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  • Reproductive Health
  • The prevalence of three sexual risk behaviors was assessed using data from the 2008-2009 Jamaican ?Reproductive Health Survey on a subsample of adolescents aged 15-19 who neither were in a union nor had a child. (guttmacher.org)
  • 13 For this study, we used nationally representative data from the 2008-2009 Jamaican Reproductive Health Survey (RHS), which contains detailed information on respondents' sexual partners in the 12 months prior to the survey. (guttmacher.org)
  • 3 Furthermore, the combination of early sexual activity and having an older partner may be associated with poor reproductive health outcomes because of teenagers' undeveloped decision- making and negotiation skills and the potential for power imbalances and sexual exploitation by older partners. (guttmacher.org)
  • The World Health Organization defines reproductive rights as follows: Reproductive rights rest on the recognition of the basic right of all couples and individuals to decide freely and responsibly the number, spacing and timing of their children and to have the information and means to do so, and the right to attain the highest standard of sexual and reproductive health. (wikipedia.org)
  • Reproductive rights are a subset of sexual and reproductive health and rights. (wikipedia.org)
  • It violates the rights of girls, with life-threatening consequences in terms of sexual and reproductive health, and poses high development costs for communities, particularly in perpetuating the cycle of poverty. (wikipedia.org)
  • This approach should include "providing age-appropriate comprehensive sexuality education for all young people, investing in girls' education, preventing child marriage, sexual violence and coercion, building gender-equitable societies by empowering girls and engaging men and boys and ensuring adolescents' access to sexual and reproductive health information as well as services that welcome them and facilitate their choices. (wikipedia.org)
  • CONTEXT
  • saghir), but, according to Avner Giladi, the context seldom makes it clear whether it is exclusively referring to non-mature children, or simply offspring. (wikipedia.org)
  • The term husband refers to the institutionalized role of the married male, while the term father refers to the male in context of his offspring, a state which may or may not indicate that a marriage ceremony has taken place. (wikipedia.org)
  • Husband" further refers to the institutionalized form in relation to the spouse and offspring, unlike father, a term that puts a man into the context of his children. (wikipedia.org)
  • Research also suggests that men with sexually aggressive peers are also much more likely to report coercive or enforced intercourse outside the gang context than men lacking sexually aggressive peers. (wikipedia.org)
  • and whether development is driven by the social context or by innate, genetic mechanisms within each child. (wikia.com)
  • Punishing both parties in an incestous relation cannot even be beneficial for the genes of individuals punishing a somewhat more distant relative for mating with a closer relative, since punishing the closer relative as well is counterproductive to any function of protecting the closer relative and the health of its offspring (in a context where predation and starvation are significant factors, as opposed to a rich welfare state). (wikipedia.org)
  • pregnancy
  • for example, because of an ideology that sees pregnancy as the cumulative result of multiple acts of sexual intercourse. (wikipedia.org)
  • The concept of partible paternity however differs from such a distinction because it considers all men who have had sexual intercourse with a woman immediately prior to and during her pregnancy to have contributed biological material to the child, and to have a corresponding legal or moral responsibility to care for it. (wikipedia.org)
  • Given the radical potential for advanced assistive reproductive options, postgenderists believe that sex for reproductive purposes will either become obsolete, or that all post-gendered humans will have the ability, if they so choose, to both carry a pregnancy to term and 'father' a child, which, postgenderists believe, would have the effect of eliminating the need for definite genders in such a society. (wikipedia.org)
  • Because high levels of sexual activity and pregnancy have been found among Jamaican adolescents, 1-4 health policy?makers and social scientists are interested in identifying factors associated with youth's sexual risk behaviors. (guttmacher.org)
  • Both quantitative and qualitative studies provide useful insight into factors associated with sexual activity and unintended pregnancy among Jamaican youth, but they are usually based on small samples, generally from school-based surveys in limited geographic areas. (guttmacher.org)
  • males
  • Advent of Islam The Quran forbade sexual relations between males and their milk-mothers or milk-sisters. (wikipedia.org)
  • Sex at a young age with an older partner was associated with not living with a biological parent at age 14 and Hispanic ethnicity for females and males, early menarche and religious attendance for females, and black race for males. (guttmacher.org)
  • Among males, sex before age 16 with an older partner was associated with more than twice the odds of fathering a child as a teenager compared with the odds among those who had first sex at age 16-17. (guttmacher.org)
  • In this article, we use data from males and females interviewed in the 2002 National Survey of Family Growth (NSFG) to examine teenagers whose sexual debut occurred at a young age with an older partner. (guttmacher.org)
  • procedure
  • Today, the scientific term "in vitro" is used to refer to any biological procedure that is performed outside the organism in which it would normally have occurred, to distinguish it from an in vivo procedure , where the tissue remains inside the living organism within which it is normally found. (wikipedia.org)
  • psychological
  • Postgenderism is a social, political and cultural movement which arose from the eroding of the cultural, biological, psychological and social role of gender, and an argument for why the erosion of binary gender will be liberatory. (wikipedia.org)
  • Postgenderists argue that gender is an arbitrary and unnecessary limitation on human potential, and foresee the elimination of involuntary biological and psychological gendering in the human species as a result of social and cultural evolution and through the application of neurotechnology, biotechnology and assistive reproductive technologies. (wikipedia.org)
  • In fact it is from sex that the human person receives the characteristics which, on the biological, psychological and spiritual levels, make that person a man or a woman, and thereby largely condition his or her progress towards maturity and insertion into society. (vatican.va)
  • Evolutionary
  • Evolutionary psychologist David Buss suggests that there must also be a downside to partible paternity, in the form of sexual jealousy. (wikipedia.org)
  • Turning to the evolutionary past, however, a possible adaptive basis for the biological capacity would be reproductive levelling: among primates, synchronising to any natural clock makes it difficult for an alpha male to monopolise fertile sex with multiple females. (wikipedia.org)
  • When early Pleistocene hominids in Africa were attempting to survive by robbing big cats of their kills, according to some evolutionary scientists, it may have been adaptive to restrict overnight journeys-including sexual liaisons-to times when there was a moon in the sky. (wikipedia.org)
  • predominantly
  • The early Upanishads are, however, generally silent about women and men, and focus predominantly about gender-less Brahman and its relation to Atman (Soul, Self). (wikipedia.org)
  • violence
  • Among the Aché people of Eastern Paraguay, having multiple fathers appears to protect children from violence, the main cause of infant and child mortality. (wikipedia.org)
  • The focus will also be on women specifically, as women have traditionally suffered the most in relation to gender inequality and violence. (scielo.org.za)
  • refers
  • The term adultery refers to sexual acts between a married person and someone who is not that person's spouse. (wikipedia.org)
  • grandparents
  • Assessing associations in substance use across three generations: From grandparents to sons and from sons to their children. (oslc.org)
  • respectively
  • but if there be any issue by these wives, they are reputed to be the children of those by whom respectively each was first espoused when a virgin. (wikipedia.org)
  • of those, 12% and 52%, respectively, had had more than one sexual partner, and 49% and 46% had used condoms ?inconsistently or not at all. (guttmacher.org)
  • social
  • Beaulieu took over the raising of Priscilla, and was the only father she would ever know (he died on January 4, 2018, as she announced on her social media accounts). (wikipedia.org)
  • In 1994, Richard Felson coauthored the controversial book "Aggression and Coercive Actions: A Social-Interactionist Perspective" with James Tedeschi, a book which argues that sexual fulfillment is the motive of rapists, rather than the aggressive desire to dominate the victim. (wikipedia.org)
  • The way one dresses is informed by the biological and social needs of the human being. (wikipedia.org)
  • This right was affirmed by the UN General Assembly in the 1969 Declaration on Social Progress and Development which states "The family as a basic unit of society and the natural environment for the growth and well-being of all its members, particularly children and youth, should be assisted and protected so that it may fully assume its responsibilities within the community. (wikipedia.org)
  • Teenage parents who can rely on family and community support, social services and child-care support are more likely to continue their education and get higher paying jobs as they progress with their education. (wikipedia.org)
  • childhood
  • Just to be fair, it's much more likely that my hymen broke way before my first sexual encounter, but it's more fun to blame the high school boyfriend than my innocent childhood bike. (xojane.com)
  • young
  • With programs in over 125 nations OneHope has reached over 500 million children and young people with a special presentation of the life of Jesus. (scribd.com)
  • Although most teenagers believe that 16 is too young an age at which to have sex, one in four have had intercourse by that age. (guttmacher.org)
  • For these strong passive-feminine tendencies, one cannot avoid implicating the male patient's outstandingly gratifying emotional experience as a young child with a maternal figure. (livinginthephilippines.com)
  • partners
  • 9,10 In addition, an emphasis on masculinity and male dominance-equivalent to "machismo" in Central and South America-is deeply embedded in Jamaica's gender system, and it encourages men to demonstrate their sexual prowess from an early age by having multiple partners and children. (guttmacher.org)
  • Multivariate analyses examined the associations between family and individual characteristics and having a first sexual experience before age 16 with an older partner, and between age and partners' age difference at first sex and contraceptive use and having or fathering a child as a teenager. (guttmacher.org)
  • among
  • Anthropologist Stephen Beckerman, who has studied ideologies and practices of fatherhood among the Bari people of Venezuela, argues that partible paternity is adaptive, because it gives an advantage to children who have multiple male providers. (wikipedia.org)
  • risks
  • For girls aged 15-19 risks are associated more with socioeconomic factors than with the biological effects of age. (wikipedia.org)
  • Risks of low birth weight, premature labor, anemia, and pre-eclampsia are connected to the biological age, being observed in teen births even after controlling for other risk factors (such as accessing prenatal care etc. (wikipedia.org)
  • adults
  • the dependence of the child on the mother (and vice versa) would give way to a greatly shortened dependence on a small group of others in general, and any remaining inferiority to adults in physical strength would be compensated for culturally. (wikipedia.org)
  • Developmental psychologists investigate key questions, such as whether children are qualitatively different from adults or simply lack the experience that adults draw upon. (wikia.com)
  • The most widely held hypothesis proposes that the so-called Westermarck effect discourages adults from engaging in sexual relations with individuals with whom they grew up. (wikipedia.org)
  • moral
  • The Bishops are daily led to note the growing difficulties experienced by the faithful in obtaining knowledge of wholesome moral teaching, especially in sexual matters, and of the growing difficulties experienced by pastors in expounding this teaching effectively. (vatican.va)
  • family
  • It has been said that before Bronfenbrenner, child psychologists studied the child, sociologists examined the family, anthropologists the society, economists the economic framework of the times and political scientists the structure. (wikia.com)
  • early
  • Managing early adulthood: A follow-up of the Philadelphia youth study, with Julie Kmec. (upenn.edu)
  • From Latin meaning "in glass", the term "in vitro" is used because early biological experiments involving cultivation of tissues outside the living organism from which they came, were carried out in glass containers such as beakers, test tubes, or petri dishes. (wikipedia.org)
  • mother
  • Numerous papyri and the Roman census declarations attest to many husbands and wives being brother and sister, of the same father and mother. (wikipedia.org)
  • Cleopatra VII was married to her younger brother, Ptolemy XIII, while her mother and father, Cleopatra V and Ptolemy XII, had also been brother and sister. (wikipedia.org)
  • Six-year-old Muhammad himself became an orphan after his mother died in 577, and his father died before he was born. (wikipedia.org)
  • Either these male patients repressed less or they were more likely, as children, to give mother a hard time. (livinginthephilippines.com)
  • findings
  • The Oregon Youth Study - Three Generational Study: A review of design, theory, and findings. (oslc.org)
  • relationship
  • Such children are at greater risk for congenital disorders, death, and developmental and physical disability, and that risk is proportional to their parents' coefficient of relationship-a measure of how close the parents are related genetically. (wikipedia.org)
  • The other reason was a highly unsatisfactory relationship with father. (livinginthephilippines.com)
  • The distance between father and son had widened over his growing years and to establish or re-establish an "instant" effective relationship was impossible. (livinginthephilippines.com)
  • Galton believed that a general mental ability with biological underpinnings underlay performance on these tests, but to his disappointment, he found no relationship with educational or occupational levels. (encyclopedia.com)
  • years
  • According to Avner Giladi, verses 233 of sura 2 (Al-Baqara) and 6 of sura 65 (At-Talaq) aim at "protecting repudiated but still lactating women and their nurslings by guaranteeing them economic support from the father for at least two years and by sanctioning non-maternal nursing when needed. (wikipedia.org)
  • According to UK's NICE guidelines, IVF treatment is appropriate in cases of unexplained infertility for women that have not conceived after 2 years of regular unprotected sexual intercourse. (wikipedia.org)
  • methods
  • In regard to potential assistive reproductive technologies, it is believed that reproduction can continue to happen outside of conventional methods, namely intercourse and artificial insemination. (wikipedia.org)
  • parents
  • In the "sequel" to Oedipus, Antigone, his four children are also punished for their parents' incestuousness. (wikipedia.org)
  • Children must have the respect, to enjoy love and affection from their parents. (wikipedia.org)
  • The resulting non binding Proclamation of Teheran was the first international document to recognize one of these rights when it stated that: "Parents have a basic human right to determine freely and responsibly the number and the spacing of their children. (wikipedia.org)
  • Parents have the exclusive right to determine freely and responsibly the number and spacing of their children. (wikipedia.org)
  • term
  • Article 376B of the 2013 law made forced sexual intercourse by a man with his wife - if she is living separately - a crime, whether under a decree of separation or otherwise, punishable with at least a 2-year prison term. (wikipedia.org)
  • However
  • However, sexual relations with a first-degree relative (such as a parent or sibling) are almost universally forbidden. (wikipedia.org)
  • however, for lower class men who lack the economic resources to fulfill this role, demonstration of sexual virility is more important. (guttmacher.org)
  • However, wearing sex-specific clothing doesn't necessarily mean one will feel sensual or inclined to have sexual intercourse. (wikipedia.org)
  • However, a child in the concrete operational stage is not able to differentiate between these mental constructs and reality (their experiences). (wikipedia.org)
  • results
  • She said he is tested regularly for sexual transmitted diseases and gives her the results. (go.com)
  • Iron results can be guided for dab as a sexual result or could be provided to test for serotonin-norepinephrine worms. (boss-racing.co.uk)
  • example
  • An example of biological shared paternity is the Wood turtle. (wikipedia.org)
  • For example, Tutankhamun married his half-sister Ankhesenamun, and was himself the child of an incestuous union between Akhenaten and an unidentified sister-wife. (wikipedia.org)