• malignant
  • BACKGROUND: Neuroblastoma is the most common malignant cause of spinal compression in the pediatric population. (biomedsearch.com)
  • In these cases, untreated survival usually amounts to only a few months, and survival with current radiation and chemotherapy treatments may extend that time from around a year to a year and a half, possibly two or more, depending on the patient's condition, immune function, treatments used, and the specific type of malignant brain neoplasm. (wikipedia.org)
  • tumours
  • Neuro-oncology deals with the study of brain and spinal cord tumours, which is usually life threatening. (omicsonline.org)
  • Intradural tumours can be classified as intramedullary (within the spinal parenchyma) or extramedullary (within the dura, but outside the spinal parenchyma). (wikipedia.org)
  • Interventional oncology has developed to a separate pillar of modern oncology and it employs X-ray, ultrasound, computed tomography (CT) or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to help guide miniaturized instruments (e.g. biopsy needles, ablation electrodes, intravascular catheters) to allow targeted and precise treatment of solid tumours (also known as neoplasms) located in various organs of the human body, including but not limited to the liver, kidneys, lungs, and bones. (wikipedia.org)
  • disc herniations
  • Most common causes include iatrogenic lumbar punctures, burst fractures resulting in posterior migration of fragments of the vertebral body, severe disc herniations, spinal anaesthesia involving trauma from catheters and high local anaesthetic concentrations around the cauda equina, penetrating trauma such as knife wounds or ballistic trauma. (wikipedia.org)
  • benign
  • Urinary retention, which is a common complication of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), though it can also be caused by other types of urinary tract obstruction, nerve dysfunction, tethered spinal cord syndrome, constipation, infection and certain medications. (wikipedia.org)
  • nerve
  • After the conus medullaris, the canal contains a mass of nerves (the cauda equina or "horse-tail") that branches off the lower end of the spinal cord and contains the nerve roots from L1-5 and S1-5. (wikipedia.org)
  • citation needed] Infections: candidiasis, herpes, HPV Inflammation: lichen planus Neoplasm: Paget's disease, vulvar carcinoma Neurologic disorder: neuralgia secondary to herpes virus, spinal nerve injury[citation needed] There are a number of possible treatments with none being uniformly effective. (wikipedia.org)
  • symptoms
  • Cauda equina syndrome (CES) is symptoms due to damage to the bundle of nerves below the end of the spinal cord known as the cauda equina. (wikipedia.org)
  • Other symptoms of spinal cord compression include lower extremity weakness, sensory loss, numbness in hands and legs and rapid onset paralysis. (wikipedia.org)
  • The most common symptoms are associated with increased intracranial pressure due to the size of the neoplasm. (wikipedia.org)
  • surgical
  • I. To perform a small pilot study that will demonstrate the feasibility of neurosurgical spinal procedures using the da Vinci surgical robot. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • sensory
  • Inability to walk, with this unusual sensory examination completes a triad of signs and usually represents spinal tuberculosis. (wikipedia.org)
  • occur
  • They usually arise in the cerebellum, near the brainstem, in the hypothalamic region, or the optic chiasm, but they may occur in any area where astrocytes are present, including the cerebral hemispheres and the spinal cord. (wikipedia.org)
  • chronic
  • Chronic spinal inflammatory conditions such as Paget disease, neurosarcoidosis, chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy, ankylosing spondylitis and chronic tuberculosis can cause it. (wikipedia.org)