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  • lateral
  • 1 It is recognized as a complex three-dimensional (3D) deformation of the spine with lateral deviation in the coronal plane, alternation of the kyphosis/lordosis in the sagittal plane and rotation of the vertebrae in the axial plane. (ijssurgery.com)
  • spinal
  • The growing number of older people living in the United States (U.S.) with age-related degenerative disorders of the spine will continue to play a large part in driving the demand for spinal fusion and posterior dynamic stabilization procedures. (giiresearch.com)
  • Malignant spinal cord compression (MSCC) happens when cancer grows in, or near, the spine and presses on the spinal cord and nerves. (macmillan.org.uk)
  • The spinal cord is surrounded by the bones of the spine, which protect it. (macmillan.org.uk)
  • Malignant spinal cord compression (MSCC) can happen when cancer grows in the bones of the spine or in the tissues around the spinal cord. (macmillan.org.uk)
  • Any type of cancer can spread to the bones of the spine (vertebrae), which may lead to spinal cord compression. (macmillan.org.uk)
  • patients
  • The vertebrae morphology in Lenke type 1 female AIS patients is substantially different from the vertebrae in normal spines especially at the apex and in the upper thoracic region. (ijssurgery.com)
  • Nine patients with AIS were injected one time with ITB using ultrasonic and EMG guidance in the selected spine muscles. (biomedcentral.com)
  • anatomical
  • Basic imaging techniques, which includes x-ray imaging, can reveal degenerative changes of the spine, while more advanced imaging techniques, such as computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), can allow visualization of more detailed anatomical structures, including that of the associated nerves and muscles. (wikipedia.org)
  • In addition to spines providing an anatomical substrate for memory storage and synaptic transmission, they may also serve to increase the number of possible contacts between neurons. (wikipedia.org)
  • AMPA
  • proposed that the spine apparatus may be involved in post-translational protein processing, similar to that observed in the golgi apparatus, and function in the post-translational processing of GluR1 and GluR2 subunits, which are locally translated in dentritic spines, of AMPA receptors. (wikipedia.org)
  • neurons
  • Spines are found on the dendrites of most principal neurons in the brain, including the pyramidal neurons of the neocortex, the medium spiny neurons of the striatum, and the Purkinje cells of the cerebellum. (wikipedia.org)
  • Hippocampal and cortical pyramidal neurons may receive tens of thousands of mostly excitatory inputs from other neurons onto their equally numerous spines, whereas the number of spines on Purkinje neuron dendrites is an order of magnitude larger. (wikipedia.org)
  • Spines are particularly advantageous to neurons by compartmentalizing biochemical signals. (wikipedia.org)
  • posterior
  • A mental spine is a small projection of bone on the posterior aspect of the mandible (lower jaw bone) in the midline. (wikipedia.org)
  • From the posterior border of the body of the Ischium there extends backward a thin and pointed triangular eminence, the ischial spine, more or less elongated in different subjects. (wikipedia.org)
  • 1993
  • Under the direction of producer Dan Calderone and ANZA Records, Newquist performed virtually all of the instruments recorded for the Caroline's Spine self-titled debut album in 1993. (wikipedia.org)
  • mushroom
  • The spine apparatus consists of membranous saccules and tubules along with wispy filamentous material and is usually associated with a large mushroom-shaped dendritic spine. (wikipedia.org)
  • symptoms
  • Railway spine was a nineteenth-century diagnosis for the post-traumatic symptoms of passengers involved in railroad accidents. (wikipedia.org)
  • Germany's leading neurologist, Hermann Oppenheim, claimed that all railway spine symptoms were due to physical damage to the spine or brain, whereas French and British scholars, notably Jean-Martin Charcot and Herbert Page, insisted that some symptoms could be caused by hysteria (now known as conversion disorder). (wikipedia.org)
  • Surgical
  • RTI Surgical, Inc., a global surgical implant company, and Paradigm Spine, LLC, a leader in motion preservation and non-fusion spinal implant technology, today announced that they have entered into a definitive agreement whereby RTI will acquire all outstanding equity interest of Paradigm Spine in a cash and stock transaction valued at up to $300 million, consisting of $150 million at closing plus potential future milestone payments. (news-medical.net)
  • Spine disorders medical and surgical management edited by J.D. Bartleson, H. Gordon Deen. (openlibrary.org)
  • disorders
  • Daveed D. Frazier, M.D. graduated cum laude from Harvard Medical School and joined the institution's long history of distinguished speakers when selected to address his 1990 graduating class.Dr. Frazier specializes in spine deformities and is a respected lecturer, accomplished researcher, and published author on spine disorders and treatment. (atlanticspinecenter.com)
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  • commonly
  • Until the development of confocal microscopy on living tissues, it was commonly admitted that spines were formed during embryonic development and then would remain stable after birth. (wikipedia.org)
  • Suggests
  • The connection to the smooth endoplasmic reticulum also suggests a potential pathway for the transfer of proteins between the spine and dendrite. (wikipedia.org)
  • Also, the similarity between the smooth endoplasmic reticulum and the spine apparatus suggests that the spine apparatus could function as a reservoir for calcium ions. (wikipedia.org)
  • Recent evidence, however, suggests the spine apparatus may possess several distinct functions. (wikipedia.org)
  • found
  • Spines are found in the rays of certain finned bony fishes including scorpion fish . (wikipedia.org)
  • The sting that is found in a stingray is a type of barbed spine. (wikipedia.org)
  • Spines are also found in invertebrate animals, such as sea urchins . (wikipedia.org)
  • Spines are also found in internal organs in invertebrates , such as the copulatory spines in the male or female organs of certain flatworms . (wikipedia.org)
  • Two peaks of the High Spine, the John Hancock Tower and the Prudential Tower are found in Boston's Back Bay between Massachusetts Avenue and Arlington Street. (wikipedia.org)
  • The other peaks of the High Spine are found in the Financial District. (wikipedia.org)
  • species
  • Many mammalian species also have penile spines . (wikipedia.org)
  • Because spines are sharp, they can puncture skin and inflict pain and damage which may cause the predator to avoid that species from that point on. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the case of some large species of stingray, a puncture with the barbed spine and the accompanying venom has occasionally been fatal to a human. (wikipedia.org)
  • Because many species of fish and invertebrates carry venom within their spines, a rule of thumb is to treat every injury as if it were a snake bite. (wikipedia.org)
  • The majority of anuran species that present humeral spines are glassfrogs (family Centrolenidae) but humeral spines have been reported in various other species of different families of frogs, including Ceratophryidae and Hylidae. (wikipedia.org)
  • dendrite
  • A dendritic spine (or spine) is a small membranous protrusion from a neuron's dendrite that typically receives input from a single axon at the synapse. (wikipedia.org)
  • The morphology of the spine apparatus is highly indicative of and similar to the morphology and structure of the smooth surfaced endoplasmic reticulum of the dendrite. (wikipedia.org)
  • Patients
  • Dr. Jason Arora is fellowship trained and specialized in Interventional Spine and Pain Management focusing on the most modern and most optimal pain management regimens for his patients. (atlanticspinecenter.com)
  • different
  • The various projects to create the spine are at different stages of development, and will be completed at different times. (wikipedia.org)
  • Content
  • This article incorporates public domain material from the United States Geological Survey document "Frostbite Spine" (content from the Geographic Names Information System). (wikipedia.org)
  • SPINE is a free, open source content management system for publishing content on the World Wide Web and intranets. (wikipedia.org)
  • muscles
  • The inferior mental spines are the points of origin of the geniohyoid muscle, one of the suprahyoid muscles and the superior mental spines are the origin of the genioglossus muscle, one of the muscles of the tongue. (wikipedia.org)
  • integral
  • The appearance of molecular markers for satellite secretory pathways provides further evidence that the spine apparatus plays a role in local integral membrane protein translocation and processing. (wikipedia.org)
  • The rebuilt 46 mile-long East West Rail Link from Oxford (via Bicester and Bletchley) to Bedford will be electrified as an integral part of the Electric Spine. (wikipedia.org)
  • include
  • Spines in mammals include the prickles of hedgehogs and the quills of porcupines as well as the prickly fur of spiny mice and Tenrec . (wikipedia.org)
  • Benefits of the large surface area of the spine apparatus include increased electronic properties of the spine and contribution to longitudinal resistance of the cytoplasm. (wikipedia.org)
  • study
  • Detailed Study that Considers transit in a much wider area than just the spine line. (cmu.edu)
  • A comprehensive study of the Spine Line. (cmu.edu)
  • activity
  • In February 1983, the dome activity of Mount St. Helens culminated in a spine that reached a height of about 100 ft before collapsing after two weeks, but another lava spine called the Whaleback never collapsed. (wikipedia.org)
  • form
  • Mice that lack the gene for synaptopodin do not form a spine apparatus. (wikipedia.org)
  • Part of the planned-to-be-electrified Great Western Main Line (GWML) (from Reading to Didcot) will form part of the Electric Spine. (wikipedia.org)
  • name
  • Even without national promotion or television exposure, Caroline's Spine continued to make a name for themselves around the country. (wikipedia.org)
  • The "Electric Spine" was the name for part of a, now largely cancelled, rolling programme of railway electrification projects in England initially estimated to cost £800 million, but later thought to cost close to £3 billion. (wikipedia.org)
  • The north-south axis of the link leads to the spine name. (wikipedia.org)
  • Spine Chillers is also the name of a British series aimed at older viewers, a horror/comedy anthology first shown on BBC Three in 2003. (wikipedia.org)
  • region
  • This fragment of the spine starts from the region above the shoulder blades and ends by supporting and connecting the Skull. (wikipedia.org)
  • The tip of the spine contains an electron-dense region referred to as the "postsynaptic density" (PSD). (wikipedia.org)
  • large
  • Consisting of continuous parallel flattened cisternae, the spine apparatus has a large surface area which is beneficial for its function. (wikipedia.org)
  • The spine apparatus occupies a large portion of the volume of the spine stalk, which allows it to contribute significantly to the longitudinal resistance of the cytoplasm. (wikipedia.org)
  • Role
  • The TrkB receptor for BDNF is also expressed on the spine surface, and is believed to play a role in spine survival. (wikipedia.org)
  • The SA is believed to play a critical role in learning and memory, but the exact function of the spine apparatus is still considered relatively enigmatic. (wikipedia.org)
  • surface
  • Right hip bone, external surface, showing the greater and lesser sciatic notches, separated by the ischial spine. (wikipedia.org)
  • Center
  • I Want to thank Dr. Liu and his staff at the Atlantic Spine Center. (atlanticspinecenter.com)
  • Spine Surgeon Dr. Kaixuan Liu with Atlantic Spine Center explains what. (atlanticspinecenter.com)
  • Only considers the Center Avenue alignment for the light rail spine line (underground, or alternatives that are part or all at grade). (cmu.edu)
  • Robert B. Winter, MD, is one of the founders of the Twin Cities Spine Center, and currently serves as a research consultant there. (google.com)
  • similar
  • The Mesozoic eutriconodont mammal Spinolestes already displayed spines similar to those of modern spiny mice. (wikipedia.org)
  • position
  • Therefore, the spine apparatus can have a direct effect on the membrane potential of the spine plasma membrane by variation in position and volume. (wikipedia.org)
  • Medical
  • Webster's New World Medical Dictionary defines neutral posture as the stance that is attained "when the joints are not bent and the spine is aligned and not twisted. (wikipedia.org)
  • Society
  • Boston's High Spine is an architectural planning design that arose in 1961, designed by the Committee of Civic Design, part of the Boston Society of Architects. (wikipedia.org)