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  • arboviral disease
  • Surveillance programs in 18 states detected enzootic arboviral activity in mosquito or sentinel or wild bird populations, and cases of arboviral disease were recognized among horses or emus in 24 states. (cdc.gov)
  • Although arboviral disease cases among horses or other animals are not officially reported to CDC, some state health departments attempt to track such cases because cases of EEE and WEE in horses may indicate incipient human cases. (cdc.gov)
  • Globally, dengue is most common arboviral disease, with 40% of the world's population living in areas with dengue virus transmission. (cdc.gov)
  • Zika
  • South America, Central America, and Caribbean countries and regions reporting laboratory-confirmed autochthonous Zika virus disease cases during January 1, 2015-February 10, 2016 ( Technical Appendix Table 2). (cdc.gov)
  • Historically, symptomatic Zika virus infections were limited to sporadic cases or small clusters of patients ( Technical Appendix Table 2). (cdc.gov)
  • Since then, Zika virus infection has spread rapidly. (cdc.gov)
  • Presenters reviewed with participants the epidemiology and clinical manifestation of Zika virus disease and how early recognition and reporting of suspected cases can mitigate the risk of local transmission. (cdc.gov)
  • During November 23, 2015-January 28, 2016, a total of 155 suspected Zika virus disease cases were identified in Puerto Rico, including 82 reported through passive surveillance, and 73 specimens tested through the enhanced surveillance protocol. (cdc.gov)
  • Zika virus disease can often be diagnosed by performing reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) on serum. (cdc.gov)
  • Zika infections in adults can result in Guillain-Barré syndrome. (wikipedia.org)
  • cases
  • In a prospective study in the outpatients department of three large hospitals in Ho Chi Minh City, Viet Nam, we will determine the early diagnostic sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative predictive values of two NS1 diagnostic tests in severe dengue cases. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • In 1954, the first 3 cases of human infection were reported in Nigeria ( 2 ). (cdc.gov)
  • Of the estimated 390 million infections and 100 million cases annually, a small proportion of these cases progress to severe dengue. (cdc.gov)
  • Later, cases of TOSV infections were detected in other areas of Spain ( 15 ). (cdc.gov)
  • human
  • These include some of the world's most destructive diseases, many of which are increasing threats to human health as the environment changes and globalization increases. (cdc.gov)
  • Human settlement patterns in the different regions will influence disease trends. (scielosp.org)
  • Human infections are strongly associated with exposure to humid tropical forest environments. (wikipedia.org)
  • Existing and emerging viral CNS infections are major sources of human morbidity and mortality. (wikipedia.org)
  • Human Immunodeficiency Virus Infection (HIV) is treated by using a combination of medications to fight against the HIV infection in the body. (wikipedia.org)
  • Two discoveries brought cell death from obscurity to a major field of research: identification of components of the cell death control and effector mechanisms, and linkage of abnormalities in cell death to human disease, in particular cancer. (wikipedia.org)
  • pathogenesis
  • There is not a significant amount of information about regarding the natural pathogenesis of OROV infections because there have been no recorded fatalities to date. (wikipedia.org)
  • mosquito
  • It typically takes 4 to 8 days from the incubation period to first start noticing signs of infection, beginning from the bite of the infected mosquito or midge. (wikipedia.org)
  • The best means of prevention is overall mosquito control and the avoidance of bites in areas where the disease is common. (wikipedia.org)
  • In mosquito cells neither host cell transcription nor translation are inhibited, and although so far no function for the orthobunyavirus NSs protein has been found in mosquito cells, it seems the differential behavior of NSs could be one of the factors responsible for different outcomes of infection in mammalian and mosquito cell lines. (wikipedia.org)
  • typically
  • While the disease typically occurs in Africa and Asia, outbreaks have been reported in Europe and the Americas since the 2000s. (wikipedia.org)
  • India
  • Smallpox, which is the most lethal and devastating viral infection in history, first emerged among agricultural communities in India about 11,000 years ago. (wikipedia.org)