Loading...
  • vectors
  • More than 20 Leishmania species have about 70 natural reservoir hosts and vectors including animals, such as dogs or rodents, and human bodies, and are transmitted by more than 90 sand fly species. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Human-induced climate changes, meanwhile, are shifting the distributions of both disease vectors and vulnerable hosts. (nwf.org)
  • Phlebotomus species are also vectors for bartonellosis, verruga peruana, and pappataci fever, an arboviral disease caused by sandfly fever viruses such as the Naples and Sicilian strains of the genus Phlebovirus (family Bunyaviridae), which also includes the closely related Toscana virus. (wikipedia.org)
  • different species
  • Different species of Mansonia and Aedes act as the intermediate hosts. (wikipedia.org)
  • Broad-spectrum anthelmintics such as albendazole, fenbendazole, praziquantel, oxfendazole and niclosamide are all effective against the different species. (wikipedia.org)
  • Thereafter, the family lineage of bison and taurine cattle does not appear to be a straightforward "tree" structure as is often depicted in much evolution, because evidence of interbreeding and crossbreeding is seen between different species and members within this family, even many millions of years after their ancestors separated into different species. (wikipedia.org)
  • larvae
  • Life-cycle is a complete metamorphosis with larvae that are non-parasitic, living in environments such as pools of water, soil, streams. (wikipedia.org)
  • Varroa mites have been found on Tricia larvae of some wasp species, such as Vespula vulgaris, and flower-feeding insects such as the bumblebee, Bombus pennsylvanicus, the scarab beetle, Phanaeus vindex, and the flower-fly, Palpada vinetorum. (wikipedia.org)
  • Wuchereria
  • When a new species (now called Brugia pahangi) was discovered in 1956 from dog and cat, J. J. C. Buckley and J. F. B. Edeson named it Wuchereria pahangi after the village Pahang in Malay, where it was discovered. (wikipedia.org)
  • Another species Wuchereria patei was described by Buckley, with G. S. Nelson and R. B. Heisch, in 1958. (wikipedia.org)
  • The ones that mainly occupy lymph vessels and cause conditions such as adenolyrophangitis, elephantiasis, and filarial fever are: Brugia malayi Brugia timori Wuchereria bancrofti Three other medically important parasitic species are: Loa loa causes Loa loa filariasis also known as Calabar swelling Mansonella streptocerca, which causes streptocerciasis, an itchy condition that creates depigmented skin lesions sometimes mistaken for the first signs of leprosy. (wikipedia.org)
  • symptoms
  • Treatment is easier when the disease is detected early and before neurological symptoms occur. (wikipedia.org)
  • If left untreated, the disease overcomes the host's defenses and can cause more extensive damage, broadening symptoms to include anemia, endocrine, cardiac, and kidney dysfunctions. (wikipedia.org)
  • Stress can trigger symptoms in susceptible animals. (wikipedia.org)
  • Symptoms are generally caused by the species Eimeria zuernii and Eimeria bovis and include loss of appetite, fatigue, dehydration, and watery, sometimes bloody, diarrhoea. (wikipedia.org)
  • birds
  • The destruction of wetlands, for example, has crowded ducks, geese and other waterfowl species into smaller and smaller habitats, spawning epidemics of cholera and botulism that kill tens of thousands of birds at a time. (nwf.org)
  • Eustrongylides species are also found in nesting habitats of birds including areas with a low tree understory. (wikipedia.org)
  • While coccidia can infect a wide variety of animals, including humans, birds, and livestock, they are usually species-specific. (wikipedia.org)
  • some species feed on mammals including man, while others also feed on birds, reptiles and amphibians. (wikipedia.org)
  • Most of Filarioidea parasitise wild species, birds in particular, but some, especially in the family Onchocercidae, attack mammals, including humans and some domestic animals. (wikipedia.org)
  • mammals
  • G. discoides and Watsonius watsoni are responsible for the disease in humans, while most paramphistomes are responsible in livestock animals, and some wild mammals. (wikipedia.org)
  • Amphistomiasis in farm and wild mammals is due to infection of paramphistomes, such as the species of Paramphistomum, Calicophoron, Cotylophoron, Pseudophisthodiscus, etc. (wikipedia.org)
  • husbandry
  • The risks posed to and by nonhuman primates maintained by private individuals fall into four broad categories: inadequate husbandry, physical injury to humans and other domestic animals, disease transmission, and ecosystem concerns. (avma.org)
  • Nonhuman primates are highly intelligent and social animals that present unique husbandry challenges. (avma.org)
  • Animal Production Training in animal husbandry, including the various production systems, genetics, breeding and animal breeding and reproduction, nutrition, housing and economic and environmental aspects of farm animal production. (worldvet.org)
  • Tens of thousands of animals are subjected to surgical husbandry procedures (eg. (edu.au)
  • various species
  • Species such as the New South Wales waratah (Telopea speciosissima), king protea (Protea cynaroides), and various species of Banksia, Grevillea, and Leucadendron are popular cut flowers, while the nuts of Macadamia integrifolia are widely grown commercially and consumed. (wikipedia.org)
  • important
  • African trypanosomiasis, one of the most neglected diseases, consists of a number of important human and animal pathologies caused by parasitic protists of the order Kinetoplastida. (plos.org)
  • Coccidiosis is one of the most important diseases in calves and youngstock both under housing conditions and when grazing. (wikipedia.org)
  • eggs
  • Food Science, Health and Food Technology Training in hygiene, health, inspection and quality control of foodstuffs of animal origin consumed by humans (meat, milk, eggs, fish and fish products), and other fruits and vegetables and mushrooms. (worldvet.org)
  • On rare occasions, eggs can be identified from stools of suspected animals. (wikipedia.org)
  • Methods
  • Laboratory colonies of several Phlebotomus species have been established for experimental study of their biology, behaviour, mutual relations with disease agents, and for testing methods of vector control. (wikipedia.org)
  • risks
  • Furthermore, the AVMA also does not support the use of nonhuman primates as assistance or service animals because of animal welfare concerns, the potential for serious injury, and zoonotic risks. (avma.org)
  • human
  • A panel of experts in both human and animal healthcare called for greater collaboration in combating the increasing threat of animal-transmitted infectious diseases and to more effectively innovate under the umbrella of One Health to prevent and treat chronic diseases that are common to animals and people. (thepoultrysite.com)
  • At the same time, more and more urban dwellers are adopting companion animals, and these pets are more integrated into family life, and live in closer contact with their human masters. (thepoultrysite.com)
  • More than 60 per cent of all infectious diseases that plague mankind are of wild animal origin and 75 per cent of emerging human diseases are zoonotic 1,3 . (thepoultrysite.com)
  • As effective preventative measures are beyond the abilities of any one healthcare organisation, a diverse collection of private and public organisations, researchers, physicians and veterinarians are increasingly collaborating under the umbrella of One Health to protect both human and animal health, as well as to ensure the supply of safe and affordable food 1 . (thepoultrysite.com)
  • There are tools, methodologies and competencies to approach these challenges, but there is a need to invest in sustainable new solutions, and more importantly, to improve cooperation between human and animal health. (thepoultrysite.com)
  • Magda Chlebus, director of Science Policy at the European Federation of Pharmaceutical Industries and Associations (EFPIA) said: "Human, animal and environmental health face many common or related challenges. (thepoultrysite.com)
  • Affirming its commitment to One Health collaborations, Michelle Haven, a veterinarian and senior vice president of Corporate Development, Alliances and Solutions at Zoetis said: "We are enthusiastic about the idea of fostering closer collaboration between human and animal health. (thepoultrysite.com)
  • Other veterinarians work at federal agencies, such as the National Institutes of Health or the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, where they deal with the implications of diseases affecting human health that originate in nonhuman primates. (avma.org)
  • Changes of human habitation to suburban areas, increased use of lands for agricultural purposes, increased hunting activities and consumption of wild boar meat have increased the chances of exposure of wild boars to domestic animals and humans. (royalsocietypublishing.org)
  • West Nile virus is much more a wildlife disease than it is a human disease," says Emi Saito, West Nile surveillance coordinator for the U.S. Geological Survey's National Wildlife Health Center. (nwf.org)
  • Is human interaction with the environment somehow responsible for the increase in incidence of these diseases? (nsf.gov)
  • It supports efforts to understand the underlying ecological and biological mechanisms behind human-induced environmental changes and the emergence and transmission of infectious diseases. (nsf.gov)
  • Threats to human health, food security and ecosystem services are growing, in part due to increases in the spread of diseases,' says Sam Scheiner, NSF EEID program director. (nsf.gov)
  • In the urban slums of Brazil, other grantees will study the influence on human health of leptospirosis--a common disease transmitted to people from animals. (nsf.gov)
  • A normal immune system will suppress the infection but the tissue cysts will persist in that animal or human for years or for life. (wikipedia.org)
  • include
  • The skills include performances animal clinic, medical, surgical and reproductive health, preventive medicine and epidemiology, toxicology and others. (worldvet.org)
  • The skills include actions to optimize animal production and products resulting in their qualitative, quantitative, economic and environmental. (worldvet.org)
  • Species that infect dogs include I. canis, I. ohioensis, I. burrowsi, and I. neorivolta. (wikipedia.org)
  • Species that infect cats include I. felis and I. rivolta. (wikipedia.org)
  • Conditions that result from parasitism by Onchocercidae include some of the most troublesome diseases of the warmer regions, including river blindness and elephantiasis. (wikipedia.org)
  • Trypanosoma
  • Trypanosoma brucei gambiense causes the diseases in west and central Africa, whereas Trypanosoma brucei rhodesiense has a limited geographical range and is responsible for causing the disease in east and southern Africa. (wikipedia.org)