• 2016
  • BioMed Research International , Vol. 2016, p. 1. (cambridge.org)
  • Behavioural Brain Research, Invited Guest Editor for 2016 special issue "Developmental Regulation of Memory in Anxiety and Addiction" Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience, Review Editor Frontiers in Translational Pharmacology, Review Editor Neurotransmitter, Associate Editor Pharmacology Research & Perspectives, Associate Editor Kim is Co-chair of the Florey Graduate Research Committee, which provides leadership to over 200 graduate research students at the institute. (wikipedia.org)
  • males
  • 42% (49% in males and 28% in females) of liver cancer cases each year in the UK are linked to major lifestyle and other risk factors. (cancerresearchuk.org)
  • The effect of toxoplasmosis on the level of some sex hormones in males blood donors in Baghdad. (cambridge.org)
  • In anthropology and demography, the human sex ratio is the ratio of males to females in a population. (wikipedia.org)
  • The sex ratio for the entire world population is 101 males to 100 females. (wikipedia.org)
  • Human sex ratios, either at birth or in the population as a whole, are reported in any of four ways: the ratio of males to females, the ratio of females to males, the proportion of males, or the proportion of females. (wikipedia.org)
  • In a study around 2002, the natural sex ratio at birth was estimated to be close to 1.06 males/female. (wikipedia.org)
  • Males typically have two different kinds of sex chromosomes (XY), and are called the heterogametic sex. (wikipedia.org)
  • Birds and many insects have a similar system of sex determination (ZW sex-determination system), in which it is the females that are heterogametic (ZW), while males are homogametic (ZZ). (wikipedia.org)
  • Many insects of the order Hymenoptera instead have a system (the haplo-diploid sex-determination system), where the males are haploid individuals (which have just one chromosome of each type), while the females are diploid (with chromosomes appearing in pairs). (wikipedia.org)
  • Some other insects have the X0 sex-determination system, where just one chromosome type appears in pairs for the female but alone in the males, while all other chromosomes appear in pairs in both sexes. (wikipedia.org)
  • sexually
  • however, only the category just below sexually-violent sexual predator is reserved for a severe or repeated sex offender: sexual predator. (wikipedia.org)
  • Individuals convicted of petty crimes not covered by the AWA are still liable to abide by the previous regulations denoting them as a sex offender (or habitual sex offender, sexual predator, sexually violent sexual predator, or child-victim offender). (wikipedia.org)
  • Research also suggests that men with sexually aggressive peers are also much more likely to report coercive or enforced intercourse outside the gang context than men lacking sexually aggressive peers. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Schapiro Group reports that, on a typical weekend night in Texas, 188 girls under the age of 18 are commercially sexually exploited through internet sex ads. (wikipedia.org)
  • The sex exploitation is based on the interaction between the trafficker selling a victim (the individual being trafficked and sexually exploited) to customers to perform sexual services. (wikipedia.org)
  • victim
  • In the modern world of technology, many jurisdictions are reforming their laws to prevent the over-prosecution of sex offenders and focusing on crimes involving a victim. (wikipedia.org)
  • For these rapists, sex is a weapon to defile and degrade the victim, rape constitutes the ultimate expression of their anger. (wikipedia.org)
  • species
  • Mammals usually produce approximately equal numbers of sons and daughters, but there are exceptions to this general rule, as has been observed in ruminant ungulate species, where the sex-allocation hypothesis of Trivers and Willard has provided a rational evolutionary underpinning to adaptive changes in sex ratio. (mendeley.com)
  • Here, we review circumstances whereby ruminants and other mammalian species, especially rodents and primates, appear able to skew the sex ratio of their offspring. (mendeley.com)
  • Fisher's principle is an explanation of why the sex ratio of most species is approximately 1:1. (wikipedia.org)
  • ethnicity
  • Every cognitive or personality trait will have a wide distribution among a given population-sex, ethnicity, nationality, age, whatever-and those distributions may only vary slightly. (wired.com)
  • citation needed] In the United States, the sex ratios at birth over the period 1970-2002 were 1.05 for the white non-Hispanic population, 1.04 for Mexican Americans, 1.03 for African Americans and Indians, and 1.07 for mothers of Chinese or Filipino ethnicity. (wikipedia.org)
  • mandatory
  • Some of the crimes which usually result in a mandatory sex-offender classification are: a second prostitution conviction, sending or receiving obscene content in the form of SMS text messages (sexting), and relationship between young adults and teenagers resulting in corruption of a minor (if the age between them is greater than 1,060 days). (wikipedia.org)
  • Legal and gender studies scholar David S. Cohen offers one taxonomy in categorizing sex segregation as mandatory, administrative, permissive, or voluntary. (wikipedia.org)
  • Mandatory and administrative sex segregation are required and enforced by governments in public environments, while permissive and voluntary sex segregation are stances chosen by public or private institutions, but within the capacity of the law. (wikipedia.org)
  • Mandatory sex segregation is legally required and enforces separation based on sex. (wikipedia.org)
  • These mandatory rules can be nuanced, as in military service, where sexes are often separated in laws about conscription, in housing, and in regulations on which sexes can participate in certain roles, like frontline infantry. (wikipedia.org)
  • Mandatory sex segregation also includes less obvious cases of separation, as when men and women are required to have same-sex attendants for body searches. (wikipedia.org)
  • Mandatory sex segregation can thus dictate parameters for employment in sex segregated spaces, including medical and care work contexts, and can be a form of occupational segregation. (wikipedia.org)
  • absence
  • A major contributor to CVD is atherosclerosis which is a dynamic process that can begin in childhood and develop or regress, depending on the presence or absence of a range of risk factors, including obesity, inflammation, hyperglycemia, hypertension and hyperlipidemia [ 2 ]. (mdpi.com)
  • Even in the absence of sex selection practices, a range of "normal" sex ratios at birth of between 103 and 108 boys per 100 girls has been observed in different economically developed countries, and among different ethnic and racial groups within a given country. (wikipedia.org)
  • Female" is the default sex, due to the absence of the Y chromosome. (wikipedia.org)
  • roles
  • Work from our laboratory, performed on mice, suggests that age of the mother and maternal diet, rather than the maternal body condition per se, play directive roles in controlling sex ratio. (mendeley.com)
  • laws
  • The term "segregation" refers to separation of the sexes, which can be enforced by rules, laws, and policies, or be a de facto outcome in which people are separated by sex. (wikipedia.org)
  • Some aspects of the current sex offender registries in the United States have been widely criticized by civil rights organizations Human Rights Watch and the ACLU, professional organizations Association for the Treatment of Sexual Abusers and Association of Criminal Defense Lawyers, reformist groups Reform Sex Offender Laws, Inc., Women Against Registry and USA FAIR, and by child safety advocate Patty Wetterling, the Chair of National Center for Missing & Exploited Children. (wikipedia.org)
  • Although these nations claim to be obliging Article 5, the narrow laws lead to a smaller portion of people being persecuted for sex trafficking. (wikipedia.org)
  • practices
  • Even as a de facto outcome, "sex segregation" taken as a whole can be caused by societal pressures, historical practices, and socialized preferences. (wikipedia.org)
  • dietary
  • As the diets fed to the mice in these experiments were nutritionally complete and because litter sizes did not differ between treatments, dietary inadequacy seems not to be the cause for sex-ratio distortion. (mendeley.com)
  • donors
  • Kim has completed the National Australian Bank "Realise" female leadership program, and attended "The X-factor: Putting Sex and Gender Under the Microscope in Medical Research" meeting hosted by Perpetual & Women Donors. (wikipedia.org)
  • consumption
  • Using both descriptive statistics and multivariable logistic regression analysis, I have quantitatively explored the relationship between household socio-economic status and socio-demographics, young women's self- reported engagement in transactional sex, specific characteristics of her consumption patterns and the relationship between transactional sex and HIV and HSV-2 infection. (lshtm.ac.uk)
  • crimes
  • Sex trafficking crimes are defined in three ways: acquisition, movement, and exploitation, and includes child sex tourism (CST), domestic minor sex trafficking (DMST) or commercial sexual exploitation of children, and prostitution. (wikipedia.org)
  • involves
  • Administrative sex segregation involves public and government institutions segregating by sex in their operating capacity, rather than as the result of a formal mandate. (wikipedia.org)
  • recruitment
  • The Trafficking Victims Protection Act of 2000 (TVPA) defines sex trafficking as the recruitment, harboring, transportation, provision, or obtaining of a person for the purpose of a commercial sex act, in which the commercial sex act is induced by force, fraud, or coercion, or in which the person induced to perform such act has not attained 18 years of age. (wikipedia.org)
  • exploitation
  • Sex work's profitability in Mexico has driven the forced exploitation of many girls as sex workers. (wikipedia.org)
  • Sex trafficking is human trafficking for the purpose of sexual exploitation, including sexual slavery. (wikipedia.org)
  • Populations
  • In this same time frame, Sturtevant was an outspoken opponent of eugenics and was interested in the effects of the atomic bomb on human populations, due to his previous research on lethal genes. (wikipedia.org)
  • emotional
  • His research encompasses emotional regulation, the factors that influence social interaction, and consequences of different socializing patters for health and psychological well-being. (wikipedia.org)
  • child
  • An estimated 3.3 percent of these 4,300 were rearrested for another sex crime against a child within 3 years of release from prison. (wikipedia.org)
  • Authorized police use ANCOR to monitor persons convicted of child sex offences and other specified offences once they have served their sentence. (wikipedia.org)
  • Child Trends is a nonprofit, nonpartisan research center based in Bethesda, Maryland. (wikipedia.org)
  • Child Trends researches: Child Poverty: the effects of poverty on children's development and policies aimed at improving the lives of families living in poverty Child Welfare: policies and programs that affect children in and aging out of foster care, adoption, and kinship care. (wikipedia.org)
  • an estimated 16,000 to 20,000 Mexican and Central American children are thought to be victims of sex trafficking in the country Mexico is rated as the second worst country in terms of child prostitution globally as of 2010. (wikipedia.org)
  • Child sex tourism continues to grow in Mexico, especially in tourist areas such as Acapulco and Cancún, and northern border cities like Tijuana and Ciudad Juárez. (wikipedia.org)
  • study
  • This PhD study explores the socio-demographic factors that motivate young women to engage in transactional sex and the relationship with HIV or HSV-2 infection. (lshtm.ac.uk)
  • Sublingual buprenorphine is a safe and effective alternative to methadone for treating opioid dependence during pregnancy, finds the Maternal Opioid Treatment: Human Experimental Research (MOTHER) study, a NIDA-supported clinical trial. (drugabuse.gov)
  • citation needed] In an extensive study, carried out around 2005, of sex ratio at birth in the United States from 1940 over 62 years, statistical evidence suggested the following: For mothers having their first baby, the total sex ratio at birth was 1.06 overall, with some years at 1.07. (wikipedia.org)
  • As far as factoring in "lived experience", in their initial study Steele and Brown found that selection is also influenced by gender and race. (wikipedia.org)
  • According to a 2011 study conducted by the Dallas Women's Foundation on the status of human trafficking in Dallas, Texas, "740 girls under the age of 18 were documented being marketed for sex during a 30-day period. (wikipedia.org)
  • He joined Morgan's research team in the "fly room", in which huge advances were being made in the study of genetics through studies of the fruit fly Drosophila. (wikipedia.org)
  • versus
  • Sex offenders were about four times more likely than non-sex offenders to be arrested for another sex crime after their discharge from prison (5.3 percent of sex offenders, versus 1.3 percent of non-sex offenders). (wikipedia.org)
  • among
  • The SCOR mechanism promotes collaborative research among scientists with varied expertise in order to achieve research objectives that are less likely to occur through other grant mechanisms. (nih.gov)
  • occur
  • Sex segregation can occur in both public and private contexts, and be classified in many ways. (wikipedia.org)
  • Administrative sex segregation can occur in these environments simply as through the provisioning of sex segregated restrooms despite limited explicit legal requirements to do so. (wikipedia.org)
  • sexual
  • Background: 'Transactional sex', is generally defined as a sexual relationship in which money or material goods are exchanged for sex. (lshtm.ac.uk)
  • In addition, these findings also indicate the subtle position that transactional sex or sexual exchange occupies within a continuum of adolescent sexual relationships in South Africa where sexual exchange occurs within the context of loving peer relationships. (lshtm.ac.uk)
  • A sex offender (sexual offender, sex abuser, or sexual abuser) is a person who has committed a sex crime. (wikipedia.org)
  • however, some sex offenders have simply violated a law contained in a sexual category. (wikipedia.org)
  • In some states public urination, having sex on a beach, or unlawful imprisonment of a minor also constitute sexual offenses requiring registration. (wikipedia.org)
  • perspectives
  • His studies address gender and sex factors, dating variables, perspectives on partner responsiveness, principles of familiarity, and perceptions of similarity and dissimilarity. (wikipedia.org)
  • adolescence
  • Jee Hyun Kim's research has demonstrated that the acquisition and retrieval of fear memories is different across childhood, adolescence, and adulthood, and that fear memories are able to be erased early in life. (wikipedia.org)
  • driven
  • Engagement in transactional sex seems to be driven by poverty and economic need, but also by aspirations within the context of a globalising emerging economy like South Africa. (lshtm.ac.uk)
  • human
  • Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection is classified by the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) as a cause of Hodgkin lymphoma. (cancerresearchuk.org)
  • The natural factors that affect the human sex ratio are an active area of scientific research. (wikipedia.org)
  • Human trafficking in Mexico takes many forms including sex trafficking and labor trafficking. (wikipedia.org)
  • Kim's research uses rodent models that closely resemble human behaviors to understand the neurobiological basis of those behaviors. (wikipedia.org)
  • gender
  • She is also director of the Northwestern University Specialized Center of Research (SCOR) on Sex and Gender Factors Affecting Women's Health. (northwestern.edu)
  • Gender imbalance may arise as a consequence of various factors including natural factors, exposure to pesticides and environmental contaminants, war casualties, gender-selective abortions and infanticides, aging, and deliberate gendercide. (wikipedia.org)
  • Insofar as sex segregation is a form of sex discrimination, its effects have important consequences for gender equality and equity. (wikipedia.org)
  • work
  • While sex work is largely illegal in Mexico, most cities do have Zonas de Tolerancia, areas where prostitution is allowed. (wikipedia.org)
  • often
  • In the United States, the United Kingdom, and other countries, a convicted sex offender is often required to register with the respective jurisdiction's sex offender registry. (wikipedia.org)
  • In this process, an X chromosome and a Y chromosome act to determine the sex of offspring, often due to genes located on the Y chromosome that code for maleness. (wikipedia.org)
  • clinical
  • The medal honors outstanding scientific achievement, especially in the combination of basic and clinical research. (northwestern.edu)
  • According to the Journal Citation Reports, the journal has a 2013 impact factor of 2.730, ranking it 2nd out of 92 journals in the "Social Sciences, Interdisciplinary" category, and 26th out of 111 journals in the "Psychology, Clinical" category. (wikipedia.org)
  • researchers
  • It studies children at all stages of development and aims to improve outcomes for children by providing research, data, and analysis to the people and institutions whose decisions and actions affect children, including program providers, the policy community, researchers and educators, and the media. (wikipedia.org)
  • However, due to the covertness of sex trafficking, obtaining accurate, reliable statistics is difficult for researchers. (wikipedia.org)
  • public
  • Examples of administrative sex segregation include sex segregation in government sponsored medical research, sports leagues, public hospitals with shared rooms, rehabilitation programs, and some public education facilities. (wikipedia.org)
  • After members of Prostitutes Anonymous who were survivors of modern domestic sex trafficking spent 13 years doing TV, radio, public appearances, news interviews, etc. and calling out that this country needed to "'do something' about it" - an internationally recognized definition for sex trafficking was finally established with the Trafficking Act of 2000. (wikipedia.org)
  • infection
  • As this may entail sex with older or multiple partners, it is likely to be associated with young women's increased vulnerability to HIV or HSV-2 infection. (lshtm.ac.uk)
  • Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection is classified by the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) as a cause of Hodgkin lymphoma. (cancerresearchuk.org)
  • tier
  • In the few jurisdictions accepting the agreement, there are Tier I, Tier II, or Tier III sex offenders. (wikipedia.org)
  • women
  • I have also used qualitative methods to explore the strategies young women deploy for accessing money or gifts, the role that transactional sex plays in meeting these aspirations and the agency she exhibits in these encounters. (lshtm.ac.uk)
  • Results: Multivariable analysis shows that young women from low socio-economic status households who engage in transactional sex have higher odds of consuming a combination of both high cost essential items (such as school fees, transport to school and food and groceries) and entertainment related items (such as beer/alcohol, movie tickets and birth control/condoms) compared to young women who do not engage in transactional sex. (lshtm.ac.uk)
  • In addition, after adjusting for age and household level socio-demographics, young women who report engaging in transactional sex had significantly increased odds of being HIV seropositive. (lshtm.ac.uk)
  • Qualitative findings suggest that belongingness, peer acceptance and status were all factors that motivated young women to aspire for items considered needs or wants. (lshtm.ac.uk)
  • But, given their current context where economic opportunities are circumscribed, young women use the money received from transactional sex to fill gaps in their needs and wants. (lshtm.ac.uk)
  • Sex Difference in Big Five Personality Traits Across 55 Cultures," does indeed seem to show that women rate higher than men in neuroticism, extraversion, agreeableness, and conscientiousness. (wired.com)
  • The American Association of University Women also supported the bill, citing the organization's 2007 research report, Behind the Pay Gap, which showed that women earn less than their male colleagues just one year out of college. (wikipedia.org)
  • found
  • No statistical association was found between age, breed, sex, or seasonality and the diagnosis of acute laminitis. (mendeley.com)
  • Recent studies have found that numerous preconception or prenatal environmental factors affect the probability of a baby being conceived male or female. (wikipedia.org)
  • The XY system contrasts in several ways with the ZW sex-determination system found in birds, some insects, many reptiles, and various other animals, in which the heterogametic sex is female. (wikipedia.org)
  • A temperature-dependent sex determination system is found in some reptiles. (wikipedia.org)
  • Institute
  • International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) and World Cancer Research Fund/American Institute for Cancer Research (WCRF/AICR) classifications. (cancerresearchuk.org)
  • World Cancer Research Fund / American Institute for Cancer Research. (cancerresearchuk.org)
  • His research has been funded by the National Science Foundation, the National Institute of Mental Health, the National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute, Israel Science Foundation, and the Fetzer Institute. (wikipedia.org)
  • She is a Senior Research Fellow and head of the Developmental Psychobiology Laboratory at the Florey Institute of Neuroscience and Mental Health in Melbourne, Australia. (wikipedia.org)
  • Kim then gained a position as a Senior Research Officer at the Florey Institute, before becoming head of the Developmental Psychobiology Laboratory at the institute. (wikipedia.org)
  • Kim is a member of the Florey Animal Ethics Committee, which is committed to maintaining ethical standards in the use of animals in neuroscientific research at the Florey Institute of Neuroscience & Mental Health. (wikipedia.org)
  • association
  • There was no statistical association between breed or sex and chronic laminitis. (mendeley.com)
  • In 2012, Reis was selected for the Distinguished Career Award from the International Association for Relationship Research. (wikipedia.org)
  • 2010. "Psychologist Harry Reis Honored with the 2012 Distinguished Career Award from the International Association for Relationship Research. (wikipedia.org)