• feces
  • The miracidia of Fasciola hepatica , which are ingested along with the feces of the final host, infect the snail by burrowing through its body wall. (askjpc.org)
  • milk
  • In south-east Asia most households engaged in agriculture keep only 1 or 2 ruminants for draught purposes or for the production of milk and meat. (apscience.org.au)
  • immune
  • L. Cervi, G. Rossi, H. Cejas, and D. T. Masih, " Fasciola hepatica -induced immune suppression of spleen mononuclear cell proliferation: role of nitric oxide," Clinical Immunology and Immunopathology , vol. 87, no. 2, pp. 145-154, 1998. (hindawi.com)
  • Fasciola hepatica tegumental coat impairs mast cells' ability to drive Th1 immune responses. (semanticscholar.org)
  • goat
  • Furthermore, a replacement in the sequence of amino acid was found in isolates from buffalo at the position of 154, where Serine (S) was transformed into Leucine (L). CONCLOUSION: The findings our study indicate that the variants of goat and buffalo can be responsible for persistence of Fasciola infection in the endemic areas of Iran. (ac.ir)
  • results
  • RESULTS: A monomorphic DNA segment of approximately 499bp was seen in Fasciola isolates. (ac.ir)
  • stage
  • These animals become infected with Fasciola when grazing grassed verges or rice stubbles that have the infective stage released from aquatic snails. (apscience.org.au)