• jejunal mucosa
  • The patients remained entirely symptom-free and, more important, the jejunal mucosa was undamaged as judged by appearances under dissecting and light microscopes, quantitative histological studies, and disaccharidase content. (bmj.com)
  • duodenal mucosa
  • Design DNA extracted from duodenal mucosa specimens of controls (n=9), active coeliacs (n=10), coeliacs on a gluten-free diet (n=9), RCD type I (n=8), RCD type II (n=8) and unclassified Marsh I cases (n=3) collected from 2002 to 2013 was examined by TCRβ-complementarity-determining regions 3 (CDR3) multiplex PCR followed by HTS of the amplicons. (bmj.com)
  • morphological
  • Pretreatment with the phospholipase A2 inhibitor, quinacrine, prevented the increases in mucosal phospholipase A2 activity and lysophosphatidylcholine/phosphatidylcholine ratio after ischaemia and morphological examinations revealed that the mucosa was then also protected against ischaemic injury. (bmj.com)
  • tissue sections
  • Immunohistochemical and immunoblot assays of survivin were performed in intestinal tissue sections and total cell lysates respectively, using a rabbit anti-survivin antibody previously tested by us in cancer cells expressing high survivin levels. (aacrjournals.org)
  • findings
  • These findings not only are consistent with down regulation of survivin expression by Apc, but they must also be interpreted in view of the Apc genotype of intestinal Apc Min cells. (aacrjournals.org)
  • inflammation
  • ATIs are part of the plant's natural defense against insects and may cause toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4)-mediated intestinal inflammation in humans. (wikipedia.org)
  • Parasitic worms cause both inflammation and chronic blood loss by binding to a human's small-intestinal mucosa, and through their means of feeding and degradation, they can ultimately cause iron-deficiency anemia. (wikipedia.org)
  • ingestion
  • However, like all essential elements and nutrients, too much or too little nutritional ingestion of copper can result in a corresponding condition of copper excess or deficiency in the body, each of which has its own unique set of adverse health effects. (wikipedia.org)
  • grows
  • Pearly white to gray, circumscribed thickenings of the oral mucosa, which grows in exophytic pattern to produce a visible and palpable nodular, eventually fungating lesions. (brainscape.com)
  • protein
  • The marked up-regulation of survivin expression in Apc Min/− tumor cells may signify that abnormal expression of the anti-apoptotic protein in intestinal cells depends on the loss of both Apc copies, thus allowing Apc null tumor cells to escape from apoptosis which may contribute to cancer induction and progression. (aacrjournals.org)
  • abnormally
  • Smaller blood vessels of the retina are abnormally developed and appear tortuous and dilated to a variable extent, typically in one sector and mainly in the peripheral and temporal portions of the retina. (wikipedia.org)
  • cells
  • Many genes have been shown to be important for the differentiation of intestinal stem cells. (wikipedia.org)
  • When cultured in this format, the cells differentiate to form a polarized epithelial cell monolayer that provides a physical and biochemical barrier to the passage of ions and small molecules. (wikipedia.org)
  • intestines
  • The tract itself is divided into upper and lower tracts, and the intestines small and large parts. (wikipedia.org)
  • A large burden of adult worms in the intestines promotes symptoms such as nausea, heartburn, dyspepsia, and diarrhea from two to seven days after infection, while small worm burdens generally are asymptomatic. (wikipedia.org)
  • important
  • Together these results demonstrate an important role for chemokines in the localization of T lymphocytes to the small-intestinal mucosa and suggest that targeting CCL25 and/or CCR9 may provide a means to selectively modulate small-intestinal immune responses. (lu.se)
  • ratio
  • Two hours of total ischaemia followed by five minutes of revascularisation caused not only accumulation of malondialdehyde in the mucosa, but also increased activity of phospholipase A2, decreased activity of lysophospholipase, and increased ratio between lysophosphatidylcholine and phosphatidylcholine. (bmj.com)
  • found
  • In conclusion, we found that enteral ghrelin influences the gut mucosa remodeling in a dose-related manner in the early postnatal period. (lu.se)
  • Angiomas and numerous abnormal, small, dilated telangiectatic vessels with thickened, sclerotic and calcified walls have been found in those brain areas which also show calcifications. (wikipedia.org)
  • lower
  • A whitish, well-defined mucosal patch or plaque caused by epidermal thickening or hyperkeratosis, commonly seen in the vermillion border of the lower lip, buccal mucosa, hard and soft palates. (brainscape.com)
  • ileum
  • By the fifth week of embryological life, the ileum begins to grow longer at a very fast rate, forming a U-shaped fold called the primary intestinal loop. (wikipedia.org)
  • response
  • The recruitment of antigen-specific T lymphocytes to the intestinal mucosa is central to the development of an effective mucosal immune response, yet the mechanism by which this process occurs remains to be fully defined. (lu.se)
  • article{8be51839-79c0-48e7-a14e-07d3e5520c5c, abstract = {The recruitment of antigen-specific T lymphocytes to the intestinal mucosa is central to the development of an effective mucosal immune response, yet the mechanism by which this process occurs remains to be fully defined. (lu.se)