• gland
  • Askanazy cells large eosinophilic cells found in the thyroid gland in autoimmune thyroiditis and Hürthle cell tumors. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • A hormone secreted by the adrenal gland (particularly during intense emotional states) into the circulatory system which stimulates the heart, blood vessels and respiratory system. (carcinoid.org)
  • After a hormone is discharged by its parent gland into the capillaries or the lymph, it may travel a circuitous path through the bloodstream to exert influence on cells, tissues, and organs (target organs) far removed from its site of origin. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • secretory
  • The debate continues whether α -cells directly sense and respond to fluctuations in plasma glucose or whether the response is mediated by the autonomic nervous system and/or the paracrine/endocrine effects of secretory products from other islet cell types. (blogspot.com)
  • adrenal
  • 1. any of the corticosteroids secreted by the adrenal cortex , the major ones being the glucocorticoids and mineralocorticoids, and including some androgens, progesterone, and estrogens. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • adrenomedullary h's substances secreted by the adrenal medulla , including epinephrine and norepinephrine . (thefreedictionary.com)
  • diabetes
  • results reminiscent of recent experiments performed with human embryonic stem cells (hESC), a renewable source of cells that hold great promise as a potential therapeutic treatment for type 1 diabetes. (jove.com)
  • A loss of functional beta cell mass is central to both major forms of diabetes 1-3 . (jove.com)
  • Whereas the declining functional beta cell mass results from an autoimmune attack in type 1 diabetes, in type 2 diabetes, this decrement develops from both an inability of beta cells to secrete insulin appropriately and the destruction of beta cells from a cadre of mechanisms. (jove.com)
  • Thus, efforts to restore functional beta cell mass are paramount to the better treatment of and potential cures for diabetes. (jove.com)
  • Describing the diverse molecular mechanisms (particularly immunological) involved in the death of the pancreatic beta cell in type 1 and type 2 diabetes mellitus. (hindawi.com)
  • mucus
  • Their exact function is not clear but they are believed to secrete mucus to moisten the vestibule during sexual excitement. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • The main component of mucus is a glycoprotein called mucin and the type secreted varies according to the region involved. (wikipedia.org)
  • proteins
  • Cells are highly variable and specialized in both structure and function, although all must at some stage replicate proteins and nucleic acids, use energy, and reproduce themselves. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • system
  • Necroptosis, autophagy, and pyroptosis are molecular mechanisms that modulate the survival of the pancreatic beta cell, demonstrating the importance of the immune system in glucolipotoxicity processes and the potential role for immunometabolism as another component of what once known as the "ominous octet. (hindawi.com)
  • Virtually all animals have a digestive system. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Some parts of the digestive system are also part of the excretory system, including the large intestine. (wikipedia.org)
  • These pathways and cell groups form a dopamine system which is neuromodulatory. (wikipedia.org)