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  • pathogens
  • The mission of the Soil Microbiology and Root Diseases Committee is to provide a forum where practitioners and researchers, including faculty, graduate students, and postdoctoral associates, from academia, government, and industry, can discuss contemporary issues in soil microbiology, root pathology and health, and recent advances and challenges in the management of soilborne plant pathogens and the diseases they cause. (apsnet.org)
  • The Soil Microbiology and Root Diseases Committee will promote dialog among its members about contemporary issues in soil microbiology and root pathology and health, emerging diseases, and recent advances and challenges in the management of soilborne pathogens and the diseases they cause. (apsnet.org)
  • This micro-community, or soil food web, transfers nutrients through the soil, makes other nutrients into forms plants can use, and helps protect crops from soil-born pathogens. (rodaleinstitute.org)
  • microbial communities
  • Soil biochemical properties and microbial communities are usually considered as important indicators of soil health because of their association with plant nutrition. (frontiersin.org)
  • In this study, we investigated the impact of long-term application of bioorganic fertilizer (BOF) on soil biochemical properties and microbial communities in the apple orchard soil of the Loess Plateau. (frontiersin.org)
  • In the video I explain how we extracted DNA from the sand of the Kalahari in Botswana, which we then used to identify the microbial communities that glue the desert surface together into a 'biological soil crust' (biocrust). (drelliott.net)
  • 2012. Phylogenetic clustering of soil microbial communities in 16S rRNA but not 16S rRNA genes. (wikipedia.org)
  • organic
  • the pedo-microbiological parameters were found to be more sensitive (comparing to the soil organic matter content) and, consequently, could be used for tracing and assessing the ecological changes in soil on relatively early stage. (asm.md)
  • We are recruiting a Ph.D. student (UW-Madison) to work on a DOE-funded multi-institutional project investigating the role of microbes in post-fire soil organic matter (SOM) dynamics. (wisc.edu)
  • The increase in apple yield after the application of BOF might be due to increase in organic matter, total nitrogen and catalase and invertase activities of soil and change in the bacterial community composition by enriching Bacillus, Pseudomonas, Lysobacter , and Ohtaekwangia . (frontiersin.org)
  • IMOs can reduce initial yield losses when transitioning from conventional to organic farming, by accelerating soil recovery. (wikipedia.org)
  • Schatz opposed the fluoridation of drinking water based on the biochemical impact of fluoride on tissue, argued for a "proteolysis-chelation theory" of tooth decay that emphasized biochemical reactions of organic matter over the demineralization theory and proposed a novel theory for the cause of the extinction of the dinosaurs related to the evolution of plants and microbiology. (wikipedia.org)
  • ecosystem
  • There are also lots of other known ecosystem effects of biocrusts - such as soil stabilisation and affecting water infiltration and retention. (drelliott.net)
  • Ecosystem regulators are responsible for soil structure formation and modification of habitats for other organisms by regulating the dynamics of physiological processes in the soil environment. (frontiersin.org)
  • plants
  • Dr. Elaine stresses the importance of this life on the health of our plants and agricultural system, how using compost to increase the number of beneficial organisms living within your soil can make a huge difference to your soil quality, and the power of a microscope to bring all these ideas together, right in front of our eyes. (ozturners.com.au)
  • These wonderful networks of the soil food web help to hold and transfer nutrients directly to plants through symbiotic relationships. (rodaleinstitute.org)
  • They are aerobic, free-living soil microbes which play an important role in the nitrogen cycle in nature, binding atmospheric nitrogen, which is inaccessible to plants, and releasing it in the form of ammonium ions into the soil (nitrogen fixation). (wikipedia.org)
  • Azotobacter species are Gram-negative bacteria found in neutral and alkaline soils, in water, and in association with some plants. (wikipedia.org)
  • Periodically ground layer plants including weeds may be cut and left on the surface, returning their nutrients to the soil, while suppressing weed growth. (wikipedia.org)
  • As plants decay,"detrital" nitrogen and phosphorus is returned to the soil. (wikipedia.org)
  • microbiological
  • NEW) A program that focuses on application of microbiological theory and methods to the study of the organismic properties of soils, soil-plant and soil-animal interactions, and the biological components and effects of soil management strategies. (careers.org)
  • The research results in recent years have shown an essential microbiological degradation of soils exposed to convenctional agricultural technologies. (asm.md)
  • Quality and quantity pedo-microbiological criteria were suggested for estimation, monitoring and prediction of arable soil quality. (asm.md)
  • Habitats
  • C. elegans were previously considered a soil-living nematode, but in the last 10 years it was shown that natural habitats of C. elegans are microbe-rich, such as compost heaps, rotten plant material, and rotten fruits. (wikipedia.org)
  • nutrients
  • The very structure and health of your land is directly influenced by this complex set of biological and chemical interactions which decompose, retain, and recycle nutrients within the soil. (rodaleinstitute.org)
  • This keeps the bacteria communities healthy and growing by preventing overpopulation and overuse of nutrients which would be detrimental to everyone in the soil community. (rodaleinstitute.org)
  • Soil fungus and bacteria absorb these nutrients. (wikipedia.org)
  • molecular
  • Department of Veterinary Microbiology immunologist, pathogenesist, virologist, molecular virology, and vaccinologist FREDEEN: Howard Fredeen is a Canadian animal breeding researcher. (wikipedia.org)
  • biological
  • Includes instruction in microbiology and related biological sciences, applicable animal and plant sciences, soil chemistry and physics as related to biological characteristics, and environmental science. (careers.org)
  • All soils can be described using physical, chemical, and biological properties, but adaptation to environmental changes, driven by the processes of natural selection, are unique to the latter one. (frontiersin.org)
  • carbon
  • This makes the biocrust itself much like a plant - it removes carbon dioxide from the air and helps to make the soil more fertile. (drelliott.net)
  • agricultural
  • Carolyn Odori Achieng Senior Technologist, Department of Land Resource Management and Agricultural Technology (LARMAT) College of Agriculture and Veterinary Sciences, University of Nairobi, Kenya.She is a specialist in Microbiology techniques. (ac.ke)
  • Maintaining soil sustainability is one of the most vital requirements for crop production in agricultural systems. (frontiersin.org)
  • processes
  • The presence of mucilage in seeds affects important ecological processes in some plant species, such as tolerance of water stress, competition via allelopathy, or facilitation of germination through attachment to soil particles. (wikipedia.org)
  • health
  • Generally, when speaking of soil health, dark is always good. (rodaleinstitute.org)
  • A result is improvement in soil health, improving loaminess, tilth and structure, and attracting large numbers of earthworms. (wikipedia.org)
  • fauna
  • Her theory is that "Conventional" agriculture is all about trying to get people to buy inorganic fertilizers, pesticides and minerals that inadvertently kill of the beneficial life (both flora and fauna) in the soil, so they are never able to do the jobs that nature intended them to do. (ozturners.com.au)
  • Predator-prey relationships between microarthropods and other soil fauna are necessary to foster a complete food chain within, and beyond, the soil. (rodaleinstitute.org)
  • Doctoral
  • The department launched a Bachelors and Master's degree programme in Soil Science and thereafter a Doctoral programme. (ac.ke)