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  • 1963
  • Sodium (1963-1983) was an Irish-bred, British-trained Thoroughbred racehorse and sire best known for winning the classic St Leger Stakes in 1966. (wikipedia.org)
  • situ
  • The standard redox potential of sodium persulfate into hydrogen sulfate is 2.1 V, which is higher than that of hydrogen peroxide (1.8 V) but lower than ozone (2.2 V). The sulfate radical formed in situ has a standard electrode potential of 2.7 V. It is mainly used as a radical initiator for emulsion polymerization reactions for styrene based polymers such as Acrylonitrile butadiene styrene. (wikipedia.org)
  • Novel activation technologies for sodium persulfate in situ chemical oxidation. (wikipedia.org)
  • alkali
  • Sodium is an alkali metal, being in group 1 of the periodic table, because it has a single electron in its outer shell that it readily donates, creating a positively charged ion-the Na+ cation. (wikipedia.org)
  • The melting (98 °C) and boiling (883 °C) points of sodium are lower than those of lithium but higher than those of the heavier alkali metals potassium, rubidium, and caesium, following periodic trends down the group. (wikipedia.org)
  • The preparation of this salt involves oxidizing a mixture of Bi2O3 and Na2O with air (as the source of O2): Na2O + O2 + Bi2O3 → 2 NaBiO3 The procedure is analogous to the preparation oxidation of manganese dioxide in alkali to give sodium manganate. (wikipedia.org)
  • In geochemical analysis, sodium cobaltinitrite is used to distinguish alkali feldspars from plagioclase feldspars in thin section. (wikipedia.org)
  • ions
  • Sodium ions are the major cation in the extracellular fluid (ECF) and as such are the major contributor to the ECF osmotic pressure and ECF compartment volume. (wikipedia.org)
  • Synthesis
  • The mechanism of sodium stibogluconate is poorly understood, but is thought to stem from the inhibition of macromolecular synthesis via a reduction in available ATP and GTP, likely secondary to inhibition of the citric acid cycle and glycolysis. (wikipedia.org)
  • salt
  • Sodium is the sixth most abundant element in the Earth's crust, and exists in numerous minerals such as feldspars, sodalite and rock salt (NaCl). (wikipedia.org)
  • Sodium lignosulfonate (lignosulfonic acid, sodium salt) is used in the food industry as a de-foaming agent for paper production and in adhesives for items that come in contact with food. (wikipedia.org)
  • In this process, the phosphide reagent is generated from sodium metal and white phosphorus, whereupon it immediately reacts with the indium salt: Na3P + InCl3 → InP + 3NaCl Sodium phosphide is also employed commercially as a catalyst in conjunction with zinc phosphide and aluminium phosphide for polymer production. (wikipedia.org)
  • Chemically, it is the sodium salt of erythorbic acid. (wikipedia.org)
  • It is the sodium salt of butyric acid. (wikipedia.org)
  • Sodium chloroacetate is the sodium salt of chloroacetic acid. (wikipedia.org)
  • It is the sodium salt of peroxydisulfuric acid, H2S2O8, an oxidizing agent. (wikipedia.org)
  • acid
  • Protonation of sodium thiocyanate affords isothiocyanic acid, S=C=NH (pKa = −1.28). (wikipedia.org)
  • The use of erythorbic acid and sodium erythorbate as a food preservative has increased greatly since the U.S. Food and Drug Administration banned the use of sulfites as preservatives in foods intended to be eaten fresh (such as ingredients for fresh salads) and as food processors have responded to the fact that some people are allergic to sulfites. (wikipedia.org)
  • dose
  • The dose of sodium stibogluconate is by slow intravenous infusion (at least five minutes with cardiac monitoring). (wikipedia.org)
  • reacts
  • White phosphorus is reduced by sodium-potassium alloy: P4 + 12 Na → 4 Na3P Phosphorus reacts with sodium in an autoclave at 150 °C for 5 hours to produce Na3P. (wikipedia.org)
  • chemical
  • Sodium is a chemical element with symbol Na (from Latin natrium) and atomic number 11. (wikipedia.org)
  • The chemical structure of sodium stibogluconate is somewhat ambiguous, and the structure shown above is idealized. (wikipedia.org)
  • oxygen
  • Development of an active thermoplastic film with oxygen scavengers made of activated carbon and sodium erythorbate. (wikipedia.org)
  • elemental
  • Due to having low atomic mass and large atomic radius, sodium is third-least dense of all elemental metals and is one of only three metals that can float on water, the other two being lithium and potassium. (wikipedia.org)
  • formula
  • It is usually obtained as the pentahydrate, so the material that is usually called sodium hypobromite has the formula NaOBr.5H2O. (wikipedia.org)
  • water
  • Loss of water from the ECF compartment increases the sodium concentration, a condition called hypernatremia. (wikipedia.org)
  • Isotonic loss of water and sodium from the ECF compartment decreases the size of that compartment in a condition called ECF hypovolemia. (wikipedia.org)
  • solution
  • Treatment of isopropyl bromide with sodium thiocyanate in a hot ethanolic solution affords isopropyl thiocyanate. (wikipedia.org)
  • A 10% solution, made from commercial grade sodium erythorbate, may have a pH of 7.2 to 7.9. (wikipedia.org)
  • common
  • Nevertheless, the most common source of sodium butyrate in the gut is from consumption of legumes, which along with fiber have been associated with delayed aging and healthspan. (wikipedia.org)
  • the most common form is sodium selenite for pet foods. (wikipedia.org)
  • metallic
  • Sodium metal can be easily cut with a knife and is a good conductor of electricity and heat because it has only one electron in its valence shell, resulting in weak metallic bonding and free electrons, which carry energy. (wikipedia.org)
  • sold
  • At the end of his racing career, Sodium, was sold for approximately £100,000 and was exported to stand as a breeding stallion in France. (wikipedia.org)
  • Sodium stibogluconate, sold under the brand name Pentostam among others, is a medication used to treat leishmaniasis. (wikipedia.org)
  • Enoxaparin sodium, sold under the brand name Lovenox among others, is an anticoagulant medication (blood thinner). (wikipedia.org)
  • form
  • Sodium finished fourth behind Charlottown in The Derby but reversed the form to win both the Irish Derby and St Leger. (wikipedia.org)
  • highly
  • Sodium prepared for a run in the St Leger Stakes by running in a highly anticipated race for the thirteen furlong Oxfordshire Stakes at Newbury Racecourse on 13 August. (wikipedia.org)
  • essential element
  • Sodium is an essential element for all animals and some plants. (wikipedia.org)
  • Because selenium is an essential element, sodium selenite is an ingredient in dietary supplements such as multi-vitamin/mineral products, but supplements that provide only selenium use L-selenomethionine or a selenium-enriched yeast. (wikipedia.org)
  • white
  • On his first appearance as a three-year-old, Sodium was moved up in distance and finished third to Right Noble in the White Rose Stakes over one and a half miles at Ascot in April. (wikipedia.org)
  • strong
  • Charlottown took the lead in the straight, but Sodium produced a strong late run to catch his rival in the final strides to win by a head. (wikipedia.org)
  • average
  • In their book A Century of Champions, John Randall and Tony Morris rated Sodium an "average" St Leger winner. (wikipedia.org)
  • cell
  • comparing ion concentrations across the cell membrane, inside to outside, potassium measures about 40:1, and sodium, about 1:10. (wikipedia.org)
  • five
  • In the Derby at Epsom Downs Racecourse Sodium was expected to run well by his trainer and started at odds of 13/1 in a field of twenty-five runners. (wikipedia.org)
  • food
  • Sodium erythorbate (C6H7NaO6) is a food additive used predominantly in meats, poultry, and soft drinks. (wikipedia.org)