• humans
  • We have long known that women live longer than men, and that the biological aging process differs between the sexes, not just in humans, but in many animals. (gc.ca)
  • More data are available for humans than for any other species, and the human sex ratio is more studied than that of any other species, but interpreting these statistics can be difficult. (wikipedia.org)
  • Like most sexual species, the sex ratio in humans is approximately 1:1. (wikipedia.org)
  • The XY sex-determination system is the sex-determination system found in humans, most other mammals, some insects (Drosophila), some snakes, and some plants (Ginkgo). (wikipedia.org)
  • In humans, most mammals, and some other species, two of the chromosomes, called the X chromosome and Y chromosome, code for sex. (wikipedia.org)
  • biological
  • Sex segregation is the physical, legal, and cultural separation of people according to their biological sex. (wikipedia.org)
  • They suggested that while bisexuality is subject to influence by social and sexual learning, the development of heterosexuality and homosexuality may have a biological basis, possibly influenced by hormonal factors. (wikipedia.org)
  • ethnicity
  • Every cognitive or personality trait will have a wide distribution among a given population-sex, ethnicity, nationality, age, whatever-and those distributions may only vary slightly. (wired.com)
  • citation needed] In the United States, the sex ratios at birth over the period 1970-2002 were 1.05 for the white non-Hispanic population, 1.04 for Mexican Americans, 1.03 for African Americans and Indians, and 1.07 for mothers of Chinese or Filipino ethnicity. (wikipedia.org)
  • mandatory
  • Some of the crimes which usually result in a mandatory sex-offender classification are: a second prostitution conviction, sending or receiving obscene content in the form of SMS text messages (sexting), and relationship between young adults and teenagers resulting in corruption of a minor (if the age between them is greater than 1,060 days). (wikipedia.org)
  • Legal and gender studies scholar David S. Cohen offers one taxonomy in categorizing sex segregation as mandatory, administrative, permissive, or voluntary. (wikipedia.org)
  • Mandatory and administrative sex segregation are required and enforced by governments in public environments, while permissive and voluntary sex segregation are stances chosen by public or private institutions, but within the capacity of the law. (wikipedia.org)
  • Mandatory sex segregation is legally required and enforces separation based on sex. (wikipedia.org)
  • These mandatory rules can be nuanced, as in military service, where sexes are often separated in laws about conscription, in housing, and in regulations on which sexes can participate in certain roles, like frontline infantry. (wikipedia.org)
  • Mandatory sex segregation also includes less obvious cases of separation, as when men and women are required to have same-sex attendants for body searches. (wikipedia.org)
  • Mandatory sex segregation can thus dictate parameters for employment in sex segregated spaces, including medical and care work contexts, and can be a form of occupational segregation. (wikipedia.org)
  • examine
  • The SCOR programs are large Center Programs (P50) that consist of 11 Centers that conduct interdisciplinary research focused on health issues that affect women and examine sex/gender contributions to health and disease. (nih.gov)
  • Further research is warranted to examine sex-specific dietary factors related to CVD risk in children. (mdpi.com)
  • asexuality
  • Asexuality is distinct from abstention from sexual activity and from celibacy, which are behavioral and generally motivated by factors such as an individual's personal or religious beliefs. (wikipedia.org)
  • Acceptance of asexuality as a sexual orientation and field of scientific research is still relatively new, as a growing body of research from both sociological and psychological perspectives has begun to develop. (wikipedia.org)
  • defines
  • The Trafficking Victims Protection Act of 2000 (TVPA) defines sex trafficking as the recruitment, harboring, transportation, provision, or obtaining of a person for the purpose of a commercial sex act, in which the commercial sex act is induced by force, fraud, or coercion, or in which the person induced to perform such act has not attained 18 years of age. (wikipedia.org)
  • absence
  • A major contributor to CVD is atherosclerosis which is a dynamic process that can begin in childhood and develop or regress, depending on the presence or absence of a range of risk factors, including obesity, inflammation, hyperglycemia, hypertension and hyperlipidemia [ 2 ]. (mdpi.com)
  • Female" is the default sex, due to the absence of the Y chromosome. (wikipedia.org)
  • victim
  • In the modern world of technology, many jurisdictions are reforming their laws to prevent the over-prosecution of sex offenders and focusing on crimes involving a victim. (wikipedia.org)
  • Individuals convicted of petty crimes not covered by the AWA are still liable to abide by the previous regulations denoting them as a sex offender (or habitual sex offender, sexual predator, sexually violent sexual predator, or child-victim offender). (wikipedia.org)
  • For these rapists, sex is a weapon to defile and degrade the victim, rape constitutes the ultimate expression of their anger. (wikipedia.org)
  • Examples
  • Examples of administrative sex segregation include sex segregation in government sponsored medical research, sports leagues, public hospitals with shared rooms, rehabilitation programs, and some public education facilities. (wikipedia.org)
  • masturbation
  • In addition to sexual penetration by the penis, people may use sex toys such as butt plugs or anal beads, engage in fingering, anilingus, pegging, anal masturbation or fisting for anal sexual activity, and different sex positions may also be included. (wikipedia.org)
  • laws
  • The term "segregation" refers to separation of the sexes, which can be enforced by rules, laws, and policies, or be a de facto outcome in which people are separated by sex. (wikipedia.org)
  • Some aspects of the current sex offender registries in the United States have been widely criticized by civil rights organizations Human Rights Watch and the ACLU, professional organizations Association for the Treatment of Sexual Abusers and Association of Criminal Defense Lawyers, reformist groups Reform Sex Offender Laws, Inc., Women Against Registry and USA FAIR, and by child safety advocate Patty Wetterling, the Chair of National Center for Missing & Exploited Children. (wikipedia.org)
  • feelings
  • In both sexes, but especially in men, homosexuality was connected to "Childhood Gender Nonconformity", which was a measure partly of behavior more typical of the opposite sex and partly of subjective feelings of masculinity and femininity. (wikipedia.org)
  • females
  • Consequently, the sex ratio tends to reduce as age increases and among the elderly there is usually a greater proportion of females. (wikipedia.org)
  • Risk
  • 2013, Graduate Research, Risk and Protective Factors for HIV of Portuguese Men in Southeastern Massachusetts Who Have Sex With Men (MSM): A Phenomenological Study. (cmich.edu)
  • Do changes in certain types of dysregulation increase the risk of chronic diseases more in one sex than the other? (gc.ca)
  • Cardiovascular disease (CVD) originates in childhood and early identification of risk factors provides an early intervention opportunity. (mdpi.com)
  • The aim was to identify children at higher risk using a CVD risk score, developed from factors known to cluster in childhood. (mdpi.com)
  • 90th) using normal pediatric reference ranges for 10 common biomedical risk factors. (mdpi.com)
  • 45% of Hodgkin lymphoma cases each year in the UK are linked to major lifestyle and other risk factors. (cancerresearchuk.org)
  • Hodgkin lymphoma risk is associated with a number of risk factors. (cancerresearchuk.org)
  • Use our interactive tool to explore risk factors for liver cancer. (cancerresearchuk.org)
  • Teenage and young adult cancer risk is strongly linked with age and sex. (cancerresearchuk.org)
  • Previous surveys of men who have sex with men (MSM) in Africa have not adequately profiled HIV status and risk factors by sex work status. (popcouncil.org)
  • Anal sex is considered a high-risk sexual practice because of the vulnerability of the anus and rectum. (wikipedia.org)
  • involves
  • Administrative sex segregation involves public and government institutions segregating by sex in their operating capacity, rather than as the result of a formal mandate. (wikipedia.org)
  • Sexual
  • Some asexual people engage in sexual activity despite lacking sexual attraction or a desire for sex, due to a variety of reasons, such as a desire to pleasure themselves or romantic partners, or a desire to have children. (wikipedia.org)
  • Following the lead of Yale scholar John Boswell, it has been argued that a number of early Christians (such as Saints Sergius and Bacchus) entered into homosexual relationships, and that certain Biblical figures had homosexual relationships, despite Biblical injunctions against sexual relationships between members of the same sex. (wikipedia.org)
  • A sex offender (sexual offender, sex abuser, or sexual abuser) is a person who has committed a sex crime. (wikipedia.org)
  • however, some sex offenders have simply violated a law contained in a sexual category. (wikipedia.org)
  • In some states public urination, having sex on a beach, or unlawful imprisonment of a minor also constitute sexual offenses requiring registration. (wikipedia.org)
  • however, only the category just below sexually-violent sexual predator is reserved for a severe or repeated sex offender: sexual predator. (wikipedia.org)
  • By contrast, people also regard anal sex as a natural and valid form of sexual activity that may be as fulfilling as other desired sexual expressions. (wikipedia.org)
  • They may regard it as an enhancing element of their sex lives or as their primary form of sexual activity. (wikipedia.org)
  • Research indicates that anal sex occurs significantly less frequently than other sexual behaviors, but its association with dominance and submission, as well as taboo, makes it an appealing stimulus to people of all sexual orientations. (wikipedia.org)
  • often
  • In the United States, the United Kingdom, and other countries, a convicted sex offender is often required to register with the respective jurisdiction's sex offender registry. (wikipedia.org)
  • In this process, an X chromosome and a Y chromosome act to determine the sex of offspring, often due to genes located on the Y chromosome that code for maleness. (wikipedia.org)
  • Strong views are often expressed about anal sex. (wikipedia.org)
  • versus
  • Sex offenders were about four times more likely than non-sex offenders to be arrested for another sex crime after their discharge from prison (5.3 percent of sex offenders, versus 1.3 percent of non-sex offenders). (wikipedia.org)
  • among
  • The SCOR mechanism promotes collaborative research among scientists with varied expertise in order to achieve research objectives that are less likely to occur through other grant mechanisms. (nih.gov)
  • occur
  • Sex segregation can occur in both public and private contexts, and be classified in many ways. (wikipedia.org)
  • Administrative sex segregation can occur in these environments simply as through the provisioning of sex segregated restrooms despite limited explicit legal requirements to do so. (wikipedia.org)
  • work
  • This work has the potential to transform the way cancer is researched by placing increased focus on the sex of model systems used, as well as to greatly influence the application of targeted therapies which may be differentially effective between the sexes. (gc.ca)
  • You are welcome to reuse this Cancer Research UK content for your own work. (cancerresearchuk.org)
  • While sex work is largely illegal in Mexico, most cities do have Zonas de Tolerancia, areas where prostitution is allowed. (wikipedia.org)
  • Study
  • citation needed] In an extensive study, carried out around 2005, of sex ratio at birth in the United States from 1940 over 62 years, statistical evidence suggested the following: For mothers having their first baby, the total sex ratio at birth was 1.06 overall, with some years at 1.07. (wikipedia.org)
  • As far as factoring in "lived experience", in their initial study Steele and Brown found that selection is also influenced by gender and race. (wikipedia.org)
  • Produced with the help of the American National Institute of Mental Health, the study was a publication of the Institute for Sex Research. (wikipedia.org)
  • The study was supported by the United States National Institute of Mental Health, Indiana University, the Institute for Sex Research, and the Glide Foundation. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Journal of Sex Research is a peer-reviewed academic journal covering the study of human sexuality and the field of sexology in general. (wikipedia.org)
  • According to a 2011 study conducted by the Dallas Women's Foundation on the status of human trafficking in Dallas, Texas, "740 girls under the age of 18 were documented being marketed for sex during a 30-day period. (wikipedia.org)
  • women
  • However, we have very little understanding of why women age more slowly, nor what this means for treating patients in a sex-appropriate way as they age. (gc.ca)
  • Dunaif's primary research interests are in reproductive physiology and metabolism in women. (northwestern.edu)
  • Sex Difference in Big Five Personality Traits Across 55 Cultures," does indeed seem to show that women rate higher than men in neuroticism, extraversion, agreeableness, and conscientiousness. (wired.com)
  • Homosexual women were more likely than heterosexual women to describe their relationships with their mothers as negative, and to have detached or hostile fathers, but only the latter factor seemed significant. (wikipedia.org)
  • People may experience pleasure from anal sex by stimulation of the anal nerve endings, and orgasm may be achieved through anal penetration - by indirect stimulation of the prostate in men, indirect stimulation of the clitoris or an area of the vagina (sometimes termed the G-spot) in women, and other sensory nerves (especially the pudendal nerve). (wikipedia.org)
  • The abundance of nerve endings in the anal region and rectum can make anal sex pleasurable for men or women. (wikipedia.org)
  • Toward
  • Historian John Boswell considered their relationship to be an example of an early Christian same-sex union, reflecting his contested view of tolerant early Christians attitudes toward homosexuality. (wikipedia.org)
  • people
  • However, people may also find anal sex painful, sometimes extremely so, which may be primarily due to psychological factors in some cases. (wikipedia.org)
  • It studies children at all stages of development and aims to improve outcomes for children by providing research, data, and analysis to the people and institutions whose decisions and actions affect children, including program providers, the policy community, researchers and educators, and the media. (wikipedia.org)
  • include
  • Other forms of anal sex include fingering, the use of sex toys for anal penetration, oral sex performed on the anus (anilingus), and pegging. (wikipedia.org)
  • Compatibility factors vary a great deal, and can include religion, whether or not a person uses drugs or alcohol, appearance, or personality. (wikipedia.org)
  • tier
  • In the few jurisdictions accepting the agreement, there are Tier I, Tier II, or Tier III sex offenders. (wikipedia.org)
  • exclusively
  • Sex segregation can be complete or partial, as when members of one sex predominate within, but do not exclusively constitute, a group or organization. (wikipedia.org)
  • child
  • An estimated 3.3 percent of these 4,300 were rearrested for another sex crime against a child within 3 years of release from prison. (wikipedia.org)
  • Authorized police use ANCOR to monitor persons convicted of child sex offences and other specified offences once they have served their sentence. (wikipedia.org)
  • Child Trends is a nonprofit, nonpartisan research center based in Bethesda, Maryland. (wikipedia.org)
  • Child Trends researches: Child Poverty: the effects of poverty on children's development and policies aimed at improving the lives of families living in poverty Child Welfare: policies and programs that affect children in and aging out of foster care, adoption, and kinship care. (wikipedia.org)
  • an estimated 16,000 to 20,000 Mexican and Central American children are thought to be victims of sex trafficking in the country Mexico is rated as the second worst country in terms of child prostitution globally as of 2010. (wikipedia.org)
  • Child sex tourism continues to grow in Mexico, especially in tourist areas such as Acapulco and Cancún, and northern border cities like Tijuana and Ciudad Juárez. (wikipedia.org)
  • term
  • Literally, sex segregation can be physical and spatial separation by sex, but the term is also used for the exclusion of one sex from participation in an occupation, institution, or group. (wikipedia.org)
  • Mongeau's research shows that the term "date" can be condensed into four subcategories: 1. (wikipedia.org)
  • interdisciplinary
  • According to the Journal Citation Reports, the journal has a 2013 impact factor of 2.730, ranking it 2nd out of 92 journals in the "Social Sciences, Interdisciplinary" category, and 26th out of 111 journals in the "Psychology, Clinical" category. (wikipedia.org)
  • suggests
  • Recent research in our lab suggests a way forward: we have developed the first reliable way to measure 'physiological dysregulation,' the way that our bodies slowly lose the ability to control the many functions necessary to sustain life. (gc.ca)
  • Research also suggests that men with sexually aggressive peers are also much more likely to report coercive or enforced intercourse outside the gang context than men lacking sexually aggressive peers. (wikipedia.org)
  • gender
  • She is also director of the Northwestern University Specialized Center of Research (SCOR) on Sex and Gender Factors Affecting Women's Health. (northwestern.edu)
  • Gender imbalance may arise as a consequence of various factors including natural factors, exposure to pesticides and environmental contaminants, war casualties, gender-selective abortions and infanticides, aging, and deliberate gendercide. (wikipedia.org)
  • Insofar as sex segregation is a form of sex discrimination, its effects have important consequences for gender equality and equity. (wikipedia.org)
  • children
  • There are an estimated 16,000 to 20,000 Mexican and Central American children who are trafficked for sex in Mexico. (wikipedia.org)
  • Internet
  • The Schapiro Group reports that, on a typical weekend night in Texas, 188 girls under the age of 18 are commercially sexually exploited through internet sex ads. (wikipedia.org)
  • Probability
  • Recent studies have found that numerous preconception or prenatal environmental factors affect the probability of a baby being conceived male or female. (wikipedia.org)
  • effects
  • Nicotine sensitizes the mouse brain to the addictive effects of cocaine, according to recent NIDA-supported research. (drugabuse.gov)
  • Within feminist theory and feminist legal theory, there are six main theoretical approaches that can be considered and used to analyze the causes and effects of sex segregation. (wikipedia.org)
  • female
  • The XY system contrasts in several ways with the ZW sex-determination system found in birds, some insects, many reptiles, and various other animals, in which the heterogametic sex is female. (wikipedia.org)
  • Offspring have two sex chromosomes: an offspring with two X chromosomes will develop female characteristics, and an offspring with an X and a Y chromosome will develop male characteristics. (wikipedia.org)
  • It has long been believed that the female form was the default template for the mammalian fetuses of both sexes. (wikipedia.org)
  • various
  • The level of harm may also be affected by various factors such as penetration, duration and frequency of abuse, and use of force. (wikipedia.org)
  • A sex offender registry is a system in various countries designed to allow government authorities to keep track of and activities of sex offenders including those who have completed their criminal sentences. (wikipedia.org)