• ileum
  • The ileum joins to the cecum of the large intestine at the ileocecal junction. (wikipedia.org)
  • We have demonstrated that bile acids at physiological concentrations inhibit the growth of MTB, raising the possibility that the high concentration of bile acids in the gallbladder and proximal intestine may be protective against MTB, while explaining the predilection of MTB for the terminal ileum and caecum, where bile acid concentrations are at their lowest. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • acute
  • acute pandysautonomia is one form of an autonomic neuropathy, which is a collection of various syndromes and diseases which affect the autonomic neurons of the autonomic nervous system (ANS). (wikipedia.org)
  • compression
  • Upper GI fluoroscopy can demonstrate dilatation of the first and second part of the duodenum, extrinsic compression of the third part, and a collapsed small bowel distal to the crossing of the SMA. (healthncare.info)
  • CT and magnetic resonance angiography (CTA/MRA) enable visualization of vascular compression of the duodenum and measurement of aortomesenteric distance normally, the aortomesenteric angle and aortomesenteric distance are 25-60° and 10-28 mm, respectively in SMA syndrome, both parameters are reduced, with values of 6° to 15° and 2 to 8 mm. (healthncare.info)
  • pancreas
  • uncinate process of pancreas - this is a small part of the pancreas that hooks around the SMA. (wikipedia.org)
  • Many of the digestive enzymes that act in the small intestine are secreted by the pancreas and liver and enter the small intestine via the pancreatic duct. (wikipedia.org)
  • Relations:[citation needed] Anterior Gallbladder Quadrate lobe of liver Posterior Bile duct Gastroduodenal artery Portal vein Inferior vena cava Head of pancreas Superior Neck of gallbladder Hepatoduodenal ligament (lesser omentum) Inferior Neck of pancreas Greater omentum Head of pancreas The second part, or descending part, of the duodenum begins at the superior duodenal flexure. (wikipedia.org)
  • The small minority of cancers that arise in the hormone-producing (endocrine) tissue of the pancreas have different clinical characteristics. (wikipedia.org)
  • branch
  • All these veins drain into the superior vena cava, with the exception of the left gastric vein, which is a branch of the portal vein. (wikipedia.org)
  • posterior
  • Figure 117 - Axial image from a computed tomography exam of the abdomen performed with intravenous contrast (above) shows the dilated stomach anteriorly in the abdomen and the dilated duodenum posterior to it on the right side of the abdomen that then tapers in diameter as it reaches the superior mesenteric artery in the midline above the spine. (pediatriceducation.org)
  • Lymphatically, the upper third of the esophagus drains into the deep cervical lymph nodes, the middle into the superior and posterior mediastinal lymph nodes, and the lower esophagus into the gastric and celiac lymph nodes. (wikipedia.org)
  • aortic
  • It can be associated with: carcinoid aortic coarctation antiphospholipid syndrome Internationally: Extremely rare. (wikipedia.org)
  • coronary
  • This patient is a really unfit man of 70 with COAD, asbestosis, a loculated left pleural effusion, scleroderma affecting the small bowel to a mild extent as well as the oesophagus, a triple coronary bypass, and generally not too robust. (for-surgeons.com)
  • This most frequently results from atherosclerosis, which is the long-term accumulation of cholesterol-rich plaques in the coronary arteries. (wikipedia.org)
  • cecum
  • Treatment is possible and these are the steps taken: Resuscitate the patient with fluids to stabilize them before surgically correcting the malrotation (counterclockwise rotation of the bowel), cutting the fibrous bands over the duodenum, widening the mesenteric pedicle by separation of the duodenum and cecum. (wikipedia.org)
  • It is connected to the small intestine by a section of bowel called the cecum. (wikipedia.org)
  • esophagus
  • From the bifurcation of the trachea downwards, the esophagus passes behind the right pulmonary artery, left main bronchus, and left atrium. (wikipedia.org)
  • arterial
  • Stedman's Medical Dictionary Online defines abdominal angina as "intermittent abdominal pain, frequently occurring at a fixed time after eating, caused by inadequacy of the mesenteric circulation resulting from arteriosclerosis or other arterial disease. (wikipedia.org)
  • gastric
  • Delay in the diagnosis of superior mesenteric artery syndrome can result in malnutrition, dehydration, electrolyte abnormalities, gastric pneumatosis and portal venous gas, formation of an obstructing duodenal bezoar, hypovolemia secondary to massive GI hemorrhage, and even death secondary to gastric perforation. (healthncare.info)
  • A gastric tube for drainage was also placed and pain was managed by a small amount of narcotics by family controlled IV administration. (pediatriceducation.org)