders to build muscle mass. (wikipedia.org)
  • occurs
  • This is occurs when blood flow from the muscle back to the heart (ventricular blood flow) is restricted. (exrx.net)
  • adult female
  • For the adult female, with her generally lower muscle mass, the normal range is 0.5 to 1.1 mg/dl, or 44 to 97 μmol/L by the enzymatic method. (wikipedia.org)
  • An average adult male is made up of 42% of skeletal muscle and an average adult female is made up of 36% (as a percentage of body mass). (wikipedia.org)
  • control
  • The model included subject-specific representations of lower-body kinematic structure, foot-ground contact behavior, electromyography-driven muscle force generation, and neural control limitations and remaining capabilities. (frontiersin.org)
  • Striated muscle is typically subject to conscious control, while smooth muscle is not. (wikipedia.org)
  • phosphorylation
  • In skeletal muscle, insulin receptor substrate (IRS)-1 appears to be the most important of these substrates ( 15 ), and IRS-1 tyrosine phosphorylation promotes its association with the p85 regulatory subunit (p85) of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) and activation of the kinase ( 14 ). (diabetesjournals.org)
  • exercise
  • Exercise intolerance remains problematic in subjects with chronic heart failure (CHF) and/or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). (hindawi.com)
  • Therefore, improved exercise intolerance of CHF/COPD patients is a key for maintaining the subjects' autonomy and quality of life as well as for increasing survival. (hindawi.com)
  • This article asks, "Is there a physiologic rationale for respiratory muscle training effects on exercise performance? (powerbreathe.com)
  • Recent studies provide evidence that respiratory muscle training improves exercise performance in well-controlled and rigorously designed studies utilizing exercise tests with the lowest coefficient of variation for repeated testing, appropriate outcome measures, and fitness of the participants. (powerbreathe.com)
  • type
  • It is the basis of a type of mind reading known in the magic profession as "muscle reading. (wikipedia.org)
  • The only type of mind reading allowed was muscle reading, and so Axel took advantage of it. (wikipedia.org)
  • The different muscle types vary in their response to neurotransmitters and endocrine substances such as acetylcholine, noradrenalin, adrenalin, nitric oxide and among others depending on muscle type and the exact location of the muscle. (wikipedia.org)
  • Type I muscle fiber are sometimes broken down into Type I and Type Ic categories, as a result of recent research. (wikipedia.org)
  • In small animals like rodents this is the major fast muscle type, explaining the pale color of their flesh. (wikipedia.org)