• fire ants
  • Could Fire Ants Be Stockpiling the Next Psoriasis Treatment? (skininc.com)
  • Red imported fire ants are dominant in altered areas and live in a wide variety of habitats. (wikipedia.org)
  • Not only can they damage or destroy structures, but red imported fire ants also can damage equipment and infrastructure and impact business, land, and property values. (wikipedia.org)
  • prey
  • The first two pairs of legs in most Crab Spiders are longer and heavier than the third and fourth pairs, and are armed with spines for holding and grasping prey. (steves-digicams.com)
  • In some reptiles, such as the Gila monster, venom in the saliva enters prey through bites of grooved teeth, but many animals have specialized organs such as hollow teeth (fangs) and tubular stingers that penetrate the prey's skin after which muscles attached to the attacker's venom reservoir forcibly squirt venom deep within the victim's body tissue. (wikipedia.org)
  • Besides often preying on salticids, ants are well defended against most salticids that might target them as potential prey. (royalsocietypublishing.org)
  • This spider produces a neurotoxic peptide called CsTx-1 for paralysing its prey. (wikipedia.org)
  • It was found that the amount of venom released differed for each specific prey. (wikipedia.org)
  • A particular venom itself is a complex chemical mixture composed of hundreds of proteins and non-proteinaceous compounds, resulting in a potent weapon for prey immobilization and predator deterrence. (wikipedia.org)
  • Non-webbuilding spiders: prey specialists or generalists? (wikipedia.org)
  • Venoms adapt to their environment and victims and accordingly evolve to become maximally efficient on a predator's particular prey (particularly the precise ion channels within the prey). (wikipedia.org)
  • Venom plays an important role in the ant's life as it is used to capture prey or for defence. (wikipedia.org)
  • 2002
  • We consider instead whether Myrmarachne melanotarsa ( Wesolowska & Salm 2002 ), a mimic of a cocktail ant ( Crematogaster sp. (royalsocietypublishing.org)
  • The film became the first Marvel property to win an Oscar and the then highest-grossing comic book adaptation until the release of Sam Raimi's Spider-Man in 2002. (wikipedia.org)
  • toxin
  • It contains a single disulfide bond, Cys4-Cys10, at the N-terminal, which is different from any other spider toxin known so far. (wikipedia.org)
  • Hybrid is also mentioned at the conclusion of the first issue of Carnage U.S.A. (2011), along with Venom, Anti-Venom, Toxin, and his sister Scorn, as being the next option to stop Carnage's rampage in the Mid-west after the Avengers are defeated. (wikipedia.org)
  • Later, with Venom and Toxin missing, the group decides to use Hybrid to contain Carnage's rampage in the Midwest during the 2012 Carnage U.S.A. miniseries. (wikipedia.org)
  • Venom is a form of toxin secreted by an animal for the purpose of causing harm to another. (wikipedia.org)
  • lethal venoms are often characterised by the median lethal dose (LD50, LD50, or LD-50), expressed in terms of mass fraction (e.g., milligrams of toxin per kilogram of body mass), that will kill 50% of the target of a specified type (e.g., laboratory mice). (wikipedia.org)
  • Due to subfunctionalization, in which an ancestral function is split between the copied genes, one of the duplicates becomes limited to only the venom (salivary) gland and as a result, evolved in to the toxin producing gene. (wikipedia.org)
  • crude venom
  • After the injection of the crude venom (DqTx-5, 50, and 500 mg/mL) in the lateral ventricle of mice, we observed a reduction of exploration and grooming behaviors, as well as an increase in immobility duration. (ufrn.br)
  • In addition, the crude venom induced procursive behavior and tonicclonic seizures at the highest concentration. (ufrn.br)
  • Its venom glands store only about 10 μl of crude venom. (wikipedia.org)
  • venomous animals
  • Venom optimization hypothesis, also known as venom metering, is a biological hypothesis which postulates that venomous animals have physiological control over their production and use of venoms. (wikipedia.org)
  • A number of venomous animals have been experimentally found to regulate the amount of venom they use during predation or defensive situations. (wikipedia.org)
  • This suggests that venomous animals may have evolved strategies for minimizing venom expenditure, that they should use them only as and when required, and that too in optimal amount. (wikipedia.org)
  • bite
  • The false widow, Steatoda nobilis , is the UK's most venomous spider and in one recent sad story in Hampshire it was reported that its bite contributed to the first death caused by the spider. (theconversation.com)
  • The symptoms in one reliable report of a woman bitten by a false widow spider in Worthing in the 1990s were exactly as predicted: the bite was painful and the person reported feeling systemically unwell for a while. (theconversation.com)
  • There was a significant time period of a month after the proposed spider bite before the problems became serious. (theconversation.com)
  • In another case reported in September, two reported fang marks appeared to confirm a spider bite but the reaction appeared consistent with bacterial infection. (theconversation.com)
  • I could not find a single report of a false widow spider bite requiring medical attention in the Canary Islands and yet this really would have made the news headlines. (theconversation.com)
  • Envenomation is the process by which venom is injected into some animal by the bite (or sting) of a venomous animal. (wikipedia.org)
  • The rate of envenoming is described as the likelihood of venom successfully entering a system upon bite or sting. (wikipedia.org)
  • The venom from a black widow bite initially causes pain, swelling and redness at the injection site, according to LiveScience.com. (reference.com)
  • What kind of spider bite leaves a bruise? (reference.com)
  • Do camel spiders bite? (reference.com)
  • If you get stung or bitten by an insect, and you are allergic to the insect's venom or saliva , you develop an allergic reaction to the sting or bite. (healthtap.com)
  • However it is unusual to get a spreading rash hours after an insect bite (other than spider & perhaps Lyme Disease ) unless you have become allergic to the venom. (healthtap.com)
  • colonies
  • In Dolichovespula arenaria, the observed spraying of venom out of their sting has been seen from workers in large colonies. (wikipedia.org)
  • Colonies of this ant are abundant in eastern Australia. (wikipedia.org)
  • known
  • Araneophagy', or preferentially preying on spiders, is not uncommon among salticids, but M. melanotarsa has the distinction of being the only known example of a myrmecomorphic salticid that is also araneophagic ( Nelson & Jackson in press b ). (royalsocietypublishing.org)
  • Black and white specimens are sometimes known as panda ants due to their hair coloration resembling that of the giant panda. (wikipedia.org)
  • They are known for their extremely painful stings, (the sting of the species Dasymultila klugii rated a 3 on the Schmidt pain index and lasts up to 30 minutes), hence the common name cow killer or cow ant. (wikipedia.org)
  • Ants of this species are known for their ability to jump up to 10 centimetres, and they also have a powerful, venomous sting. (wikipedia.org)
  • They are known to enslave ants of other species as workers for their colony, and they are aggressive when attacking intruders. (wikipedia.org)
  • Myrmecia nigriceps, also known as the black-headed bull ant, is a species of ant endemic to Australia. (wikipedia.org)
  • Spiders are known to eat these ants, and echidnas consume the larvae and pupae. (wikipedia.org)
  • With this said, M. nigriceps is commonly known as the black-headed bull ant. (wikipedia.org)
  • Despite this, it is not known if M. nigriceps is polymorphic, due to little differences in morphology between the workers in comparison to Formicinae ants and Pheidole, with soldiers having enormous heads. (wikipedia.org)
  • The red imported fire ant (Solenopsis invicta), also known as the fire ant or RIFA, is a species of ant native to South America. (wikipedia.org)
  • lethal
  • Refilling of the glands takes 2-3 days and the lethal efficacy of the venom is, initially, very low for several days, requiring 8 to 18 days for full effect. (wikipedia.org)
  • In fact, experiments show that the amount of venom released is just sufficient (at the lethal dose) to paralyze the target organism depending on the size or strength, and is not more than what is necessary. (wikipedia.org)
  • The team was first introduced in Venom: Lethal Protector #2 and were created by David Michelinie and Mark Bagley. (wikipedia.org)
  • insect
  • To be on the safe side, don't play any Zelda games, as even those without hideously scary spiders have crablike one-eyed monsters or insect like centipede things and just losts of general grossness. (metafilter.com)
  • By genetically binding insect and spider DNA to a soldier, the Insect Enhancile gains enhanced speed, strength, reflexes and durability. (drivethrurpg.com)
  • What's the best cure for infant's scars due to insect bites (ant, mosquitoes)? (healthtap.com)
  • honey
  • Due to its notoriety and importance, the ant has become one of the most studied insects on the planet, even rivalling the western honey bee (Apis mellifera). (wikipedia.org)
  • glands
  • Snake venom is produced by glands below the eye (the mandibular gland) and delivered to the victim through tubular or channeled fangs. (wikipedia.org)
  • scorpion
  • As they evolve, these skilled soldiers can spontaneously develop any of the phenomenal powers of Kingdom Arthropoda: wings as delicate and agile as a dragon fly's, the strength of an ant, the venom and hunting savvy of a scorpion, steel like webbing derived from orb weaver spiders. (drivethrurpg.com)
  • In a spider vs. scorpion comparison, which has the most venom on average? (reference.com)
  • Some scientists estimate that the average scorpion venom content is less than 0.5 milligrams. (reference.com)
  • Behavioral and Physiological Ecology of Scorpion Venom Expenditure: Stinging, Spraying, and Venom Regeneration. (wikipedia.org)
  • Myrmecia
  • Like other Myrmecia species, M. nigriceps ants possess a powerful and painful sting, and the venom is capable of inducing allergic reactions in sensitive people. (wikipedia.org)
  • exhibit
  • Velvet ants exhibit haplodiploid sex determination, as do other members of the superfamily Vespoidea. (wikipedia.org)
  • These ants exhibit a wide variety of behaviours, such as building rafts when they sense that water levels are rising. (wikipedia.org)
  • behavior
  • In Polistes fuscatus, the female continuously releases a venom that contains a sex pheromone that induces copulatory behavior in males. (wikipedia.org)
  • victim
  • Most venoms are administered by biting the skin of the victim, but some venoms are applied externally, especially to sensitive tissues such as those that surround the eyes. (wikipedia.org)
  • bites
  • What these spiders are categorically not expected to produce are venoms that cause necrotising bites (which a small number of spiders in other parts of the world can make). (theconversation.com)
  • The second thing that suggests that we should not worry about false widow spiders in our homes or elsewhere is that this spider isn't aggressive and very rarely bites - and if it does so it even more rarely causes a problem. (theconversation.com)
  • behaviour
  • They also show necrophoric behaviour, where nestmates discard scraps or dead ants on refuse piles outside the nest. (wikipedia.org)
  • males
  • The queens are the largest, measuring around 24 to 26 millimetres (0.94 to 1.02 in), and males being around similar sizes to worker ants at 18 to 20 millimetres (0.71 to 0.79 in). (wikipedia.org)
  • survive
  • My World of Warcraft arachnophobe guildmate only managed to survive spider-infested areas by getting her character really drunk so the screen blurred. (metafilter.com)
  • The specific adaptations that help spiders survive depend. (reference.com)
  • secondary
  • Habitat: Foliage in gardens and secondary jungles where the familiar Kerengga ants can be found. (steves-digicams.com)
  • The metabolic cost of venom is sufficiently high to result in secondary loss of venom whenever its use becomes non-essential to survival of the animal. (wikipedia.org)
  • preys
  • It does not weave webs for trapping preys, and therefore, entirely depends on its venom for predation. (wikipedia.org)