• substrate
  • The substrate selectivity of human and rat Mrp3 is similar to that of MRP1 and MRP2 with respect to the ability to transport glucuronate and glutathione conjugates, but in contrast to the latter two pumps, monoanionic bile acids are also good substrates of MRP3 (Hirohashi et al. (aspetjournals.org)
  • A group of up to three adult individuals need a vivarium c. 60 x 30 x 30 cm (for 1-3 specimens) in size with a thick layer of peat or similar plant-litter substrate at the ground. (wikipedia.org)
  • mammals
  • Prior to complete degradation, cartap was observed to be degraded through a series of similar oxidative pathways as in mammals with the principle exception being the methylation reaction, as generally occurs in mammals, did not appear to occur in plants. (inchem.org)
  • female
  • The female has similar patterning but is duller, with a brown back, grayish brown head with a white streak behind the eye, buff throat and upper breast streaked brown, and with duller orange underparts. (wikipedia.org)
  • relatively
  • The skull of the immature Russian lapdog from an 1861 specimen (possibly an ancestor of the Bolonka) is approximately the size of a table-tennis ball and shows the relatively short muzzle and high forehead. (wikipedia.org)
  • less
  • Hubbard noted that miniatures sometimes appeared in litters bred from full-sized Pekingese and were exhibited in classes for dogs less than 7 pounds at the major dog shows in Britain. (wikipedia.org)
  • mean
  • Simultaneously, mean litter size would decrease by 22-67% and 44-100%, respectively. (nih.gov)
  • c, d) Expected mean litter size (X, dashed line) and expected mean litter size conditional on producing at least one cub (X*, solid line) as a function of on-shore arrival date under Early and Late Feeding, respectively. (nih.gov)
  • With earlier on-shore arrival, substantial declines in mean litter size (X) are predicted for both feeding scenarios (Fig. 3). (nih.gov)
  • The overall mean (±1 SE ) litter size estimated from live embryos was 7.2 ± 0.4. (usgs.gov)
  • rays
  • It is suspected to have limiting life history parameters similar to other myliobatid rays (including low fecundity). (iucnredlist.org)
  • The very wide shape of the smalleye stingray differs from that of most other members of its family, and may reflect a mode of swimming similar to other rays such as manta rays. (wikipedia.org)
  • Medium
  • Medium size antral follicles expressing great amount of androgen receptors and represent high steroidogenic activity were used in this research. (readbyqxmd.com)
  • Aetomylaeus maculates is a medium-sized (to 78 cm disc width), inshore Indo-West Pacific eagle ray which is highly susceptible to a variety of fishing methods in regions where the level of exploitation of marine resources is extremely high (e.g. (iucnredlist.org)
  • years
  • In practice, however, male suids are unlikely to gain access to sows in the wild until they have reached their full physical size, at around four years of age. (wikipedia.org)
  • mice
  • Consistent with the gene expression profile, myocardial fatty acid oxidation rates were increased and glucose uptake and oxidation decreased in MHC-PPAR mice, a metabolic phenotype strikingly similar to that of the diabetic heart. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • Bile acid excretion, pool size, and fractional turnover rates were similar in Mrp3 -/- and wild-type mice. (aspetjournals.org)
  • methods
  • REU participants will receive an introduction to rodent reproductive anatomy and methods of examining preserved museum specimens for reproductive data, will help to collect the data, and will learn to compile and analyze data for correlations with body size. (fieldmuseum.org)
  • study
  • In this study, we use mechanistic energy budget models and data obtainable under current conditions to predict polar bear litter size under future conditions. (nih.gov)
  • In this study, we used high- and low-litter size boar spermatozoa to develop suitable biomarkers. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • high
  • We determined that l -amino acid oxidase, mitochondrial malate dehydrogenase 2, NAD (MDH2), cytosolic 5′-nucleotidase 1B, lysozyme-like protein 4, and calmodulin (CALM) were significantly and abundantly expressed in high-litter size spermatozoa. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • show
  • Some of the endemic clades which arrived in the Philippines more recently than the "Old Endemics" show intermediate litter sizes of 3-4 offspring. (fieldmuseum.org)
  • Anatomically, lapdogs show distinct differences from their full-sized counterparts. (wikipedia.org)
  • true
  • According to the 1948 publication Dogs In Britain, A Description of All Native Breeds and Most Foreign Breeds in Britain by Clifford LB Hubbard, the Sleeve Pekingese was (in Hubbard's time) a true miniature of the standard-sized Pekingese and was also known as the Miniature Pekingese. (wikipedia.org)
  • Mrs Flander's Mai Mai weighed only a little over 4 pounds and many other breeders had bred true miniatures of a similar size. (wikipedia.org)
  • data
  • More precise data suitable for model validation do not exist, and it is noteworthy in this regard that the predicted litter size changes will be difficult to document if monitoring focuses on X* rather than on X (Fig. 3c,d). (nih.gov)
  • result
  • CONCLUSION--The combinations seemed to result in cardiorespiratory depressant effects of similar importance and most of these effects, which are related to medetomidine, were reversed by atipamezole. (ac.be)
  • greater
  • Late Middle Pleistocene dholes were virtually indistinguishable from their modern descendants, save for their greater size, which closely approached that of the grey wolf. (wikipedia.org)