• bilateral
  • Within a day of appearance of non specific symptoms, unilateral or bilateral (one side or both side) swelling of the parotid glands (in cheek and jaw area) develops with pain and tenderness. (aimu.us)
  • We encountered a 59-year-old man who first underwent left internal carotid endarterectomy for left internal carotid artery stenosis and then presented with postoperative swelling of the bilateral salivary glands. (springeropen.com)
  • Diagnosis
  • Diagnosis is usually suspected due to parotid swelling and can be confirmed by isolating the virus on a swab of the parotid duct. (wikipedia.org)
  • When mumps reaches epidemic proportions, diagnosis is relatively easy on the basis of the physical symptoms. (healthofchildren.com)
  • Laboratory diagnosis is based on serological or salivary confirmation, detection of viral nucleic acid, or isolation of the virus from body fluids. (smrtx.com)
  • For diagnosis, an assay for the detection of mumps-specific immunoglobulin M antibodies in serum and oral fluid specimens is commercially available. (aimu.us)
  • The diagnosis of mumps is suspected based on clinical manifestations. (aappublications.org)
  • Thus, absence of mumps IgM in a vaccinated person presenting with a clinically compatible syndrome does not rule out mumps as a diagnosis. (aappublications.org)
  • antibody
  • The presence of IgG (as measured commercially by IFA or EIA) may not correlate with the presence of neutralizing antibody or protection from mumps disease. (aappublications.org)
  • There is no known protective level of neutralizing antibody (antibody titer) for mumps, and there are no other immune parameters that correlate with protection from mumps disease. (aappublications.org)
  • incidence
  • The incidence of mumps has doubled in recent years, with some experts believing that 70 per cent of older teenagers could contract the disease. (timeshighereducation.com)
  • However, 1987 noted a five-fold increase in the incidence of the disease because of the reluctance of some states to adopt comprehensive school immunization laws. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Peak incidence of mumps is during late winter and early spring. (merckmanuals.com)
  • In temperate climates the disease incidence is peak in winter and spring while in hot climates the disease may occur at any time of year. (aimu.us)
  • In countries where large-scale immunization against mumps has been implemented, disease incidence has dropped dramatically. (aimu.us)
  • congenital
  • Additionally, other studies failed to find any correlation between mumps and congenital malformations. (news-medical.net)
  • Thus, overall the evidence of increased fetal loss to mumps during pregnancy is weak and there is none to really support severe congenital abnormalities. (news-medical.net)
  • immunity
  • In 1st world countries, antibiotics and fluids (oral or intravenous) are usually used to treat the infrequent disease, but in poorer countries where antibiotics are not readily available and the disease is sadly much more common, cholera vaccines offer a relative period of immunity for approximately two years. (scienceoveracuppa.com)
  • paramyxovirus
  • The mumps virus is an enveloped single-stranded, linear negative-sense RNA virus of the Rubulavirus genus and Paramyxovirus family. (wikipedia.org)