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  • stimulation
  • Electrical muscle stimulation (EMS) can prevent critical illness polyneuromyopathy (CIPNM), according to Greek researchers. (redorbit.com)
  • We anticipated that electrical muscle stimulation implementation could reverse the detrimental effects of critical illness on skeletal muscle and preserve the muscle mass of these patients," said Dr. Nanas. (redorbit.com)
  • Electrical muscle stimulation is a promising preventive tool for critical illness polyneuromyopathy, a common complication of critical illness which is associated with increased duration of ICU stay, morbidity and mortality," said Dr. Nanas. (redorbit.com)
  • The application of EMS in patients after they are discharged from the ICU to improve and restore the muscle function should also be further evaluated, as should the long term effect in muscle function and quality of life of electrical muscle stimulation that has been applied during ICU stay. (redorbit.com)
  • Twitch mouth pressure (TwPM) responded to cervical magnetic stimulation is a non-volitional technique to measure respiratory muscle strength. (ersjournals.com)
  • Stimulation of the cough receptors by dust or other foreign particles produces a cough, which is necessary to remove the foreign material from the respiratory tract before it reaches the lungs. (wikipedia.org)
  • skeletal
  • ICU patients undergo long periods of immobilization due to prolonged sedation and mechanical ventilation which have been shown to have detrimental effects on skeletal muscle mass within a few days after ICU admission. (redorbit.com)
  • symptoms
  • Symptoms include, primarily, increased respiratory effort and dyspnea, especially in response to strenuous exercise. (wikipedia.org)
  • It is the most common acquired muscle disorder seen in people over 50, although about 20% of cases display symptoms before the age of 50. (wikipedia.org)
  • To reduce symptoms To improve knowledge of lung condition and promote self-management To increase muscle strength and endurance (peripheral and respiratory) To increase the exercise tolerance To reduce length of hospital stay To help to function better in day-to-day life To help in managing anxiety and depression Reduction in number of days spent in hospital one year following pulmonary rehabilitation. (wikipedia.org)
  • As a result, the term "croup" nowadays most often refers to an unrelated viral illness that produces similar but milder respiratory symptoms. (wikipedia.org)
  • lungs
  • Results demonstrate that inhaled MWCNT, which deposit in the lungs, are transported to the parietal pleura, the respiratory musculature and the systemic organs in a singlet form and accumulate with time following exposure. (cdc.gov)
  • Measuring respiratory function with standard pulmonary function tests provides information about the contribution of all respiratory muscles, the lungs and airways. (eur.nl)
  • musculature
  • Inhalation exposure studies of mice were conducted to determine if multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNT) distribute to the parietal pleura, respiratory musculature and systemic organs. (cdc.gov)
  • The burden of singlet MWCNT in parietal pleura, respiratory musculature and systemic organs at 48 weeks post exposure was significantly higher than at 1 day post exposure. (cdc.gov)
  • severe
  • EMS has shown beneficial results in patients with end stage chronic heart failure and severe COPD in terms of exercise capacity, muscle strength and quality of life. (redorbit.com)
  • In patients with severe cardiac and/or respiratory insufficiency that prevents active exercise, EMS is an alternative form of exercise that is well tolerated and has minimal aerobic requirements," explained Dr. Nanas. (redorbit.com)
  • Although pain has not been traditionally part of the "textbook" description, many patients report severe muscle pain, especially in the thighs. (wikipedia.org)
  • COPD
  • EMS has also been used in patients with COPD under mechanical ventilation following ICU stay with beneficial results in terms of muscle strength. (redorbit.com)
  • Respiratory muscle strength in COPD is comprised by multiplex factors such as airflow limitation, physical inactivity and malnutrition, with airflow limitation being the most significant one. (ersjournals.com)
  • Recurrent airway obstruction, also known as broken wind, heaves, wind-broke horse, or sometimes by the term usually reserved for humans, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease or disorder (COPD) - it is a respiratory disease or chronic condition of horses involving an allergic bronchitis characterised by wheezing, coughing and laboured breathing. (wikipedia.org)
  • fatigue
  • Pdi, time in inspiration (Ti), time per breath (TTOT), respiratory gases, ratings of perceived dyspnea and fatigue, and 760-800 nm near-infrared spectroscopy absorbency changes of the serratus anterior muscle were measured throughout exercise. (ahajournals.org)
  • CONCLUSIONS We conclude that low-frequency diaphragmatic muscle fatigue does not occur despite accessory respiratory muscle deoxygenation during exercise in patients with HF. (ahajournals.org)
  • The rhythmic motor patterns were enough to give the man painful muscle fatigue. (wikipedia.org)
  • Breathing
  • A software operated method/system for both breathing training and respiratory muscle training in which a user inhales and exhales via a mouthpiece through a hand-held breathing chamber so that pressure, time and direction of air breathed through the chamber is automatically measured. (freepatentsonline.com)
  • In addition to the findings that respiratory muscle loading improved performance across multiple metrics, the researchers speculated that the performance increases may have been attributed to the re-breathing of expired air. (wikipedia.org)
  • Accessory muscles" refers to muscles that assist, but do not play a primary role, in breathing. (wikipedia.org)
  • However, the sternocleidomastoid and the scalene muscles (anterior, middle and posterior scalene) are typically considered accessory muscles of breathing. (wikipedia.org)
  • The role of the scalene and sternomastoid muscles in breathing in normal subjects. (wikipedia.org)
  • patients
  • Using near-infrared spectroscopy, we have previously demonstrated accessory respiratory muscle deoxygenation during exercise in these patients by monitoring changes in light absorption at 760-800 nm. (ahajournals.org)
  • We discuss how these imaging techniques relate with spirometric values and whether these can be used to study the contribution of the different respiratory muscles in patients with neuromuscular disease. (eur.nl)
  • Many patients say they have balance problems and fall easily, as the muscles cannot compensate for an off-balanced posture. (wikipedia.org)
  • Because sIBM makes the leg muscles weak and unstable, patients are very vulnerable to serious injury from tripping or falling down. (wikipedia.org)
  • In general, pulmonary rehabilitation refers to a series of services that are administered to patients of respiratory disease and their families, typically to attempt to improve the quality of life for the patient. (wikipedia.org)
  • quadriceps
  • EMS was implemented simultaneously on the quadriceps and peroneous longus (a calf muscle). (redorbit.com)
  • The muscles in the thighs called the quadriceps and the muscles in the arms that control finger flexion-making a fist-are usually affected early on. (wikipedia.org)
  • occur
  • In sporadic inclusion body myositis [MY-oh-sigh-tis], two processes, one autoimmune and the other degenerative, appear to occur in the muscle cells in parallel. (wikipedia.org)