• depletion
  • Group 1: Sequential nephron blockade (SNB Group) n = 40 Group 2: Dual blockade of the RAAS plus bisoprolol (DBB Group) n = 40 Intervention: SNB consists in a progressive increase in sodium depletion. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Nevertheless, they can be associated with low sodium levels, volume depletion, and low blood pressure, among other adverse effects. (wikipedia.org)
  • Furosemide
  • To compare the performance of the two currently employed urinary acidifications tests in stone formers, the furosemide/fludrocortisone and ammonium chloride loading test. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Furosemide-Fludrocortisone-Test and Ammonium chloride-Loading Test will be performed in renal stone patients. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Non responders will be treated with 400 mg/day of potassium canrenoate and furosemide at an initial dose of 50 mg/day, then increased up to 150 mg/day. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Group B will receive at first 200 mg/day of potassium canrenoate and 50 mg/day of furosemide, then increased up to 400 mg/day and 150 mg/day, respectively. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • NKCC2
  • As urine moves towards the more superficial portion of the thick ascending limb, NKCC2 is the major transport protein by which sodium is reabsorbed from the urine. (wikipedia.org)
  • antiporters
  • In the roots of plants, the H+/K+ symporters are only one member of a group of several symporters/antiporters that specifically allow only one charged hydrogen ion (more commonly known as a proton) and one charged K+ ion. (wikipedia.org)
  • They enable cotransport (secondary active transport) and include antiporters and symporters. (wikipedia.org)
  • Antiporters and symporters both transport two or more different types of molecules at the same time in a coupled movement. (wikipedia.org)
  • glucose
  • In mammals, glucose is transported through sodium dependent glucose transporters, which use energy in this process. (wikipedia.org)
  • His experience in the areas of glucose-6-phosphate biochemistry, carbon dioxide fixation, hexokinase and phosphate studies led him to hypothesize cotransport of glucose along with sodium through the intestine. (wikipedia.org)
  • levels
  • The two most common types of periodic paralyses are:Hypokalemic periodic paralysis is characterized by a fall in potassium levels in the blood. (malacards.org)
  • Some patients may develop chronic muscle weakness later in life.Hyperkalemic periodic paralysis is characterized by a rise in potassium levels in the blood. (malacards.org)
  • Abnormal heart rhythms and a prolonged QT interval can be detected on electrocardiogram and cases of sudden cardiac death have been reported due to low potassium levels. (wikipedia.org)
  • Sodium and potassium levels are controlled by secreting K+ and absorbing Na+. (wikipedia.org)
  • blood
  • Sodium goes on to be reabsorbed into the blood, where it contributes to the maintenance of blood pressure. (wikipedia.org)