**liquids**- What are the specific gravities of some common liquids? (reference.com)
- Examples of specific gravities of common liquids at 25 degrees Fahrenheit include 1.052 for acetic acid or vinegar, 0.826 for ammonia, 1.100 for ethylene glycol, 0.871 for turpentine, and 1.028 for sea water. (reference.com)
- Other examples of specific gravities for common liquids include 0.703 for olive oil at 15 degrees Fahrenheit, 0.820 for kerosene at 60 degrees Fahrenheit, 0.701 for octane at 25 degrees Fahrenheit, 1.035 for milk, and 0.739 for the gasoline used in vehicles at 60 degrees Fahrenheit. (reference.com)
- VWR Specific Gravity Hydrometers, Heavy Liquids - Model 34622-001 - Each : For Liquids Heavier than Water Temperature standard: 15.6 degrees /15.6 degrees C (60 degrees /60 degrees F). Accuracy: +-1 scale division. (egeneralmedical.com)

**densities**- Being a ratio of densities, specific gravity is a dimensionless quantity. (wikipedia.org)
- Materials with smaller densities, and subsequently smaller specific gravities, float on top when mixed with a material of greater density. (reference.com)

**equations**- Because of this characteristic and its dimensionless nature, submerged specific gravity is ubiquitous in equations of sediment transport. (wikipedia.org)
- The above equations permit electrical monitoring of approximate specific gravity on an occasional basis. (engineersedge.com)

**temperature**- The specific gravity of an object equals the weight of its volume relative to the weight of an equal volume of water, when both are at the same temperature. (ncsu.edu)
- Specific gravity is then defined as "The weight of a body compared with the weight of an equal amount of pure water at 4 o C (4 o C is essentially the temperature at which water is densest). (ganoksin.com)
- Specific gravity is the ratio of the weight of a solution to the weight of an equal volume of water at a specified temperature. (engineersedge.com)
- Specific gravity does, of course, vary with temperature and the quantity of electrolyte in a cell. (engineersedge.com)
- The volume of electrolyte expands as temperature rises and contracts as temperature drops, therefore affecting the density or specific gravity reading. (engineersedge.com)
- The specific gravity for a given battery is determined by the application it will be used in, taking into account operating temperature and battery life. (engineersedge.com)
- We have developed a device that will measure specific gravity and temperature in-situ, and transmit the data wirelessly to provide brew batch trends from these measurements. (homebrewersassociation.org)

**determination**- To perform the specific gravity determination, you immerse the egg in a series of increasingly concentrated salt solutions until the egg floats on the surface of one of the solutions. (ncsu.edu)
- As the principal use of specific gravity measurements in industry is determination of the concentrations of substances in aqueous solutions and as these are found in tables of SG vs concentration, it is extremely important that the analyst enter the table with the correct form of specific gravity. (wikipedia.org)
- In practice however because of time constraints and other factors specific gravity determination is usually used as a corroborative test or for large, rough or carved samples. (ganoksin.com)
- 1.1 This test method covers the determination of apparent specific gravity (Sections 2 to 9) and true specific gravity (Sections 10 to 13) of lump coke larger than 25-mm (1-in. (astm.org)

**measurements**- Specific gravity measurements have shown to decrease after approximately forty-five weeks of age. (ncsu.edu)
- This edition of 'Comparatively Speaking' by industry expert Tony O'Lenick compares a product's density with its specific gravity, which are important measurements for formulators to understand especially when considering product specifications. (cosmeticsandtoiletries.com)
- The terms density and specific gravity are two such measurements. (cosmeticsandtoiletries.com)
- However, specific gravity measurements cannot determine a battery's capacity. (engineersedge.com)
- As mentioned earlier, specific gravity measurements cannot be taken on sealed lead-acid batteries. (engineersedge.com)
- To avoid erroneous readings, specific gravity measurements should only be taken after an equalizing charge and subsequent float charge for at least 72 hours. (engineersedge.com)

**1.000**- In adult humans, normal specific gravity values range from 1.000 to 1.030. (wikipedia.org)
- All the specific gravities stated above are in relation to the density of water of 4 degrees Celsius or 39.2 degrees Fahrenheit, which has a specific gravity of 1.000. (reference.com)

**apparent specific gravity**- Apparent specific gravity is the ratio of the weight of a volume of the substance to the weight of an equal volume of the reference substance. (wikipedia.org)
- But as specific gravity usually refers to highly incompressible aqueous solutions or other incompressible substances (such as petroleum products), variations in density caused by pressure are usually neglected at least where apparent specific gravity is being measured. (wikipedia.org)

**ratio**- Submerged specific gravity is equal to the specific gravity given by the ratio of the weight of the object to the weight of the fluid) minus one. (wikipedia.org)
- Due to the fact that specific gravity depicts a ratio, it is a unitless quantity. (reference.com)
- Specific gravity is the ratio of the density of a compound to the density of water, which is 8.33 lbs/gal. (paintcenter.org)

**density of water**- True specific gravity can be expressed mathematically as: S G true = ρ sample ρ H 2 O {\displaystyle SG_{\text{true}}={\frac {\rho _{\text{sample}}}{\rho _{\rm {H_{2}O}}}}} where ρ sample {\displaystyle \rho _{\text{sample}}\,} is the density of the sample and ρ H 2 O {\displaystyle \rho _{\rm {H_{2}O}}} is the density of water. (wikipedia.org)

**alcohol content**- The benchtop digital density meters from Eagle Eye measure a variety of parameters for liquid samples including density, specific gravity, BRIX, concentration, alcohol content, API gravity, and other density-related values accurately and efficiently. (globalspec.com)
- The portable digital refractometers from Eagle Eye measure the refractive index, BRIX, concentration, specific gravity, alcohol content, freezing point and other related values of your samples within seconds with a 99.999% accuracy rate. (globalspec.com)
- For example, would you want to have a specific gravity and alcohol content trend throughout a batch without having to take hydrometer readings? (homebrewersassociation.org)

**increases**- As the amount of shell increases, the specific gravity of the egg increases, and corresponding changes in the proportions of yolk, albumen, and shell membranes will be of little consequence. (ncsu.edu)
- The specific gravity decreases during the discharging of a battery to a value near that of pure water and it increases during a recharge. (engineersedge.com)
- As the volume of electrolyte expands, the readings are lowered and, conversely, specific gravity increases with colder temperatures. (engineersedge.com)

**equals**- That is, the object and fluid have the same density when the specific gravity equals one and the submerged specific gravity equals zero. (wikipedia.org)

**hydrometer**- The automated CANNON D155 offers a low-cost, affordable alternative to manual hydrometer methods for measuring density and specific gravity with easy, one button operation. (globalspec.com)
- It is now easier than ever to accurately measure specific gravity in battery fluids with the Eagle Eye Power Solutions SG-500 Portable Digital Hydrometer. (globalspec.com)
- One of our founders is an avid hobbyist and noticed that the craft brewers tend to only have one cost effective specific gravity option in the old-fashioned hydrometer. (homebrewersassociation.org)

**weight**- 5. Divide the first (dry) weight by the second (suspended in water) weight and you get the specific gravity. (johnbetts-fineminerals.com)
- The normal method of determining specific gravity is to weigh the specimen dry (DW), then to suspend the specimen in water on a string, and to measure the weight pulling on the string (WW) (specimen weight suspended in water). (johnbetts-fineminerals.com)
- The percentage is calculated by comparing weight or specific gravity of the extract before and after fermentation. (wikipedia.org)
- Attenuation = 100 % * (starting extract − current extract) / (starting extract) this iteration, when compared to the following iteration,Attenuation = 100 % * (starting gravity − current gravity) / (starting gravity − 1) is meaningless This formula works with extract given in weight percentages or degree Plato. (wikipedia.org)

**water**- The specific gravity of an egg is equal to the egg's density relative to water. (ncsu.edu)
- You may wish to make a concentrated salt brine solution and then add appropriate amounts of water to arrive at the correct specific gravity solution. (ncsu.edu)
- Substances with a specific gravity of 1 are neutrally buoyant in water. (wikipedia.org)
- If the flask is weighed empty, then full of water, and finally filled with a liquid whose specific gravity is being investigated, the specific gravity of that liquid can easily be calculated. (cosmeticsandtoiletries.com)
- When the electrolyte is near the low-level mark, the specific gravity is higher than nominal and drops as water is added to the cell to bring the electrolyte to the full level. (engineersedge.com)
- An example is oil, which has a lower density and specific gravity than water, floating on top of water when mixed. (reference.com)
- Because fermentation produces ethanol, which has a lower density than water (gravity of 0.787 at 25°C ), using the formula above will result in a higher value than the actual percentage of sugars consumed. (wikipedia.org)

**mineral**- The density of particular mineral can be measured through specific gravity or SG. (articlealley.com)
- The specific gravity for each mineral is the same within narrow limits (except in species like topaz or garnet and zircon where subgroups with definite specific gravities occur). (ganoksin.com)
- Specific gravity (sometimes referred to as Density) is a useful diagnostic attribute when trying to determine the mineral species of an unknown mineral specimen. (johnbetts-fineminerals.com)

**fluids**- Barkeepers often do not talk about density, but call fluids 'lighter' and 'heavier' or refer to 'specific gravity', which means the same. (wikipedia.org)

**readings**- If you're like me and don't really take very many gravity readings it would give you a much better idea of when the batch is done. (homebrewersassociation.org)

**determines**- The concentration of the excreted molecules determines the urine's specific gravity. (wikipedia.org)
- I have developed a quick technique, using a simple digital scale that determines specific gravity in only a few easy steps. (johnbetts-fineminerals.com)

**balances**- There are a number of SG balances made for measuring specific gravity. (ganoksin.com)
- This fact highlights the utility of the usage of submerged specific gravity in problems involving buoyancy and force balances on submerged objects: the object will naturally rise when its submerged specific gravity is negative, and sink when its submerged specific gravity is positive. (wikipedia.org)

**dimensionless**- Submerged specific gravity is a dimensionless measure of an object's buoyancy when immersed in a fluid. (wikipedia.org)

**indicator**- Egg specific gravity, therefore, is a good indicator of percentage shell and is the reason specific gravity is used to determine shell quality. (ncsu.edu)
- Specific gravity is used as an indicator of the state of charge of a cell or battery. (engineersedge.com)
- Measurement of this value is important in brewing because it is an indicator of yeast health and because specific attenuation levels are important for certain styles of beer. (wikipedia.org)

**determine**- Specific gravity determinations are a non-invasive method to determine eggshell thickness, and therefore, eggshell quality. (ncsu.edu)
- If one can determine the specific gravity of a gem one can usually identify it. (ganoksin.com)
- Density and specific gravity instruments are meters used to determine density and specific gravity. (globalspec.com)

**concentration**- Specific gravity is commonly used in industry as a simple means of obtaining information about the concentration of solutions of various materials such as brines, hydrocarbons, sugar solutions (syrups, juices, honeys, brewers wort, must, etc.) and acids. (wikipedia.org)
- Decreased specific gravity (hyposthenuria, i.e. decreased concentration of solutes in urine) may be associated with renal failure, pyelonephritis, diabetes insipidus, acute tubular necrosis, interstitial nephritis, and excessive fluid intake (e.g., psychogenic polydipsia). (wikipedia.org)

**material**- Specific gravity of an object is calculated by dividing its density by the density of a reference material. (reference.com)
- The Specific Gravity Separator Machine offered by us is made out of the fine quality raw material by employing latest technology as per the set standards of the industry. (tradeindia.com)

**therefore**- Therefore, during fully charged steady-state operation and on discharge, measurement of the specific gravity of the electrolyte provides an approximate indication of the state of charge of the cell. (engineersedge.com)
- Therefore the more concentrated electrolyte created during charging sinks to the bottom of the battery jar creating a gradient in specific gravity. (engineersedge.com)

**calculate**- Please provide me a tip to calculate a VOC pd/gal if the MSDS only has a Specific Gravity. (paintcenter.org)

**practice**- In British beer brewing, the practice for specific gravity as specified above is to multiply it by 1000. (wikipedia.org)

**range**- Range,Specific Gravity: 1.600 to 1.820. (egeneralmedical.com)
- Above is a screen shot that shows I entered a range for specific gravity from 2.6 to 2.65 to allow for possible inaccuracies in the results. (johnbetts-fineminerals.com)

**given**- If the density is not given in lbs/gal but as specific gravity (S.G), such as S.G. = 1.5 you need to multiply by 8.33 lbs/gal. (paintcenter.org)

**table**- Typical specific gravities for certain applications are shown in Table 1. (engineersedge.com)

**usually**- Hypovolemic patients usually have a specific gravity >1.015. (wikipedia.org)
- But textbooks usually describe testing specific gravity using a laboratory balance scale that few of us have in our homes. (johnbetts-fineminerals.com)

**parameters**- One of the key parameters of battery operation is the specific gravity of the electrolyte. (engineersedge.com)

**percentage**- Since the specific gravity of the shell is more than two times higher than the other parts of the egg, the percentage of egg that is shell has a major influence on the specific gravity of the whole egg. (ncsu.edu)

**high**- BOTTLE SPEC GRAV 25ML PK2 - KIMAX Specific Gravity Bottle, Hubbard-Carmick, Kimble Chase : Conical-shaped bottle offers a high level of stability. (egeneralmedical.com)
- The tubers have medium specific gravity and high levels of antioxidants. (oregonstate.edu)

**Testing**- Testing for specific gravity with this method is fast, easy, and accurate. (johnbetts-fineminerals.com)
- The analysis includes testing for the presence of proteins, glucose, ketones, haemoglobin, bilirubin, urobilinogen, acetone, nitrite and leucocytes as well as testing of pH and specific gravity or to test for infection by different pathogens. (wikipedia.org)

**Read**- The specific gravity of the solution should be read from the bottom of the meniscus for consistency. (ncsu.edu)

**normal**- The incidence of breakage is above normal if the specific gravity of a flock averages less than 1.080. (ncsu.edu)
- In neonates, normal urine specific gravity is 1.003. (wikipedia.org)

**below**- While it is expected that specific gravity will decrease with age of flock, sometimes the use of this procedure will allow one to know when specific gravity falls below an expected level. (ncsu.edu)
- For true (in vacuo) specific gravity calculations, air pressure must be considered (see below). (wikipedia.org)
- During discharge, the specific gravity decreases linearly with the ampere-hours discharged as indicated in the illustration below. (engineersedge.com)

**lower**- A solution of higher specific gravity is heavier per unit volume than one of lower specific gravity. (engineersedge.com)

**values**- The portable digital density meters from Eagle Eye measure the specific gravity and density-related values of your samples within seconds with a 99.999% accuracy rate. (globalspec.com)

**shown**- This product may be an accessory for KIMAX Specific Gravity Bottle, Hubbard-Carmick, Kimble Chase and may differ from the image shown. (egeneralmedical.com)

**object**- It can be expressed in terms of the equation SSG = ρ o − ρ f ρ f {\displaystyle {\text{SSG}}={\frac {\rho _{o}-\rho _{f}}{\rho _{f}}}} where SSG {\displaystyle {\text{SSG}}} stands for "submerged specific gravity", ρ o {\displaystyle \rho _{o}} is the density of the object, and ρ f {\displaystyle \rho _{f}} is the density of the fluid. (wikipedia.org)

**relative**- Specific gravity reflects the amount of shell present relative to the amount of albumen, yolk, and membranes. (ncsu.edu)

**measure**- Measure Specific Gravity Within Seconds! (globalspec.com)

**easy**- Specific gravity determinations also have the advantage of being simple, easy to perform, and inexpensive. (ncsu.edu)

**allow**- Paper strips are often specific to a single reaction (e.g. pH measurement), while the strips with pads allow several determinations simultaneously. (wikipedia.org)

**battery**- The battery is considered fully charged when specific gravity reaches it's highest possible value. (engineersedge.com)

**however**- However, as research advances some of the specific details in those accounts may be superseded or corrected by subsequent studies. (wikipedia.org)

**almost**- In The Specific Gravity of Grief , he almost describes the indescribable. (brenda-cooper.com)
- Since, at least in the wort and beer gravities that most brewers work with, an almost linear relationship between (specific gravity − 1) and extract percentages exists, the above formula can also be expressed as: Attenuation = 100 % * (starting gravity − current gravity) / (starting gravity − 1) for brewers who prefer to work with specific gravity. (wikipedia.org)

**Test Method**- Apparent and true specific gravity, as determined by this test method, are influenced by the type of coals carbonized and the operating and preparational conditions of that carbonization, that is, charge bulk density, heating rate, and pulverization level. (astm.org)

**Review**- All compositions by Joe Giardullo and Joe McPhee except as indicated "A Priori"- 28:09 "Specific Gravity" (Joe McPhee) - 5:39 "After the Rain" (John Coltrane) - 10:53 "Sienna " - 6:42 Joe McPhee - alto clarinet, soprano saxophone, valve trombone, electronics Joe Giardullo - C Flute, bass clarinet, soprano saxophone, electronics Joe McPhee discography accessed April 22, 2015 Adler, David R.. Specific Gravity - Review at AllMusic. (wikipedia.org)

**highly**- Specific gravity is highly related to the incidence of breaks and cracks. (ncsu.edu)

**Solutions**- It should be adequate that we use two to three salt solutions to give us an estimation of the specific gravity of a flock's eggs. (ncsu.edu)
- These three solutions will yield four specific gravity groups: Less than 1.070, 1.070-1.075, 1.075-1.080, and greater than 1.080. (ncsu.edu)

**data**- size and calculating porosity (Section 14) from the specific gravity data. (astm.org)

**Author**- Author Topic: 'BeerBug' Wireless Specific Gravity - applicability? (homebrewersassociation.org)

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