• genus
  • Measles (rubeola) is an infectious disease caused by multiplication of a single-strand ribonucleic acid (RNA) virus of the genus Morbillivirus in the upper respiratory tract and conjunctiva. (cochrane.org)
  • The genus Orthopneumovirus consists of pathogens that target the upper respiratory tract within their specific hosts. (wikipedia.org)
  • ERBV's appear to infect most foals and weanlings, eliciting a low serum antibody response in stark contrast to equine rhinitis A virus (ERAV), which is the only species of the genus Aphthovirus that is not a foot-and-mouth disease virus (FMDV), and appears to only infect horses once they begin training for racing (approx. (wikipedia.org)
  • chronic obstruc
  • 31 had an RTI with underlying chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), of whom 1 (2.3%) was XMRV positive (all residents of North Germany). (prohealth.com)
  • The aim of this thesis was to investigate the composition of this extracellular compartment using human lavage samples from healthy volunteers, asthmatics and patients with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) to guide the development of a series of lung lining fluid simulants for the testing of inhaled drugs. (bl.uk)
  • HMPV is associated with more severe disease in people with asthma and adults with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). (wikipedia.org)
  • viral
  • Quantification of FHV or FCV copy number on quantitative PCR assays can help interpretation of results, as high viral loads in clinical specimens suggest active viral replication and involvement in the disease process, whereas lower loads may be more consistent with asymptomatic carrier status. (vin.com)
  • Mammalian Orthoreoviruses The only orthoreovirus to not produce syncytia, mammalian orthoreoviruses have the capability of infecting all mammals, but do not cause disease, except in young populations enabling them to be studied frequently as a model for viral replication and pathogenesis. (wikipedia.org)
  • enteric
  • The discovery of the coxsackieviruses stimulated many virologists to use this system, and ultimately resulted in the isolation of a large number of so-called "enteric" viruses from the gastrointestinal tract that were unrelated to poliovirus, and some of which were oncogenic (cancer-causing). (wikipedia.org)
  • Bordetella
  • For dogs expected to board, be shown, or to enter a kennel situation within 6 months, vets may recommend administering Bordetella, which protects again a respiratory illness commonly known as "kennel cough" in addition to canine parainfluenza virus (another kennel cough agent). (wikipedia.org)
  • Mycoplasma
  • Eaton suggested the possibility that the disease was caused by a mycoplasma, but the agent did not grow on the standard pleuropneumonia-like organism (PPLO) media of the time. (wikipedia.org)
  • illnesses
  • Ad14 (for adenovirus serotype 14), has caused at least 140 illnesses in New York, Oregon, Texas and Washington, according to a report from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (wikipedia.org)
  • specimens
  • The identification of HMPV has predominantly relied on reverse-transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) technology to amplify directly from RNA extracted from respiratory specimens. (wikipedia.org)
  • inhalation
  • Shortness of breath, it can be subjective (feeling sick difficulty breathing with nervousness, hysteria), objective (defined research methods, and is characterized by alterations of respiratory rhythm and duration of inhalation and exhalation with emphysema) and combined (objective and subjective shortness of breath joins component with increasing frequency of breath inflammation of the lungs, bronchial lung cancer, tuberculosis). (thebestasthmaremedies.com)
  • asthma
  • Nitric oxide (NO) is an important mediator of inflammation in several pathological conditions.Patients with lung diseases, like asthma, have higher levels of the Fraction of exhaled Nitric Oxide (FeNO) in active disease in comparison with healthy volunteers. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • virus
  • The Orthoreovirus was named an orphan virus because it was not known to be associated with any known disease. (wikipedia.org)
  • Since adenovirus can be excreted for prolonged periods, the presence of virus does not necessarily mean it is associated with disease. (wikipedia.org)
  • severe disease
  • If several ill cats are being dealt with, the household is a breeding cattery or shelter, or chronic or severe disease is present, identification of agent(s) may become more important to direct specific management. (vin.com)
  • However, premature infants, immunocompromised persons, and older adults >65 years are at risk for severe disease and hospitalization. (wikipedia.org)
  • children
  • The purpose of this study is to determine whether inflammatory bowel disease in children involve the respiratory tract as expressed by increased levels of the Fraction of exhaled Nitric Oxide (FeNO) and spirometry. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Pneumoviruses have been traced by researchers from the Center for Disease Control and Prevention and the University Medica Centre in Utrecht, Netherlands on how orthopneumoviruses attack infants and small children. (wikipedia.org)
  • horses
  • Coverage of the May 2011 equine herpesvirus-1 (EHV-1) outbreak in horses and how to prevent/treat the disease. (thehorse.com)
  • duration
  • This is because core vaccines show an excellent correlation between the presence of antibody and protective immunity to a disease, and have a long DOI (Duration of Immunity). (wikipedia.org)
  • Transmission
  • Being in close proximity to a host who has been infected with an orthopneumovirus can also be a risk since most transmission happens via respiratory. (wikipedia.org)
  • http://www.healthline.com/health/disease-transmission#Overview1[full citation needed] McIntosh, K. M. (wikipedia.org)
  • healthy individuals
  • Analysis across nasal, bronchial and alveolar compartments revealed marked compositional differences throughout the respiratory tract in healthy individuals, with significant differences also observed with age, smoking status and the presence of established respiratory disease. (bl.uk)
  • known
  • Substances used during these tasks contained silica, polyvinyl siloxane, alginate, and other compounds with known or potential respiratory toxicity. (pubtransformer.com)