• cord
  • Our results demonstrated that, although a high density of arborizations from Gi-LPGi fibers appears to be in close apposition to pudendal MNs, this relationship also applies to other MNs throughout the entire spinal cord. (jove.com)
  • In this course, you will discover the organization of the neural systems in the brain and spinal cord that mediate sensation, motivate bodily action, and integrate sensorimotor signals with memory, emotion and related faculties of cognition. (coursera.org)
  • The central nervous system, consisting of the brain and spinal cord, plays a necessary role in making sure that exposure to pain is perceived correctly. (unh.edu)
  • However, the spinal cord is limited in that it receives information only from below the neck. (unh.edu)
  • citation needed] It receives direct input from the mechanoreceptors of the upper body as well as indirect input from them via the spinal cord. (wikipedia.org)
  • KORs are widely distributed in the brain, spinal cord (substantia gelatinosa), and in peripheral tissues. (wikipedia.org)
  • neurons
  • This result demonstrates that an increased activity of non-painful sensory neurons can enhance the production of reactive oxygen species within the central second order sensory nuclei. (unicampania.it)
  • Previous studies by our group have shown that vasopressin and oxytocin (OT) projections from parvocellular neurons of the hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus (PVN) to the nucleus tractus solitarii (NTS) are involved in both reflex control of the heart and heart rate adjustments during dynamic exercise. (ahajournals.org)
  • Like all lower motor neurons, cells of the facial motor nucleus receive cortical input from the primary motor cortex in the frontal lobe of the brain. (wikipedia.org)
  • Upper motor neurons of the cortex send axons that descend through the internal capsule and synapse on neurons in the facial motor nucleus. (wikipedia.org)
  • In other words, this means lower motor neurons of the facial nerve can leave either from the left anterior, left posterior, right anterior or right posterior facial motor nucleus. (wikipedia.org)
  • parasympathetic
  • The Gi-LPGi also projects to spinal autonomic regions, i.e., both the intermediolateral cell column and the sacral parasympathetic nucleus, as well as to regions of the intermediate gray, which contain interneurons involved in the organization of pelvic floor reflexes. (jove.com)
  • The facial motor nucleus serve motor control of the muscles of facial expression and the stapedius muscle of the ear, while the superior salivary nucleus controls the secretion of saliva and tears through parasympathetic innervation of structures including the lacrimal gland and the mucosal glands of the nose, palate, and pharynx. (wikipedia.org)
  • fibers
  • Dietrichs E, Bjaalie J, Brodal P (1983) Do pontocerebellar fibers send collaterals to the cerebellar nuclei? (springer.com)
  • As a result of the corticobulbar input to the facial motor nucleus, an upper motor neuron lesion to fibers innervating the facial motor nucleus results in central seven. (wikipedia.org)
  • hippocampus
  • there is also a fairly high density of receptors located in the prefrontal cortex, hippocampus, nucleus accumbens and putamen", and "disruptions to other brain regions could also explain the consciousness-altering effects [of salvinorin A]". In supplementation of the above, according to Addy et al. (wikipedia.org)
  • sensory and motor
  • Thanks to the number of different nuclei located within the pontine tegmentum, it is a region associated with a range of functions including sensory and motor functions (due to the cranial nuclei and fiber tracts), control of stages of sleep and levels of arousal and vigilance (due to the ascending cholinergic systems), and some aspects of respiratory control. (wikipedia.org)
  • cerebellum
  • At the level of gross anatomy, the cerebellum consists of a tightly folded and crumpled layer of cortex, with white matter underneath, several deep nuclei embedded in the white matter, and a fluid-filled ventricle in the middle. (wikipedia.org)
  • Embedded within the white matter-which is sometimes called the arbor vitae (Tree of Life) in the cerebellum because of its branched, tree-like appearance-are four deep cerebellar nuclei. (wikipedia.org)
  • The four deep nuclei of the cerebellum are the dentate, emboliform, globose, and fastigii nuclei and they act as the main centers of communication, sending and receiving information to and from specific parts of the brain. (wikipedia.org)
  • mechanisms
  • In this unit, we will examine the organization and function of the brain and spinal mechanisms that govern bodily movement. (coursera.org)
  • widely
  • The pontine tegmentum contains two predominately cholinergic nuclei, the pedunculopontine nucleus (PPN) and the laterodorsal tegmental nucleus, which project widely throughout the brain. (wikipedia.org)
  • muscles
  • By contrast, a lower motor neuron lesion to the facial motor nucleus results in paralysis of facial muscles on the same side of the injury. (wikipedia.org)
  • complex
  • The aim of the present study was to evaluate the production of superoxide anion (O(2)(-)) in the trigeminal complex nuclei after a functional mechanical overload of the teeth due to the preference for masticating on one side in rats. (unicampania.it)