• pseudomonas
  • bloody opalescent discharge in streptococcal infection, while greenish discharge is seen in pseudomonas ulcer Bloody (sanguineous), usually seen in malignant ulcers and in healing ulcers with healthy granulation tissue Seropurulent Serosanguinous Serous with sulphur granules, seen in actinomycosis Yellowish, as seen in tuberculous ulcer The wounds from which ulcers arise can be caused by a wide variety of factors, but the main cause is impaired blood circulation. (wikipedia.org)
  • complications
  • Complications of body piercing include local and systemic infections, poor cosmesis, and foreign body rejection. (aafp.org)
  • Persons with increased vulnerability to infection (e.g., patients with diabetes, patients taking corticosteroids) and those who have an increased likelihood of hemorrhage (e.g., persons taking anticoagulant medication) may be at greater risk of complications from body piercing. (aafp.org)
  • Complications include hearing loss, blood infection, meningitis, cavernous sinus thrombosis, and optic nerve damage (which could lead to blindness). (wikipedia.org)
  • dermis
  • Skin is made up of three layers: the epidermis , dermis , and the subcutaneous tissue . (kidshealth.org)
  • Below the epidermis is the next layer of our skin, the dermis, which is made up of blood vessels, nerve endings, and connective tissue. (kidshealth.org)
  • Two types of fibers in the dermis - collagen and elastin - help the skin stretch when we bend and reposition itself when we straighten up. (kidshealth.org)
  • The skin weighs an average of four kilograms, covers an area of two square meters, and is made of three distinct layers: the epidermis, dermis, and subcutaneous tissue. (wikipedia.org)
  • The dermis is the layer of skin between the epidermis and subcutaneous tissue, and comprises two sections, the papillary dermis and the reticular dermis. (wikipedia.org)
  • The dermis contains two vascular networks that run parallel to the skin surface-one superficial and one deep plexus-which are connected by vertical communicating vessels. (wikipedia.org)
  • osteomyelitis
  • Wagner's grading of ulcer follows: Some of the investigations done for ulcer are: Study of discharging fluid: Culture and sensitivity Edge biopsy: Edge contains multiplying cells Radiograph of affected area to look for periostitis or osteomyelitis FNAC of lymph node Chest X-ray and Mantoux test in suspected tuberculous ulcer Skin ulcers may take a very long time to heal. (wikipedia.org)
  • Systemic
  • Although simple skin exposure is most common, ingestion of urushiol can lead to serious, systemic reactions. (wikipedia.org)
  • occur
  • Minor infections, allergic contact dermatitis, keloid formation, and traumatic tearing may occur after piercing of the earlobe. (aafp.org)
  • The disease prognosis includes: Spread of infection to other areas of body can occur through the bloodstream (bacteremia), including septic arthritis. (wikipedia.org)
  • causes
  • It sometimes causes a skin reaction known as contact dermatitis, characterized by redness, swelling and itching. (livestrong.com)
  • A major non-human skin flora is Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis, a chytrid and non-hyphal zoosporic fungus that causes chytridiomycosis, an infectious disease thought to be responsible for the decline in amphibian populations. (wikipedia.org)
  • Other causes include infection of nearby structures, trauma and previous surgery. (wikipedia.org)
  • In general, the disease often causes skin to darken near the affected area and raised bumps or papules to appear. (wikipedia.org)
  • The infection causes blood vessels in the kidneys to develop inflammation, this hampers the renal organs ability to filter urine. (wikipedia.org)
  • Pyrogenic, in streptococcal pyrogenic exotoxin, means "causes fever. (wikipedia.org)
  • itchy
  • It is possible for the skin to be itchy however it will not be painful. (wikipedia.org)
  • Papules are mostly skin colored, dome shaped, and itchy. (wikipedia.org)
  • Before the ulcer establishes definitively, there may be a dark red or purple skin over the affected area as well as a thickening, drying, and itchy skin. (wikipedia.org)
  • Allergic
  • Since the skin reaction is an allergic one, people may develop progressively stronger reactions after repeated exposures, or have no immune response on their first exposure but show sensitivity on subsequent exposures. (wikipedia.org)
  • Some people are so sensitive that it only takes a trace of urushiol (two micrograms, or less than one ten-millionth of an ounce) on the skin to initiate an allergic reaction. (wikipedia.org)
  • In many instances of staphylococcal infections, such as bacteremia, cefazolin is an alternative to penicillin in patients who are allergic to penicillin. (wikipedia.org)
  • Chronic
  • Repeated infection of the extremities can lead to chronic swelling (lymphangitis). (wikipedia.org)
  • Blood disorders and chronic wounds can result in skin ulcers as well. (wikipedia.org)
  • Therefore, most current textbooks present a classification based on location (for example, conditions of the mucous membrane), morphology (chronic blistering conditions), etiology (skin conditions resulting from physical factors), and so on. (wikipedia.org)
  • Salmonella
  • 001) Cholera disease (002) Typhoid and paratyphoid fevers (003) Other Salmonella infections (003.0) Salmonella gastroenteritis (004) Shigellosis (004.9) Shigellosis, unspec. (wikipedia.org)
  • irritation
  • The conjunctiva, a membrane that lines the white of the eye , becomes pink and inflamed due to infection , allergy or irritation . (madeformums.com)
  • The majority of Loxosceles bites result in minor skin irritation that heals in one week. (wikipedia.org)
  • A skin ulcer is often visible in the event of exposure to heat or cold, irritation, or a problem with blood circulation. (wikipedia.org)
  • necrotic
  • During the next stage, the skin may become necrotic down through the deep layers of skin, and the fat beneath the skin may become exposed and visible. (wikipedia.org)
  • redness
  • The borders of the area of redness are generally not sharp and the skin may be swollen. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the second stage the redness of the skin becomes more pronounced, swelling appears, and there may be some blisters and loss of outer skin layers. (wikipedia.org)
  • severe
  • Severe cases involve small (1-2 mm), clear, fluid-filled blisters on the skin. (wikipedia.org)
  • Urushiol is primarily found in the spaces between cells beneath the outer skin of the plant, so the effects are less severe if the plant tissue remains undamaged on contact. (wikipedia.org)
  • toxins
  • It was originally studied as two separate toxins, streptococcal pyrogenic exotoxin B and streptococcal cysteine proteinase, until it was shown that both proteins were encoded by the speB gene and that the attributed pyrogenic activities were due to contamination by SpeA and SpeC. (wikipedia.org)
  • SpeB is known as streptococcal pyrogenic exotoxin B, streptopain and streptococcal cysteine proteinase as a result of its original misidentification as two separate toxins, and is neither an exotoxin nor pyrogenic. (wikipedia.org)
  • Histoplasmosis
  • 112) Candidiasis (112.0) Moniliasis, oral (112.1) Moniliasis, vulva/vagina (112.2) Monilial balanitis (112.3) Moniliasis, skin/nails (114) Coccidioidomycosis (115) Histoplasmosis (115.0) Histoplasma infection, unspec. (wikipedia.org)