• humans
  • In 1961, an epidemiological study of eosinophilic meningitis in humans was conducted by Rosen, Laigret, and Bories, who hypothesized that the parasite causing these infections was carried by fish. (wikipedia.org)
  • This observation, along with epidemiology and autopsy of infected brains, confirmed A. cantonensis infection in humans as the cause of the majority of eosinophilic meningitis cases in Southeast Asia and the Pacific Islands. (wikipedia.org)
  • Infection with T. gondii is probably the leading cause of posterior uveitis in humans and the most comment route of transmission is raw and undercooked meat from infected animals. (jove.com)
  • Therefore, we performed a cross-sectional pilot study and estimated the seroprevalence of Toxocara infection in humans in Shandong Province, eastern China for the first time, from June 2011 to July 2013, involving clinically healthy individuals, pregnant women and psychiatric patients, aiming to attract public attention to Toxocara infection. (jove.com)
  • Diagnosis
  • In recent years, however, there have been advances in the diagnosis of Oesophagostomum infection with PCR assays and ultrasound and recent interventions involving mass treatment with albendazole shows promise for controlling and possibly eliminating Oesophagostomum infection in northern Togo and Ghana. (wikipedia.org)
  • soil
  • The first route involves penetration of skin at hair follicles or sweat glands, especially between the footpads where contact with soil is frequent and the skin is thinner than otherwise. (wikipedia.org)
  • risk factors
  • Possible risk factors including gender, age, ownership status, living conditions and co-infections with other parasites were assessed using binary regression models for each one of the most prevalent parasites. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Concerning risk factors, the likelihood of T. cati infection was higher for female cats living outdoors and for cats being infected with Cystoisospora spp. (biomedcentral.com)
  • cases
  • The clinical history of three cases of infection with A. vasorum in dogs diagnosed in UK, France and Italy, was obtained from clinical records provided by the veterinary surgeons along with information on the diagnostic procedures and treatment. (biomedcentral.com)
  • give
  • Freezing, heating above 37 °C (99 °F), drying or exposing A. caninum to sunlight all give reduced survival of the free-living stage with rates of infection rising with temperature provided 37 °C is not exceeded. (wikipedia.org)
  • China
  • Nevertheless, epidemiological knowledge regarding the prevalence and risks associated with Toxocara infection is limited in China. (jove.com)