• Tolerance
  • It is generally accepted that drought and salinity tolerance could be increased through transgenic approaches by incorporating genes involved in stress protection into plants that lack them. (springer.com)
  • Transgenic potato plants with improved tolerance to drought and salinity stresses have been produced using various genes. (springer.com)
  • This chapter presented the case study of enhanced drought and salinity tolerance of transgenic potato plants with a betaine aldehyde dehydrogenase (BADH) gene from spinach under the control of the constitutive expression promoter CaMV 35S and the stress-inducible expression promoter rd29A, respectively. (springer.com)
  • The recent advance was summarized in improving drought and salinity tolerance through transgenic approaches in potato. (springer.com)
  • The existence of two relatively independent systems of adaptation to extreme (resistance level) and moderate (tolerance level) changes of environmental salinity was shown. (mendeley.com)
  • The efficiency of resistance and tolerance adaptations to salinity changes may vary in different species and in different colour phenotypes of the same species (intrapopulational polymorphism). (mendeley.com)
  • Parasites (trematodes) may suppress the resistance of the mollusc-host to extreme salinity changes without effecting the hosts capacity for adaptive changes in salinity tolerance. (mendeley.com)
  • The Salinity Laboratory keeps data bases of salt tolerance of crops divided into 5 groups: 1) Fiber, Grain and Special Crops, 2) Grasses and Forage Crops, 3) Vegetables and Fruit Crops, 4) Woody Crops, 5) Ornamental Shrubs, Trees and Ground Cover. (wikipedia.org)
  • water
  • about 1 tablespoon of salt for every 4-5 gallon of water is a good rule of thumb even if you would need to messure the salinity to be sure. (aquaticcommunity.com)
  • Historically, salinity in the Colorado River System has increased significantly due to export of high quality water from the upper reaches and salt pickup from irrigation return flow. (asce.org)
  • Although damages due to salinity are principally experienced in the lower basin, implications of the Clean Water Act make solving the problem a matter of concern for the upper basin as well. (asce.org)
  • Salinity in the ocean is defined as the grams of salt per 1000 grams of water. (nasa.gov)
  • One gram of salt per 1000 grams of water is defined as one practical salinity unit or one PSU. (nasa.gov)
  • Salinity is the key to understanding the global water cycle. (nasa.gov)
  • Salinity gradient energy, also known as blue energy and osmotic energy, is the energy obtainable from the difference in salt concentration between two feed solutions, typically sea water and river water. (worldcat.org)
  • ïŽSustainable Energy from Salinity Gradients is an essential text for R&D professionals in the energy & water industry interested in salinity gradient power and researchers in academia from post-graduate level upwards. (worldcat.org)
  • Salinity from irrigation can occur over time wherever irrigation occurs, since almost all water (even natural rainfall) contains some dissolved salts. (wikipedia.org)
  • Salinity processes extend from local to regional scales and are driven by imbalances in the water budget that result, primarily, from agriculturally driven landscape change. (wikipedia.org)
  • Ceasing the removal of deeply rooted vegetation in order to moderate unbalanced groundwater recharge and the replanting of deeply rooted vegetation such as Eucalyptus and salt tolerant species in regions where salinity is present, will start to alleviate the salt and ground water discharge problems. (wikipedia.org)
  • Ocean salinity is crucial to the understanding of the role of the ocean in climate through the global water cycle. (wikipedia.org)
  • The SCA was an Act to authorize the construction, operation, and maintenance of certain works in the Colorado River Basin to control the salinity of water delivered to users in the United States and Mexico. (wikipedia.org)
  • This is a list of bodies of water by salinity that is limited to natural bodies of water that have a stable salinity above 0.5%, at or below which water is considered fresh. (wikipedia.org)
  • Water salinity often varies by location and season, particularly with hypersaline lakes in arid areas, so the salinity figures in the table below should be interpreted as an approximate indicator. (wikipedia.org)
  • stresses
  • Complex responses to drought and salinity stresses in plants are quantitative traits, thus involve cooperative functions of many genes and biochemical-molecular mechanisms. (springer.com)
  • Salinity is one of the well-known abiotic stresses which affects crop productivity through imposing ion imbalance and disrupting the metabolic pathways. (springer.com)
  • density
  • Silicon in the form of silicic acid, which usually appears as a neutral molecule in the pH range of most natural waters, may also be included for some purposes (e.g., when salinity/density relationships are being investigated). (wikipedia.org)
  • organization
  • The Colorado River Basin Salinity Control Forum, an interstate organization, was created in 1972 to address the problem. (asce.org)
  • occur
  • Clearing as little as 25% of a catchment can cause salinity to occur. (wikipedia.org)
  • The current levels of salinity in Victoria are relatively small, with the main impact expected to occur in high risk areas in the coming years. (wikipedia.org)
  • measurements
  • As with many passive remote sensing satellite products, satellites measure surface salinity by initially taking radiance measurements emitted by the earth's atmosphere and ocean. (wikipedia.org)
  • Marine
  • A review on salinity adaptation of marine molluscs based on mainly Russian scientific literature is presented. (mendeley.com)
  • control
  • The Colorado River Basin Salinity Control Act, Public Law 93-320, and the laws authorizing three other conservation cost-sharing programs were begun June 24, 1974. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Colorado River Basin Salinity Control Act (SCA), Public Law 93-320, was enacted 24 June 1974. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Department of the Interior's Bureau of Reclamation administers its own Colorado River Salinity control Program. (wikipedia.org)
  • areas
  • The Eastern Mallee and the Western Mallee of Western Australia are areas that are prone to salinity with little remedial action being undertaken to rectify the problem. (wikipedia.org)
  • species
  • abdita, commonly known as the Remote Thorny Lignum, is a critically endangered species due to its intolerance to salinity. (wikipedia.org)
  • term
  • Earlier suggestions from Denizot in 1957 and Ruggieri in 1967 proposed that this layer was of Late Miocene age, and the same Ruggieri coined the term Messinian Salinity Crisis. (wikipedia.org)
  • measure
  • While sea surface temperatures have been measured from space for over 3 decades, the technology to measure sea surface salinity from space has only recently emerged. (nasa.gov)
  • Salinity in rivers, lakes, and the ocean is conceptually simple, but technically challenging to define and measure precisely. (wikipedia.org)
  • reasonably
  • Different practical definitions of salinity result from different attempts to account for these problems, to different levels of precision, while still remaining reasonably easy to use. (wikipedia.org)
  • research
  • They are intensely working in the field of Salinity Gradient Power, carrying out research with specific focus o.n open-loop and closed-loop reverse electrodialysis and pressure retarded osmosis.ïŽ. (worldcat.org)
  • Act as a fulcrum for researches on salinity management and coordination of research between the various universities, institutions and agencies in the country for developing and testing location-specific technologies. (wikipedia.org)