• deformities
  • Spinal surgery is an effective way of correcting deformities of the spine, but also entails the risk of damage to the spinal cord. (bmj.com)
  • Founded in 1966 with 35 members, the SRS has grown to include almost 1100 spinal deformity surgeons in 41 countries, with a primary focus on providing continuing medical education for health care professionals and on funding/supporting research in spinal deformities. (wikipedia.org)
  • Current membership primarily includes spinal deformity surgeons, as well as some researchers, physician assistants, and orthotists who are involved in research and treatment of spinal deformities. (wikipedia.org)
  • Strict membership criteria ensure that the individual SRS Fellows are dedicated to the highest standards of care for adult and pediatric spinal deformities, utilizing both non-operative and operative techniques. (wikipedia.org)
  • Spine
  • OBJECTIVE: To describe the first case of Nocardia farcinica spinal osteomyelitis, and to propose spine instrumentation with debridement and multiple antibiotics for treatment of nocardia spinal osteomyelitis. (biomedsearch.com)
  • In addition to planning for future meetings and participation in continuing education activities across Australia, there has been particular focus on significant new projects such as the establishment of the Australian Spine Registry (ASR) as well as ongoing involvement with the spinal surgery Medicare Benefits Schedule review, which will affect all orthopaedic and neurosurgeon spine surgeons for many years. (spinesociety.org.au)
  • The routine four-channel montages proposed in the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology (IFCN) guidelines explore the afferent peripheral volley, the segmental spinal responses at the neck and lumbar spine levels, as well as the subcortical far-field and early cortical SEPs, using scalp electrodes placed in the parietal and frontal regions for upper limb SEPs and at the vertex for lower limb SEPs. (wikipedia.org)
  • Additionally, he has multiple patents including a device for spine stabilization and an electrode for monitoring of brain activity. (wikipedia.org)
  • This annual scientific meeting includes scientific presentations related to spine surgery and spinal deformity, which are selected through a process of abstract submission and peer review. (wikipedia.org)
  • epidural
  • This may include invasive monitoring (TEE, CVP, arterial pressure), neuraxial nerve blocks (spinal or epidural), peripheral nerve blocks (selectively anesthetizing a specific part of the body), and/or various levels of sedation including reversible unconsciousness known as "General Anesthesia. (wikipedia.org)
  • multimodal
  • and 2 female, 17 and 16 years old) kyphoscoliosis corrections, patient's history, preoperative physical examination and MIOM were performed using a multimodal 40-channel electrophysiologic monitoring system (Nicolet Endeavor, VIASYS Healthcare, 2005, USA). (jivresearch.org)
  • interneurons
  • Jankowska E, Edgley S (1993) Interaction between pathways controlling posture and gait at the level of spinal interneurons in the cat. (springer.com)
  • We found that after a period of one month, the number of connections between spinal cord interneurons and autonomic neurons that directly control immune function increases dramatically. (ryortho.com)
  • clinical
  • The technique has become one of the most popular clinical tools in identifying impairment of the cord during spinal surgery. (bmj.com)
  • There are two major accomplishments in the practice of contemporary medicine of spinal cord injury (SCI): the first consists of significant new developments in clinical criteria for the assessment of spinal cord functions (Ditunno et al . (springer.com)
  • The method chosen will depend on a number of things, including the child's age, spinal maturity, the location and severity of the curve, the clinical opinion of the surgeon, and the preference of the child and parents. (nkch.org)
  • Dr Bill Sears, our Sydney neurosurgeon colleague has enthusiastically planned for the establishment of an annual seminar on clinical spinal biomechanics. (spinesociety.org.au)
  • brainstem
  • When recording SEPs, one usually seeks to study peripheral, spinal, brainstem, and early cortical SEPs during the same run. (wikipedia.org)
  • Electrodes placed on the scalp pick up both SEPs generated in the cortex and thalamocortical fibers (which are picked up as near-field responses located in restricted areas) and far-field positivities reflecting the evoked activity generated in peripheral, spinal and brainstem somatosensory fibers. (wikipedia.org)
  • cerebral cortex
  • Common areas of the central nervous system whose functions are interrupted or changed during general anaesthesia include the cerebral cortex, thalamus, reticular activating system, and spinal cord. (wikipedia.org)
  • nerves
  • Tests that are conducted are concerned with measuring the electrical functions of the brain, spinal cord, and nerves in the limbs and muscles. (wikipedia.org)
  • Another spinal indication for the Tessys procedure would be cauda equina syndrome, in a case where conservative methods of treatment failed to ameliorate the pain, or if only surrounded nerves are affected. (wikipedia.org)
  • The access to the prolapse is achieved using a three-step guide wire technique: The surgeon gradually dilates through the soft tissue with the aid of C-Arm radiographic monitoring and stretches the foramen step-by-step, with little or no disturbance to the surrounding muscles and nerves. (wikipedia.org)
  • 1990
  • Bonduranti FJ, Cotler HB, McArdle CB, Harris JH (1990) Acute spinal cord injury: A study using physical examination and magnetic resonance imaging. (springer.com)
  • Dimitrijevic MR, Lissens MA, McKay WB (1990) Characteristics and extent of motor activity recovery after spinal cord injury. (springer.com)
  • surgery
  • The use of spinal cord monitoring can minimise such risks and has become a widely used technique in conjunction with spinal surgery. (bmj.com)
  • Ryan and Britt 5 applied fast Fourier transform (FFT) analysis to intraoperative SEP monitoring and found that the power spectra of the SEPs remained stable during surgery. (bmj.com)
  • One hour after the start of surgery, when the spinal column was exposed to the operating theatre temperature, a minimal prolongation of latencies as well as amplitude reduction of SSEPs was observed. (jivresearch.org)
  • Spinal fusion is major surgery that usually takes several hours to complete. (nkch.org)
  • The Society Session will include discussion about evidence based medicine in spinal surgery, lead by Dr Ian Harris, current Scientific Secretary of the AOA. (spinesociety.org.au)
  • There are plans for further discussion relating to billing guidelines and the MBS spinal surgery review. (spinesociety.org.au)
  • The topics of these seminars will be in the fields of basic spinal science and other specific areas of surgery. (spinesociety.org.au)
  • the motor cortex is stimulated transcranially, and recordings made from muscles in the limbs, or from spinal cord caudal to the surgery. (wikipedia.org)
  • procedure
  • This monitoring procedure is based on time domain detection. (bmj.com)
  • The SSEPs, bilateral EMGs of paravertebrals and related muscle, stimulus-evoked evoked EMGs by mid-dural spinal stimulation, stimulus-evoked EMGs through root stimulation (pre/post foraminal) were performed when required during different stages of operation procedure. (jivresearch.org)
  • Although the basic procedure is the same, a variety of specialized techniques can be used to do spinal fusion. (nkch.org)
  • According to these lawsuits, patients were purposefully misdiagnosed and told that the procedure used for tethered spinal cord syndrome would alleviate the symptoms of their Chiari malformations. (wikipedia.org)
  • Prior to a planned procedure, the anaesthetist reviews medical records and/or interviews the patient to determine the best combination of drugs and dosages and the degree to which monitoring will be required to ensure a safe and effective procedure. (wikipedia.org)
  • bone
  • CONCLUSIONS: Previous case reports of nocardia spinal osteomyelitis describe treatment with antibiotics, debridements, and arthrodesis with autologous bone graft. (biomedsearch.com)
  • The grafts will grow together with the spinal bone, fusing it into the proper position. (nkch.org)
  • Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is considered the best imaging modality for Chiari malformation since it visualizes neural tissue such as the cerebellar tonsils and spinal cord as well as bone and other soft tissues. (wikipedia.org)
  • anesthetic
  • An alternative definition is a "reversible lack of awareness," including a total lack of awareness (e.g. a general anesthetic) or a lack of awareness of a part of the body such as a spinal anesthetic. (wikipedia.org)
  • cord injuries
  • The bulbocavernosus reflex (BCR), bulbospongiosus reflex (BSR) or "Osinski reflex" is a polysynaptic reflex that is useful in testing for spinal shock and gaining information about the state of spinal cord injuries (SCI). (wikipedia.org)
  • stimulation
  • To investigate if intraoperative focused high frequency repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) can localise the primary motor cortex without exposure of the cortical surface. (bmj.com)
  • acute
  • The absence of the reflex in a person with acute paralysis from trauma indicates spinal shock whereas the presence of the reflex would indicate spinal cord severance. (wikipedia.org)
  • injury
  • Current SEP monitoring techniques measure the amplitude and latency of the waveform to quantify any changes in SEP and to detect injury to the spinal cord. (bmj.com)
  • Previous studies 5- 9 have proved that deficits in spinal cord function cause localised changes (that is, changes occurring at various time instances or delays) in the morphology and therefore in the spectrum of the SEP waveform, 7 suggesting that the frequency (or spectral) changes occurring in the SEP may be an important indicator of spinal cord injury. (bmj.com)
  • However, spinal cord injury is not only triggered by mechanical factors, biochemical factors and vascular factors may cause spinal cord ischemia-reperfusion injury. (redorbit.com)
  • Daverat P, Petit H, Kemoun G, Dartigues JF, Barat (1995) The long term outcome in 149 patients with spinal cord injury. (springer.com)
  • Dimitrijevic MR (1996) Motor recovery in humans after spinal cord injury. (springer.com)
  • He told OTW , "People who suffer a spinal cord injury (SCI) at a high spinal level (e.g., cervical SCI), are at increased risk for developing autonomic dysreflexia (AD), a potentially life-threatening condition of sudden onset high blood pressure. (ryortho.com)
  • Anaesthesia
  • For example, a patient who consumes significant quantities of alcohol or illicit drugs could be undermedicated if they fail to disclose this fact, and this could lead to anaesthesia awareness or intraoperative hypertension. (wikipedia.org)
  • An anaesthesia machine allows composing a mixture of oxygen, anaesthetics and ambient air, delivering it to the patient and monitoring patient and machine parameters. (wikipedia.org)
  • function
  • Since people with high level SCI also are at increased risk for developing infections (e.g., pneumonia), we set out to understand how SCI changes the autonomic circuitry in the spinal cord that controls immune function. (ryortho.com)