• regulators
  • Triple loss-of-function mutants affected in protein phosphatases type-2C (PP2Cs) that act as negative regulators of ABA signaling showed impaired root growth in the absence of exogenous ABA, indicating that disturbed regulation of ABA sensitivity impairs root growth. (csic.es)
  • amino
  • p>This subsection of the 'Function' section describes the interaction between a single amino acid and another chemical entity. (uniprot.org)
  • p>This subsection describes interesting single amino acid sites on the sequence that are not defined in any other subsection. (uniprot.org)
  • WRKY transcription factors are denoted by a 60-70 amino acid WRKY protein domain composed of a conserved WRKYGQK motif and a zinc-finger region. (wikipedia.org)
  • Based on the amino acid sequence WRKY transcription factors are classified into three major categories, group I, group II, and group III. (wikipedia.org)
  • The cDNA encodes 372 amino acids for this enzyme. (wikipedia.org)
  • Turns at the N-terminus loops of the beta-strands have been shown to contain three to four amino acid residues and the C-terminus loops range between three and 47 amino acid residues. (wikipedia.org)
  • They can store them in cells, inactivate them, or cannibalise already-formed hormones by conjugating them with carbohydrates, amino acids, or peptides. (wikipedia.org)
  • molecular
  • Moreover, our data highlight the critical role of molecular interactions mediated by tryptophan-385 equivalent residues for clade A PP2C function in vivo and the mechanism of ABA perception and signaling. (cpib.ac.uk)
  • These findings provide clear evidence that the Mg-chelatase-catalyzed Mg-ProtoIX production is distinct from ABA signaling, giving information to understand the mechanism by which the two cellular processes differs at the molecular level. (duhnnae.com)
  • HAB1
  • To gain further understanding on the mechanism of hormone perception, PP2C inhibition, and its implications for ABA signaling, we have performed a structural and functional analysis of the PYR1-ABA-HAB1 complex. (cpib.ac.uk)
  • proteins
  • In conclusion, the roles of CTR1-related proteins appear to have functionally diversified during land-plant evolution, and angiosperm CTR1-related proteins appear to have lost an ancestral ABA signaling function. (plantphysiol.org)
  • Fatty
  • In cold conditions, more unsaturated fatty acids are placed in the membrane and in hot conditions more saturated fatty acids are inserted. (wikipedia.org)
  • genes
  • Moreover, by microarray analysis we found that an ACC oxidase (ACO) was significantly upregulated in the aba2 mutant, whereas the 9-CIS-EPOXYCAROTENOID DIOXYGENASE 3 (NCED3) gene in ein2 was upregulated, and both the ABSCISIC ACID INSENSITIVE1 (ABI1) and cytochrome P450, family 707, subfamily A, polypeptide 2 (CYP707A2) genes in etr1-1 were downregulated. (deepdyve.com)
  • The reception of the signal leads to global changes within the plant, which induce genes that protect from further pathogen intrusion, including enzymes involved in the production of phytoalexins. (wikipedia.org)
  • interactions
  • Structural analyses of receptor-ligand complexes have facilitated the design of ABA analogs such as AS6 that antagonize signaling by disrupting receptor-PP2C interactions. (springer.com)
  • In pathogen interactions, the common short-term response is the hypersensitive response, in which cells surrounding the site of infection are signaled to undergo apoptosis, or programmed cell death, in order to prevent the spread of the pathogen to the rest of the plant. (wikipedia.org)
  • inhibition
  • Mutants affected in BR signaling that are not impaired in root growth, such as bes1-D, bzr1-D and bsu1-D, also showed enhanced sensitivity to ABA-mediated inhibition of root growth. (csic.es)
  • manipulate
  • LANCL2 expression in immune cells, adipose tissue, skeletal muscle and pancreas, and the potential to manipulate LANCL2 signaling and GLUT4 translocation with ABA make this G protein-coupled receptor a novel therapeutic target for glycemic control. (wikipedia.org)
  • aleurone
  • In cereals, the aleurone layer releases organic and phosphoric acids in order to keep the pH of the endosperm between a pH of 3.5 and 4. (wikipedia.org)