• liter
  • Whereas osmolality (with an "ℓ") is a measure of the osmoles (Osm) of solute per kilogram of solvent (osmol/kg or Osm/kg), osmolarity (with an "r") is defined as the number of osmoles of solute per liter (L) of solution (osmol/L or Osm/L). As such, larger numbers indicate a greater concentration of solutes in the plasma. (wikipedia.org)
  • whereas
  • For a given solution, osmolarity is slightly less than osmolality, because the total solvent weight (the divisor used for osmolality) excludes the weight of any solutes, whereas the total solution volume (used for osmolarity) includes solute content. (wikipedia.org)
  • therapy
  • Saline is also used in I.V. therapy, intravenously supplying extra water to rehydrate patients or supplying the daily water and salt needs ("maintenance" needs) of a patient who is unable to take them by mouth. (wikipedia.org)
  • osmolarity
  • Even though these values are presented in different units, when there is a small amount of solute compared to total volume of solution, the absolute values of osmolality vs. osmolarity are very close. (wikipedia.org)
  • water
  • n a hypertonic saline solution (0.9% more), the water will come out of it, the cell is wrinkled. (mednotess.com)
  • Today, doctors recommend the use of dressings impregnated with hypertonic saline.Salt draws out the water from the tissue, thereby removing puffiness and bringing together all the liquid products of pathological processes.There are several indications for the use of salt and dressings with it. (mednotess.com)
  • In patients with hypernatremia and euvolemia, free water can be replaced using either 5% D/W or 0.45% saline. (wikipedia.org)
  • Plasmolysis is the process in which cells lose water in a hypertonic solution. (wikipedia.org)
  • If a plant cell is placed in a hypertonic solution, the plant cell loses water and hence turgor pressure by plasmolysis: pressure decreases to the point where the protoplasm of the cell peels away from the cell wall, leaving gaps between the cell wall and the membrane and making the plant cell shrink and crumple. (wikipedia.org)
  • often
  • It is induced in the laboratory by immersing cells in strong saline or sugar (sucrose) solutions to cause exosmosis, often using Elodea plants or onion epidermal cells, which have colored cell sap so that the process is clearly visible. (wikipedia.org)
  • sugar
  • Administering a 5% sugar solution peri- and postoperatively usually achieves a good balance between starvation reactions and hyperglycemia caused by sympathetic activation. (wikipedia.org)