• causal
  • Risk factors or determinants are correlational and not necessarily causal, because correlation does not prove causation. (wikipedia.org)
  • Statistical analysis along with the biological sciences can establish that risk factors are causal. (wikipedia.org)
  • Some prefer the term risk factor to mean causal determinants of increased rates of disease, and for unproven links to be called possible risks, associations, etc. (wikipedia.org)
  • Although a causal link is not proved by this data, this increased risk could be caused by micronutrient deficiencies: possibly iron, vitamin B12 or vitamin D. Further studies have provided more evidence of a link between vitamin D deficiency and an increased risk of contracting tuberculosis. (wikipedia.org)
  • Risk factors can also be interpreted as causal factors of the scenario that is materialising, or as vulnerabilities or weaknesses. (wikipedia.org)
  • Imputation - e.g. assuming that risk factors and definitions of offending are homogenous across countries and cultures, assuming that statistical correlations between risk factors and offending actually represent causal relationships, assuming that risk factors apply to individuals on the basis of aggregated data. (wikipedia.org)
  • Researchers
  • It's important to note, however, that these are risk factors for autism, not causes - there's a correlation between these factors and autism, but researchers aren't quite sure of the mechanism that might make the disorder more likely to develop. (cnbc.com)
  • Researchers are learning that other mutations in pieces of chromosomes -- called SNPs (single nucleotide polymorphisms) -- may be linked to higher breast cancer risk in women with an abnormal BRCA1 gene as well as women who didn't inherit an abnormal breast cancer gene. (breastcancer.org)
  • Although more needs to be learned about the function of the specific chromosomal regions involved in susceptibility, researchers say that women at greatest risk due to these and other inherited changes may be offered increased surveillance or preventative measures in the future. (redorbit.com)
  • The term "environmental", as used by cancer researchers, means any risk factor that is not genetically inherited. (wikipedia.org)
  • In a retrospective analysis of over 1,300 newborns (born between 1996 and 2006) from 24 children's hospitals in the United States, researchers at Cincinnati Children's Hospital in Ohio found that babies with HLHS were more likely to be born in summer months, suggesting that seasonality and environmental factors may play a significant role in causation. (wikipedia.org)
  • cancer risk
  • In fact, the links between diet, weight, and exercise and colorectal cancer risk are some of the strongest for any type of cancer. (cancer.org)
  • A diet that's high in red meats (such as beef, pork, lamb, or liver) and processed meats (like hot dogs and some luncheon meats) raises your colorectal cancer risk. (cancer.org)
  • Cooking meats at very high temperatures (frying, broiling, or grilling) creates chemicals that might raise your cancer risk. (cancer.org)
  • It's not clear how much this might increase your colorectal cancer risk. (cancer.org)
  • It's not clear if other dietary components (for example, certain types of fats) affect colorectal cancer risk. (cancer.org)
  • Mainly taken from risk factors for breast cancer, risk factors can be described in terms of, for example: Relative risk, such as "A woman is more than 100 times more likely to develop breast cancer in her 60s than in her 20s. (wikipedia.org)
  • However, the suspected impact of most of these variants on breast cancer risk should, in most cases, be confirmed in large populations studies. (wikipedia.org)
  • Chemotherapy
  • The risk of chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting varies based on the type of treatment received, as well as several outside factors. (wikipedia.org)
  • Some highly emetogenic agents and chemotherapy regimens include: Cisplatin Dacarbazine Cyclophosphamide (>1500 mg/m2) Carmustine (>250 mg/m2) Mechlorethamine Streptozocin ABVD MOPP/COPP/BEACOPP CBV VIP BEP AC Some moderately emetogenic agents and regimens include: Carboplatin Methotrexate Doxorubicin/Adriamycin Docetaxel Paclitaxel Etoposide Ifosfamide Cyclophosphamide (≤1500 mg/m2) CHOP/CHOP-R Besides the type of treatment, personal factors may put a patient at greater risk for CINV. (wikipedia.org)
  • include
  • There was not enough data available to include dietary factors or alcohol consumption in the findings, but experts believe both could be similarly influential. (netdoctor.co.uk)
  • These risk factors include, but are not limited to, economic conditions in the United States and other major world economies, current fluctuations, political instability, changes in laws and regulations, and changes in product demand. (graco.com)
  • Other genetic syndromes that are associated with an elevated soft tissue sarcoma risk include Li-Fraumeni syndrome, neurofibromatosis, tuberous sclerosis and Werner syndrome. (moffitt.org)
  • The nation also has a higher risk if there is state legitimacy deficit, which would include high corruption, disregard for constitutional norms, or mass protests. (wikipedia.org)
  • Risk factors include a weak immune system, atopic dermatitis, and crowded living conditions. (wikipedia.org)
  • Other risk factors include: Female sex Patient age (under 55 years old) History of light alcohol use History of previous CINV History of nausea and vomiting during pregnancy History of motion sickness Anxiety or depression Anticipation of CINV Several treatment methods are available to help prevent CINV. (wikipedia.org)
  • BRCA1
  • Women who have an abnormal BRCA1 or BRCA2 gene (or both) can have up to an 80% risk of being diagnosed with breast cancer during their lifetimes. (breastcancer.org)
  • Men with an abnormal BRCA1 gene have a slightly higher risk of prostate cancer. (breastcancer.org)
  • If a mother or a sister was diagnosed breast cancer, the risk of a hereditary BRCA1 or BRCA2 gene mutation is about 2-fold higher than those women without a familial history. (wikipedia.org)
  • latent
  • Some drugs, including rheumatoid arthritis drugs that work by blocking tumor necrosis factor-alpha (an inflammation-causingcytokine), raise the risk of activating a latent infection due to the importance of this cytokine in the immune defense against TB. (wikipedia.org)
  • lifetime
  • The average woman in the United States has about a 1 in 8, or about 12%, risk of developing breast cancer in her lifetime. (breastcancer.org)
  • However, the actual lifetime risk is lower than that, because 90% of women die before age 95, most commonly from heart attacks, strokes, or other forms of cancer. (wikipedia.org)
  • outcome
  • When performing epidemiological studies to evaluate one or more determinants for a specific outcome, the other determinants may act as confounding factors, and need to be controlled for, e.g. by stratification. (wikipedia.org)
  • obesity
  • Polycystic ovary syndrome , which can cause ovulation problems, obesity , increased male hormone levels, and an increased risk of diabetes . (webmd.com)
  • practice
  • In practice, a linear combination of observed factors included in a linear asset pricing model (for example, the Fama-French three-factor model) proxy for a linear combination of unobserved risk factors if financial market efficiency is assumed. (wikipedia.org)
  • health
  • Well, it's keeping track of the rates of risk factors…which are things we do or states we are in…that confer risk to our health. (lynda.com)
  • Limiting alcohol use to no more than 2 drinks a day for men and 1 drink a day for women could have many health benefits, including a lower risk of many kinds of cancer . (cancer.org)
  • Available at: http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/hypothyroidism/DS00353/DSECTION=risk-factors. (endocrineweb.com)
  • NHIS is the Nation's largest in-person household health survey, providing data on health status, access to and use of health services, health insurance coverage, immunizations, risk factors, and health-related behaviors. (wikipedia.org)
  • They conduct the National Survey of Family Growth, that obtains information on factors affecting birth and pregnancy rates, adoptions, and maternal and infant health, and supplements the information obtained on birth certificates collected through the National Vital Statistics System. (wikipedia.org)
  • abnormal
  • Men who have an abnormal BRCA2 gene have a higher risk of breast cancer than men who don't -- about 8% by the time they're 80 years old. (breastcancer.org)
  • globally
  • This latest study, which is being presented at the Alzheimer's Association International Conference in London, combined the work of 29 globally renowned experts to identify the nine modifiable lifestyle factors that contribute to increased dementia risk - all of which add up to 35% of overall impact. (netdoctor.co.uk)
  • Signs
  • If signs are presented the international community takes notes of them and watches over the countries that have a higher risk. (wikipedia.org)
  • analyze
  • Analyze behavior and risk using R, the open-source statistical computing software. (lynda.com)
  • R provides an environment and a language you can use to analyze data, including the publicly available Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance Survey (BRFSS) dataset. (lynda.com)
  • lifetimes
  • Women who carry a harmful BRCA mutation have a 60% to 80% risk of developing breast cancer in their lifetimes. (wikipedia.org)
  • diet
  • However, ongoing research has shown that injuries - along with lifestyle factors such as diet and exercise - are not correlated with an increased sarcoma risk. (moffitt.org)
  • Diet may also modulate risk. (wikipedia.org)
  • immune
  • This is particularly true, and there is added risk, in particular situations such as medication that suppresses the immune system or advancing age. (wikipedia.org)
  • colon
  • Being overweight (especially having a larger waistline) raises the risk of colon and rectal cancer in both men and women, but the link seems to be stronger in men. (cancer.org)
  • identification of risk factors
  • When done thoughtfully and based on research, identification of risk factors can be a strategy for medical screening. (wikipedia.org)
  • The identification of risk factors that are allegedly predictive of offending and reoffending (especially by young people) has heavily influenced the criminal justice policies and practices of a number of first world countries, notably the UK, the USA and Australia. (wikipedia.org)
  • overweight
  • If you are overweight or obese (very overweight), your risk of developing and dying from colorectal cancer is higher. (cancer.org)
  • cause
  • Although many epidemiological risk factors have been identified, the cause of any individual breast cancer is most often unknowable. (wikipedia.org)
  • patient
  • Due to this factor, the patient may require blood transfusions to make up for the blockage in the beta-chains. (wikipedia.org)
  • main
  • Then I will describe to you the two main systems…the US uses for risk factor surveillance:…the NHANES and the BRFSS. (lynda.com)
  • If you're concerned about your risk of developing hypothyroidism, there are two main factors to consider-age and sex. (endocrineweb.com)
  • FAIR's main document is "'Measuring and Managing Information Risk: A FAIR Approach The document first defines what risk is. (wikipedia.org)
  • creates
  • If a state structure is weak and provides poor basic services for the citizens, restricted the rule of law, or has a lack of civilian protection, it also creates a higher risk and could become unstable. (wikipedia.org)
  • diabetes
  • Diabetes mellitus is also an important risk factor that is growing in importance in developing countries. (wikipedia.org)
  • People with diabetes mellitus are at increased risk of contracting tuberculosis, and they have a poorer response to treatment, possibly due to poorer drug absorption. (wikipedia.org)
  • potential
  • Our unique bench-to-bedside approach means that as soon as we discover a new treatment option, diagnostic technique or potential risk factor, we can implement that knowledge to expand our offerings and improve each patient's quality of life. (moffitt.org)
  • example
  • For example, driving-while-intoxicated (DWI) history is a risk marker for pilots as epidemiologic studies indicate that pilots with a DWI history are significantly more likely than their counterparts without a DWI history to be involved in aviation crashes. (wikipedia.org)
  • For example, among immigrants in London from the Indian subcontinent, vegetarian Hindu Asians were found to have an 8.5 fold increased risk of tuberculosis, compared to Muslims who ate meat and fish daily. (wikipedia.org)
  • persons
  • R i s k = number of persons experiencing event (food poisoning) number of persons exposed to risk factor (food) {\displaystyle Risk={\frac {\mbox{number of persons experiencing event (food poisoning)}}{\mbox{number of persons exposed to risk factor (food)}}}} So the chicken eaters' risk = 22/74 = 0.297 And non-chicken eaters' risk = 2/35 = 0.057. (wikipedia.org)
  • Persons with chronic renal failure and also on hemodialysis have an increased risk. (wikipedia.org)
  • causes
  • NCHS works in partnership with the vital registration systems in each jurisdiction to produce critical information on such topics as teenage births and birth rates, prenatal care and birth weight, risk factors for adverse pregnancy outcomes, infant mortality rates, leading causes of death, and life expectancy. (wikipedia.org)
  • analysis
  • Factor analysis of information risk (FAIR) is a taxonomy of the factors that contribute to risk and how they affect each other. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Risk and Risk Analysis section discusses risk concepts and some of the realities surrounding risk analysis and probabilities. (wikipedia.org)
  • https://buildsecurityin.us-cert.gov/bsi/articles/best-practices/deployment/583-BSI.html "An Introduction to Factor Analysis of Information Risk (FAIR)" Archived 2014-11-18 at the Wayback Machine. (wikipedia.org)
  • management
  • It is not possible for management to identify each and every factor that may have an impact on the Company's operations in the future as new factors can develop from time to time. (graco.com)
  • These are terms often used in risk management frameworks. (wikipedia.org)
  • A number of methodologies deal with risk management in an IT environment or IT risk, related to information security management systems and standards like ISO/IEC 27000-series. (wikipedia.org)
  • important
  • Investors should realize that factors other than those identified above and in Item 1A and Exhibit 99 might prove important to the Company's future results. (graco.com)
  • Understanding your risk factors is important because it will help your doctor determine your need to be screened for hypothyroidism. (endocrineweb.com)
  • It is important not to confuse these risks or throw them into one large risk list. (wikipedia.org)
  • People
  • People with a history of colorectal cancer in a first-degree relative (parent, sibling, or child) are at increased risk. (cancer.org)
  • There are clear risk factors for pneumoconiosis and a range of jobs that are more likely to bring people into contact with harmful dust. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • People who have occupations that involve working with soil are more at risk of histoplasmosis. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • People with silicosis have an approximately 30-fold greater risk for developing TB. (wikipedia.org)
  • Other conflict histories that put a state at risk are past cultural traumas that have hurt the core social identity of the state, or if the people have been known to have legacy of group grievances or vengeance. (wikipedia.org)