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  • Primates
  • Qualitative and quantitative observations made in nonhuman primates suggest that, in some species, mothers encourage their infants' independent locomotion and that encouragement can be considered a form of instruction. (springer.com)
  • The second suborder, the Haplorhini, comprises the primates of the remaining three taxa, which exhibit predominantly diurnal habits (with the exception of tarsiers and one monkey species), enhanced vision and visual communication, and comparatively more continuous (less seasonal) sexual activity and reproduction. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Frugivory is most widely distributed: Most primates eat some fruit, and species strongly committed to frugivory are found in virtually every family. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Figs (Moraceae, Ficus species) are an often a crucial keystone fruit source for forest primates. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Almost 50% of primates are in danger of becoming extinct, according to the criteria of the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species, one of the reasons being their consumption by humans. (springer.com)
  • This chapter aims at providing an overview of the global use of primates in traditional folk medicines, as well as identifying the species used as remedies associated to folk beliefs. (springer.com)
  • Our results revealed that at least 110 species of primates, belonging to 41 genera and 11 families, are used in traditional folk practices and in magic-religious rituals throughout the world. (springer.com)
  • Of the 110 species of primates recorded in our review, 22 species are classified as Vulnerable, 23 as Endangered, 14 as critically endangered, 7 as Near Threatened, 43 as Least Concern, and 1 classified as data deficient in the most recent IUCN Red List. (springer.com)
  • Jong
  • There are no major threats to this species, although it has been locally displaced by agriculture and tree clearance in some parts of the range (T. Butynski and Y. de Jong pers. (iucnredlist.org)
  • prey
  • The species uses its protractile jaws to suck out prey from the sand or reef, and consumes a variety of fish, crustaceans and molluscs. (wikipedia.org)
  • females
  • The occurrence of different species of inedible butterfly models in various geographic regions has been accompanied by the evolution of correspondingly different mimetic females of this single species of swallowtail. (britannica.com)
  • Ficus
  • Critical food resources for the species are Ficus sycomorus which fruits year round, and Phoenix reclinata which is also a primary food species and fruits when others do not. (wikipedia.org)
  • Endemic
  • The species is the etiological agent of African histoplamosis, and is endemic throughout western and central Africa in addition to Madagascar. (wikipedia.org)
  • exhibit
  • The Bronx Zoo is the only zoo in the U.S. that breeds the Gelada and is one of only two that exhibit the species. (zooborns.com)
  • World
  • č̣əlada ), sometimes called the bleeding-heart monkey or the gelada "baboon" , is a species of Old World monkey found only in the Ethiopian Highlands , with large populations in the Semien Mountains . (wikipedia.org)
  • found
  • Analyses of the newly found specimen at Malapa, and the group of fossil specimens traditionally placed in the fossil species P. angusticeps, suggest that P. angusticeps displays anatomy that is consistent with modern baboon populations. (medindia.net)
  • Papio papio is found in a small portion of western equatorial Africa. (animaldiversity.org)
  • occurs
  • This species occurs in southwestern Tanzania (possibly as far north as the Mahale Mountains National Park), in southern Democratic Republic of the Congo, western Zambia (west of the Luangwa River) and in northern Angola. (iucnredlist.org)
  • range
  • They range in size and weight depending on species. (wikipedia.org)
  • Listed as Least Concern as the species is common, present in several major protected areas, and there are no major range-wide threats believed to be resulting in a significant population decline. (iucnredlist.org)
  • Over a large part of this species' range, it is specific to fire-climax Miombo ( Brachystegia ) woodland. (iucnredlist.org)
  • Each PIN Factsheet covers one or more species, including morphology, ecology, behavior, and conservation with range maps, images, and an extensive glossary of terms to illustrate the text. (wisc.edu)
  • The head-and-body length can range from 50 to 114 cm (20 to 45 in), with a species average of around 85 cm (33 in). (wikipedia.org)
  • The species have an average day-range length of 1.25 km. (wikipedia.org)
  • Generally
  • However, since the 1960s the fungus has been generally accepted as a separate species from H. capsulatum. (wikipedia.org)
  • The species common names generally refer to its appearance with 'golden trevally' (or kingfish), 'banded trevally' and 'king trevally' used. (wikipedia.org)
  • buds
  • A further feature differentiating the yeast forms of H. duboisii and H. capsulatum is the tendency of buds of the former species to remain attached by a narrow isthmus such that the mother and daughter cells resemble an hourglass just prior to cell release. (wikipedia.org)
  • Africa
  • In the Indian Ocean, the species is distributed from South Africa along the east African coastline, including the Red Sea and Persian Gulf. (wikipedia.org)
  • equally
  • A systematic study in northern Australia indicated it to be one of the only species to be approximately equally distributed in both reef and soft-bottom habitats. (wikipedia.org)
  • differences
  • Cells of H. duboisii have a different fatty acid profile than those of H. capsulatum, and these differences have been suggested to relate to differences in cell sizes between the two species. (wikipedia.org)
  • Although the natal pelage of P. papio has not been reported, it can be assumed that infants display some differences from adults. (animaldiversity.org)
  • It has been highlighted as an area where differences within species may be the precursor to speciation. (wikipedia.org)
  • Genus
  • The taxonomy of green monkeys is disputed, but we here follow Groves [ 19 ] and accept the division of the genus into six species. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Family: Orycteropodidae Genus: Orycteropus Aardvark Orycteropus afer LC The hyraxes are any of four species of fairly small, thickset, herbivorous mammals in the order Hyracoidea. (wikipedia.org)
  • Family: Procaviidae (hyraxes) Genus: Dendrohyrax Western tree hyrax Dendrohyrax dorsalis LC The elephants comprise three living species and are the largest living land animals. (wikipedia.org)
  • Family: Chrysochloridae Subfamily: Amblysominae Genus: Amblysomus Hottentot golden mole Amblysomus hottentotus LC Marley's golden mole Amblysomus marleyi EN Highveld golden mole Amblysomus septentrionalis NT The hyraxes are any of four species of fairly small, thickset, herbivorous mammals in the order Hyracoidea. (wikipedia.org)
  • Family: Procaviidae (hyraxes) Genus: Procavia Cape hyrax (or dassie) Procavia capensis LC The elephants comprise three living species and are the largest living land animals. (wikipedia.org)
  • Family: Manidae Genus: Manis Giant pangolin Manis gigantea LR/lc Ground pangolin Manis temminckii LR/nt Long-tailed pangolin Manis tetradactyla LR/lc There are over 260 species of carnivorans, the majority of which feed primarily on meat. (wikipedia.org)
  • Suborder: Feliformia Family: Felidae (cats) Subfamily: Felinae Genus: Felis Wildcat Felis lybica LC Genus: Acinonyx Species: Acinonyx jubatus VU Tanzanian cheetah A. j. raineyi Genus: Leptailurus Serval Leptailurus serval LC Genus: Profelis African golden cat Profelis aurata VU Subfamily: Pantherinae Genus: Panthera Species: Panthera pardus NT African leopard P. p. pardus Family: Viverridae (civets, mongooses, etc. (wikipedia.org)
  • Suborder: Haplorhini Infraorder: Simiiformes Parvorder: Catarrhini Superfamily: Cercopithecoidea Family: Cercopithecidae (Old World monkeys) Genus: Papio Hamadryas baboon Papio hamadryas LR/nt Rodents make up the largest order of mammals, with over 40 percent of mammalian species. (wikipedia.org)
  • Family: Macroscelididae (elephant-shrews) Genus: Elephantulus Short-snouted elephant shrew Elephantulus brachyrhynchus LC Rufous elephant shrew Elephantulus rufescens LC Genus: Petrodromus Four-toed elephant shrew Petrodromus tetradactylus LC Genus: Rhynchocyon Checkered elephant shrew Rhynchocyon cirnei NT Black and rufous elephant shrew Rhynchocyon petersi LC Grey-faced elephant shrew Rhynochocyon udzungwensis (discovered in 2008) The order Tubulidentata consists of a single species, the Aardvark. (wikipedia.org)
  • Family: Procaviidae (hylaxes) Genus: Dendrohyrax Southern tree hyrax Dendrohyrax arboreus LC Genus: Heterohyrax Yellow-spotted rock hyrax Heterohyrax brucei LC Genus: Procavia Cape hyrax Procavia capensis LC The elephants comprise three living species and are the largest living land animals. (wikipedia.org)
  • Family: Macroscelididae (elephant shrews) Genus: Rhynchocyon Checkered elephant shrew Rhynchocyon cirnei NT The hyraxes are any of four species of fairly small, thickset, herbivorous mammals in the order Hyracoidea. (wikipedia.org)
  • Family: Procaviidae (hyraxes) Genus: Procavia Cape hyrax Procavia capensis LC The elephants comprise three living species and are the largest living land animals. (wikipedia.org)
  • Suborder: Haplorhini Infraorder: Simiiformes Parvorder: Catarrhini Superfamily: Cercopithecoidea Family: Cercopithecidae (Old World monkeys) Genus: Erythrocebus Patas monkey Erythrocebus patas LR/lc Genus: Chlorocebus Green monkey Chlorocebus sabaeus LR/lc Genus: Papio Olive baboon Papio anubis LR/lc Guinea baboon Papio papio LR/nt Rodents make up the largest order of mammals, with over 40 percent of mammalian species. (wikipedia.org)
  • Family: Tenrecidae (tenrecs) Subfamily: Potamogalinae Genus: Potamogale Giant otter shrew Potamogale velox LC Family: Chrysochloridae Subfamily: Chrysochlorinae Genus: Chrysochloris Stuhlmann's golden mole Chrysochloris stuhlmanni LC Subfamily: Amblysominae Genus: Calcochloris Congo golden mole Calcochloris leucorhinus DD The order Tubulidentata consists of a single species, the aardvark. (wikipedia.org)
  • mammals
  • An assessment in 2008 listed the following species though stating that their status is uncertain: Mammals African elephant (Loxodonta africana) - A common sighting and attraction during the 1980s, elephants were probably nearly extirpated in the 1990s. (wikipedia.org)
  • Species assessed using this system have the following instead of near threatened and least concern categories: The order Afrosoricida contains the golden moles of southern Africa and the tenrecs of Madagascar and Africa, two families of small mammals that were traditionally part of the order Insectivora. (wikipedia.org)
  • Bat species account for about 20% of all mammals. (wikipedia.org)
  • Species assessed using this system have the following instead of near threatened and least concern categories: The hyraxes are any of four species of fairly small, thickset, herbivorous mammals in the order Hyracoidea. (wikipedia.org)
  • Whilst we do not tend to associate bats as a "typical mammal", bat species account for over 20% of all mammals species. (wikipedia.org)
  • Compared with most other mammals, they take a long time to reach sexual maturity, with four to six years being typical of most species. (wikipedia.org)
  • IUCN
  • The following tags are used to highlight each species' conservation status as assessed by the IUCN: Some species were assessed using an earlier set of criteria. (wikipedia.org)
  • According to the IUCN/SSC Primate Specialist Group there are currently 216 species (111 in the mainland while the 105 are found in Madagascar). (wikipedia.org)
  • The taxonomy and naming of the individual species is based on those used in existing Wikipedia articles as of 21 May 2007 and supplemented by the common names and taxonomy from the IUCN, Smithsonian Institution, or University of Michigan where no Wikipedia article was available. (wikipedia.org)
  • Gene
  • A single tRNA(Met) gene gives rise to both an initiator and an elongator species via an unknown mechanism (By similarity). (uniprot.org)
  • mandrill
  • The smallest is the talapoin, with a head and body 34-37 cm in length, and weighing between 0.7 and 1.3 kilograms, while the largest is the male mandrill (the females of the species being significantly smaller), at around 70 cm in length, and weighing up to 50 kilograms. (wikipedia.org)
  • snowy
  • In the part of the zoo called "The Nordics" (Danish: Norden), visitors can see species such as harbour seals, snowy owls, reindeer, musk oxen, brown bears, arctic foxes and grey wolves. (wikipedia.org)
  • humans
  • We report the application of a common methodology, the Facial Action Coding System (FACS) to examine facial movement across two species of hominoids, namely humans and chimpanzees. (springer.com)
  • There are about 220 artiodactyl species, including many that are of great economic importance to humans. (wikipedia.org)
  • niche
  • Mammalian dentition is complex and variable, adapting to the dietary, environmental, and social demands of a species' niche. (beds.ac.uk)
  • small
  • Arboreal species are slim, delicate, and have a long tail, while terrestrial species are stockier and their tails can be small or completely nonexistent. (readtiger.com)
  • male
  • These studies have demonstrated several bird species respond more aggressively to played back songs of strangers than to songs of neighbours including the alder flycatcher (Empidonax alnorum), male blue grouse, European robin (Erithacus rubecula), and male banded wren (Thryothorus pleurostictus). (wikipedia.org)
  • In many species, only a single adult male lives with each group, driving off all rivals, but others are more tolerant, establishing hierarchical relationships between dominant and subordinate males. (wikipedia.org)
  • Specifically, of the 23 species which are both non-seasonal breeders and live in multi-male societies, 91% have sexual swellings. (wikipedia.org)
  • African
  • The species inhabits a strip of 25 equatorial African countries, very nearly ranging from the east to west coasts of the continent. (wikipedia.org)
  • African buffalo (Synceros caffer brachyceros) Hippopotamus (Hippopotamus amphibius) Warthog (Phacochoerus africanus africanus) - The presence of this species was confirmed by an aerial survey in 2003. (wikipedia.org)
  • vulnerable
  • Species with a restricted geographic distribution, and highly specialized habitat and dietary requirements, are particularly vulnerable to extinction. (biomedcentral.com)
  • model
  • Of the species sampled, 56 % had centroids that fell within regions of molar proportion morphospace consistent with the dic model. (beds.ac.uk)
  • food
  • Group sizes are highly variable, even within species, depending on the availability of food and other resources. (wikipedia.org)
  • highlight
  • We demonstrate that FACS can be applied to other species, but highlight that any modifications must be based on both underlying anatomy and detailed observational analysis of movements. (springer.com)
  • different
  • The various species are adapted to the different terrains they inhabit. (readtiger.com)
  • In the early years the zoo focused on showing as many different types of animals as possible, but as animal welfare later became an issue, the number of different species has dropped in favour of more space to each animal. (wikipedia.org)
  • presence
  • New York: Oxford University Press] insightful observations on the presence and significance of cross-species continuities and species-unique phenomena. (springer.com)
  • Red-flanked duiker (Cephalophus rufilatus) Common duiker (Sylvicapra grimmia coronata) - The presence of this species was confirmed by an aerial survey in 2003. (wikipedia.org)
  • long
  • Pangolins are anteaters and have the powerful claws, elongated snout and long tongue seen in the other unrelated anteater species. (wikipedia.org)
  • open
  • This is an open field with a visitor bridge above containing species such as white rhinoceroses, giraffes, impalas, sable antelopes, ostriches and plains zebras. (wikipedia.org)