• Incest
  • Incest is sexual activity between family members or close relatives. (wikipedia.org)
  • A common justification for prohibiting incest is avoiding inbreeding: a collection of genetic disorders suffered by the children of parents with a close genetic relationship. (wikipedia.org)
  • citation needed] First, most prohibitions on incest cover affinity relationships-that is, relationships created by marriage (for example, father-in-law and stepfather)-as well as relationships created by adoption. (wikipedia.org)
  • Before the Latin term came in, incest was known in Old English as sib-leger (from sibb 'kinship' + leger 'to lie') or mǣġhǣmed (from mǣġ 'kin, parent' + hǣmed 'sexual intercourse') but in time, both words fell out of use. (wikipedia.org)
  • Incest appears in the commonly accepted version of the birth of Adonis, when his mother, Myrrha has sex with her father Cinyras during a festival, disguised as a prostitute. (wikipedia.org)
  • Pre-Islamic Arabia In pre-Islamic Arabia, like the Jewish and Christian tradition, sexual relations between males and their milk-mothers or milk-sisters are looked upon as incest, also if they were adopted they couldn't breast feed. (wikipedia.org)
  • Laws regarding incest (i.e. sexual activity between family members or close relatives) vary considerably between jurisdictions, and depend on the type of sexual activity and the nature of the family relationship of the parties involved, as well as the age and sex of the parties. (wikipedia.org)
  • When incest involves an adult and a child, it is usually considered to be a form of child sexual abuse. (wikipedia.org)
  • In South Africa, since 2007, incest is the sexual penetration between persons who are related as follows: lineally, that is, if one person is a direct descendant of the other. (wikipedia.org)
  • Before 2007, incest was a common law offence which extended to the same degrees of relationship but which applied only to vaginal intercourse. (wikipedia.org)
  • An incest taboo is any cultural rule or norm that prohibits sexual relations between closely related persons. (wikipedia.org)
  • One explanation sees the incest taboo as a cultural implementation of a biologically evolved preference for sexual partners with whom one is unlikely to share genes, since inbreeding may have detrimental outcomes. (wikipedia.org)
  • The following excerpt from Notes and Queries on Anthropology (1951), a well-established field manual for ethnographic research, illustrates the scope of ethnographic investigation into the matter: Incest is sexual intercourse between individuals related in certain prohibited degrees of kinship. (wikipedia.org)
  • Reproductive Health
  • The prevalence of three sexual risk behaviors was assessed using data from the 2008-2009 Jamaican ?Reproductive Health Survey on a subsample of adolescents aged 15-19 who neither were in a union nor had a child. (guttmacher.org)
  • 13 For this study, we used nationally representative data from the 2008-2009 Jamaican Reproductive Health Survey (RHS), which contains detailed information on respondents' sexual partners in the 12 months prior to the survey. (guttmacher.org)
  • 3 Furthermore, the combination of early sexual activity and having an older partner may be associated with poor reproductive health outcomes because of teenagers' undeveloped decision- making and negotiation skills and the potential for power imbalances and sexual exploitation by older partners. (guttmacher.org)
  • It violates the rights of girls, with life-threatening consequences in terms of sexual and reproductive health, and poses high development costs for communities, particularly in perpetuating the cycle of poverty. (wikipedia.org)
  • This approach should include "providing age-appropriate comprehensive sexuality education for all young people, investing in girls' education, preventing child marriage, sexual violence and coercion, building gender-equitable societies by empowering girls and engaging men and boys and ensuring adolescents' access to sexual and reproductive health information as well as services that welcome them and facilitate their choices. (wikipedia.org)
  • The World Health Organization defines reproductive rights as follows: Reproductive rights rest on the recognition of the basic right of all couples and individuals to decide freely and responsibly the number, spacing and timing of their children and to have the information and means to do so, and the right to attain the highest standard of sexual and reproductive health. (wikipedia.org)
  • Reproductive rights are a subset of sexual and reproductive health and rights. (wikipedia.org)
  • CONTEXT
  • saghir), but, according to Avner Giladi, the context seldom makes it clear whether it is exclusively referring to non-mature children, or simply offspring. (wikipedia.org)
  • The term husband refers to the institutionalized role of the married male, while the term father refers to the male in context of his offspring, a state which may or may not indicate that a marriage ceremony has taken place. (wikipedia.org)
  • Husband" further refers to the institutionalized form in relation to the spouse and offspring, unlike father, a term that puts a man into the context of his children. (wikipedia.org)
  • Research also suggests that men with sexually aggressive peers are also much more likely to report coercive or enforced intercourse outside the gang context than men lacking sexually aggressive peers. (wikipedia.org)
  • Punishing both parties in an incestous relation cannot even be beneficial for the genes of individuals punishing a somewhat more distant relative for mating with a closer relative, since punishing the closer relative as well is counterproductive to any function of protecting the closer relative and the health of its offspring (in a context where predation and starvation are significant factors, as opposed to a rich welfare state). (wikipedia.org)
  • psychological
  • Postgenderism is a social, political and cultural movement which arose from the eroding of the cultural, biological, psychological and social role of gender, and an argument for why the erosion of binary gender will be liberatory. (wikipedia.org)
  • Postgenderists argue that gender is an arbitrary and unnecessary limitation on human potential, and foresee the elimination of involuntary biological and psychological gendering in the human species as a result of social and cultural evolution and through the application of neurotechnology, biotechnology and assistive reproductive technologies. (wikipedia.org)
  • In fact it is from sex that the human person receives the characteristics which, on the biological, psychological and spiritual levels, make that person a man or a woman, and thereby largely condition his or her progress towards maturity and insertion into society. (vatican.va)
  • societies
  • In societies with the concept of partible paternity this often results in the nurture of a child being shared by multiple fathers in a form of polyandric relation to the mother, although this is not always the case. (wikipedia.org)
  • The children of incestuous relationships were regarded as illegitimate, and are still so regarded in some societies today. (wikipedia.org)
  • In some societies, such as those of Ancient Egypt and others, brother-sister, father-daughter, mother-son, cousin-cousin, aunt-nephew, uncle-niece, and other combinations of relations were practiced among royalty as a means of perpetuating the royal lineage. (wikipedia.org)
  • self-esteem
  • Ordinal data concerning alcohol consumption, self-esteem, sexual and physical abuse, parental relationships, sense of coherence, and health were analyzed, and multiple regression was carried out to identify the most important factors associated with no sexual debut. (dovepress.com)
  • pregnancy
  • for example, because of an ideology that sees pregnancy as the cumulative result of multiple acts of sexual intercourse. (wikipedia.org)
  • The concept of partible paternity however differs from such a distinction because it considers all men who have had sexual intercourse with a woman immediately prior to and during her pregnancy to have contributed biological material to the child, and to have a corresponding legal or moral responsibility to care for it. (wikipedia.org)
  • Given the radical potential for advanced assistive reproductive options, postgenderists believe that sex for reproductive purposes will either become obsolete, or that all post-gendered humans will have the ability, if they so choose, to both carry a pregnancy to term and 'father' a child, which, postgenderists believe, would have the effect of eliminating the need for definite genders in such a society. (wikipedia.org)
  • Both quantitative and qualitative studies provide useful insight into factors associated with sexual activity and unintended pregnancy among Jamaican youth, but they are usually based on small samples, generally from school-based surveys in limited geographic areas. (guttmacher.org)
  • males
  • Advent of Islam The Quran forbade sexual relations between males and their milk-mothers or milk-sisters. (wikipedia.org)
  • Sex at a young age with an older partner was associated with not living with a biological parent at age 14 and Hispanic ethnicity for females and males, early menarche and religious attendance for females, and black race for males. (guttmacher.org)
  • Among males, sex before age 16 with an older partner was associated with more than twice the odds of fathering a child as a teenager compared with the odds among those who had first sex at age 16-17. (guttmacher.org)
  • Because partner characteristics differ by gender (and most sexual relationships involve an older male and a younger female), 8 we conducted all analyses separately for males and females. (guttmacher.org)
  • mothers
  • In developed countries, teenage pregnancies are associated with social issues, including lower educational levels, poverty, and other negative life outcomes in children of teenage mothers. (wikipedia.org)
  • procedure
  • Today, the scientific term "in vitro" is used to refer to any biological procedure that is performed outside the organism in which it would normally have occurred, to distinguish it from an in vivo procedure , where the tissue remains inside the living organism within which it is normally found. (wikipedia.org)
  • jurisdictions
  • For example, in fault-based family law jurisdictions, adultery almost always constitutes a ground for divorce and may be a factor in property settlement, the custody of children, the denial of alimony, etc. (wikipedia.org)
  • In some jurisdictions, having sexual relations with the king's wife or the wife of his eldest son constitutes treason. (wikipedia.org)
  • Evolutionary
  • Evolutionary psychologist David Buss suggests that there must also be a downside to partible paternity, in the form of sexual jealousy. (wikipedia.org)
  • Turning to the evolutionary past, however, a possible adaptive basis for the biological capacity would be reproductive levelling: among primates, synchronising to any natural clock makes it difficult for an alpha male to monopolise fertile sex with multiple females. (wikipedia.org)
  • When early Pleistocene hominids in Africa were attempting to survive by robbing big cats of their kills, according to some evolutionary scientists, it may have been adaptive to restrict overnight journeys-including sexual liaisons-to times when there was a moon in the sky. (wikipedia.org)
  • Parental investment (PI), in evolutionary biology and evolutionary psychology, is any parental expenditure (time, energy, etc.) that benefits one offspring at a cost to parents' ability to invest in other components of fitness, and is thus a form of sexual selection. (wikipedia.org)
  • marriage
  • Thus, the "purity" of the children of a marriage is corrupted, and the inheritance is altered. (wikipedia.org)
  • Although the legal definition of adultery differs in nearly every legal system, the common theme is sexual relations outside of marriage, in one form or another. (wikipedia.org)
  • He told "20/20" that he has no interest in monetary gain for donating his semen, and views this as a way to help women and bring children into the world without the responsibilities of marriage or fatherhood. (go.com)
  • risks
  • For girls aged 15-19 risks are associated more with socioeconomic factors than with the biological effects of age. (wikipedia.org)
  • Risks of low birth weight, premature labor, anemia, and pre-eclampsia are connected to the biological age, being observed in teen births even after controlling for other risk factors (such as accessing prenatal care etc. (wikipedia.org)
  • genetic
  • Genetic sexual attraction theory is also incompatible with the theory of smell being a significant factor in avoiding inbreeding. (wikipedia.org)
  • degrees
  • His degrees, his teach-ing experience, and his work for the Baptist Joint Committee give him a solid background in the field of church-state relations. (oclc.org)
  • maternal
  • According to Avner Giladi, verses 233 of sura 2 (Al-Baqara) and 6 of sura 65 (At-Talaq) aim at "protecting repudiated but still lactating women and their nurslings by guaranteeing them economic support from the father for at least two years and by sanctioning non-maternal nursing when needed. (wikipedia.org)
  • For these strong passive-feminine tendencies, one cannot avoid implicating the male patient's outstandingly gratifying emotional experience as a young child with a maternal figure. (livinginthephilippines.com)
  • Parental investment may be performed by both the male and female (biparental care), the mother alone (exclusive maternal care) or the father alone (exclusive paternal care). (wikipedia.org)
  • acts
  • The term adultery refers to sexual acts between a married person and someone who is not that person's spouse. (wikipedia.org)
  • violence
  • Among the Aché people of Eastern Paraguay, having multiple fathers appears to protect children from violence, the main cause of infant and child mortality. (wikipedia.org)
  • The focus will also be on women specifically, as women have traditionally suffered the most in relation to gender inequality and violence. (scielo.org.za)
  • relationships
  • Although some animals do exhibit altruistic behaviors towards individuals that are not of direct relation, many of these behaviors appear mostly in parent-offspring relationships. (wikipedia.org)
  • parents
  • Such children are at greater risk for congenital disorders, death, and developmental and physical disability, and that risk is proportional to their parents' coefficient of relationship-a measure of how close the parents are related genetically. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the "sequel" to Oedipus, Antigone, his four children are also punished for their parents' incestuousness. (wikipedia.org)
  • Children must have the respect, to enjoy love and affection from their parents. (wikipedia.org)
  • Teenage parents who can rely on family and community support, social services and child-care support are more likely to continue their education and get higher paying jobs as they progress with their education. (wikipedia.org)
  • The resulting non binding Proclamation of Teheran was the first international document to recognize one of these rights when it stated that: "Parents have a basic human right to determine freely and responsibly the number and the spacing of their children. (wikipedia.org)
  • Parents have the exclusive right to determine freely and responsibly the number and spacing of their children. (wikipedia.org)
  • Components of fitness include the wellbeing of existing offspring, parents' future sexual reproduction, and inclusive fitness through aid to kin. (wikipedia.org)
  • grandparents
  • Assessing associations in substance use across three generations: From grandparents to sons and from sons to their children. (oslc.org)
  • respectively
  • but if there be any issue by these wives, they are reputed to be the children of those by whom respectively each was first espoused when a virgin. (wikipedia.org)
  • of those, 12% and 52%, respectively, had had more than one sexual partner, and 49% and 46% had used condoms ?inconsistently or not at all. (guttmacher.org)
  • partners
  • 9,10 In addition, an emphasis on masculinity and male dominance-equivalent to "machismo" in Central and South America-is deeply embedded in Jamaica's gender system, and it encourages men to demonstrate their sexual prowess from an early age by having multiple partners and children. (guttmacher.org)
  • Multivariate analyses examined the associations between family and individual characteristics and having a first sexual experience before age 16 with an older partner, and between age and partners' age difference at first sex and contraceptive use and having or fathering a child as a teenager. (guttmacher.org)
  • among
  • Anthropologist Stephen Beckerman, who has studied ideologies and practices of fatherhood among the Bari people of Venezuela, argues that partible paternity is adaptive, because it gives an advantage to children who have multiple male providers. (wikipedia.org)
  • mother
  • Numerous papyri and the Roman census declarations attest to many husbands and wives being brother and sister, of the same father and mother. (wikipedia.org)
  • Cleopatra VII was married to her younger brother, Ptolemy XIII, while her mother and father, Cleopatra V and Ptolemy XII, had also been brother and sister. (wikipedia.org)
  • Six-year-old Muhammad himself became an orphan after his mother died in 577, and his father died before he was born. (wikipedia.org)
  • the dependence of the child on the mother (and vice versa) would give way to a greatly shortened dependence on a small group of others in general, and any remaining inferiority to adults in physical strength would be compensated for culturally. (wikipedia.org)
  • Either these male patients repressed less or they were more likely, as children, to give mother a hard time. (livinginthephilippines.com)
  • social
  • Beaulieu took over the raising of Priscilla, and was the only father she would ever know (he died on January 4, 2018, as she announced on her social media accounts). (wikipedia.org)
  • In 1994, Richard Felson coauthored the controversial book "Aggression and Coercive Actions: A Social-Interactionist Perspective" with James Tedeschi, a book which argues that sexual fulfillment is the motive of rapists, rather than the aggressive desire to dominate the victim. (wikipedia.org)
  • The way one dresses is informed by the biological and social needs of the human being. (wikipedia.org)
  • This right was affirmed by the UN General Assembly in the 1969 Declaration on Social Progress and Development which states "The family as a basic unit of society and the natural environment for the growth and well-being of all its members, particularly children and youth, should be assisted and protected so that it may fully assume its responsibilities within the community. (wikipedia.org)
  • years
  • The distance between father and son had widened over his growing years and to establish or re-establish an "instant" effective relationship was impossible. (livinginthephilippines.com)
  • According to UK's NICE guidelines, IVF treatment is appropriate in cases of unexplained infertility for women that have not conceived after 2 years of regular unprotected sexual intercourse. (wikipedia.org)
  • moral
  • The Bishops are daily led to note the growing difficulties experienced by the faithful in obtaining knowledge of wholesome moral teaching, especially in sexual matters, and of the growing difficulties experienced by pastors in expounding this teaching effectively. (vatican.va)
  • young
  • With programs in over 125 nations OneHope has reached over 500 million children and young people with a special presentation of the life of Jesus. (scribd.com)
  • Although most teenagers believe that 16 is too young an age at which to have sex, one in four have had intercourse by that age. (guttmacher.org)
  • Findings
  • The Oregon Youth Study - Three Generational Study: A review of design, theory, and findings. (oslc.org)
  • characteristics
  • It also points out that the association is not totally explained by other sociodemographic and lifestyle characteristics that have been previously found to be important to disclose this relation. (bmj.com)
  • methods
  • In regard to potential assistive reproductive technologies, it is believed that reproduction can continue to happen outside of conventional methods, namely intercourse and artificial insemination. (wikipedia.org)
  • results
  • She said he is tested regularly for sexual transmitted diseases and gives her the results. (go.com)
  • Iron results can be guided for dab as a sexual result or could be provided to test for serotonin-norepinephrine worms. (boss-racing.co.uk)