• isolates
  • Regular benzimidazole fungicide applications can control this pathogen, but certain D. bryoniae isolates have been found to be resistant to benzimidazole fungicides in greenhouse settings and in the field . (wikipedia.org)
  • Molecular tools such as Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR), PCR-enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and magnetic-capture hybridization multiplex real-time PCR are used to diagnose D. bryoniae in the early stages disease development, although these molecular tools may only be useful for specific isolates of D. bryoniae [8,9, (wikipedia.org)
  • nov., a new species identified in isolates from the Rosaceous raspberry, rose and strawberry in three continents. (springer.com)
  • white
  • The description above would then apply to both species combined, with M. officinarum having greenish-white rather than violet petals, up to 25 mm (1 in) long rather than usually 30-40 mm (1.2-1.6 in) or longer, and a berry that is globose rather than ellipsoid. (wikipedia.org)
  • Phylogenetic analysis showed that Bi is the ortholog of cucurbitadienol synthase gene CPQ in squash (Cucurbita pepo) The cucurbitacins include: Cucurbitacin A found in some species of Cucumis Pentanorcucurbitacin A, or 22-hydroxy-23,24,25,26,27-pentanorcucurbit-5-en-3-one C 25H 40O 2, white powder Cucurbitacin B from Hemsleya endecaphylla (62 mg/72 g) and other plants (e.g. (wikipedia.org)
  • stems
  • Stems may be infected by D. bryoniae ascospores through stem wounds or by the extension of leaf lesions . (wikipedia.org)
  • It has evolved independently in several plant families, using many different climbing methods such as: twining their stems around a support (e.g., morning glories, Ipomoea species). (wikipedia.org)
  • Butterflies
  • By rearing this species from the egg it has been ascertained that part (sometimes the smaller) of a brood from eggs laid in June attains the butterfly stage the same year, and the other part remains in the chrysalis until the following spring, the butterflies in each set being of the form proper to the time of emergence. (wikipedia.org)
  • deliberately
  • Exotic species have been deliberately or accidentally introduced to areas outside of their native geographic range and are able to reproduce and maintain sustainable populations in these areas. (wikipedia.org)
  • plant
  • There are no commercially acceptable resistant cucumbers, melons or watermelons available yet on the market, but some plant breeders have identified D. bryoniae resistant genes, such as the gene db in watermelon [2, (wikipedia.org)
  • exotic
  • By the end of the 19th century seed trade catalogs were prolific and often listed dozens of exotic species that were already naturalized in the U.S. or new introductions from foreign suppliers. (naver.com)
  • seeds
  • Didymella bryoniae survives on deceased vines, crop debris and on seeds in between seasons and D. bryoniae can survive for 5 months on the soil surface in winter [2,6, (wikipedia.org)
  • The standard management practice for D. bryoniae is to use pesticide treated/pathogen-free seeds and to rotate crops on a 2 year cycle to reduce inoculum prevalence . (wikipedia.org)
  • FAUNA
  • As well as details of encounters with England's flora and fauna, information on where to see species of interest is often given. (blogspot.com)
  • native
  • Some of these species are exotics (not native to Montana) and some species have been designated as Species of Concern. (wikipedia.org)
  • Species of Concern are native taxa that are at-risk due to declining population trends, threats to their habitats, restricted distribution, and/or other factors. (wikipedia.org)
  • Females will lay eggs on it, mistaking this non-native species for a compatible native mustard, resulting in the death of the offspring. (wikipedia.org)
  • Flowers
  • The size and shape of the fruit and the colour and time of appearance of the flowers have been used to distinguish possible species. (wikipedia.org)
  • Many species of the Fabaceae or Leguminosae have flowers that show nearly no UV-reflexion and appear therefore black in UV images. (blogspot.de)
  • varieties
  • Many of the edible members of the family have been cultivated for so long-often since prehistoric times-that a single species may include several quite different varieties. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • However, the formae speciales , strains, varieties or biotypes within a morphologic species have to be identified using other characteristics such as pathogenicity, biochemical and immunological properties or nucleotide sequences of the genomic DNA. (springer.com)
  • leaves
  • Clematis species) using tendrils, which can be specialized shoots (Vitaceae), leaves (Bignoniaceae), or even inflorescences (Passiflora) using tendrils which also produce adhesive pads at the end that attach themselves quite strongly to the support (Parthenocissus) using thorns (e.g. climbing rose) or other hooked structures, such as hooked branches (e.g. (wikipedia.org)
  • main
  • Using allozyme analysis, genetic variation of nine natural populations of A. contorta (247 accessions), which represented the main part of the species range in Russia, was examined. (deepdyve.com)
  • For most of the species the main flowering season is over. (blogspot.de)
  • certain
  • Certain cucurbits species are resistant to D. bryoniae but become vulnerable once they mature . (wikipedia.org)
  • Evidently, clonal growth and (or) apomixis enables the species to maintain certain level of heterozygosity despite of small population sizes and non-regular gene exchange. (deepdyve.com)
  • scientific names
  • Obsolete scientific names for this species are: Tortrix rugosana Hübner, Commophila rugosana (Hübner, ) Phalaena v-albana Donovan, 1806 Phalonia albana Kennel, 1913 See references in Savela (2003) Grabe (1942), and see references in Savela (2003) Grabe (1942), Baixeras et al. (wikipedia.org)
  • Europe
  • A circumboreal species widespread across Europe and Asia, including the Indian subcontinent, Japan, the Maghreb and North America. (wikipedia.org)
  • rare
  • Genetic diversity of a rare species Aristolochia contorta Bunge (Aristolochiaceae) in Primorsky Krai Nakonechnaya, O. (deepdyve.com)
  • alien
  • The largely unrecognized proliferation of this industry in the 19th century and the ready access that consumers had to these species via mail order contributed to the rapid and extensive dissemination of at least 139 alien species throughout the United States. (naver.com)
  • helps
  • Rather, these designations provide information that helps resource managers make proactive decisions regarding species conservation and data collection priorities. (wikipedia.org)
  • order
  • D. bryoniae produces ascospores (meiotic spores) in perithecia and conidia (mitotic spores) in pycnidia and both of these spores are dispersed by rain/rain-splash and UV light is needed in order for the fungus to sporulate . (wikipedia.org)