• botulinum toxin
  • Replacement of strabismus surgery with less invasive procedures began in Alan B Scott's San Francisco lab with his development of botulinum toxin injection treatment. (wikipedia.org)
  • In a small-scale study, adults whose reading difficulties due to convergence insufficiency had been unsuccessfully addressed by convergence exercises, base-in prism glasses or strabismus surgery showed improved reading after botulinum toxin therapy, maintaining improved reading remaining also after six months. (wikipedia.org)
  • surgery
  • Unstable medical and surgical issues should be resolved before strabismus surgery. (oncologynurseadvisor.com)
  • I'm considering strabismus surgery to correct the condition. (medhelp.org)
  • Can strabismus surgery make it worse or better? (medhelp.org)
  • For some, these issues improved dramatically following strabismus surgery. (wikipedia.org)
  • Strabismus surgery is a one-day procedure. (wikipedia.org)
  • Secondly, strabismus surgery may also result in subjective and objective cyclodeviation, possibly resulting in cyclotropia and rotational double vision (cyclodiplopia) if the visual system cannot compensate for it. (wikipedia.org)
  • Functional considerations: A frequent outcome of strabismus surgery is consecutive microtropia (also known as monofixation syndrome). (wikipedia.org)
  • Because injection treatment does not result in the scaring that is often a troublesome consequence of conventional strabismus surgery, if therapeutic goals are not achieved with one injection, additional injections or surgical treatments can readily be given. (wikipedia.org)
  • Botulinum A toxin (introduced as Oculinum, now called Botox, is the principal drug used to temporarily paralyze extraocular muscles, and is widely accepted as an alternative to surgery for many types of strabismus. (wikipedia.org)
  • Residual misalignments that remain following traditional strabismus surgery can be corrected with toxin injection. (wikipedia.org)
  • In this case, medical interventions, including vision therapy and strabismus surgery, may remove the double vision and recover the stereo vision which had temporarily been absent in the patient. (wikipedia.org)
  • mitomycin C has also been shown to reduce fibrosis in strabismus surgery. (wikipedia.org)
  • toxin
  • In complex strabismus cases, toxin can be injected diagnostically as an aid to planning surgical treatment. (wikipedia.org)
  • For treating strabismus, the toxin is used in much diluted form, and the injection is targeted to reach specific muscles that move the eye, thereby temporarily weakening the selected muscles. (wikipedia.org)
  • psychosocial
  • People of all ages who have noticeable strabismus may experience psychosocial difficulties. (wikipedia.org)
  • No apparent association with premature birth was observed, and no evidence was found linking later onset of mental illness to psychosocial stressors frequently encountered by those with strabismus. (wikipedia.org)
  • muscles
  • Other things that can increase your child's risk for strabismus include an illness that affects the muscles and nerves, premature birth, Down syndrome, a head injury, and other problems. (peacehealth.org)
  • When one or more of these muscles doesn't work properly, some form of strabismus may occur. (wikipedia.org)
  • vision
  • Light reflex testing is the least accurate way to measure strabismus but may be the only means possible in young children and in those with vision too poor to fixate on a target well. (aapos.org)
  • Without treatment, strabismus can cause permanent vision problems. (peacehealth.org)
  • often
  • Strabismus can be caused most often by a defect in the part of the brain that controls eye movement. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Notably, strabismus interferes with normal eye contact, often causing embarrassment, anger, and feelings of awkwardness, thereby affecting social communication in a fundamental way, with a possible negative effect on self esteem. (wikipedia.org)