• sensitizers
  • Density functional theory (DFT) and time-dependent DFT (TD-DFT) calculations suggest that the higher J sc values of Zn-based porphyrin sensitizers result from the favorable electron injection from the LUMO at higher energy levels. (mdpi.com)
  • cell
  • This Minireview highlights the current state of the art and future directions of solid-state dye-sensitized solar cell technology. (wiley.com)
  • Each Activity prepares students for the Design Project, in which they are challenged to create the most efficient dye-sensitized solar cell, using vegetable and/or fruit dyes, that is capable of powering an electronic device. (materialsworldmodules.org)
  • Developing and optimizing every piece of the full solar cell setup demonstrated in the study took the researchers about two years. (wisc.edu)
  • order
  • Second, the valence band edge energy level of the photocatalyst (n-type semiconductor) should be lower than the H 2 O/O 2 level, and the Fermi level should be higher than the H 2 /H 2 O level in order to obtain direct water splitting under sunlight. (sigmaaldrich.com)