• abdominal aortic a
  • A painless, non-invasive procedure, an abdominal aortic aneurysm screening requires you to lie on your back while a technician uses ultrasound to take images and measurements of your abdominal aorta. (lifelinescreening.com)
  • This statement summarizes the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommendations on screening for abdominal aortic aneurysm and the supporting scientific evidence and updates the 1996 recommendations on this topic. (annals.org)
  • The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommends one-time screening for abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) by ultrasonography in men age 65 to 75 years who have ever smoked. (annals.org)
  • detect
  • Screening can detect medical conditions at an early stage before symptoms present while treatment is more effective than for later detection. (wikipedia.org)
  • Screening for TSD is carried out with two possible objectives: Carrier testing seeks to detect whether an individual unaffected by the disease is carrying one copy of a mutation. (wikipedia.org)
  • Cancer screening aims to detect cancer before symptoms appear. (wikipedia.org)
  • medical citation needed] A good cancer screening is one which would detect when a person has cancer so that the person could seek treatment to protect their health. (wikipedia.org)
  • Patients and their primary care physicians must be made fully aware of the ophthalmic risks and the need for regular screening examinations to detect retinal toxicity at an early stage. (wikipedia.org)
  • MRI can be useful for further evaluation of questionable findings as well as for screening pre-surgical evaluation in patients with known breast cancer to detect any additional lesions that might change the surgical approach, for instance from breast-conserving lumpectomy to mastectomy. (wikipedia.org)
  • likelihood
  • The likelihood of detecting AN increased from 3.6 to 13.1 % for those with a risk score of 1 to 6 respectively. (biomedcentral.com)
  • 16 ], who recently developed a risk index designed to estimate the likelihood of detecting AN at colonoscopy using age, sex, family history of CRC, smoking history and BMI. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The HAPPY programme was started in March 2007 with the objective of cost-effective mass screening for the likelihood of heart problems, mass communication for educating communities on how to prevent heart attacks and providing recommendations of treatment wherever appropriate. (healthcanal.com)
  • The likelihood of cancer being present: Screening is not normally useful for rare cancers. (wikipedia.org)
  • cardiovascular
  • the American Diabetes Association says, "Prediabetes should not be viewed as a clinical entity in its own right but rather as an increased risk for diabetes and cardiovascular disease (CVD). (wikipedia.org)
  • It is considered a pre-diabetic state, associated with insulin resistance and increased risk of cardiovascular pathology, although of lesser risk than impaired glucose tolerance (IGT). (wikipedia.org)
  • WHO criteria: fasting plasma glucose level from 6.1 mmol/l (110 mg/dL) to 6.9 mmol/L (125 mg/dL) ADA criteria: fasting plasma glucose level from 5.6 mmol/L (100 mg/dL) to 6.9 mmol/L (125 mg/dL) Impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) is a pre-diabetic state of dysglycemia, that is associated with insulin resistance and increased risk of cardiovascular pathology. (wikipedia.org)
  • Those in this stratum (IGT or IFG) are at increased risk of cardiovascular disease. (wikipedia.org)
  • patients
  • Patients with low-risk and intermediate-risk neuroblastoma have excellent prognosis and outcome. (medscape.com)
  • The $200 reimbursement probably won't cover the cost of screenings, so it is likely that insured patients who seek the exams will have to pay the difference. (chron.com)
  • Online education for primary care physicians in the treatment of patients with chronic pain, with resources page, and links to more education at www.opioidprescribing.org which focuses on effective communication skills, potential risks and benefits of opioids, and when and how to initiate, maintain, modify, and discontinue opioid therapy. (massmed.org)
  • In patients at risk or those with unclear presentation, optical coherence tomography (loss of IS/OS junctions), fundus autofluorescence (focal hyper or hypoautofluorescence), and multifocal electroretinography (paracentral depressions) may be obtained. (wikipedia.org)
  • These mutations are rarely identified in general screens of patients with idiopathic disease and the phenotype of p.R122H and p.N29I is now well characterised with the p.A16V mutation recently characterised for the first time. (wikipedia.org)
  • Patients with a body-mass index of 40 kg/m2 or greater have a 5-fold risk of depression, and half of bariatric surgery candidates are depressed. (wikipedia.org)
  • sensitivity
  • The sensitivity and specificity of the HRA models at various cutoff values of risk score was estimated by a leave-one-out cross-validation. (aacrjournals.org)
  • Results: When individuals ranked in the top 10% of the HRA-F risk score was screened, the sensitivity was 57.9% and positive predictive value was 0.93% or 2.12% according to the above assumptions, respectively. (aacrjournals.org)
  • For these reasons, a test used in a screening program, especially for a disease with low incidence, must have good sensitivity in addition to acceptable specificity. (wikipedia.org)
  • involves
  • Several types of screening exist: universal screening involves screening of all individuals in a certain category (for example, all children of a certain age). (wikipedia.org)
  • They include: Cell growth and division absent the proper signals Continuous growth and division even given contrary signals Avoidance of programmed cell death Limitless number of cell divisions Promoting blood vessel construction Invasion of tissue and formation of metastases The progression from normal cells to cells that can form a detectable mass to outright cancer involves multiple steps known as malignant progression. (wikipedia.org)
  • harms
  • On the basis of the moderate magnitude of net benefit, the USPSTF concluded that the benefits of screening for AAA in men age 65 to 75 years who have ever smoked outweigh the harms. (annals.org)
  • The benefits of screening in terms of cancer prevention, early detection and subsequent treatment must be weighed against any harms. (wikipedia.org)
  • cancers
  • Smokeless tobacco (snuff or chewing tobacco) is associated with increased risks of cancers of the mouth, oesophagus, and pancreas. (wikipedia.org)
  • Screening is recommended for cancers of breast, cervix, colon and lung. (wikipedia.org)
  • The risk of cancer increases significantly with age and many cancers occur more commonly in developed countries. (wikipedia.org)
  • polyps
  • Practical limitations related to screening transvaginal ultrasound include measurement variability, lack of information regarding type or dose of HRT, and problems of differentiating true endometrial thickening from unrecognized endometrial polyps or fluid accumulations. (aacrjournals.org)
  • questionnaire
  • This simple questionnaire about flushing as a marker of inactive ALDH2 is a highly reliable means of detecting inactive ALDH2 and predicting the risk of SCC in the upper aerodigestive tract ( 11 , 18 , 22 , 25 - 27 ). (aacrjournals.org)
  • pancreatic
  • There is usually progression to chronic pancreatitis with endocrine and exocrine failure and a mortally increased risk of pancreatic cancer. (wikipedia.org)
  • Lifetime risk of cancer has been variously calculated as 35-54% to the age of 75 years and screening for early pancreatic cancer is being offered to HP sufferers on a scientific basis. (wikipedia.org)
  • Hereditary pancreatitis and the risk of pancreatic cancer. (wikipedia.org)
  • High
  • Background: Because early squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) of the esophagus is detectable by endoscopic esophageal iodine staining with high accuracy and is easily treated by endoscopic mucosectomy, it is important to develop efficient methods for screening candidates for the endoscopic examination. (aacrjournals.org)
  • Total cholesterol levels of less than 200 milligrams per deciliter (mg/dL) and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels of less than 130 mg/dL are considered desirable, whereas levels of 240 mg/dL and 160 mg/dL respectively, are high and associated with an increased risk of coronary artery disease, or disease of the major blood vessels supplying the heart. (readabstracts.com)
  • One in three people with a high risk. (bio-medicine.org)
  • The shortfall in identifying people at high risk is greatest when it c. (bio-medicine.org)
  • The shortfall in identifying people at high risk is greatest when it comes to middle-aged men, says the study of more than 71,000 men and women, which was carried out by Oxford University and funded by Unilever. (bio-medicine.org)
  • But there are a further 2.8 million men and 900,000 women who face a high risk but have not been diagnosed. (bio-medicine.org)
  • They found that overall, 20 per cent of the men and six per cent of the women had a high risk of developing CVD over the next ten years. (bio-medicine.org)
  • Our research found that 75 per cent of men and 45 per cent of women who were over 50 already had CVD or diabetes, were taking cholesterol or blood pressure drugs or were at high risk of developing CVD" says Professor Neil. (bio-medicine.org)
  • However, the challenge now is to identify the other 40 per cent who are at high risk of developing the disease but remain undiagnosed. (bio-medicine.org)
  • When we looked at gender differences in this age group, we found that only 47 per cent of men had been identified as having a high CVD risk, considerably lower than the 72 per cent of women identified, possibly because women are more likely to seek medical advice. (bio-medicine.org)
  • People were defined as high risk if they had more than a 20 per cent chance of developing CVD over the next 10 years. (bio-medicine.org)
  • All the study subjects who fell into the high-risk category were advised to see their family doctor and take the results from the mobile clinic with them. (bio-medicine.org)
  • Anyone Iiving in a country with a high prevaience of thalasserma should be screened so they can be aware of their thalassernic status, and if required discuss the implications of this with their physician or a genetic counselor! (change.org)
  • High levels of it seemed to increase type 2 diabetes risk to about 7 percent (Harmon 2010). (wikipedia.org)
  • Good tests come with a patient explanation of why that person has high enough risk of cancer to justify the test. (wikipedia.org)
  • years
  • The study suggests that 7.9 million people in the UK have already been diagnosed with CVD or have a medically recognised risk of developing the disease in the next ten years. (bio-medicine.org)
  • The USPSTF makes no recommendation for or against screening for AAA in men age 65 to 75 years who have never smoked. (annals.org)
  • Based on results of predictive multivariable regression modeling within a test set ( n = 17,979), the final risk index, as validated in the remainder of the overall screening cohort ( n = 17,939), comprised age, sex, family history, smoking history in pack-years and BMI. (biomedcentral.com)
  • In 2008, with emergence of new genomic technologies, the WHO synthesised and modified these with the new understanding as follows: Synthesis of emerging screening criteria proposed over the past 40 years The screening programme should respond to a recognized need. (wikipedia.org)
  • Cancer screening is not indicated unless life expectancy is greater than five years and the benefit is uncertain over the age of 70. (wikipedia.org)
  • There is a 50% risk over 10 years of progressing to overt diabetes. (wikipedia.org)
  • The risk of toxicity is low for individuals without complicating conditions during the first 5 years of treatment using less than 6.5 mg/kg/day of hydroxychloroquine or 3 mg/kg/day of chloroquine, and/or cumulative doses of less than 1000 gram and 460 gram (total dose), respectively. (wikipedia.org)
  • According to their analysis one in 2,000 women will have her life prolonged by 10 years of screening, however, another 10 healthy women will undergo unnecessary breast cancer treatment. (wikipedia.org)
  • Obese
  • The U.S. National Institutes of Health recommends bariatric surgery for obese people with a body mass index (BMI) of at least 40, and for people with BMI of at least 35 and serious coexisting medical conditions such as diabetes. (wikipedia.org)
  • PRACTICE
  • In 1968 the World Health Organization published guidelines on the Principles and practice of screening for disease, which often referred to as Wilson's criteria. (wikipedia.org)
  • assess
  • A simple finger-stick test used to assess how well your kidneys are functioning, a creatinine screening uses an FDA-approved device adopted by more than 250 hospitals nationwide. (lifelinescreening.com)
  • That research recommended tests that assess the risk of heart attack by measuring fatty buildup in a patient's arteries. (chron.com)
  • Previous studies have shown it is possible to carry out mass screenings to assess risk of heart disease among large groups, and personalised mass communication through the internet can be effective in decreasing the 10-year risk of developing a heart condition. (healthcanal.com)
  • This study is designed to assess how online interventions can help people reduce their risk of heart attack. (healthcanal.com)
  • exposure
  • Risk of exposure to ionizing radiation doses, particularly among children, in the presence of extremely low yield rates of detection. (wikipedia.org)
  • examinations
  • Because early squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) of the esophagus and oropharyngolarynx can be treated by endoscopic mucosectomy ( 1 , 2 ) or endoscope-guided mucosectomy ( 3 ), it is important to develop methods to identify individuals at increased risk of cancer of the upper aerodigestive tract to provide detailed examinations by the upper aerodigestive tract endoscopy combined with esophageal iodine staining. (aacrjournals.org)
  • Retinal examinations are advised for documentation, but visible bull's-eye maculopathy is a late change, and the goal of screening is to recognize toxicity at an earlier stage. (wikipedia.org)
  • programme
  • The screening programme was carried out by specially trained nurses at public events and in towns and cities, including supermarket locations. (bio-medicine.org)
  • tumor
  • A neoplasm or tumor is a group of cells that have undergone unregulated growth and will often form a mass or lump, but may be distributed diffusely. (wikipedia.org)
  • Genetic
  • In Orthodox Jewish circles, the organization Dor Yeshorim carries out an anonymous screening program so that couples who are likely to conceive a child with Tay-Sachs or another genetic disorder can avoid marriage. (wikipedia.org)
  • Individuals and couples who seek carrier screening are aware of test results or genetic disease in ancestors or living family members. (wikipedia.org)
  • good
  • Expanding newborn screening: how good is the evidence? (readabstracts.com)
  • There is good evidence that abdominal ultrasonography, performed in a setting with adequate quality assurance (that is, in an accredited facility with credentialed technologists), is an accurate screening test for AAA. (annals.org)
  • As such, screening tests are somewhat unusual in that they are performed on persons apparently in good health. (wikipedia.org)
  • Different kinds of cancer screening procedures have different risks, but good tests share some characteristics. (wikipedia.org)
  • alcohol
  • Case-control studies in Japanese ( 10 - 13 ) and Taiwanese ( 13 - 16 ) individuals and prospective studies in which esophageal iodine staining has been used in Japanese alcoholics ( 17 - 19 ) have consistently shown a very strong link between the risk of esophageal SCC and alcohol drinking in people possessing the ALDH2*1/*2 genotype. (aacrjournals.org)
  • The risk of cancer is much higher for those who drink alcohol and also use tobacco. (wikipedia.org)
  • Evaluation
  • The aim of this study was to conduct an external evaluation of a previously published risk index for advanced neoplasia (AN) in a large, well-characterized cohort. (biomedcentral.com)
  • We performed an evaluation of the risk index developed by Kaminski et al. (biomedcentral.com)
  • tests
  • What kind of screening tests should I go for? (lifelinescreening.com)
  • Computed tomographic colonography, fecal DNA testing, and Pillcam Colon are promising tests that need further study before they can be recommended for widespread screening. (aafp.org)
  • Tests like this are screening and not treatment, so we're not going to cover it,'" said J.J. Garza , Oliveira's chief of staff. (chron.com)
  • Screening tests must be effective, safe, well-tolerated with acceptably low rates of false positive and false negative results. (wikipedia.org)
  • All cancer screening tests produce both false positives and false negatives, and most produce more false positives. (wikipedia.org)
  • radiation
  • These task force reports point out that in addition to unnecessary surgery and anxiety, the risks of more frequent mammograms include a small but significant increase in breast cancer induced by radiation. (wikipedia.org)
  • benefits
  • Both CVS and amniocentesis present developmental risks to the fetus that have to be balanced with the possible benefits, especially in cases where the carrier status of only one parent is known. (wikipedia.org)
  • The benefits of screening in breast cancer are controversial. (wikipedia.org)
  • people
  • Professor Neil's research team screened 71,037 people aged 18 and over in 35 towns and cities in England, Wales and Scotland. (bio-medicine.org)
  • People who fell into the medium risk category of 10 to 19 per cent were given verbal advice and a detailed information booklet. (bio-medicine.org)
  • People who are walking around with a ton of plaque in their hearts are walking time bombs and we have a responsibility to screen them. (chron.com)
  • He aimed at building theatres where people could come enjoy the quality of sound and screen at an affordable price. (wikipedia.org)
  • The risk of suicide in people with cancer is approximately double. (wikipedia.org)
  • breast cancer
  • They conclude that "it therefore no longer seems reasonable to attend" for breast cancer screening at any age, and warn of misleading information on the internet. (wikipedia.org)
  • aims
  • Since the company wants to reach the new mass of audiences it aims Tier II cities in India. (wikipedia.org)