• 1995
  • 1995. Bacterial community structures of phosphate-removing and non-phosphate-removing activated sludges from sequencing batch reactors. (asmscience.org)
  • dormant
  • Bacterial spores are the most resistant and dormant forms of life on earth. (wiley.com)
  • Furthermore, the fact that the enzymes are heat sensitive only when removed from intact spores indicate the presence of some heat protective mechanism for enzymes in rather peripheral location in the dormant spore, which is not dependent on the core environment of spores. (nii.ac.jp)
  • Bacterial spores, when found in the environment, are often considered to be dormant and metabolically inactive, in a resting state waiting for favorable conditions for them to germinate. (asmscience.org)
  • Resistance
  • This volume will be of value to research microbiologists, geneticists, biochemists and physicists who are interested in the fundamentals of the biochemical and physical basis of resistance and dormancy, and in spore science more generally. (wiley.com)
  • Spore Resistance and Ultra Heat Treatment Processes. (wiley.com)
  • found
  • Astrophysicist Steinn Sigurdsson said "There are viable bacterial spores that have been found that are 40 million years old on Earth - and we know they're very hardened to radiation. (wikipedia.org)
  • survival
  • There are arguments for creating or maintaining conditions that are not conducive to bacterial survival and multiplication, rather than attempting to kill them with chemicals. (wikipedia.org)
  • mechanism
  • His notion of spores being the reproductive mechanism for the growth was a large blow to the previous suggestions of spontaneous generation. (wikipedia.org)
  • environment
  • The 2014 outbreak in England was described as an isolated incident, however, it highlighted the particular risk of contamination by resilient spores from the environment. (cleanroomtechnology.com)
  • However, this is a highly oversimplified view of spores in the environment. (asmscience.org)
  • Most cases of infant botulism, however, are thought to be caused by acquiring the spores from the natural environment. (wikipedia.org)
  • longer
  • it has been replaced by the faster-growing baker's yeast, sometimes supplemented with longer fermentation rests to allow for some bacterial activity to build flavor. (wikipedia.org)
  • form
  • The name "endospore" is suggestive of a spore or seed-like form (endo means within), but it is not a true spore (i.e., not an offspring). (wikipedia.org)
  • known
  • Manufacturers of non-sourdough breads make up for the lack of yeast and bacterial culture by introducing into their dough an artificially-made mix known as bread improver or flour improver. (wikipedia.org)
  • years
  • There are many reports of spores remaining viable over 10,000 years, and revival of spores millions of years old has been claimed. (wikipedia.org)
  • pure
  • Spores of Bacillus subtilis (Bacillus anthracis simulant) were immobilized on a thickness-shear mode AT-cut quartz crystal functionalized with anti-spore antibody and the sensor was driven by a pure sinusoidal oscillation at increasing amplitude. (cam.ac.uk)
  • food
  • It will also be of value to those scientists who are concerned with the thoroughly practical problems of spore destruction and control in the food and pharmaceutical industries and in public health. (wiley.com)
  • forces
  • Biomolecular interaction forces between the coupled spores and the accelerating surface caused a nonlinear modulation of the acoustic response of the crystal. (cam.ac.uk)