• fever
  • Here, we report a previously unknown reovirus (named "Melaka virus") isolated from a 39-year-old male patient in Melaka, Malaysia, who was suffering from high fever and acute respiratory disease at the time of virus isolation. (pnas.org)
  • Fever is not very specific, as it occurs in many other common illnesses, may be absent in those with severe disease, malnutrition or in the elderly. (wikipedia.org)
  • enteric
  • Reoviruses (respiratory enteric orphan viruses) are a large and diverse group of nonenveloped viruses with segmented dsRNA genomes that are taxonomically classified into 10 genera in the family Reoviridae ( 4 , 5 ). (pnas.org)
  • zoonotic
  • Bats, probably the most abundant, diverse, and geographically dispersed vertebrates on earth, have recently been shown to be the reservoir hosts of a variety of zoonotic viruses responsible for severe human disease outbreaks, some with very high mortality ( 9 ). (pnas.org)
  • HCoV-EMC
  • On 8 November 2012, in an article published in the New England Journal of Medicine, Dr. Zaki and co-authors from the Erasmus Medical Center published more details, including a scientific name, Human Coronavirus-Erasmus Medical Center (HCoV-EMC), which was then used in scientific literature. (wikipedia.org)
  • outbreaks
  • Goldberg, who has worked in Uganda for years tracking viruses in animals , says outbreaks of respiratory disease in wild chimpanzees are not uncommon, but for the most part they go undiagnosed. (wisc.edu)
  • With an average of 13 posts per day, ProMED provides users with up-to-date information concerning infectious disease outbreaks on a global scale. (wikipedia.org)
  • virus
  • In November 2012, Egyptian virologist Dr. Ali Mohamed Zaki sent a virus sample from the first confirmed case to virologist Ron Fouchier, a leading coronavirus researcher at the Erasmus Medical Center (EMC) in Rotterdam, The Netherlands. (wikipedia.org)
  • A new virus from the same family as SARS that sparked a global alert in September last year has been found in another patient in Britain, health officials said on Monday. (taipeitimes.com)
  • Examples of such investments include human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) treatment, infectious disease surveillance and response, vaccine development, and maternal and child health improvement. (nap.edu)
  • At this point the public health risk from the new coronavirus is uncertain because there has been no human-to-human transmission or virus transmission to health care workers. (emory.edu)
  • The surprise disclosure followed the unexpected firing of the kingdom's deputy health minister, heightening concerns about the country's ability to halt the spread of the Middle Eastern respiratory virus. (toledoblade.com)
  • All of which brings us to an EID Journal report on an international conference on respiratory virus transmission and control which was held in Hong Kong this past summer. (blogspot.com)
  • As part of its 130th anniversary celebration, the Li Ka Shing Faculty of Medicine of the University of Hong Kong has provided financial support for several international conferences in its priority research areas, including respiratory virus transmission and control. (blogspot.com)
  • Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-like virus in Chinese horseshoe bats. (wikipedia.org)
  • Early reports compared the virus to severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS), and it has been referred to as Saudi Arabia's SARS-like virus. (wikipedia.org)
  • The genomic size of coronaviruses ranges from approximately 26 to 32 kilobases, the largest for an RNA virus. (wikipedia.org)
  • Proteins that contribute to the overall structure of all coronaviruses are the spike (S), envelope (E), membrane (M) and nucleocapsid (N). In the specific case of the SARS coronavirus (see below), a defined receptor-binding domain on S mediates the attachment of the virus to its cellular receptor, angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2). (wikipedia.org)
  • In chickens, the infectious bronchitis virus (IBV), a coronavirus, targets not only the respiratory tract but also the uro-genital tract. (wikipedia.org)
  • Hepatitis B is caused by hepatitis B virus, a hepadnavirus that can cause both acute and chronic hepatitis. (wikipedia.org)
  • Her other inventions in this area include synthetic peptide-based blood screening diagnostics for HTLV I/II, HCV Hepatitis C virus, which has CE certification and has been sold in the global market through Organon Teknika /Biomerieux since 1991, and the SARS Coronavirus, as well as diagnostic tests for the differentiation of infected vs. vaccinated animals for Foot and mouth disease. (wikipedia.org)
  • hepatitis
  • We have analyzed the evolution of the mouse hepatitis coronavirus during multiple passaging in the presence of an HR2-based fusion inhibitor. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • It causes an acute form of hepatitis and does not have a chronic stage. (wikipedia.org)
  • Patients with hepatitis C are susceptible to severe hepatitis if they contract either hepatitis A or B, so all persons with hepatitis C should be immunized against hepatitis A and hepatitis B if they are not already immune, and avoid alcohol. (wikipedia.org)
  • known
  • Close contact is defined as having cared for or lived with a person known to have SARS or having a high likelihood of direct contact with respiratory secretions and/or body fluids of a patient known to have SARS. (thebody.com)
  • infectious disease
  • The first paper is the National Intelligence Estimate on the Global Infectious Disease Threat, the second paper is the assessment on the Next Wave of HIV/AIDS, and the third paper was the assessment on SARS. (wikipedia.org)
  • In January, 2000, The National Intelligence Council released its National Intelligence Estimate on the Global Infectious Disease Threat. (wikipedia.org)
  • Sometimes referred to as "event-based surveillance" or "epidemic intelligence," informal disease reporting services, pioneered by ProMED, have become a crucial component of the overall global infectious disease surveillance picture. (wikipedia.org)
  • On March 12, WHO issued a global alert about a new infectious disease of unknown origin in both Vietnam and Hong Kong. (wikipedia.org)
  • specimens
  • Specimens from suspect cases should be saved for further testing, and acute and convalescent serum samples should be obtained from individuals who meet the SARS case definition (see Table 1 ). (thebody.com)
  • laboratory
  • Samples are respiratory samples, usually collected by a physician, nurse, or assistant, and sent to a hospital laboratory for preliminary testing. (wikipedia.org)
  • There are several methods of collecting a respiratory sample, depending on requirements of the laboratory that will test the sample. (wikipedia.org)
  • precautions
  • Clinicians and others who work in health care settings need to adhere to strict respiratory and contact precautions. (thebody.com)
  • It is believed that, at the time of exposure, affected medical staff were not using respiratory precautions, a safety protocol intended to fully protect medical workers. (wikipedia.org)