• Calcium
  • It is also essential for the proper use of electrolytic minerals-calcium, magnesium, potassium, and sodium-and ensures proper muscle function. (hammernutrition.com)
  • Depolarization of the cell dislodges and repels the Mg2+ and Zn2+ ions from the pore, thus allowing a voltage-dependent flow of sodium (Na+) and small amounts of calcium (Ca2+) ions into the cell and potassium (K+) out of the cell. (wikipedia.org)
  • blend
  • elevATP™ - A proprietary, clinically-researched blend of plant-derived trace minerals and polyphenol-rich apple extracts, elevATP™ works with the body's natural energy-producing mechanisms to stimulate production of adenosine triphosphate (ATP), the energy currency of the body. (hammernutrition.com)
  • ions
  • As LeuT is a symporter and uses the electrochemical potential of sodium ions to facilitate leucine's transport, both sodium ions and the hydrophobic amino acid, Leucine (Leu), bind to the centre of this protein. (wikipedia.org)
  • Bacterial Leucine Transporter imports leucine from the outside of the cell to the inside with the aid of two sodium ions. (wikipedia.org)
  • The transport is powered by the gradient of sodium ions, which generates a difference of electric potential between the inner and extracellular space. (wikipedia.org)
  • LeuT acts as a symporter, an integral membrane protein that works as a cotransporter linking the passage of two sodium ions across the membrane with the transport of the amino acid in the same direction thus making the process energetically favorable. (wikipedia.org)
  • It opens toward the extracellular space so that leucine and sodium ions can enter and bind to it. (wikipedia.org)
  • muscles
  • Astonishingly, the increased work comes without an accompanying increase in blood-lactate, meaning your muscles actually become more energetically efficient. (anabolicminds.com)
  • strands
  • They are built of four short strands of antiparallel beta-sheets, and contain three disulfide bridges. (wikipedia.org)
  • This transporter's secondary structure consists of twelve alpha helices and two short beta strands. (wikipedia.org)
  • effects
  • Anthopleurins can affect cardiac myocytes by binding to the cardiac isoform of the sodium channel, RT4-B. Anthopleurins slow down inactivation of the sodium channels As a result, they can have positive inotropic effects on the whole heart. (wikipedia.org)
  • antibody
  • Antibody detection works by attaching an indicator to an antibody with a known specificity and observing whether the antibody attaches. (wikipedia.org)
  • scientists
  • New studies provide information that other scientists can reference back to so scientists can have a baseline knowledge of the organism he or she are working with. (wikipedia.org)
  • mechanism
  • Anthopleurin has four isoforms (Anthopleurin-A, -B, -C, and -Q). Their working mechanism is based on binding to sodium channels, which leads to increased excitation especially in cardiac myocytes. (wikipedia.org)
  • His other work in this field includes elucidation of the mechanism of action of corticotropin (ACTH) in regulating steroid hormone synthesis in the adrenal cortex, regulation of adrenal steroidogenic capacity in disease states, and the cloning and elucidation of the structure of ACTH receptor. (wikipedia.org)
  • acts
  • LeuT acts as a symporter, which means that it links the passage of a sodium ion across the cell membrane with the transport of the amino acid in the same direction. (wikipedia.org)
  • effect
  • Pre-treatment with AP-Q has an effect on hepatocytes in CCl4-induced acute liver injury, decreasing the activity of aspartate transaminase (AST) and alanine transaminase (ALT) in the liver. (wikipedia.org)
  • energy
  • This potent beta adrenergic agonist plays an integral role in kick starting the thermogenic pathways to maximize energy and fatty acid release. (anabolicminds.com)
  • Bill Vaughan, a biophysicist at University of California, Berkeley, began working on an energy gel product in 1990. (wikipedia.org)