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  • compulsory
  • The petition alleged that the case of Ms. Mestanza is one of thousands of women affected by a massive, compulsory, and systematic government policy that stressed sterilization as a means to rapidly decrease the fertility rate, especially among poor, indigenous, and rural women. (reproductiverights.org)
  • However, in 1973, media revelations about decades of government-sponsored compulsory sterilization led some to say that this was part of a plan for black genocide. (wikipedia.org)
  • This article primarily focuses on laws concerning compulsory sterilization that have not been repealed or abrogated and are still good laws, in whole or in part, in each jurisdiction. (wikipedia.org)
  • Buck v. Bell, 274 U.S. 200 (1927), is a decision of the United States Supreme Court, written by Justice Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr., in which the Court ruled that a state statute permitting compulsory sterilization of the unfit, including the intellectually disabled, "for the protection and health of the state" did not violate the Due Process clause of the Fourteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution. (wikipedia.org)
  • Williamson', 316 U.S. 535 (1942), was the United States Supreme Court ruling that held that laws permitting the compulsory sterilization of criminals are unconstitutional if the sterilization law treats similar crimes differently. (wikipedia.org)
  • women
  • This paper reviews the history of sterilization of women with intellectual disabilities, and considers its relevance to current practice regarding reproductive choice and futures. (open.ac.uk)
  • More empirical studies are needed to recover the experiences of women who have been sterilized and to explore how decisions about reproductive choice and capacity were made in the past and continue to be made today. (open.ac.uk)
  • 01.29.14 - (PRESS RELEASE) Peruvian prosecutors have closed their investigation of former president Alberto Fujimori and his administration's health officials' involvement in a mass forced sterilization of hundreds of thousands of women-claiming the case lacked sufficient evidence. (reproductiverights.org)
  • These unlawful and abusive acts permanently deprived the women of their reproductive self-determination, resulting to their physical and psychological suffering. (reproductiverights.org)
  • Overall, "many of her works include aspects of both [Puerto Rican Women in the United States and gender], focusing on interactions between history, socioeconomic class, ethnicity, community, and reproductive choice" López also lectures at a variety of higher education institutions, where she speaks on feminist anthropology, specifically reproductive rights and freedoms. (wikipedia.org)
  • The study focuses on women who have undergone sterilization (either tubal ligation, hysterectomy, or both) and narrates each family's story, from the first to the third generation. (wikipedia.org)
  • Prior to minilap, surgery for female sterilization often required women to remain in the hospital for up to a week. (wikipedia.org)
  • family
  • In the significant decision, the court found that sterilization without prior full and informed consent violated the applicants' right to be free from inhuman and degrading treatment and their right to respect for private and family life. (reproductiverights.org)
  • The organisation has been described as a prime example of how the modern US family planning movement was shaped by three overlapping but distinguishable social forces, i.e. the eugenics movement, the movement for (female) reproductive rights and the population control movement (Critchlow, 1995). (wikipedia.org)
  • In the early 1970s, AVS and its allies in the family planning movement launched an intensive campaign to promote sterilization. (wikipedia.org)
  • court
  • The United States Court of Appeals for the Eighth Circuit held that the social workers did not have sovereign immunity and could be sued for violating the couple's Fourteenth Amendment right because the procedural due process requirements for performing a sterilization are clearly established by Buck v. Bell and were not met in this case. (wikipedia.org)
  • In 1975, the United States Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit decided the statute of limitations for a lawsuit challenging the legality of a sterilization begins to accrue when the plaintiff discovers the sterilization. (wikipedia.org)
  • community
  • However, emerging oral history testimonies gathered by the authors suggest that sterilization procedures were also conducted in the community, the result of private negotiations between parents and medical practitioners. (open.ac.uk)
  • Hospital
  • While in the hospital they were asked to sign a document, which they learned only a few years later during an investigation into their cases, was in fact a request form for sterilization. (reproductiverights.org)
  • either
  • The management of R. microsporus can be either complete sterilization, antifungal use, or the blocking of sporulation so it cannot spread. (wikipedia.org)
  • case
  • In the 2001 case of Vaughn v. Ruoff, a husband and wife sued three social workers for coercing his wife, "diagnosed as mildly retarded," into getting a sterilization as a condition for getting their children back from state custody. (wikipedia.org)
  • choice
  • She has one full-length book published, an ethnography about sterilization within female Puerto Rican populations, titled Matters of Choice. (wikipedia.org)
  • state
  • CONCLUSIONS: The estimated failure rate of Filshie clip sterilisations in the state of Victoria carried out by specialist gynaecologists was between 2 and 3 per 1000 sterilisation operations. (biomedsearch.com)